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ICDL GCC foundation, the governing physique and certification authority of the international laptop riding License (ICDL) software within the Gulf States, has lately known as on the accepted public to be aware of the selections purchasable for operating programs and common productiveness application as part of its digital literacy application. The foundation is making an effort to raise public attention concerning the availability of decisions of working techniques and office suites to aid optimize digital abilities unbiased of any vendor specifics.
“innovative application corresponding to operating systems, cyber web browsers, social-networking software and workplace suites have become basic in their each day lives and revolutionalized their use of computers. in spite of this, ICDL believes that computers and application must become much less high priced to get more individuals begun and people should be offered with alternatives. certainly, the ICDL software is in accordance with dealer neutrality and the public with the correct set of knowledge and knowledge to be in a position to use the prevalent software regardless of of who makes them. The success of their digital literacy program in becoming the de facto regular is according to its non-commercial supplier neutrality strategy thereby making candidates professional, digitally cultured and privy to their choices,” noted Jamil Ezzo, Director usual, ICDL GCC groundwork.
The international desktop riding Licence conception is a globally recommended digital literacy ordinary funded through the ecu commission with the initiative to carry the degree of abilities about counsel expertise (IT) and boost the degree of competence in using personal computers for all residents of the area. The ICDL GCC basis turned into established to implement and promote the idea of digital literacy in the GCC place.
“once they talk about digital literacy, they need to confer with digital potential which permit an individual to be functional and confident in operating a number of purposes of the guidance age. the realm of technology is unexpectedly expanding and their mandate is not best to empower their candidates with the competencies and the competency to use computer systems, however also to be privy to the moral use of expertise that cowl field like recycling, virus insurance policy, use of social community software, digital devices, etc. Candidates are also uncovered to the choices they've purchasable available on the market, and be able to use any widespread software in spite of the atmosphere or the vendor.
The groundwork consistently helps good value and straightforward entry to information expertise which has proved to be a extremely productive formula to spread the use of computers and further involve people within the digital society. And based on this goal, the groundwork also encourages its candidates to be aware about the option they have got for operating programs similar to Apple OS, Linux, Solaris and home windows; and choices for regular productivity application similar to Microsoft office, Google’s on-line docs and Spreadsheet, Lotus SmartSuite, Apple iWork, solar Microsystems StarOffice and its crucial Open supply office which can also be download without charge from www.openoffice.org..to advertise the distinct options purchasable, ICDL has partnered with Zayed institution and other technology and educational leaders to set up the Open source Lab. Open ICDL is a perfect IT literacy software which has been embraced with the aid of Zayed university Open source initiative.
“The ICDL syllabus at all times reflects the newest in the speedy-paced alterations taking region in the technology industry with vendor neutrality. The ICDL application has over 20 content material suppliers that enhance learning and trying out cloth in accordance with the ICDL syllabus. a few vendors choose to strengthen content exceptionally addressing the education market while others might also decide to increase their content tailoring to the knowledgeable market or other markets. The ICDL discovering material may also be self-taught or utilized in a class atmosphere and it is obtainable in a variety of codecs together with CBT, on-line and printed books.” Ezzo concluded.
About ICDLInternational computing device driving License (ICDL), is an internationally diagnosed laptop proficiency general this is owned via the the european computing device driving License foundation (ECDL) and delivered by means of the UNESCO's Cairo workplace (UCO) for Arab states in 2001, is gaining expanding acceptance in the middle East, with several governments adopting and prescribing it to their employees. The ICDL software exists in over 143 nations, and is offered in forty two languages, together with Arabic. The classes offered are all in accordance with one ordinary syllabus and query set. There are more than 27,000 facilities international, above 7 million candidates (500 thousands candidates in the GCC place by myself), greater than 2 million issued certificates and over 25 million tests have been taken globally on the grounds that the launch of the application yr 1997.
About ICDL GCC FoundationICDL GCC foundation was created by the ECDL basis, the not-for-earnings international governing body of the ECDL and ICDL member countries committed to helping raise the frequent level of computing device potential in societies and featuring entry for all to the assistance society, to serve the to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States with their implementation of ICDL and for featuring them with localized guide to make sure exceptional of ICDL classes. The ICDL GCC foundation is the only real accreditation body that is dependable to support ICDL accredited practicing and testing centers in the GCC. It also acts as the reviewing and approving body for the local adaptation of ICDL courses.
KiwiSkills classes are aimed at that huge military of laptop clients who've little technical potential. Now managed by using the 2020 Communications have faith; they were introduced into New Zealand via the NZ desktop Society (now the Institute of IT authorities).
The lessons are delivered interactively online, and current company Enlight helps a web-based mostly interface that uses the actual purposes on the person’s desktop instead of simulations, that could look a little artificial.
The extra superior KiwiSkills lessons result in the overseas computer Drivers’ Licence (ICDL) qualification.
After instructing the basics of navigating around a file and folder constitution, the courses directly focus on Microsoft workplace functions.
“The demand in NZ is notably Microsoft,” says manager Rebecca Magee; although, the ECDL foundation – which runs ICDL in Europe – do deliver ICDL in OpenOffice and other learning environments, catering to the needs of the market,” she says.
lots of the knowledge taught would work with little trade in OpenOffice/Libre office. Even a person like this reporter, who has been the use of Microsoft workplace and Open office for years will find amenities that they have got not ever had more than a indistinct recognition of earlier than; lots of these may additionally show effective and enhance productiveness.
The training modules are complemented via trying out modules, which give you a quick repair for your existing level of capabilities.
I haven’t completed a mail-merge for a long time and messed up badly on the look at various for that. I more suitable my ranking with one flow through the practicing, but changed into nevertheless well in need of finished competence and self belief; but then I’m on no account more likely to should do a mail-merge once more. understanding the way to make textual content flow around an image, on the other hand, I cost as a useful ability. The course supplied satisfactory impetus to try at complete familiarity with that.
The working towards module means that you can bet wrong solutions then relevant them with out penalty (on the first wrong reply it advises you of the right one).
There may still, in all probability, be a way of implementing a repeat of direction contraptions on which there has been a excessive proportion of wrong solutions.
The direction naturally makes use of standard Microsoft jargon; the usefulness of figuring out the suitable answer to “determine the formatting toolbar” is debatable.
The on-line environment has its problems. It requires Java, which may also no longer be obtainable on a home or workplace machine, and a few awkward manipulation is worried to enable popup windows to open once they should still be allowed to and block them after they’re now not. The logon manner also once in a while failed for me for unknown motives.
I’m not the supposed viewers for the KiwiSkills courses, however would recommend them to be used with the aid of precise newbies. I handiest hope some of that target neighborhood can be inspired by their new-found competence with Microsoft workplace to seem further afield.
The total KiwiSkills syllabus can be accomplished in forty hours at a price of around $300 + GST, says the 2020 have faith – but it surely is angling for cut price provision of the equipment as an element of labor-readiness courses deliberate by the Ministry of Social building.
See also Bid to get digital literarcy on MSD practicing scheme.be a part of the publication!
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Maseru — Seeng Mphutlane (21) who have just accomplished her Diploma in architecture and development at Lerotholi Polytechnic turned into crowned omit Peoples alternative Radio Station 2003 over the past weekend at a glittering omit computer beauty pageant held in Maseru on Saturday, last week.
The younger attractiveness walked away with the coveted crown after beating different 19 contestants who braved the chilly Saturday evening to parade in entrance of the judges hoping to steal their consideration and be crowned miss pc 2003.
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2009 IEEE 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENT AND LEARNING 5
We trained networks with 4 0 ×40 neurons in each of L2/3,
L4,L5and L6layers of stereo feature-detection cortex (of
course there were 2×20 neurons in L1, as there is a one-
to-one correspondence between input and L1neurons). The
kparameter (the number of neurons allowed to ﬁre in each
layer) was set to 100 for the stereo feature-detection cortex,
and 5for the motor cortex. They set κ= 5 in Eq. 1 and α= 0.4
in Eq. 5 for all of the experiments, unless otherwise is stated.
A. The Advantage of Spatio-temporal 6-layer Architecture
Fig. 4 shows that applying top-down context signals in
single-layer architecture (traditional MILN networks ),
increases the error rate up to over 5pixels (we intentionally
set the relative top-down coefﬁcient, α, as low as 0.15 in this
case, otherwise the error rate would be around chance level).
As discussed in Section III, this observation is due the absolute
dominance of misleading top-down context signals provided
complex input (natural images in this study). On the other
hand, context signals reduce the error rate of the network to
a sub-pixel level in 6-layer architecture networks. This result
shows the important role of assistant layers (i.e. L5and L6)
in the laminar cortex to modulate the top-down and bottom-up
energies received at the cortex before mixing them.
0 2 4 6 8 10
Epochs of Training
Root Mean Square Error (pixel)
Eect of utilizing laminar architecture and temporal context
Single−layer architecture − Context enabled
Euclidean SOM updating rule
Single−layer architecture − Context disabled
Dot−product SOM updating rule
6−layer architecture − Context disabled
6−layer architecture − Context enabled
Fig. 4. How temporal context signals and 6-layer architecture improve
For comparison, they implemented two versions of Self-
Organizing Maps updating rules, Euclidean SOM and dot-
product SOM . With the same amount of resources, the
6-layer architecture outperformed both versions of SOM by
as much as at least 3times lower error rate.
B. Smoothly Changing Receptive Fields
In two separate experiments, they studied the topographic
maps formed in L2/3.
1) Experiment A – κ= 5:As depicted in Fig. 5a, the
disparity-probability vectors for neurons tuned to close-by
disparities are similar; neurons tuned to close-by disparities are
more likely to ﬁre together. Equivalently, a neuron in the stereo
feature-detection cortex is not tuned to only one exact dispar-
ity, but to a disparity range with a Gaussian-like probability for
different disparities (e.g. neuron nicould ﬁre for disparities
+1,+2,+3,+4,+5 with probabilities 0.1,0.3,0.7,0.3,0.1,
respectively). This fuzziness in neuron’s disparity sensitivity is
caused by smoothly changing motor initiated top-down signals
(κ > 1in Eq. 1) during training. Fig. 5b shows this effect on
topographic maps; having κ= 5 causes the regions sensitive
to close-by disparities quite often reside next to each other
and change gradually in neural plane (in many areas in Fig.
5b the colors change smoothly from dark blue to red).
2) Experiment B – κ= 1:However, if they deﬁne disparity
detection as a classiﬁcation problem, and set κ= 1 in Eq.
1 (only one neuron active in motor layer), then there is
no smoothness in the change of the disparity sensitivity of
neurons in the neural plane.
These observations are consistent with recent physiological
discoveries about the smooth change of stimuli preference
in topographic maps in the brain  and disparity maps in
particular , .
V. CO NC LUS ION
Presented is the ﬁrst spatio-temporal model of the 6-layer
architecture of the cortex which incorporated temporal aspects
of the stimuli in the form of top-down context signals. It
outperformed simpler single-layer models of the cortex by
a signiﬁcant amount. Furthermore, deﬁning the problem of
binocular disparity detection as a regression problem by train-
ing a few nearby neurons to relate to the presented stimuli
(as apposed to only one neuron in the case of classiﬁcation),
resulted in biologically-observed smoothly changing disparity
sensitivity along the neural layers.
Since the brain generates actions through numerical sig-
nals(spikes) that drive muscles and other internal body effec-
tors (e.g. glands), regression (output signals) seems closer to
what the brain does, compared to many classiﬁcation models
that have been published in the literature. The regression
extension of the MILN  has potentially a wide scope
of application, from autonomous robots to machines that can
learn to talk. A major open challenge is the complexity of the
motor actions to be learned and autonomously generated.
As presented here, an emergent-representation based binoc-
ular system has shown disparity detection abilities with sub-
pixel accuracy. In contrast with engineering methods that used
explicit matching between the left and right search windows,
a remarkable computational advantage of their work is the
potential for integrated use of a variety of image information
for tasks that require disparity as well as other visual cues.
Our model suggests a computational reason as to why there
is no top-down connection from L2/3to L4in laminar cortex;
to prevent the top-down and bottom-up energies received at the
cortex from mixing before they internally compete to sort out
Utilization of more complex temporal aspects of the stimuli
and using real-time stereo movies will be a part of their future
as image data, or map data. Hence the concept of a model is hidden in the low-level data structures and ﬁles. But data
in VCME is supported through a hierachical object-oriented model represented by abstract and concrete R-structures
and their instances.
For model construction, Khoros and IBM DX allows users to group modules to form higher-level modules, re-
ferred to as bottom-up construction. VCME, however, supports two ways of doing this, bottom-up and top-down
construction. The top-down is a more natural way to design a computational model for scientists and engineers.
Most current systems also lack the full range of computational support necessary for scientiﬁc modeling activities.
The languages, for example, provide inadequate database support and do not provide support for distributed model
development. IBM DX providessupportfor interactivevisualization and analysis of both observed and simulated data.
Our system not only supports data interaction, but also provides a interactive model for executing modules at local and
remote locations. Most systems [21, 22, 23, 24, 25] are either based on evolutionary extensions to existing database
technology, or require a considerable amount of custom coding tailored to the application [35, 34].
A promising and general approach to integrating distributed data is offered by the Common Object Request Broker
Architecture (CORBA)  of the Object Management Group (OMG) . The use of Object Request Broker (ORB)
to bind components together offers substantial savings in design, implementation, and maintenance efforts. The func-
tionality offered by CORBA, however, is not yet complete. Current efforts are focussed on value-added services to
augment the basic ORB. Web-based tools are increasingly becoming common. However, most ([29, 28, 31]) provide
access to remote data but none for external tools and legacy systems. Then there are systems that deal exclusively
with the integration of tools, without a conceptual basis for organizing application data. PCTE, for instance, pro-
vides a set of C and Ada speciﬁcations that can be used by tools for process control, distribution and accounting. In
QUEST, the system has been made to support a deﬁned set of tools that assist in analyzing geophysical datasets.
Finally some complete systems like SHORE, which provides a merger of object-oriented and ﬁle system tech-
nologies, and Harvest which also provides object-oriented extensions to deﬁne type hierarchies and complex data
access methods, exist but they lack a uniﬁed computational environment that supports the iterative process by which
symbolic representations of application phenomena are constructed, evaluated and applied, features that the CME and
DRAS are well capable of supporting.
The paper is structured as follows. In order to make the paper relatively self-contained, they ﬁrst provide a concrete
example of the scientiﬁc modeling process in Section 2. This example is employed in the remainder of the paper.
Although they have described elsewhere a simple, general, and relativelycomplete basis for the modelingoperations
in a CME, they brieﬂy summarize this basis for the sake of completeness. Section 3 then describes the functionality,
architecture, and application of a VCME that embodies this basis. Finally, they describe the design and implementation
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BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CA-Technologies [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
CheckPoint [43 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
CyberArk [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
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DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [14 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [752 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1533 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [65 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [375 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [282 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [135 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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