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Test Code : ISEB-SWT2
Test Name : ISTQB-ISEB Certified Tester Foundation(R) Level
Vendor Name : ISEB
: 258 Real Questions

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what's an ISEB manager's certificate in IT service management? and might you tell me what ITIL is? These both were requested in a fresh job description.For advice concerning the ISEB supervisor's certificate in IT carrier management, please see this internet web site. you will additionally want to read the instructions at this web page.

so far as i will inform, this is knowledgeable development effort that combines training and exams to boost already-licensed managers -- who have to first obtain an ISEB/EXIN basis certificate in IT service management (or the ISEB community provider management certificates, which gives exemption) -- into extra senior certifications in the selected areas of service guide or provider birth.

so far as ITIL goes, that refers to the IT Infrastructure Library, a largely European approach to managing IT services, supported by way of British ordinary 15000 (BS15000). See this net site for extra assistance.

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examination number/Code : 70-640

examination identify : TS: windows Server 2008 energetic listing, Configuring

Questions and solutions : 111mp;As

replace Time: 2010-08-17


70-640 DEMO:

you're employed as a expertise specialist in a global enterprise named Wiikigo. Your main job is to configure home windows Server 2008 active listing. and you are skilled in configuring the active directory infrastructure and maintaining lively directory objects. There are two domain controllers named DC01 and DC02 on your business. All area and woodland operations master roles are hosted by means of DC01.

a problem occurred that DC01 fails.

when you consider that you are the technical help, you are required to reinstall the operating device to rebuild DC01. moreover, you are required to have all operations master roles rollbacked to their long-established state. A metadate cleanup is carried out and all references of DC01 are eliminated.

Which action may still be performed to obtain the goal? (choose three from the options under, and then put them in a correct order)

1 Operations master roles may still be transferred from DC01 to DC02.

2 Operations master roles should be transferred from DC02 to DC01.

three Operations master roles may still be seized from DC01 to DC02.

4 Operations grasp roles should be seized from DC02 to DC01

5 DC01 may still be rebuilt as a copy area controller.

6 DC02 may still be rebuilt as a domain controller.

A. three->5->2

B. three->6->1

C. four->5->2

D. four->6->1

answer: A

you work as a technology specialist in a world company named Wiikigo. Your major job is to configure windows Server 2008 active directory. and also you are skilled in configuring the active directory infrastructure and retaining active listing objects. to your enterprise, there is an active directory area named And there are two DNS servers named DNS01 and DNS02 on the business network.

which you can see the configuration of the DNS servers from the desk below.

it's pronounced by the domain users who are configured to make the most of DNS02 as the favourite DNS server that they can not get entry to internet net sites.

on account that you are the technical record, you are required to have internet name resolution enabled for all customer computers.

Which action should be performed to obtain the purpose?

A. To obtain the aim, the Cache.dns file may still be up to date on DNS02. and then, conditional forwarding may still be configured on DNS01.

B. To achieve the goal, the .(root) zone may still be deleted from DNS02. after which, conditional forwarding should be set on DNS02.

C. To achieve the intention, a copy of the .(root) zone should be created on DNS01.

D. To achieve the purpose, the list of root guidelines servers should be up to date on DNS02.

answer: B

 you're employed as a expertise specialist in a world enterprise named Wiikigo. Your foremost job is to configure home windows Server 2008 active listing. and you are experienced in configuring the lively listing infrastructure and protecting energetic directory objects. there's an organizational unit named construction to your company. The creation organizational unit has a baby organizational unit named R D. After a GPO named utility Deployment is created by way of you, you link it to the construction organizational unit. You create a shadow group for the R D organizational unit. You need to deploy an utility to users within the creation organizational unit. You additionally need to be certain that the software isn't deployed to clients within the R D organizational unit. What are two possible how you can achieve this goal?

A. with a view to achieve this intention, security filtering on the software Deployment GPO should be configured to disclaim apply community coverage for the R D security neighborhood.

B. with a view to obtain this goal, the enforce setting may still be configured on the utility deployment GPO.

C. so as to achieve this purpose, the Block Inheritance environment should still be configured on the R D organizational unit.

D. so as to obtain this intention, the Block Inheritance setting may still be configured on the production organizational unit.

answer: AC

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Helmet Safety Standards 2019: FIM FRHPhe, ECE 22.05, DOT FMVSS 218 & Snell Updates | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Helmet Safety Standards 2019: Times – and Standards – They are a-changin’

“There is no cure for brain injury. A brain injury is forever. They can teach someone strategies for dealing with the handicaps, but the only effective approach in dealing with head injury is prevention…not to let the injury occur in the first place.”

-William D. Singer, M.D., Harvard Medical School, as quoted in UNECE report #29 entitled, “The United Nations Motorcycle Helmet Study” 2016. (ISBN 978-92-1-117107-5)

Back in 2013, they offered you a comprehensive look at some of the most common helmet safety standards that manufacturers using to certify the safety of their products.

That article has been the subject of a lot of reader interest, and they hope it has been helpful to motorcycle riders considering their helmet options.

2019 Motorcycle Helmet Standard changesHelmet certification update 2019: Helmets can qualify for more than one certification: (L) the Icon Alliance has ECE 22.05 and DOT, the Joe Rocket Speedmaster Carbon has DOT and Snell under the M2010 standards.

For 2019, quite a few things have changed and others have stayed the same. Now there may be a whole new factor for potential helmet-buyers to consider.

With that said it may be a good time to give the subject of helmet safety standards a fresh look. It is important to remember that not all standards discussed here are mandatory, and any given helmet may be certified under more than one standard allowing it to be sold in a range of countries around the world as well as in the United States.

The most notable recent development in the progression of helmet safety performance standards is the entry of the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) into the mix of organizations promulgating helmet standards for use in MotoGP, Moto2 and Moto3 and all other FIM-sanctioned competition, starting with circuit racing in 2019.

Beginning with stakeholder meetings held in Germany in 2016, the FIM Helmet Certification Programme (FHCP) proposal was presented. Development of the technical details continued from that point on.

The FHCP was established, with the collaboration of the helmet manufacturers and other stakeholders in order to define a new test standard that goes above and beyond existing ones (e.g. UN ECE 22.05, Snell M2015, JIS T8133), which FIM has recognized for use in competition previously.

Note that the U.S. federal helmet safety standard referred to as “DOT” based on Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 218 (FMVSS 218) was not included as it has never been recognized by FIM for competition use.

Interestingly, the FIM test protocols borrow from the other sets of standards for various aspects of homologation testing. The FIM explains the program this way:

“In order to take account of a more complete and demanding evaluation of performance, and give specific and exclusive recognition to helmets that meet more demanding criteria, the FIM Technical and Circuit Racing Commissions have now launched a pioneering and unique program, the FIM Racing Homologation Program for helmets (FRHPhe), which features the latest state of the art methods of testing.

“Under this program, the FIM grants helmets a homologation certificate and labels, which are a mandatory prerequisite to be entitled to access FIM Circuit Racing competitions.

“The FIM Homologation Label to be affixed to the helmet’s chin strap will uniquely identify each helmet approved for use in FIM Grand Prix competitions with a serial number and will be verified by FIM Technical Stewards. By scanning the label QR code, information relative to the helmet features and the validity of the homologation will be immediately accessible. A link to the manufacturer webpage will be also available for redirection to the advertising and the web services offered by each manufacturer. The 3D FIM hologram will add a high security value to the label to make use of any helmet not actually approved under the FIM standards difficult.

“To obtain such homologation, the helmet has to meet the high performance and quality standard set by the FIM, in addition to being approved according to selected international standards.

“The helmet properties are evaluated through a test protocol which aims to trigger the development of helmets offering an optimal protection for riders. An optimal protection is understood as providing a minimized risk of skull fracture and of the multiple forms of brain damage, as well as a measured and controlled mechanical performance of the protective padding and the shell.”

Suomy SR Sport Motorcycle Helmet ReviewSuomy SR Sport

The following helmets are eligible for qualification under the FIM standard (Note that this indicates the FIM standard aligns with several of the existing standards in various aspects of testing, but each type listed would still have to be submitted for individual helmet make/model testing by FIM’s designated test lab before it could be approved for use in FIM-sanctioned competition):

  • UNECE 22.05 Type P (full-face)
  • Snell M 2015 compliant
  • JIS T8133 2015 Type 2 Full face
  • Protective lower face cover: not detachable and not moveable and made of the same material as the shell
  • One-piece shell
  • Retention system with strap and double D-ring closure
  • Helmets submitted for testing must also include any accessories intended to be used with the helmet in competition. At present, the testing regime does not include any testing of the face shield under the FIM standard, however face shield testing is included under ECE 22.05.

    The qualification testing utilizes a random sampling of ten production helmets as described by FIM to include:

    FIM Helmet Sampling Test
  • Samples #1, #2 and #3: Conditioning, Weight, Linear impact tests
  • Samples #4 and #5: Conditioning, Weight, Oblique impact tests
  • Sample #6: Conditioning, Weight, Penetration tests
  • Sample #7: Storage
  • Sample #8, #9 and #10: Conditioning, Weight, Extra tests if needed
  • The helmets are homologated per size and per declared combination of accessories (e.g. aerodynamic devices).

    Testing specifications:

    FIM Helmet Linear Impact Test

    The FIM test approach first assesses the helmet response to very high and medium-low severity linear impacts, randomly in 13 out of 22 pre-established locations distributed all over the helmet surface. This aims at evenly assessing the level of protection against skull fracture and at assessing the mechanical properties of the protective padding (or liner).

    Helmet sample #1 (HIGH SPEED UNECE POINTS—Points refers to impact points on the helmet shell)

  • As defined in UNECE 22.05 (Impact-absorption test, more on the ECE 22.05 test specs follow), with flat anvil only
  • UNECE points B, X, P, R: impact velocity: 8.2 (+0.15, -0.0) m/s (meters per second)
  • UNECE point S: impact velocity: 6.0 (+0.15, -0.0) m/s
  • Helmet sample #2 (HIGH SPEED EXTRA POINTS)

  • As defined in UNECE 22.05 (Impact-absorption test), with flat anvil only
  • 3 “extra” points (selected among 12 pre-defined points): impact velocity: 8.2 (+0.15, -0.0) m/s
  • Helmet sample #3 (LOW SPEED UNECE POINTS)

  • As defined in UNECE 22.05 (Impact-absorption test), with flat anvil only
  • UNECE points B, X, P, R, S: impact velocity: 5.0 (+0.15, -0.0) m/s
  • The test criterion that is unique to the FRHPhe homologation requirements is the addition of oblique or angular impact testing. This aspect of testing is intended to address the helmet’s effectiveness in mitigating rotational impact forces. FIM criteria describe it as follows:

    FIM Helmet Oblique Impact Test

    “The FIM test procedure pioneers the assessment of the helmet response to medium severity oblique impacts, aiming at evaluating the level of protection against brain injuries generated by critical rotational accelerations.

    “The oblique test constitutes the most novel and modern aspect of the methods of testing and reflects a very common scenario occurring in real world accidents, although never addressed in international standards so far.”

  • Helmet sample #4 (points 45, 180 and 270 degrees)
  • Helmet sample #5: points 0 and 135 degrees
  • As defined in UNECE 22.05 (Impact-absorption test), with: platinum cure silicone coated headform (µ = 0.78), “oblique anvil”: 45º plane, abrasive paper to be substituted after significant damage, impact velocity 8.00 (+0.15, -0.00) m/s. The test is intended to impart rotational force and measure its severity as transferred to the headform inside the helmet.

    FIM Helmet Penetration Test

    In addition, a penetration test is included in the protocol and used to check the shell resistance to impacts against sharp objects.

  • As defined in JIS T8133: 2007 5.2 and 7.5 (Type 2), with:
  • spherical support
  • dropping height: 2m
  • 2 penetration sites, above the Snell “test line”, at least 75 mm separated
  • Performance Thresholds under FIM Standards: Samples #1 and #2 (Linear impact)
  • Peak linear acceleration ≤275 g (g = force caused by acceleration/deceleration—less is best inside your lid)
  • HIC ≤2400 (HIC is “head injury criterion” used to quantify the likelihood of head injury resulting from sudden deceleration and impact force. The lower the value, the higher the helmet’s performance.)
  • Sample #3 (Linear impact)
  • Peak linear acceleration ≤208 g (goes to ≤160 g in 2020)
  • HIC ≤1300 (goes to HIC ≤1000 in 2020)
  • Sample #4 and #5 (Oblique impact)
  • Peak linear acceleration ≤208 g (goes to ≤160 g in 2020)
  • HIC ≤1300 (goes to HIC ≤1000 in 2020)
  • Peak rotational acceleration ≤10400 rad/s2 (2020: goes to ≤8000 rad/s2)
  • BrIC ≤0.78 (goes to BrIC ≤0.6 in 2020)
  • Sample #6 (Shell penetration) No contact between striker tip and support surface

    Unlike U.S. DOT FMVSS 218, no “self-certification” is allowed. All helmets must be tested by a public or private independent testing lab assigned by the FIM. At present, the only testing lab recognized by the FIM is the Impact Laboratory of the Aragon Institute of Engineering Research (University of Zaragoza) in Spain.

    A number of helmet manufacturers have already completed the approval process, have completed testing and approval is pending or have testing in progress:

    FIM Sticker for Helmet StandardsFIM Helmet Certification label: This new helmet certification label will distinguish helmets approved under the FIM’s new FRHPhe standards from those that are not. (Image courtesy FIM)

    FIM homologation completed (as of January 25, 2019)

  • Shark Race R Pro GP sizes XS-XL FRHPhe-01 2018
  • Bell Pro Star ECE sizes S, M, L FRHPhe-01 2018
  • AGV Pista GP R sizes S to MS FRHPhe-01 2018
  • Passed homologation tests – FIM homologation pending (as of January 25, 2019)

  • ARAI – RX-7 Racing (without aero-device) – sizes XS, S, M, L
  • HJC – RPHA 01R – sizes XXS, XS, M
  • KABUTO – RT-33 – sizes M, L, XL
  • SCORPION – EXO-R1 FIM Racing #1 – size S
  • SHOEI – X-Fourteen – sizes XS, S, M
  • Homologation tests pending (as of January 25, 2019)

  • 6D
  • ARAI (RX-7 Racing with aero-device and RX-7V Racing)
  • HJC (size S)
  • LS2
  • MT
  • NHK
  • FIM-Sanctioned events where use of FRHPhe helmet homologation is required:

  • FIM Grand Prix World Championship
  • FIM Superbike World Championship
  • FIM Supersport World Championship
  • FIM Sidecar World Championship
  • Red Bull FIM MotoGP Rookies Cup
  • FIM Supersport 300 World Championship
  • FIM CEV Repsol Moto3 Junior World Championship
  • FIM World Record Attempts
  • FIM Drag Bike World Cup
  • FIM Endurance World Championship
  • FIM Endurance World Cup
  • Perhaps the most useful information to take away from this quick overview is how the FRHPhe helmet homologation standards will reduce the allowable amount of impact (g) force—deceleration—to reach the wearer and also call for reduced head injury criterion (HIC) values in linear and oblique impact testing.

    The lower those values are, the more impact energy the helmet has absorbed, preventing it from being transmitted to the wearer’s brain and the lower the potential for brain injury. The impact energy attenuation standards shown for implementation in 2020 are by far the most aggressive performance standards in any of the systems to date.

    Stay tuned to Ultimate Motorcycling for continuing updates and details as the new FRHPhe helmet homologation standards move into the implementation phase. It is important to remember that for helmet buyers, the new FRHPhe is not mandatory unless you are planning to participate in FIM-sanctioned racing events. In that case, you must have a helmet the bears the FRHPhe label.

    Reference: FIM:

    DOT (U.S. Department of Transportation FMVSS 218)

    If you are in the market for a helmet in the U.S. and some parts of Canada for use on public roads, any helmet sold for that purpose must bear the latest version of the DOT certification label.

    Indeed, little apart from those label requirements that were revised in 2013 in the hope of making sale of non-DOT approved helmets more difficult, has really changed with the requirements for performance in the DOT standards.

    Shoei Neotec II hi-visShoei Neotec II

    The impact attenuation performance, retention system and other requirements have not changed since 2013 although a clarification on helmet retention strap testing method was issued in 2015.

    In an effort to make counterfeit labeling of non-compliant helmets more difficult and legally risky to those who do it, the DOT label displayed on the back of the helmet was changed to include the following, in order from top to bottom:

    The manufacturer’s name

  • Model number or name
  • “DOT” below the manufacturer’s name
  • “FMVSS 218” centered below DOT
  • The word “Certified” below FMVSS 218
  • The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has enforcement authority for the DOT certification requirement, which applies to helmets intended to be sold for on-road use. Of course, using a helmet certified under at least one of the sets of standards for off-road purposes or in competition makes sense.

    Unlike FIM, ECE and Snell, NHTSA does not test helmets against the DOT standards, nor does the regulation require the manufacturer to submit production helmets to any independent test lab for evaluation before they can claim DOT standards compliance.

    Each helmet manufacturer marketing their helmets for road use in the U.S. is allowed to test and self-certify the models they want to sell and then permanently affix the “DOT” emblem signifying compliance with FMVSS 218. NHTSA enforces the standards by having a third-party testing lab acquire samples of selected products to verify compliance. Penalties to manufacturers for marketing non-compliant products can be steep—up to $5,000 per helmet.

    If self-certification sounds a bit weak, there is no set minimum number of helmets specified in the DOT standard that must be tested by NHTSA’s contracted lab from each manufacturer, either.

    In December, 2018, ACT Lab, a California-based independent ISO 17025 accredited laboratory that conducts safety and compliance testing for the motorcycle, bike and outdoor industries, was awarded a 5-year contract from the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) to conduct helmet testing.

    ACT Lab then purchases specific helmets identified by NHTSA through retail channels. This is to eliminate any possibility of manufacturer sample selection. ACT Lab tests them, and provides results data to NHTSA—not the manufacturer. This is what is known as “post-marketing” testing, and while it may lead to removal of non-compliant helmets after they reach some consumers, the approach does not prevent that from happening in the first place.

    FMVSS 218 sets standards in three areas of helmet performance: impact attenuation (energy absorption); penetration resistance; and finally the retention system effectiveness. The standard requires peripheral vision to be not less than 105° from the helmet midline. Projections from the surface of the helmet (snaps, rivets, etc.) cannot exceed 5 mm.

    motorcycle helmet standards explained for 2019 changesNexx Xt1: The external visor of full face helmets is subject to testing in most systems, but the internal sun visor is not.

    As is the case with other test systems, impact testing measures acceleration of a headform inside the helmet when it is dropped from a fixed height onto a spherical and flat surfaced anvil. The standard allows a peak acceleration energy of 400 G (G being “gravity constant” or an acceleration value of ft. per second x seconds). Accelerations in excess of 200g shall not exceed a cumulative duration of 2.0 milliseconds; and accelerations in excess of 150g shall not exceed a cumulative duration of 4.0 milliseconds.

    The penetration test involves dropping a piercing test striker onto the helmet from a fixed height. The striker must not penetrate deep enough to contact the headform.

    The retention system test involves placing the helmet’s retention straps under load in tension. For this test the load is progressive; first a load of 50 lb. is applied for 30 seconds, then it is increased to 250 lb. for 120 seconds, with measurement of the stretch or displacement of a fixed point on the retention strap from the apex of the helmet.

    Reference: NHTSA,

    United Nations ECE Standard 22.05

    ECE stands for “Economic Commission for Europe,” which was created under a United Nations agreement in 1958. In their 2013 coverage of helmet safety standards, they included fairly detailed information about how helmets were tested for compliance with that standard.

    Below is a general description of the most recent updates to ECE 22.05 standards as presented in the UNECE report #29 entitled, “The United Nations Motorcycle Helmet Study” 2016. (ISBN 978-92-1-117107-5).   The ECE 22.05 standard is now recognized by 62 countries around the world including many outside the European Union, but not by the United States.

    Helmet configurations under the ECE 22.05 approval regime are designated by the following codes:

  • “J” if the helmet does not have a lower face cover (3/4 coverage open face & half-helmets)
  • “P” if the helmet has a protective lower face cover (full-face fixed chin bar and modular), or
  • “NP” if the helmet has a non-protective lower face cover. If fitted with a non-protective lower face cover the outer surface of the cover must be marked “Does not protect chin from impacts” and/or with a symbol indicating the lower face cover does not offer any protection against impacts to the chin.
  • The general requirements include:

  • Requirements on the basic structure, visors, peaks and the need to identify non-protective chinstraps;
  • Much more detailed requirements concerning the extent of the helmet’s head coverage;
  • The same requirements remain in effect for hearing and ventilation;
  • The introduction of shear testing for helmet shell surface irregularities of over 2 mm in height, requirements to smooth projections, and controls on the interior surface of the helmet shell (i.e. no projections);
  • For chinstraps there are requirements regarding protection from abrasion, the minimum width of the chinstrap, adjustment devices, positioning of the fastening/tensioning devices, and latching and release of fastening systems. The requirements also ban chin cups;
  • The extent of peripheral vision (105° from the helmet midline), which should be tested by a field of vision test;
  • Requirements for material durability;
  • General specifications for the visor, e.g. removability, specifications for devices for lifting the visor out of the line of sight with one hand;
  • Provisions for child helmets (introduced in 1983 with 2002 series of amendments).
  • Airoh Terminator Monster: If the helmet is intended to be equipped with a spoiler, peak or vent equipment it will be tested with those items in place.Airoh Terminator Monster: If the helmet is intended to be equipped with a spoiler, peak or vent equipment it will be tested with those items in place.

    Specific tests for the helmet have been updated and new tests added as follows:

  • Conditioning procedures have been extended to include ultraviolet conditioning and solvent conditioning (for hydrocarbons, cleaning fluids, paints, transfers or other extraneous additions that may affect the shell material);
  • The impact-absorption test is based on the measurement of the deceleration of a head. The Head Injury Criterion (HIC) is calculated for five specific test points (including the protective chinstrap) using a guided free fall helmet drop test. The absorption efficiency shall be considered sufficient where the resultant acceleration measured at the center of gravity of the headform (placed inside the helmet to simulate the wearer’s head) at no time exceeds 275 g, and the Head Injury Criterion does not exceed 2400.
  • The new test for surface friction measures the rotation-inducing forces created by projections, e.g. visor fittings, studs, etc., and friction with other surfaces. The rotation-inducing forces caused by projections on the helmet and friction against the outer surface of the helmet which occur when a helmeted headform is dropped vertically on to an inclined anvil are measured in the longitudinal axis of the anvil. The drop height is such that the unit constituted by the headform and helmet falls on the test anvil at a velocity which, immediately before impact, is equal to 8.5 m/s.
  • The rigidity test remains the same. The helmet is placed between two parallel plates and a known load is applied along the longitudinal axis or the transverse axis. An initial load of 30 N (Newtons) is applied, at a minimum plates speed of 20 mm/min, and after two minutes the distance between the two plates is measured. The load shall then be increased by 100 N, at a minimum plates speed of 20 mm/min, and then wait for two minutes. This procedure is repeated until the application of a load of 630 N is reached. In the test along each axis, the deformation measured under the 630 N load must not exceed that measured under the initial 30 N load by more than 40 mm.
  • The new dynamic test of the retention system assesses the displacement of the retention system under a dynamic and then, over time, a static load;
  • The new retention (detaching) test checks whether the helmet is likely to “roll” forward and off the head if struck from behind;
  • The new test for the micro-slip of the chinstrap checks how much slip occurs when the strap and fastening are placed under variable loads (as when wearing the helmet);
  • The tear test of the strap has been replaced by an abrasion test in which after an abrading procedure, the strap is tested under tension;
  • For the new quick-release mechanisms, tests are performed for accidental operation, ease of release, and durability. This includes a test where the release is closed and locked. Then the procedure is to apply a loading force of 20 ” 1 N in the direction in which the mechanism is designed to bear load, then unlock and disengage the mechanism under load. This cycle is completed in not less than 2 sec and is repeated 5,000 times. For mechanisms containing metal components, this test is conducted after exposing the release mechanism to a corrosive solution for a prescribed amount of time.
  • With the introduction of visors, a new series of tests was developed:

  • Prior to any other tests a general ultraviolet conditioning test should be performed;
  • The mechanical impact visor test checks for sharp splinters after impact—the test specifications even define how to determine if a splinter is “sharp”;
  • Light transmission through the visor is tested and there are specifications for tinted visors that may only be used in daytime;
  • Light diffusion, i.e. the scatter of light towards the eye, is checked as are spectral transmittance and refractive powers;
  • The scratch resistance test measures the light diffusion after the surface has been abraded, e.g. the “starring effect” from headlamps;
  • Recognition of signal lights (not necessary if the transmittance value is very high);
  • Mist retardant (anti-fogging) properties, if the visor has been so treated, are measured by the degree of light transmission lost due to misting. (Misting has always been a phenomenon with full-face helmets, which is why these kinds of coatings are used and why it must be easy to lift the visor out of the field of vision).
  • To ensure easy availability of the following information to the helmet user, UN Regulation No. 22 requires the helmets to be labelled with:

  • The size and maximum mass;
  • Information on the proper attachment and fitting of the helmet
  • A reminder to replace the helmet after a violent impact
  • A warning against using of a helmet coming into contact with petrol, paints and solvents
  • The types of visors approved for use with the helmet.
  • Non-protective chinstraps must be marked, thus indicating that they have not been tested or have failed to meet the requirements. Visors have to be labelled with the type of helmet to which they can be fitted and they shall be accompanied by information on cleaning, use at night and in poor visibility, and any mist retardant properties.

    The helmet shall carry the type approval mark as specified in ECE 22. This mark shows which type approval authority granted the helmet type, the status of the Regulation when it was approved (in the first two digits of the approval number), subtypes and a serial number. The approval mark provides immediate evidence that the helmet has been type approved.

    Unlike the DOT system, where the product is not subject to third-party testing prior to sale, the ECE system requires batch sampling when production begins, submission of up to 50 sample helmets/visors to a designated laboratory working for the government that uses the ECE standards under the United Nations agreement prior to helmets being offered for sale as compliant with ECE standards and verification of quality control during on-going production. 

    Reference: UNECE,

    Snell Memorial Foundation M2020D and M2020R

    The Snell Memorial Foundation is not a helmet manufacturer, retailer or regulator. It is a non-profit organization established in 1957 to help drive on-going improvement in helmet safety performance through the development of consistent standards and testing methods. Snell certification is voluntary and is not required by federal or international authorities, but may be required by some competition sanctioning bodies.

    The M designation on the Snell Standards refers to the standards applicable to helmets for use with motorcycle helmets. The M2020, of August 2018, updates to the Snell standards does create some alignment with other standards, specifically the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) standards in FMVSS 218 and the United Nations ECE 22.05. Snell Foundation information explains it this way:

    “This M2020 revision of the Snell Foundation standard for motorcycle helmets allows two distinct options: the first is a continuation of the requirements which had been set for M2010 and for M2015. It is designated M2020D indicating compatibility with DOT. It demands the premium levels of impact energy management currently required in M2015. The second incorporates modifications to the impact test requirements to accommodate the greater impact attenuation demanded by European standards. It is designated M2020R indicating compatibility with ECE Regulation 22.”

    scorpion for motorcycle helmet standards explainedScorpion Covert helmets: Helmets with a face piece like these Scorpion Covert models that is not part of the helmet shell can be certified but the face piece must be marked as “non-protective.”

    In introducing this approach, the Snell Foundation creates a method that is flexible in allowing helmet manufacturers to design products that will meet applicable standards for marketing their helmets in both the United States and Europe as well as other countries outside the E.U. that recognize ECE 22.05 but not DOT standards.

    The conundrum faced by helmet manufacturers by the differences in the applicable performance standards is summed up in Snell Foundation information:

    “Only a single helmet maker has been able to obtain European homologation for its Snell M2015 certified helmets while other manufacturers protest that they cannot produce helmets meeting Snell requirements which will also be eligible for use in Europe. Therefore, M2020R is formulated to identify helmets with a premium of protective performance in areas where ECE Regulation 22 homologation is required. It is hoped M2020R will also enable some reasonable compatibility with FIM FRHPhe-01 impact test requirements. The roll-back in test severity enables this compatibility but to assure compatibility, this standard will also impose a HIC criterion in the evaluation of the M2020R impact tests. Although the Snell Foundation’s directors firmly believe that HIC has little value in assessing helmet protective capability, its inclusion in ECE and FIM helmet standards dictate that a HIC criterion be included in M2020R in order to assess compatibility with these mandatory requirements.”

    Philosophical differences about the value of HIC criteria in assessing helmet performance aside, the move by Snell signals that even as the range of helmet certification options has widened, the alignment of those standards has a chance to improve.

    Snell Foundation testing evaluates each helmet model in several areas and specifications for pre-test environmental conditioning of helmets are used. As with the other systems, 105° of peripheral vision from the midline is required.

    There are general requirements for the construction of the helmet. The assembled helmet must have smooth external and internal surfaces. Any feature projecting more than 7 mm beyond the outer surface must be designed to allow it to readily break away; all other projections on the outer surface must be smoothly faired and offer minimal frictional resistance to tangential impact forces.

    Rivets and similar projections into the helmet interior must not present a laceration or puncture hazard. Rivet heads cannot project more than 2 mm above the helmet’s surface. Restraint clips may be used at the rear or on the side of the helmet. The helmet must provide as nearly uniform impact protection over the entire protected area as is possible.   The standards do not include any requirements or restrictions as to interior helmet ventilation, internal sun shades, finish colors or reflective surfaces or lights that may be included.

    The retention system is tested by first applying a 23 kg (50.6 lb.) tension load to the fastened chin strap for one minute, then simultaneously removing that load and imparting a 38 kg (83.6 lb.) guided fall load to the closed strap system. Breakage or deflection of the strap in excess of 30 mm results in failure of the test.

    Impact absorption testing is done in similar fashion to ECE and DOT, using a free-fall drop test from a height necessary to attain the specified impact velocity with a head form in the helmet to measure impact energy transferred to the interior of the helmet when dropped on to a fixed anvil. Impact velocities range from 4.84 m/s to 7.75 m/s for M2020D and 4.82 m/s to 8.20 m/s for M2020R.

    Three different anvil shapes are used in the testing. The peak acceleration energy allowed ranges from 243 to 275 G with no HIC limit specified for M2020D testing and from 257 g to 275g with HIC limit of 2880 specified for M2020R testing. The height the helmet is dropped from varies; the velocity reached by the impact point is what is specified in the test specifications. Impact testing on full-face helmets is done on the chin bar, as well as other points on the shell and modular helmets are tested with the chin bar locked down and include frontal and lateral impacts.

    Protection provided by the helmet shell from penetration is tested by dropping a 3 kg (6.6 lb.) pointed striker on the helmet at a velocity of 7.45 m/s. The helmet fails the test if the striker penetrates the helmet shell making contact with a “tell-tale” markable material applied to the headform.

    Arai-Corsair-X-RC-motocycle-helmetArai Corsair X-RC

    Full face helmets are tested for strength of the chin bar by mounting the helmet chin bar facing up in a jig and dropping a 5 kg (11 lb.) weight with a flat surface onto the chin bar midpoint at a velocity of 3.5 m/s and measuring the amount of deflection the impact causes. Deflection of 60 mm (2.3 in.) or more or failure of the chin bar likely to result in injury to the wearer means failure of the test.

    Positional stability or “roll-off” is tested using a 4 kg (8.8 lb.) weight attached to first rear edge of the helmet by a cord with the helmet positioned and properly strapped on a headform facing downward at a 135° angle such that when the weight is released for a free-fall height of 0.6 m, it would tend to try to dislodge the helmet from its correct position on the head form. Then the helmet is rotated 180°, the weight is attached to the front edge of the helmet opening and the test repeated. Failure occurs if the helmet rolls off the head form.

    The face shield, if applicable, is tested for penetration resistance by being shot in three spots along the centerline with an air rifle using a soft lead pellet weighing 1.0g with a diameter of 5.5mm at a velocity of approximately 500 kph. Penetration of the shield means failure.

    A recent criterion is removability in an emergency. The helmet removability test determines whether the helmet can be removed from an unconscious victim without resorting to any buckles, clasps or other mechanisms which may be rendered non-functional by impact stresses. The helmet is placed on the largest appropriate complete ISO head form with all the closures and retention systems engaged.

    A technician must remove the helmet from the head form using simple, common hand tools but without accessing any of the helmet mechanisms. The hand tools for this test are limited to shears, simple edged tools and flat bladed screw drivers. The operation must not require more than thirty seconds.

    Post-testing disassembly and inspection is also performed on at least one of a set of sample helmets that have passed all the foregoing tests. If structural failures that are “not plausible for inclusion in a production helmet” the model will be rejected, despite having passed the tests.

    These are the helmet performance standards you are most likely to encounter in shopping for a helmet these days. They are fairly complex in their details, but fairly simple in their common goal: to give you the best protection from potentially devastating head injuries possible. Now all you have to do is decide which one(s) is best for what you need your helmet to do.

    Reference: Snell Memorial Foundation,

    We plan to open offices in SE Asia, Middle East, Africa & Eastern Europe | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    We plan to open offices in SE Asia, Middle East, Africa & Eastern Europe

    TESTEX is a globally operating and independent Swiss testing and certification company with focus on textile testing. TESTEX has been testing, analysing and certifying textiles since 1846. In addition to its headquarters in Zurich, the TESTEX Group operates more than 25 branches. Group chief marketing officer (CMO) Marc Sidler speaks about growing concerns about sustainability in Asia, testing of genetically modified organisms (GMO) in cotton and the latest at TESTEX.

    How have textile and dyes and chemical testing evolved over the years?

    The biggest developments have been in the improvement of equipment, which generally sees major advances roughly every 10 years. In the past, textile extractions were measured in parts per million (PPM), today they can be measured in parts per billion (PPB). Methods of analysis have also evolved, enabling extraction rates that are three times higher than before, in part thanks to more suitable solvents being used. These advances have particularly benefitted the extraction of chlorinated phenols. Furthermore, better norms and added parameters have made textile testing techniques more precise. The developments of the textile industry towards a more sustainable future have played a big role in the evolvement of textile testing methods in recent years.

    Which are your major markets for fabric, yarn, fibre, colour fastness, cotton, fire protection, and detergent tests? Please provide bifurcation.

    Our major market for physical textile testing is Europe, notably Austria, Switzerland and Germany. Colour fastness testing is in particularly high demand from retailers and personal protection equipment (PPE) manufacturers. In addition to the above-mentioned tests, they also offer GMO screening, clothing physiology, measurement of colour whiteness and ultra-violet (UV) transmission tests.

    Which are your major markets for certification services?

    Our major markets for certification services are China, Taiwan, Korea, Indonesia, Turkey, Egypt, Austria and Switzerland.

    Which regions besides the United States and Europe are actively working to improve their quality and standards through testing and certifications?

    Asia is a key region driving towards more sustainability in the textile industry. As textile production takes place predominantly in Asian countries, the region's participation in testing and certification is essential. For brands and retailers to qualify for certification, their whole supply chain must comply with sustainable practices.

    How would you describe the market for testing in Asia in the textile niche?

    The market for testing in Asia is on the increase. Consumer awareness in Asia towards sustainable textiles has grown considerably in recent years. In 2017, OEKO-TEX® commissioned a global survey of consumer attitudes about textile sustainability. The ground-breaking study is the first to focus on global consumers, examining their views and behaviours regarding overall climate change, as well as their knowledge, perceptions and concerns about textile sustainability and certification. The result showed that people want to live more sustainably, and that concerns about the textile industry are growing not only in Western countries but particularly in textile-producing countries like China and India. This is also reflected by China's commitment to combat climate change in general.

    How big is the team of lab technicians in all the countries you currently operate in?

    We have 31 lab technicians at TESTEX in Zurich and 17 at ÖTI, their subsidiary in Vienna.

    Which new tests and certifications has TESTEX introduced in the last 2 years?

    Firstly, they introduced DETOX TO ZERO by OEKO-TEX®  which enables manufacturers in the textile chain to assess the status of their chemicals management systems and the quality of their waste water and sludge and to have these documented through independent verification. The result of this assessment is a status report which can confirm that the results are aligned with the Detox campaign from Greenpeace. 

    The LEATHER STANDARD by OEKO-TEX®, which was introduced a couple of years ago, is a testing and certification system for leather and leather articles of all levels of production. Examples of articles that can be certified are: semi-finished leather products (e.g. Wet-blue, Wet-white, Crust), finished leather, leather fibre material and readymade articles. Banned substances include chromium-6 and formaldehyde.

    Last year they opened a new laboratory for the testing of genetically modified organisms (GMO) in cotton products. With their new PCR-Laboratory they enable their customers to test cotton for genetic modifications-independently and transparently. The DNA analysis, where samples are measured by the real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method, allows us to make a yes or no statement regarding genetic modifications in cotton. 

    The STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® new requirements (in Annex 6) were specially developed for companies that are particularly focused on the Greenpeace Detox Campaign, as it fulfills a wide range of the campaign's goals. These include stricter limitations on volatile organic compounds (VOCs), chlorinated solvents and flame-retardant agents.  

    Do you plan to have any B2C testing services in future for textiles?

    We do offer B2C testing services, foremost for consumer protection associations. Occasionally they also receive requests from individuals and from the Swiss Customs Administration that has seized items they need to be tested for banned textiles like certain animal fibres (e.g. Shahtoosh).

    What kinds of textile tests and certifications is the research & development (R&D) at TESTEX working on?

    This year they are actively working on sludge and wastewater method development to improve the testing for the DETOX TO ZERO  by OEKO-TEX® report. It prepares facilities for the requirements of Greenpeace's Detox campaign by ensuring conformity with the DETOX TO ZERO-specific MRSL. Its goal is to eliminate all release of toxic chemicals and to recognise that there are no environmentally-safe levels for hazardous substances, which is crucial for environmental protection. In 2019, two new product groups will be under observation by the industry: glyphosate and its salts as well as N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances, so their focus will also be on developing testing for these substances.

    Please share details of the last two fiscals and the target for 2020.

    We have seen an average growth of 10 per cent in their business over the past few years. Their goal for the near future is to increase the number of certifications for products that cover the whole supply chain. STeP by OEKO-TEX® (Sustainable Textile Production) is a certification system for environment-friendly and socially responsible production facilities along the textile chain. Its aim is to continually improve production conditions and health and safety in all business areas. When combined with the STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® certificate, which ensures production without harmful substances, finished products fulfill the requirements for the MADE IN GREEN by OEKO-TEX® traceable textile label which offers transparency to consumers. 

    Furthermore, the ZDHC Foundation recently recognised the ECO-PASSPORT by OEKO-TEX® certificate for chemical management as a 'Level 3 MRSL Conformance Indicator', the highest level in the ZDHC programme. So they plan to focus on this product too soon. 

    In addition to their OEKO-TEX® portfolio, a further priority is the TESTEX UV STANDARD 801 that certifies clothing providing protection against UV radiation, and is the world's strictest testing standard for sun-protective clothing.

    Which new regions do you plan to open branches in?

    We are looking at opening new offices in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Eastern Europe. (HO)

    DISCLAIMER: All views and opinions expressed in this column are solely of the interviewee, and they do not reflect in any way the opinion of

    America's Public Television Stations Elect Board Leaders, Members | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    America's Public Television Stations Elect Board Leaders, Members

    America's Public Television Stations (APTS) today announced the election of its new board leaders and members.

    Roy Clem, Executive Director of Alabama Public Television, has been elected Chairman; Bert Schmidt, President and Chief Executive Officer of WHRO in Norfolk, Virginia, has been elected as Professional Vice Chair; and Carol Kellermann, Lay Trustee, Thirteen/WNET in New York, has been re-elected as Lay Vice Chair.

    The newly-elected trustees are: Carolyn Edwards, Lay Trustee, Vegas PBS in Las Vegas, Nevada; Susi Elkins, Director of Broadcasting & General Manager of WKAR Public Media at Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan; Franz Joachim, General Manager & CEO of New Mexico PBS; Garrett T. King, III, Board Chair of Oklahoma Educational Television Authority (OETA); Vickie Lawson, President & CEO of East Tennessee PBS in Knoxville, Tennessee; and David Steward II, Board Chair of Nine Network of Public Media in St. Louis, Missouri. Newly elected as an at-large trustee to the APTS board is Larry D. Unger, President & Chief Executive Officer of Maryland Public Television.

    Newly-elected trustees will begin their terms on Monday, February 25, 2019 and newly-elected officers will begin their terms on Tuesday, February 26, 2019.

    Following is background on the board officers:

    Roy Clem was selected to be the Executive Director for the statewide Alabama Public Television (APT) network in 2012. During his tenure, the APT team has received numerous prestigious Regional and National Awards for their commitment to education, public safety, civic leadership and public service, including two Alabama Legislature Joint Resolutions honoring APT's service to the state, the National Broadcasters Association Educational Foundation's 2016 Service to Children Award for Television, and the 2016 Edward R. Murrow Award for Best News Documentary in a major market, for the APT production "Jeremiah," which chronicles Jeremiah Denton's service in the Vietnam War, experience as a POW and journey to becoming one of Alabama's U.S. Senators. Clem started his broadcast news career in 1973 at Denver's KDEN radio station working as a street reporter. In 1974, he joined the Denver Police Department (DPD) where he served as a patrol officer, academy supervisor and detective sergeant. In 1986, Clem returned to television broadcast journalism. In his 36-year career as a broadcasting executive, Clem has served as a journalist, anchor, news director and general manager.

    Bert Schmidt is President and Chief Executive Officer of WHRO in Norfolk, VA. Under Schmidt's leadership, WHRO has continued to be recognized as a leader in the field of educational telecommunications. The station has been the recipient of several national grants from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and is currently one of a handful of public media affiliates working under the American Graduate umbrella, an initiative focusing on the national dropout crisis. Schmidt is passionate about the dual roles public media plays in education and in broadcasting. He began his career in public media as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of WCNY in his hometown of Syracuse, New York. Schmidt served as President and General Manager of WVPT in Harrisonburg, Virginia for five years before being tapped to join WHRO as its President and Chief Executive Officer in May 2007. Schmidt has been instrumental in the development of education content, particularly in the online platform, as well as a vibrant digital distribution for educational content that is now available to every student in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Throughout his career, he's been a strong proponent of local programming that serves the community. Schmidt developed and served as executive producer of 11 local television productions during his tenure at WVPT, and three local television programs and one local radio program at WHRO.

    Carol Kellermann retired in December 2018 as President of the Citizens Budget Commission. She has over 25 years of experience in leadership positions in nonprofit, philanthropic and government settings. Kellermann has served as Interim Executive Director of the Alliance for Young Artists and Writers and PENCIL, Inc., and as a consultant to City University of New York (CUNY), where she initiated a pilot program to improve graduation rates and job outcomes at CUNY's six community colleges. As Executive Director and CEO of the September 11 Fund, Kellermann oversaw the $500+ million charitable fund, which provided grants and assistance for the short and long term needs of victims of the September 11th attacks. Prior to that, she was Executive Director of Learning Leaders, the oldest and largest volunteer program in the New York City public schools. Kellermann has been Chief of Staff to then-Congressman Charles E. Schumer and held various executive positions in New York City government, including Deputy Commissioner of the NYC Department of Finance. Kellermann holds degrees from Harvard Law School and Harvard College.

    Following is background on the newly-elected board members:

    Carolyn Edwards

    Carolyn Edwards has served for 10 years as a board member of Vegas PBS.

    Edwards worked for many years in social work in Pennsylvania. After moving to Nevada, she became active with nonprofits, policy organizations and local politics -- particularly as they affect education.

    Edwards is an elected Trustee of the Clark County School District, appointed member of the Southern Nevada Regional Planning Commission, Chairperson of the Clark County Debt Management Commission, and Nevada Commissioner on the Education Commission of the States. As President of the Nevada School Boards Association, she travelled extensively, keeping her commitment to visit every school board in the state for at least one meeting.

    Edwards holds a Bachelor's degree in psychology and religion from Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, and a Master's degree in social work from Rutgers University.

    Susi Elkins

    Susi Elkins is Director of Broadcasting and General Manager of WKAR Public Media at Michigan State University (MSU). WKAR is home to public radio and television for the Michigan capital region, bringing the best of PBS, PBS KIDS, NPR and award-winning original content to more than 500,000 mid-Michigan residents each week. Through expanded broadcast, online and community engagement, plus new efforts in education, research and NextGen TV, WKAR is developing a national model for the impact public media can have in local communities and beyond.

    Under Elkins' leadership, WKAR has solidified its reputation as a community institution through strategic partnerships and collaborations. Through securing major support from local institutions, WKAR has significantly increased its commitment to early childhood education. University partnerships at Michigan State have increased the station's capacity for providing award-winning research-based content, as well as experiential learning opportunities for students.

    In collaboration with MSU, Elkins led the effort to launch the first ATSC 3.0 experimental station licensed to a public media organization. Granted the FCC experimental license in June 2018, the test station is designed to explore the potential of NextGen TV to build stronger communities through education, news and information, arts, Science and culture.

    Prior to her appointment in March 2017, Elkins served in a variety of roles at the station, including Interim Director, Television Station Manager, Content and Community Engagement Manager, public television Producer and instructional television multi-media Producer.

    Under her leadership as Television Station Manager, WKAR was named Michigan Association of Broadcasters (MAB) Public Television Station of the Year for five consecutive years and has earned numerous regional Emmy Awards and top awards from the MAB and the National Educational Telecommunication Association, among others.

    Elkins holds a bachelor's degree in telecommunication and a master's degree in educational technology, both from MSU.

    Franz Joachim

    Franz Joachim is General Manager & CEO of New Mexico PBS (KNME-TV). He has been involved in television production since high school in Tucson, Arizona.

    Joachim graduated from the University of Arizona with a degree in Radio-Television and a minor in Electrical Engineering and Mathematics. While there, he worked for KUAT-TV (PBS), first on its student production crew and then as Studio Supervisor. He has worked in television production for 35 years as a photographer, editor, director and manager in a variety of production environments, including Industrial, News, Studio and Long Form Documentary production. Joachim is a certified diver, shooting for documentaries from the Sea of Cortez to the Turks and Caicos and Virgin Islands.

    In 1999, Joachim became Production & Operations Manager for KNME-TV in Albuquerque, New Mexico. In this position, he supervised an extensive build out of automated on-air operations and developed the digital file based production workflow for KNME production.

    Joachim was designated as a National Association of Broadcasters' DTV spokesman for New Mexico and traveled the region, giving talks on the transition to digital television, showing people how to hook up converter boxes, and explaining the vagaries of the DTV transition.

    In 2010, Joachim was PROMOTED to Director of Content for New Mexico PBS/KNME & KNMD overseeing the scheduling, production, promotion and distribution of content on-air and online. In 2013, Joachim was appointed General Manager & CEO of New Mexico PBS.

    Garrett T. King, III

    Garrett T. King, III currently holds the position of Assistant to the President & Director of Institutional Advancement at Southwestern Oklahoma State University (SWOSU) where he oversees formulation and execution of strategies to solicit, receive, steward and disburse external resources for the benefit of the university and to engage alumni, emeriti and friends of the university in a mutually beneficial relationship.

    King has served or is serving on the governing boards of the Oklahoma Educational Television Authority (OETA) and the OETA Foundation, Inc., the Friends of the Weatherford Public Library, the Weatherford Community Habitat for Humanity, the Weatherford Food & Resources Center, and HOBY Oklahoma. King and his family are members of the First Baptist Church of Weatherford where he has served as Vice Chair of Deacons and has taught Sunday School.

    Previously, King served on the personal staff of U.S. Representative Frank D. Lucas (OK-3) where his work focused on issues related to education, agriculture, Indian affairs, energy, transportation and the environment.

    King was raised on a peanut farm in the Oakdale Community near Eakly in northern Caddo County where his family has lived and worked since 1890. He is a 2004 graduate of public schools and a 2008 alumnus of SWOSU where he studied History and Political Science. He holds an M. Ed. in Social Sciences and is currently a Ph. D. candidate in History at the University of Swansea in Wales.

    Vickie Lawson

    Vickie Lawson is the President and CEO of East Tennessee PBS. Located in Knoxville, Tennessee, East Tennessee PBS is a nonprofit, viewer-supported television station providing lifelong learning opportunities to more than 2 million viewers in East Tennessee, Southern Kentucky, Southeast Virginia and Western North Carolina. East Tennessee PBS prides itself on being an active member of its community and providing a wide array of locally produced educational, wellness and cultural programming, in addition to the award-winning national programs from PBS.

    Having joined East Tennessee PBS in 1996, Lawson has held numerous positions. Her hands-on understanding of the educational responsibilities of media, developing successful membership programs and strong leadership brought East Tennessee PBS from a financially struggling station to a solid fiscally responsible station, without compromising its mission: to serve the needs of East Tennessee as a community partner affecting positive change by educating, entertaining and challenging minds.

    Lawson's commitment to nonprofit, education and community service extends BEYOND her role at East Tennessee PBS. She serves on multiple area boards and associations, including serving as the Chairman of the Tennessee Public Television Council (TPTC), President of the Board of Directors for Sundown Resort in Townsend, TN, Treasurer of Piney Grove Baptist Church, James White Fort Board Member and service on multiple senior centers' boards and organizations. She also serves on several Veteran association boards and sponsors a veteran appreciation dinner every year to honor veterans of all wars and services. Additionally, Lawson is the host of Tennessee Life on East Tennessee PBS, a show featuring the people who proudly call Tennessee home.

    Lawson is working with several organizations to establish an educational corridor in the inner city for students local to the area and through programs for broadcast. East Tennessee PBS is utilizing the services of community college by providing classes in broadcast training and use of students in internships for college credit.

    David Steward II

    David Steward II founded The Lion Forge, LLC, a St. Louis-based, transmedia studio in his hometown.

    Beginning with a digital-first publishing model in 2011, and a vision to create "comics for everyone," Steward charted a course for Lion Forge to bring together the most talented, diverse group of writers and artists to offer authentic voices to fans looking for stories and characters representing all ages, races and gender while still experiencing high quality, cinematic comics and animation. The company strives to develop content and character franchises within the comic book, television, film and interactive gaming industries that will appeal to fans across a wide demographic.

    Before starting Lion Forge, Steward founded and operated, a multimedia company providing photography, filmmaking, animation and design to its clients. He also worked as a film producer for a Christian media company based in Los Angeles, and later formed and managed THE CHI Rho Group, a "traditional" private equity organization focused on making acquisitions in consumer-packaged goods, technology, and media & entertainment.

    Lion Forge also partners with nonprofit organizations, such as the St. Louis Arc, to enhance their mission through comics and animation. In addition, Steward served as an executive board member for the local chapter of the Habitat for Humanity. He is a current board member of the International Photography Hall of Fame and Museum, as well as Chairman of the board of Nine Network of Public Media in St. Louis.

    Steward graduated Magna Cum Laude from American University in 1998 with a B.S.B.A. in International Marketing.

    Larry D. Unger

    Larry D. Unger is the fifth President in the nearly 50-year history of Maryland Public Television (MPT). MPT, a $32 million noncommercial broadcasting operation headquartered in Owings Mills, Maryland, is a state licensee member of the Public Broadcasting Service.

    Unger first joined MPT in 1997, bringing to the organization nearly three decades' experience in the local financial services community. After serving as the state broadcaster's Vice President of Administration and Finance, Chief Financial Officer, and Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, he was named MPT's President and CEO in July 2011. Prior to his MPT career, Unger served for 11 years as a senior-level executive at Baltimore Bancorp and its main subsidiary, The Bank of Baltimore. In his final position there, he was Executive Vice President of both entities with responsibility for all consumer-related activities including the branch system, retail lending, bankcard and investment services. He managed more than $600 million in loans, nearly 600 employees and $1.75 billion in deposits.

    Earlier, Unger served as President of bank subsidiary Atlantic Leasing & Financial, Inc. He gained much of his experience at Maryland National Leasing Corporation, an affiliate of the former Maryland National Corporation. At various times over nearly a decade at Maryland National, he served as Vice President, Senior Vice President and Executive Vice President of the leasing subsidiary. Unger began his financial services career as an Assistant Vice President at Commercial Credit Capital Corporation/CC Leasing Corporation where he was hired in 1969.

    Unger holds a bachelor's degree in finance from the University of Baltimore where he also earned a certificate in financial management. He completed the Stonier Graduate School of Banking, the pre-eminent executive management school for the financial services industry. Unger served for six years in the United States Coast Guard Reserve.

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