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EUCOC dumps with Real exam Questions and Practice Test -

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A Structured book to fresh Case law of the courtroom of Justice of the european Union on Supplementary protection Certificates in Europe | Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

In precept, patents confer insurance policy for a optimum of two decades. In Europe, however, the patent terms for pharmaceutical products that meet the conditions necessary for supplementary insurance plan certificates (“SPC”) can also be prolonged for up to five years.

Why an extra five years should be would becould very well be quintessential

once a patent has been filed, a corresponding pharmaceutical product regularly has to bear time drinking regulatory approval earlier than it will also be marketed. occasionally there are handiest just a few years left on the patent by the time the product is first launched. in consequence, the internet sales time under the exclusivity conferred by means of the patent is regularly no longer lengthy ample to be sure ample analysis incentives and the chance of compensation. in the ecu, regulation (EC) No 469/2009 (“SPC law”) addresses this subject by way of offering the possibility to reap SPCs for a certified medicinal product, granting basically the same rights because the normal patent (the “fundamental patent”) for an additional maximum time period of 5 years. Yet a different six months will also be added if the requirements of the law (EC) No 1901/2006 and law (EC) No 1902/2006 (“Pediatric Extension rules”) are met.

Patent originators and established producers’ conflicting interests

day-after-day of those added 5 years of market exclusivity is extremely useful to originators because exclusivity is the most effective solution to allow originators to proceed to assemble the excessive revenues imperative to get well development prices. commonplace manufacturers, on the other hand, strive to compete on that very product as quickly as feasible to generate their own gains. because of this, while SPCs help to promote research for the improvement of patients, prolonged exclusivity arguably may also lengthen helpful cures from fitting obtainable at most economical expenses.

The distinctive pastimes involved spur originators to enforce their SPCs in courts all throughout Europe and encourage widely wide-spread producers to take moves towards the granted SPCs. listed here, they summarize the selections of the court docket of Justice of the eu Union (“CJEU”) of the past twenty years clarifying key questions of the SPC laws that emerged in litigations within the quite a few Member States of the ecu.

short introduction to the SPC legislation

An SPC isn't quite simply an extension of the patent term. The insurance plan an SPC affords is strictly confined to the product that the applicant got authorization to place in the marketplace as a medicinal product, given that: (1) the product is a medicinal product; (2) the product is included by using a basic patent in drive; (three) the medicinal product has been granted a legitimate first advertising and marketing authorization; (4) the product has now not already been the subject of an earlier certificate; and (5) the primary application for an SPC is lodged with the capable industrial property office of the Member State that granted the fundamental patent inside six months of the date the first advertising and marketing authorization became granted for the respective country, or within six months of the primary patent being granted.

Case legislation of the CJEU

The instances that had been in entrance of the CJEU basically concerned here five questions:

  • When is a product a medicinal product?
  • When is a product blanketed with the aid of the primary patent?
  • what's the “first advertising and marketing authorization”?
  • When has a product no longer already been the subject of a certificate?
  • What are the deadlines of SPC applications and their duration of insurance plan?
  • 1. Medicinal Product

    in line with paintings. 1 (a) and (b) of the SPC regulation, a “medicinal product” is any energetic ingredient or any aggregate of energetic constituents offered for treating or fighting disease in human beings or animals. right here cases of the CJEU have additional distinct the requirements for “medicinal products”:

    C-431/04 - Massachusetts Institute of know-how (2006);

    C-202/05 - Yissum analysis and construction company v. Comptroller common of Patents (2007);

    C-322/10 - Medeva BV v. Comptroller customary of Patents, Designs and trade Marks (2011);

    C-210/13 - Glaxosmithkline Biologicals SA v. Comptroller well-known of Patents, Designs and trade Marks (2013);

    C-484/12 - Georgetown tuition v. Octrooicentrum Nederland (2013);

    C-631/13 - Arne Forsgren v. Österreichisches Patentamt (2015);

    C-577/13 - Actavis neighborhood v. Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma (2015); and

    C-527/17 - Boston Scientific Ltd v. Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt (2018).

    Pursuant to these instances, a medicinal product inside the which means of art. 1 (a) and (b) of the SPC law:

  • is a product that achieves its foremost intended action in the human body by means of pharmacological, immunological or metabolic ability (C-631/13);
  • The C-631/13 determination involved even if a provider protein used in a medicinal product with no need its own immunogenic impact lined by way of the marketing authorization can also be regarded as an “energetic ingredient” if it exerts such an effect once conjugated to a polysaccharide antibody through means of a covalent bond. The CJEU ruled: to be able to be labeled as an energetic ingredient, the carrier protein ought to have a confirmed pharmacological, immunological, or metabolic effect of its own it is covered by the therapeutic indications of the authorization. hence, an SPC is not granted for an energetic ingredient whose effect does not fall inside the therapeutic signals lined with the aid of the wording of the advertising and marketing authorization (C-631/13).

    having said that, a substance that has no therapeutic impact of its own and that's used to render a particular pharmaceutical sort of the medicinal product isn't coated through the time period “active ingredient.” as a result, any such substance can not supply rise to the grant of an SPC (C-431/04 and C-631/13).

  • is the active pharmaceutical ingredient itself or a mix of lively elements, no matter any indication, used in human or animal therapy, components, or the presence of a prodrug kind;
  • The C-202/05 choice cited that, when a basic patent protects a second medical use of an lively ingredient, that use doesn't kind an essential component of the definition of the product. considering an previous advertising authorization changed into granted during this case for a similar energetic ingredient only in a unique formula and distinctive use, and on the grounds that using the lively ingredient doesn't classify and outline a product itself, a subsequent SPC was no longer feasible.

  • does not consist of scientific gadgets incorporating an ancillary drug substance;
  • The CJEU denied an SPC for medical gadgets incorporating an ancillary active ingredient (C-527/17). in keeping with the CJEU, a substance that:(a) types an essential component of a scientific gadget in the meaning of artwork. 1 (four) of the scientific instruments Directive (93/42/EEC), and (b) performs on the physique an motion ancillary to that of the gadget wherein it is integrated cannot be categorised, in admire of the use, as a medicinal product within the meaning of the Directive 2001/eighty three, besides the fact that it may well be categorized as such if it had been used one at a time. any such substance accordingly can't fall within the scope of the SPC law. In other phrases: The substance contained in a medicinal machine may additionally only be granted an SPC if it has been one by one licensed as an energetic ingredient in a medicinal product. If the substance is used on my own in a drug-clinical product mixture for which the advertising authorization technique beneath pharmaceutical law isn't obtainable, an SPC cannot be granted.

  • does not cowl adjuvants because of lack of energetic function;
  • An adjuvant doesn't fall inside the definition of “active ingredient” (paintings. 1 (b) of the SPC legislation). because of this, a mixture of two components, namely an energetic ingredient having therapeutic effects by itself and an adjuvant that, while bettering those therapeutic results, has no therapeutic impact on its own, does not fall within the definition of “mixture of lively materials” inside the which means of paintings. 1 (b) of the SPC regulation (C-210/13).

  • considerations no longer just a single mixture of lively elements however a sum of particular person lively ingredients, or mixtures of lively constituents if a medicinal product includes a number of active components or a combination of lively ingredients that serve diverse therapeutic purposes (C-322/10 and C-484/12). several SPCs could be granted for these in the event that they are distinguishable (medicinal) products (C-577/13).
  • 2. Scope of the primary Patent

    the following instances of the CJEU have set first limits and framework for the resolution of what's supposed through “the product is protected by using a basic patent in drive” in the that means of paintings. three (a) of the SPC legislation:

    C-392/97 - Farmitalia Carlo Erba Srl (1999);

    C-322/10 - Medeva BV v. Comptroller commonplace of Patents, Designs and exchange Marks (2011);

    C-518/10 - Yeda research and construction Ltd v. Comptroller time-honored of Patents, Designs and change Marks (2011);

    C-630/10 - college of Queensland v. Comptroller well-known of Patents, Designs and exchange Marks (2011);

    C-493/12 - Eli Lilly and business Ltd v. Human Genome Sciences Inc (2013);

    C-443/12 - Actavis neighborhood v. Sanofi (2013);

    C-631/13 - Arne Forsgren v. Österreichisches Patentamt (2015);

    C-577/13 - Actavis group v. Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma (2015); and

    C-121/17 - Teva UK Ltd v. Gilead Sciences Inc (2018).

    in keeping with these circumstances, a product is protected with the aid of a fundamental patent in the that means of the SPC legislation if:

  • the product it truly is the area of the SPC is explicitly mentioned in the claims;
  • This become the keeping in C-322/10 and C-630/10. in consequence, no SPC can be granted for energetic ingredients that don't seem to be certain within the wording of the claims of the basic patent relied on to assist the utility for one of these certificates (C-322/10).

    The SPC is a “mirror photograph” of the simple patent. If the primary patent claims an lively ingredient that varieties a composition with a further lively ingredient but the latter is not the subject of an independent claim, an SPC for the isolated active ingredient can't be granted (C-518/10).

    This capability: In case of a fundamental patent for the lively ingredient combination A+B and a drug approval for the mixture A+B+C, no SPC can be granted for A+B+C, neither for A nor B, however for A+B (C-322/10). based on this, in case C-443/12, the court of Justice regards the combination A+B covered by means of a subclaim as included with the aid of the primary patent for A and as a consequence the principle admissible object of a certificates. youngsters, in principle, this skill that one and the same basic patent can offer protection to both an lively ingredient and a mixture of active parts, however can handiest have an effect on one medicinal product (cf. artwork. 1 (b) of the SPC law).

  • the energetic ingredient will also be identified within the claims of the patent with the aid of a purposeful components; a structural method is not quintessential;
  • In case C-493/12, the patent declare in question turned into generally worded and concerned a number of antibodies. The claim did not outline the antibody structurally but functionally. The declare comprised an indefinite number of unspecific antibodies due to this fact. also, the patent specification did not include an example of created or proven antibodies or a structural description of feasible antibodies for the goal of a therapeutic antibody. The courtroom decided that this type of functional method can be enough and therefore allowed the interpretation of the patent claims pursuant to the respective countrywide patent legal guidelines of the european Member States.

  • the product consists of a number of active parts with a combined impact and the claims of the primary patent in force relate always and especially to that combination in spite of the fact that the combination of active materials composing that product is not expressly outlined in the simple patent’s claims (C-121/17);
  • For that aim from the factor of view of an individual professional in the paintings and on the foundation of the prior art at the filing date or precedence date of the fundamental patent, (a) the combination of these energetic elements should necessarily, within the mild of the description and drawings of that patent, fall beneath the invention coated by means of that patent, and (b) each of those active elements should be notably identifiable, within the easy of all the suggestions disclosed by using that patent (C-493/12 and C-121/17).

  • the active ingredient with all its derivatives is included with the aid of the basic patent (C-392/97);
  • In case C-392/ninety seven, the marketing authorization concerned a specific salt, but the patent holder applied for an SPC that related to the energetic ingredient (known as idarubicin) and salts thereof. based on the CJEU’s ruling, the SPC is in a position to overlaying the energetic ingredient and its quite a lot of derived varieties such as salts and esters as medicinal products, to the extent that they're covered by using the coverage of the basic patent.

  • the product is targeted as a procedure product within the claims;
  • process patents can only kind the basis of an SPC application if the products are outlined as method products within the claims. method items coated through the scope of insurance policy of the manner patent, however not outlined as direct procedural items, can't be field of an SPC (C-630/10).

    The CJEU has now not yet conclusively decided on the scope of coverage of the fundamental patents. instead, the CJEU leaves that decision with the national courts. additionally the question of the applicability of the equivalence doctrine is left to the countrywide courts, however future preliminary judgements of the CJEU may clarify this question and give some guidelines for the software of the equivalence doctrine.

    c. legitimate and first advertising authorization

    The SPC will be granted if a sound authorization to place the product available in the market as a medicinal product has been granted in line with Directive 2001/eighty three/EC or Directive 2001/eighty two/EC, as acceptable (artwork. 3 (b) of the SPC law). This marketing authorization must be the primary one (art. 3 (d) of the SPC rules).

    right here circumstances of the CJEU have fashioned the necessities of the advertising and marketing authorization in the meaning of paintings. three (b) and (d) of the SPC rules:

    C-617/12 - Astrazeneca AB v. Comptroller popular of Patents, Designs and alternate Marks (2013);

    C-567/sixteen - Merck Sharp & Dohme enterprise v. Comptroller of Patents, Designs and exchange Marks (2017); and

    C-527/17 - Boston Scientific Ltd v. Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt (2018).

    Pursuant to artwork. three (b) and (d) of the SPC law, a valid advertising and marketing authorization requires:

  • that a advertising authorization has been granted, i.e., that an act has been achieved;
  • An conclusion of method be aware is barely an “intermediate step in the decentralized technique” and doesn't allow the medicinal product to be positioned in the marketplace. for this reason, any such notice issued through the reference Member State in accordance with art. 28 (four) of Directive 2001/eighty three/EC before the conclusion of the expiry of the patent may no longer be handled as corresponding to a advertising authorization inside the that means of paintings. 3 (b) of the SPC regulation, and an SPC might also no longer be got on the groundwork of this kind of word (C-567/16).

  • an administrative process as provided beneath paintings. 3 (b) of the SPC law and the Directive 2001/eighty three;
  • in line with the C-527/17 ruling, elements authorized below artwork. 1 (four) of the medical devices Directive (93/42/EEC) do not bear an administrative method equal or similar to a advertising authorization, as offered under paintings. 3 (b) of the SPC regulation and the Directive 2001/83.

  • that the legitimate authorization is the first authorization to vicinity the product in the market as a medicinal product;
  • An administrative authorization issued for a medicinal product by means of the Swiss Institute for Medicinal items (SwissMedic), which is instantly recognized in Liechtenstein, need to be considered as the first authorization to vicinity that medicinal product in the marketplace inside the that means of that provision within the European financial area the place that authorization predates advertising and marketing authorizations issued for a similar medicinal product, either with the aid of the ecu drug treatments agency (EMA) or by using the equipped authorities of European Union Member States in line with the requirements laid down in Directive 2001/eighty three/EC and the authorities of the Republic of Iceland and the kingdom of Norway (C-617/12).

    d. SPC not in the past issued – no numerous certification

    according to artwork. 3 (c) of the SPC regulation, a certificates shall be granted for a product that has now not already been the field of a certificate. the following instances of the CJEU have shaped the criteria to evade distinctive certifications within the which means of paintings. three (c) of the SPC law:

    C-431/04 - Massachusetts Institute of know-how (2006);

    C-443/12 - Actavis neighborhood v. Sanofi (2013);

    C-484/12 - Georgetown college v. Octrooicentrum Nederland (2013); and

    C-577/13 - Actavis community v. Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma (2015).

    Pursuant to those circumstances, a product has already been the discipline of an prior certificate if:

  • minor changes or developments had been made to the subsequent medicinal product, comparable to a new dose, the use of a distinct salt or ester, or a special pharmaceutical form, system, or use;
  • Such minor changes are not entitled to an SPC because an excipient doesn't form part of the “product” which is known to imply an “lively substance” or “lively ingredient” in the strict experience (C-431/04).

  • the energetic ingredient or aggregate of two lively materials does not qualify as a new product;
  • In C-443/12, the patent holder had applied for a 2d SPC comprising a mix of the lively ingredient irbesartan – which became already the subject of the first SPC – and an additional lively ingredient with out offering a brand new therapeutic effect to the mixture of those two active components. The CJEU denied the patent holder a second SPC considering the fact that it might in fact be connected, entirely or in part, with the identical product.

    The same rule utilized in case C-577/13, the place an SPC became issued for the energetic ingredient telmisartan (“T”). After the SPC changed into granted to the patent owner, he delivered a declare to the fundamental patent for the mixture of the energetic ingredient T and a second active ingredient. The patent proprietor applied for a 2d SPC masking the combination. The CJEU denied the second SPC as a result of in response to the CJEU, the fundamental patent changed into unusual entirely by means of T, and T became already granted an SPC.

    NB: even so, if a combination including an creative active ingredient for which an SPC has already been granted and one more energetic ingredient that isn't covered as such via the patent in question, is the area of a new basic patent inside the which means of artwork. 1 (c) of the SPC regulation, the new patent might, thus far because it covered a very separate innovation, confer entitlement to an SPC for that new mixture that's consequently placed available on the market (C-443/12).

    In case C-484/12, the fundamental patent included the aggregate of 4 active components as smartly one of the four active constituents individually. in line with the CJEU’s opinion, art. 3 (c) of the SPC legislation doesn't, in principle, preclude the patent holder being granted, on the equal patent, the advertising and marketing authorization for an SPC both for the mixture of energetic components and any one of the energetic ingredients for my part.

    e. Time limitations concerning the utility and length of SPCs

    the first utility for an SPC have to be lodged with the competent industrial property workplace of the same Member State that granted the primary patent within six months of the date of the primary advertising and marketing authorization for the respective nation. If the simple patent is not granted except after the marketing authorization is issued, the first software ought to be lodged inside six months after the primary patent turned into granted (paintings. 7 (1) and (2) of the SPC rules).

    The date of first authorization to location the product on the market in the meaning of artwork. 7 and 13 (1) of the SPC regulation is the date on which notification of the determination granting advertising authorization turned into given to the addressee of the resolution, now not the date of approval (C-471/14).

    The maximum time period of an SPC is 5 years (paintings. 13 (2) of the SPC rules). because the SPC extends the patent term for the elapsed time duration between the filing of the patent application and the first advertising and marketing authorization, this time length ought to be reduced via 5 years with the intention to verify the actual SPC time period. The maximum time period of 5 years could be granted if the primary marketing authorization is granted more than ten years after the software date of the patent. otherwise, if below ten years have elapsed, the SPC time period will be under five years. In case of five or less years between these two elements in time, no SPC extension might be granted at all.

    In case of a calculation error, the expiration date of an SPC can also be corrected. The holder of an SPC may also, under art. 18 of the SPC law, convey an appeal for rectification of the period brought up in the certificates, provided that that certificates has now not expired (C-492/sixteen).

    Conclusion and Outlook

    The described line of situations of the CJEU offers first rate information throughout the complex prison requirements set out by the SPC rules. Yet, many points remain doubtful and it will be exciting to peer how case legislations will further develop. also, the ecu lawmaker is currently considering that certain amendments to the SPC rules. most importantly, in an try to toughen the competitiveness of eu-based producers of generics and biosimilars, the introduction of a so-known as “manufacturing waiver” to the SPC regulation is being discussed. here is an exemption to the insurance policy offered by using SPCs that would enable the manufacture of medicinal items within the european all the way through the period of insurance policy if these items are solely supposed to be sold in third international locations – it truly is outdoor the eu. after all, they are able to hold you advised on any new developments in this area of the legislations.

    what's ITIL? Your e-book to the IT Infrastructure Library | Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    what is ITIL?

    The IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) is a library of volumes describing a framework of ideal practices for supplying IT services. ITIL has passed through a few revisions in its history and at present comprises 5 books, each masking various methods and ranges of the IT provider lifecycle. ITIL’s systematic approach to IT carrier management can aid companies manipulate chance, improve consumer members of the family, set up most economical practices, and build a stable IT environment that allows for for increase, scale and change.

    Developed with the aid of the British govt's principal laptop and Telecommunications agency (CCTA) all the way through the Eighties, the ITIL first consisted of greater than 30 books, developed and released over time, that codified superior practices in suggestions technology accumulated from many sources (together with companies' most appropriate practices) all over. IBM, as an instance, says that its four-extent collection on methods-administration concepts, A management gadget for assistance methods, regular as the Yellow Books, supplied a must have input into the original ITIL books.

    In April 2001, CCTA, together with several other groups, were rolled into the office of govt Commerce (OGC), which is now accepted as the cabinet workplace. The OGC adopted the project as part of its mission to work with the U.ok. public sector as a catalyst to obtain efficiency, price for cash in business actions, and enhanced success within the delivery of classes and tasks.

    The goal wasn't to create a proprietary product that may well be commercialized; somewhat, it changed into to collect most suitable practices that could aid with what the executive identified changed into an expanding dependence within the govt on IT combined with a painful lack of common techniques that have been expanding expenses and allowing blunders to perpetuate. It directly grew to be obvious that distributing these top of the line practices would income both public and private-sector companies.

    through the years, ITIL's credibility and utility grew to become diagnosed, and in 2005 its practices contributed to and aligned with the ISO/IEC 20000 service administration standard, the primary overseas general for IT provider management; it is according to British standard BS15000.

    seeing that 2013, ITIL is owned by using Axelos — a joint venture between the cupboard office and Capita. Axelos gives groups the license to make use of the ITIL framework, while managing updates and process alterations. youngsters, to use ITIL internally, organizations don't have a license. ITIL v3 was released in 2011, beneath the cupboard office, bringing updates to the 2007 version published below OGC.

    In 2018, Axelos introduced ITIL four – an immense overhaul to the complete framework and the greatest change due to the fact that ITIL v3 was posted in 2007. ITIL four, which all started rolling out in Q1 of 2019, offers a greater agile, bendy and customizable version of ITIL it really is up-to-date for up to date companies. The newest version encourages less siloes, extra collaboration, verbal exchange throughout the complete company and integrating agile and DevOps into ITSM innovations.

    What's within the ITIL?

    The ITIL has undergone a couple of revisions in its background. The long-established 30 books of the ITIL have been first condensed in 2000 (when ITIL V2 became launched) to seven books, each wrapped around a side of IT management. Later, the ITIL Refresh mission in 2007 consolidated the ITIL to five volumes consisting of 26 procedure and features – this is noted because the ITIL 2007 edition. In 2011, yet another update — dubbed ITIL 2011 — turned into published below the cupboard workplace. The five volumes remained, and ITIL 2007 and ITIL 2011 remained identical.

    ITIL 4, which became launched in 2019, continues the identical focus on automating processes, enhancing provider administration and integrating the IT branch into the company. besides the fact that children, it also updates the framework to accommodate and answer to up to date expertise, tools and software. due to the fact ITIL’s ultimate replace, the IT department has grown to develop into crucial to each company and the new framework contains this with the aid of being greater agile, flexible and collaborative.

    ITIL four carries nine guiding principles that were adopted from probably the most contemporary ITIL Practitioner exam, which covers organizational alternate administration, conversation and dimension and metrics. These concepts include:

  • center of attention on price
  • Design for journey
  • start the place you're
  • Work holistically
  • development iteratively
  • have a look at at once
  • Be clear
  • Collaborate
  • retain it elementary
  • The newest edition of ITIL specializes in enterprise subculture and integrating IT into the typical enterprise constitution. It encourages collaboration between IT and different departments, peculiarly as different enterprise contraptions more and more rely on technology to get work finished. ITIL 4 additionally emphasizes consumer feedback, considering it’s more straightforward than ever for agencies to take into account their public perception, consumer satisfaction and dissatisfaction.

    For extra information on the advantages of the newest version of ITIL, see “ITIL 4: ITSM gets agile.”

    How do I put ITIL into apply?

    ITIL is a collection of e-books, but merely going on a reading binge may not enrich your IT operations. First, you should wrap your mind across the ideas and then get staff buy-in. Getting some IT personnel to undertake new approaches may also be like herding cats, but there are equipment that can aid.

    along with the ITIL comes a whole suite of consulting, practicing and certification capabilities. From the early Nineteen Nineties, certifications were administered by two independent their bodies: EXIN and ISEB, counting on your location. both bodies shaped an alliance at the conclusion of 2006 to extra IT carrier administration.

    for the reason that 2014, Axelos is the proprietor of the ITIL personnel certification and checks are administered via permitted working towards organizations (ATOs). Accreditations are administered with the aid of Strategic Examination Institutes (EIs). EIs need to be approved directly by way of Axelos in order to present accreditation to ATOs.

    before enforcing ITIL at your companies, there are a number of questions be sure to reply, such as what issues your firm is attempting to solve and what's your route to continual provider growth.

    For a deeper analyze putting ITIL into practice, see "7 questions to ask earlier than enforcing ITIL" and "how to get began with ITIL."

    what's ITIL certification and is it price it?

    The ITIL v3 certification scheme previously consisted of five stages: foundation, Practitioner, Intermediate, skilled and grasp. every stage required a better depth of skills and figuring out of ITIL. The certification scheme under ITIL 4 has been streamlined to include the ITIL foundation and the ITIL grasp exams. The ITIL groundwork exam has two paths, ITIL Managing expert (MP) or ITIL Strategic chief (SL), which each have their personal modules and checks.

    The ITIL Managing skilled (MP) exam is designed for IT practitioners who are involved with expertise and digital groups during the firm, no longer just within the IT department. This direction will teach authorities every thing they deserve to learn about running a hit IT initiatives, groups and workflows.

    Modules include:

  • ITIL expert – Create, convey and support
  • ITIL professional – pressure Stakeholder cost
  • ITIL expert – excessive velocity IT
  • ITIL Strategist – Direct, Plan & enhance
  • The ITIL Strategic leader (SL) examination is designed for those that cope with “all digitally enabled functions,” and not simply people who fall below IT operations. This direction makes a speciality of how expertise directs business strategy and how IT performs into that.

    Modules consist of:

  • ITIL Strategist – Direct, Plan & enrich
  • ITIL leader – Digital & IT approach
  • both paths can lead to the ITIL master examination, which is the highest degree of certification that you can achieve with ITIL 4.

    For those already within the core of working towards a ITIL v3 certifications, credits will transfer over to the new certifications. Axelos recommends that each one ITIL certification candidates continue the direction in opposition t ITIL master.

    For in-depth analysis of ITIL certification, see "What ITIL certifications suggest to your IT administration practices."

    How can ITIL increase my company's enterprise efficiency?

    A neatly-run IT corporation that manages chance and continues the infrastructure buzzing not simplest saves funds, nevertheless it additionally allows the business individuals to do their jobs extra readily. for example, brokerage company Pershing decreased its incident response time by means of 50 % within the first yr after restructuring its provider desk in line with ITIL guidelines, allowing users with complications to get again to work much greater directly.

    ITIL provides a scientific and knowledgeable method to the administration of IT carrier provision, and offers here merits:

  • decreased IT charges
  • greater IT functions through the use of proven foremost follow techniques
  • enhanced customer delight through a greater expert approach to service beginning
  • requirements and counsel
  • more advantageous productivity
  • more desirable use of capabilities and event
  • better start of third-celebration features in the course of the specification of ITIL or BS15000 as the regular for service delivery in features procurements
  • according to Axelos, ITIL can additionally assist businesses improve functions via:

  • helping agencies control possibility, disruption and failure
  • strengthening customer relations through “delivering productive capabilities that meet their wants”
  • establishing cost-effective practices
  • constructing a stable environment that nevertheless makes it possible for for increase, scale and change.
  • For a deeper look at how to get essentially the most from ITIL, see "5 steps to a hit ITIL adoption."

    what is going to ITIL charge?

    Getting all started comprises the buy of the ITIL either as hardcopy, PDF, ePub or through an internet subscription directly from Axelos. Then there's the cost of coaching, which fluctuates each and every year. The course leading to the preliminary groundwork certificates usually runs for 2 days, and courses leading to bigger certifications can be a week or extra.

    Add to that the inevitable charge of re-engineering some strategies to conform to ITIL instructions, and adjustment of assist desk or different software to trap the counsel you want for tracking and producing metrics.

    there's, incidentally, no such element as "ITIL-compliant" application; the ITIL is a framework, now not a common. Some help desk and management application has been engineered with ITIL practices in intellect, youngsters, and so will lend themselves enhanced to groups working within the framework.

    Examples of software and services designed with ITIL and ITSM in mind encompass:

  • Samange: offers carrier desk automation with the ITIL framework in mind
  • InvGate carrier Desk: a web-primarily based ITIL-equipped service that boasts a consumer-friendly interface
  • ManageEngine ServiceDesk Plus: web-based mostly assist desk and asset administration utility this is attainable in an ITIL edition
  • vision Helpdesk: A multifunction carrier desk answer with ITIL integration
  • How long will an ITIL project take?

    ITIL isn't a "undertaking"; or not it's an ongoing journey to enrich IT service administration. optimal practices need to be baked into every thing, and they have to evolve because the business evolves. With IT group of workers purchase-in, changes can start as soon as staff are educated, and a few outcomes may still be obvious within weeks or months. technique adjustments do take time, although, as entrenched dangerous practices are rooted out and modified (and, doubtlessly, staff changes happen), however many groups have stated titanic discounts after their first year.

    To get a much better theory of what it's going to take to adopt and implement ITIL, that you could flick through case experiences on the Axelos site. fresh case reviews consist of companies like Sony and Disney — two companies with huge IT operations to manipulate.

    What mark downs am i able to predict?

    organisations and public sector companies which have efficaciously applied ITIL choicest practices document massive reductions.

    as an example, in its benefits of ITIL paper, pink Elephant experiences that Procter and Gamble saved about $500 million over four years with the aid of reducing assist desk calls and enhancing operating approaches. Nationwide assurance executed a forty p.c discount in system outages and estimates a $four.3 million ROI over three years, and Capital One reduced its "enterprise crucial" incidents via ninety two percent over two years. After three years of ITIL implementation, forest items business MeadWestvaco claimed to have eliminated greater than $one hundred,000 annually in IT protection contracts and diagnosed a 10 p.c gain in operational stability thanks to ITIL.

    without purchase-in and cooperation from IT team of workers, although, any implementation is sure to fail. Bringing foremost practices into a firm is as a whole lot a PR job because it is a technical endeavor.

    other criticisms encompass the incontrovertible fact that it’s impossible to plot for every failure, experience or incident so it’s now not an accurate science. truly, you received’t be aware of the actual ROI on ITIL until you implement it within your company and use it without difficulty. ultimately, due to the fact ITIL is a framework, it might probably simplest be as a success as company purchase-in permits. Embracing certifications, working towards and investing within the shift will help enhance the probabilities of success and mark downs.

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    Ballots Counted in 2017 ARRL Director, Vice Director Elections

    The votes are in, and the ballots have been tallied at ARRL Headquarters in contested Director and Vice Director elections.

    Dakota Division Director-Elect Matt Holden, K0BBC.

    In a two-way race to fill the Dakota Division Director's chair being vacated by Kent Olson, KA0LDG, the Division's members elected Vice Director Matt Holden, K0BBC, of Bloomington, Minnesota. Holden received 698 votes, while Dean Summers, N0ND, of Dickinson, North Dakota, got 345 votes. Holden was appointed Vice Director in February 2016 after former Director Greg Widin, K0GW, became ARRL First Vice President. Olson announced earlier this year that he would not seek another term.

    In a four-way race for the Vice Director's chair that Holden will vacate, the winner was North Dakota Section Manager Lynn Nelson, W0ND, of Minot. Nelson earned 427 votes; Tom Karnauskas, N0UW, of Owatonna, Minnesota, received 338 votes; Chris Stallkamp, KI0D, of Selby, South Dakota got 175 votes; and Jay Maynard, K5ZC, of Fairmont, Minnesota, picked up 93 votes.

    In the Atlantic Division, ARRL members chose former FCC Special Counsel Riley Hollingsworth, K4ZDH, of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as Vice Director. In the final tally, Hollingsworth received 2,559 votes, while Lloyd Roach, K3QNT, of Bedford, Pennsylvania, garnered 1,348 votes.

    Ballots were counted on November 17 at ARRL Headquarters. [Dave Isgur photo]

    In the Midwest Division, Director Rod Blocksome, K0DAS, easily held off a re-election challenge from Cecil Miller, WB0RIW, of Wichita, Kansas, 1,249 to 792. Blocksome was elected Midwest Division Vice Director in 2011. In 2014, he was the only candidate to succeed retiring Director Cliff Ahrens, K0CA.

    Unopposed for new terms were Atlantic Division Director Tom Abernethy, W3TOM; Delta Division Director David Norris, K5UZ; Delta Division Vice Director Ed Hudgens, WB4RHQ; Great Lakes Division Director Dale Williams, WA8EFK; Great Lakes Division Vice Director Tom Delaney, W8WTD, and Midwest Division Vice Director Art Zygielbaum, K0AIZ.

    All successful candidates begin new 3-year terms on January 1, 2018.

    Status Report: The Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2017

    The Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2017 - S. 1534 is alive, but with legislative action slowed to a glacial pace on Capitol Hill in recent months, there's been no real progress to report since this past summer. At present, the bill is under consideration by the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and it remains an active concern for ARRL. The League is working diligently to shake the bill loose and move it forward.

    While it may appear that time is short, S. 1534 does not need to pass the Senate by year's end. The bill remains in play until the current session of Congress adjourns, which doesn't happen until December 31, 2018. Once the bill has been passed by both chambers, the FCC would still have to implement its essence in the Part 97 Amateur Service rules.

    Introduced on July 12, S. 1534 marked another step forward for the landmark legislation. Senators Roger Wicker (R-MS) and Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) sponsored the bill in the Senate. The US House version of the legislation, HR 555, passed the House of Representatives by unanimous consent last January.

    FCC Dismisses Radio Amateur's Petition to Revise Call Sign Rules

    The FCC has dismissed a rule-making petition filed last May by Thomas J. Alessi, K1TA, of Stamford, Connecticut, that sought to amend the Part 97 rules regarding Amateur Radio Service call signs. The Commission action came in a November 28 letter from Scot Stone, Deputy Chief of the FCC Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Mobility Division. Alessi had asked the FCC to make call signs consisting of one letter, followed by two digits, followed by one letter (1 xx 1 format) available to Amateur Extra-class licensees. Alessi asserted that the number of Amateur Extra-class licensees who desire short call signs exceeds the available supply of 1 x 2 and 2 x 1 call signs, and that his plan would make available an additional 7,800 four-character call signs.

    "Approximately fifteen million call signs are presently available in the sequential call sign system, but it does not include every amateur call sign that has been allocated to the United States," Stone wrote in denying Alessi's petition. He also pointed out that the FCC had rejected a similar suggestion in 2010 that would have made certain additional call signs, including 1 xx 1 call signs, available to Amateur Extra-class licensees, but concluded at the time that enough call signs were already available for every Amateur Radio licensee to obtain an acceptable call sign. In addition, the FCC said in 2010 that it had no plans to revisit the issue.

    "You have not demonstrated any changed circumstances or other reason that would warrant revisiting this decision," Stone's letter concluded.

    ARRL Board of Directors Publicly Censures Southwestern Division Director

    Acting on a recommendation of its Ethics and Elections Committee, the ARRL Board of Directors has publicly censured one of its own -- ARRL Southwestern Director Dick Norton, N6AA. On an 11-3 vote, with one member abstaining, the Board adopted a resolution to censure Norton for criticizing the ARRL Code of Conduct for Board members at an Amateur Radio gathering "by virtue of his characterizations thereof, thus criticizing publicly the collective action of the Board of Directors adopting said Code of Conduct and drawing the Board's collective decision making into disrepute." The Board admonished Norton that no further similar behavior would be tolerated.

    The resolution cited "multiple portions of the Code of Conduct" that Norton was found to have violated. The Board's action related to a complaint filed with the Ethics and Elections Committee by an ARRL member. The Board met in special session by teleconference on November 14 to consider the matter.

    According to the resolution, fellow Board members had cautioned Norton that "his actions and his manner" in criticizing the Code of Conduct for Board members were "not acceptable and cannot continue, with no notable change in his behavior since that time."

    Norton had been provided with a copy of the Ethics and Elections Committee resolution, dated September 7, 2017, and responded to it in writing, accompanied by statements of four ARRL members who supported his response.

    The Board found that Norton's violation of the ARRL Code of Conduct had "caused harm to the League" and provided sufficient cause to publicly censure Norton for "unacceptable behavior as an ARRL Board member."

    The minutes of the special ARRL Board of Directors meeting have been posted on the ARRL website.

    The Doctor Will See You Now!

    "Coaxial Cable vs. Balanced Lines" is the topic of the new (November 9) episode of the "ARRL The Doctor is In" podcast. Listen...and learn!

    Sponsored by DX Engineering, "ARRL The Doctor is In" is an informative discussion of all things technical. Listen on your computer, tablet, or smartphone -- whenever and wherever you like!

    Every 2 weeks, your host, QST Editor-in-Chief Steve Ford, WB8IMY, and the Doctor himself, Joel Hallas, W1ZR, will discuss a broad range of technical topics. You can also e-mail your questions to, and the Doctor may answer them in a future podcast.

    Enjoy "ARRL The Doctor is In" on Apple iTunes, or by using your iPhone or iPad podcast app (just search for "ARRL The Doctor is In"). You can also listen online at Blubrry, or at Stitcher (free registration required, or browse the site as a guest) and through the free Stitcher app for iOS, Kindle, or Android devices. If you've never listened to a podcast before, download their beginner's guide.

    Just ahead: "Listener Mailbag."

    Major New Edition of The ARRL Handbook is Now Available!

    The 2018 edition of The ARRL Handbook for Radio Communications has undergone a complete makeover and is now available. First published in 1926, the most widely used one-stop reference and guide to radio technology principles and practices over the years since has documented the state-of-the-art in Amateur Radio as well as emerging technologies in radio experimentation, discovery, and achievement. The 95th edition of The Handbook has been extensively updated, and includes significant new content. Each chapter has been authored and edited by experts in the subject. ARRL CEO Tom Gallagher, NY2RF, is promoting The Handbook as a valuable resource for new and veteran hams alike.

    "For new hams, you will be amazed at how quickly you become familiar, not only with the theory, but also with the practical aspects of radio -- from long waves to microwaves," he said. "For experienced hams, you're in for a surprise and delight when you see the extent of the latest revisions. This edition is the most comprehensive revision since the 2014 edition."

    Readers can download a fully searchable, digital edition of the Handbook, plus expanded supplemental content, software, PC board templates, and other support files.

    The Handbook is not just for radio amateurs. For years now, it's proved to be a valuable resource for professionals and students in radio and communication technology, electrical engineering, data communication, physics, and geophysics.

    New projects in the 2018 edition include VHF/UHF/Microwave Filters and Transmission Lines; Software-Controlled and Manual Preselectors for 1.8-30 MHz; Digital Mode Audio-Based VOX/PTT Interface; PICAXE-Based Timer; 6-Meter Halo Antenna; Big Wheel VHF/UHF Mobile Antenna, and an Off-Center End-Fed Portable 40-6 Meter Antenna.

    Readers of the 2018 edition of The Handbook will also find new and updated information on software-defined radio (SDR) and digital signal processing (DSP), grounding and bonding, Solar Cycle 24-25, tower safety, and remote-control station building.

    The ARRL Handbook is available in hardcover and softcover editions from the ARRL Store or your ARRL Dealer. Hardcover: ARRL Order No. 0727, ISBN 978-1-62595-072-7, $59.95 retail. Softcover: ARRL Order No. 0710, ISBN 978-1-62595-071-0, $49.95 retail. Call (860) 594-0355 or, toll-free in the US, (888) 277-5289.

    Sign Up for ARRL's 12 Days of Deals!

    We're making a list and checking it twice. Beginning Monday, December 4, 2017, ARRL will be offering 12 days of deals. Subscribe by entering your name, call sign, and e-mail address in the fields provided. You'll receive an e-mail every day for 12 days with a special online deal. Each deal is valid for 1 day only at

    ARRL's 12 days of deals concludes Friday, December 15, 2017.

    Sign up now, and unwrap a new deal every day!

    AO-91 Commissioned, Declared Open for Amateur Use!

    AMSAT-NA's latest Amateur Radio CubeSat, RadFxSat (Fox-1B), now known as AO-91, has been opened for general use. AMSAT Engineering officially announced that AO-91 was ready for use at 0650 UTC on Thanksgiving Day, November 23. AMSAT VP of Engineering, Jerry Buxton, N0JY, turned over operation to Mark Hammond, N8MH, and AMSAT Operations during a contact on the AO-91 repeater during the pass over the Eastern US, AMSAT said in a bulletin.

    The latest CubeSat in the Fox series was launched on November 18 from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Telemetry is downlinked via the DUV sub-audible telemetry stream, which can be decoded using FoxTelem software.

    A 1U CubeSat, RadFxSat (Fox-1B) is a joint mission of AMSAT and the Institute for Space and Defense Electronics (ISDE) at Vanderbilt University. AMSAT constructed the rest of the satellite, including the spaceframe, on-board computer, and power system. The Amateur Radio package is similar to that currently on orbit on AO-85, with an uplink on 435.250 MHz (67.0 Hz CTCSS) and a downlink on 145.960 MHz. -- Thanks to AMSAT News Service

    Amateur Radio-Carrying D-Star One CubeSat among Spacecraft Apparently Lost

    The first Amateur Radio satellite to employ the D-Star digital voice and data format -- D-Star One -- was among about 20 secondary payloads lost on November 28 after an otherwise nominal launch of a three-stage Soyuz 2.1 booster from the new Vostochny Cosmodrome in the far reaches of eastern Russia.

    The mission carried the Russian Meteor M2-1 satellite -- the primary payload -- as well as a Canadian Telestar experimental satellite, and 17 other secondary payloads, including D-Star One. According to reports, a fault occurred in the sophisticated and autonomous Fregat upper stage, which, after separating from the launch vehicle, inserts multiple spacecraft into their respective orbits. A so-called "space tug," Fregat has been in service for nearly 2 decades and has suffered three previous failures. Russian space agency Roscosmos is investigating the Fregat failure.

    D-Star One, the first German commercial CubeSat, carried four communication modules, two designated for Amateur Radio use.

    D-Star One was developed by German Orbital Systems in cooperation with the Czech company iSky Technology as part of a plan to eventually assemble a low-Earth orbit communication network.

    "Hopefully, we'll get another chance to utilize D-Star communications with a satellite repeater sometime in the future," Wayne Day, N5WD, commented on the AMSAT-BB.

    The Fregat upper stage functions as an orbital vehicle in its own right to access a range of orbital configurations through a series of "burns." Made up of six spherical tanks arrayed in a circle, Fregat is "independent from the lower three stages, having its own guidance, navigation, control, tracking, and telemetry systems," according to Gunter's Space Page.

    The November 28 launch was only the second from the new cosmodrome.

    IARU Cites Progress Toward 50 MHz Region 1 Allocation

    The International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) says "significant progress" was made during World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 (WRC-19) preparations that took place earlier this month at International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Headquarters in Geneva. But the IARU cautioned that a lot remains to be done before the "reservations and concerns of regulators and spectrum users are adequately satisfied."

    For the team representing IARU in Working Party 5A (WP 5A) of ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R), the main focus was on the WRC-19 agenda item that will consider an Amateur Radio allocation in Region 1 from 50 to 54 MHz that is similar to the one available in Regions 2 and 3. The current, mainly secondary, allocation of 50-52 MHz in most European countries is a regional agreement. Delegates to the meeting considered input documents from IARU, France, the Russian Federation, and Switzerland. A rough consensus was achieved on the text that will provide the technical basis for discussions concerning the access to 50-54 MHz for the Amateur Service in Region 1.

    Other key issues affecting the Amateur Service that remain to be addressed prior to WRC-19 include securing protection for Amateur Service primary allocations at 24 GHz and 47 GHz and minimizing possible interference arising from Wireless Power Transmission (WPT) for the charging of electric vehicles. Read more. -- Thanks to the IARU

    JOTA "Alive and Doing Well," Although 2017 Participation Down from Last Year

    Nearly 8,000 Scouts got on the air for the 60th Jamboree on the Air (JOTA) over the third weekend in October, National JOTA Coordinator Jim Wilson, K5ND, said. This week, Wilson released the 2017 JOTA report, which declared, "Radio Scouting and Jamboree on the Air are alive and doing well." Facilitating the October JOTA activity were more than 900 radio amateurs at 525 stations.

    "Propagation wasn't their friend, but, even so, [radio amateurs in] almost 90 countries and all 50 states engaged in conversations with Scouts during the weekend," Wilson said. "In addition to HF, VHF, and UHF, many Amateur Radio digital modes were in use, as well as online Jamboree on the Internet channels."

    The tally for JOTA 2017 was 7,872 Scouts on the air, which, Wilson pointed out, was down from the 10,761 who took part in JOTA 2016, but more in line with 2015's participation. Reports were filed by 226 JOTA locations.

    "The Boy Scouts of America National Radio Scouting Committee will be exploring several improvement projects for 2018," Wilson said. These would include establishing a JOTA Frequency Task Force to explore updated frequency listing and operating recommendations, looking into new ways to alert participants in real time about other JOTA stations that are on the air.

    This young Boy Scout got on the air at a JOTA station hosted by the Huntsville Amateur Radio Club (K4BFT)

    The Radio Scouting Committee's work in 2017 resulted in the introduction of new Radio Merit Badge requirements, which included a new option for Amateur Radio Direction Finding (ARDF) -- or "foxhunting." The panel also developed documents to help Scout leaders incorporate radio and JOTA in their unit activities.

    Wilson pointed out that the K2BSA operation at the 2017 National Scout Jamboree in July introduced Amateur Radio to nearly 2,500 Scouts, with 305 earning the Radio Merit Badge.

    Year-Long NASA On The Air Event Kicks off on December 11

    The Amateur Radio clubs at National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) centers around the US have invited the Amateur Radio community to join the NASA On The Air (NOTA) special event. NOTA gets under way in December and continues through December 2018. In addition to being the agency's 60th anniversary, 2018 will mark 50 years since NASA orbited the first human around the moon, and 20 years since the first elements of the International Space Station (ISS) were launched into low-Earth orbit.

    The Marshall Space Flight Center's NN4SA is one of the NASA Center stations that will be active during NOTA.

    Starting on Monday, December 11, 2017, Amateur Radio club stations at various NASA centers and facilities will be on the air with special event operations to celebrate these monumental achievements, as well as current milestones. Some clubs will offer commemorative QSL cards, and a special certificate will be available indicating the number of NASA club stations worked on various bands and modes.

    "We plan to have a web-based system for you to check your points total and download a printable certificate at the end of the event in December 2018," the NASA announcement said. "Points will be awarded for each center worked on each band and mode (phone, CW, digital, and 'space' modes -- satellites, meteor scatter, EME, ISS APRS)." That would, of course, include contacts with any of the Amateur Radio stations on the ISS.

    Key anniversaries during NOTA include the 45th anniversary of Apollo 17 on December 11, 2017, which kicks off the event; NASA's founding on July 29, 1958; the 20th anniversary of the ISS first element launch on November 20, 1998; the 20th anniversary of the ISS Node 1 Launch on December 4, 1998, and the 50th anniversary of Apollo 8 -- launched on December 21, 1968, and returned on December 27 -- marking the end of the event.

    More information is on the NASA On The Air website. Participating Amateur Radio clubs and the NOTA event are independent of -- and not officially sponsored by -- NASA. Read more. -- Thanks to Rob Suggs, KB5EZ, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Amateur Radio Club (NN4SA), and Kevin Zari, KK4YEL, NASA Kennedy Space Center Amateur Radio Club (N1KSC).

    Ulrich Rohde, N1UL, Receives Wireless Innovation Forum Leadership Award

    The oft-honored Ulrich Rohde, N1UL, is the recipient of the Wireless Innovation Forum Leadership Award (formerly International Achievement Award). The award recognizes "especially significant contributions in furthering the global mission of the Wireless Innovation Forum." A prolific technical author, academic, and engineer, Rohde is a partner of Rohde & Schwarz in Munich, Germany, and chairman of Synergy Microwave Corporation, in Paterson, New Jersey.

    While working under an RCA US Department of Defense contract in 1982, Rohde's department developed the first software-defined radio (SDR), which used the COSMAC (complementary symmetry monolithic array computer) chip. Rohde was among the first to present publicly on this topic with his 1985 talk, "Digital HF Radio: A Sampling of Techniques," at the Third International Conference on HF Communication Systems and Techniques in London.

    "Since then, Rohde has actively driven innovation in the field of SDR, both in industry and academia," the Award announcement said. Rohde holds some 50 patents. In December 2016, Rohde was invited to deliver the Sir J.C. Bose Memorial Lecture on "Next-Generation Networks: Software-Defined Radio -- Emerging Trends," at IEEE Hyderabad, India. In the 2017 edition of Communications Receivers, Rohde and his co-authors set SDR at the core of modern communications systems design.

    A project in which Rohde & Schwarz is involved was also honored. The Wireless Innovation Forum conferred its Technology of the Year award on the German Armed Forces Joint Composite Radio Equipment Project; Rohde & Schwarz is lead industry partner.

    Winners were announced at the Wireless Innovation Forum Conference on Communications Technologies and Software-Defined Radio (WInnComm 2017), held in San Diego November 15-17.

    In Brief...

    Canada's Polar Prince WSPR beacon will ID with a new call sign on the return leg of its voyage. With the successful completion of the Canada C3 Expedition via the Northwest Passage that culminated with the arrival of the Polar Prince in Victoria, British Columbia, the CG3EXP special event call sign has been retired. The Polar Prince will continue to carry an Ultimate 3 WSPR beacon as the ship returns to the East Coast via the Panama Canal, identifying as VE0EXP. The CG3EXP WSPR beacon transmitted on 20, 30, and 40 meters. Anyone with an HF receiver and the free WSPR application may be able to receive the VE0EXP signal and track the vessel's location on WSPRnet. -- Thanks to Radio Amateurs of Canada

    Statistics indicate that the Amateur Radio population in the UK has grown by approximately 10% over the past 5 years. According to telecommunications regulator Ofcom, as of the end of August 2017, there were 52,195 Full licensees, 9,739 Intermediate licensees, and 22,649 Foundation licensees. Figures recently released in response to a Freedom of Information request from Peter Bowyer, G4MJS, covered the period from June 2010 and August 2017. The statistics also show 803 Reciprocal licensees in June 2016. Overseas visitors do not need a Reciprocal license, if they are visiting the UK for up to 3 months from CEPT T/R 61-01 signatory countries such as the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, or CEPT signatories in Europe. Ofcom previously issued Reciprocal license holders with call signs that were indistinguishable from Full license call signs; Ofcom now uses the term "Full (Temporary Reciprocal) Licence." In response to a Freedom of Information request for a list of available (unassigned) Amateur Radio call signs from Derek Flewin, 2W0FLW, Ofcom responded, "We no longer hold a list of available Amateur Radio call signs, as they now use a system that randomly allocates call signs upon request."

    ARISS has announced that the MAI-75 Slow-Scan (SSTV) system on the ISS will be on the air starting on December 5 at around 1500 UTC and continuing until December 6 at 0900 UTC, transmitting test images on 145.800 MHz FM that should be available worldwide. SSTV activity on December 7 and 8 is scheduled to occur at times when the ISS is above Moscow. In the past images have been sent in PD180 mode, with a 3-minute off time between each image. The SSTV system is in the Russian Service Module of the International Space Station (ISS). -- Thanks to ARISS

    SKYWARN™ Recognition Day (SRD) takes place on Saturday, December 2, from 0000 until 2400 UTC (starts on the evening of Friday, December 1, in US time zones). During the SKYWARN Special Event, operators at stations set up in National Weather Service (NWS) offices will contact radio amateurs around the world. Participating stations will exchange a brief description of their current weather with as many NWS-based stations as possible on 80, 40, 20, 15, 10, 6, and 2 meters, plus 70 centimeters. Repeater contacts are permitted. SRD was developed jointly in 1999 by the NWS and ARRL to celebrate the contributions SKYWARN volunteers make to the NWS mission -- the protection of life and property.

    The K7RA Solar Update

    Tad Cook, K7RA, Seattle, reports: The outlook for the near term shows solar flux at 72, 71, and 69 for November 30-December 2, 68 on December 3-6; 70 and 71 on December 7-8; 72 on December 9-12; 74 on December 13; 75 on December 14-16; 74 on December 17; 73 on December 18-20; 74 on December 21-22; 76 on December 23-29; 72 on December 30-31; 70 on January 1-3; 71 on January 4; 72 on January 5-8; 74 on January 9; 75 on January 10-12, and 74 on January 13.

    The predicted planetary A index is 10, 6, 5, and 5 on November 30-December 3; 32, 36, 18, 20, and 10 on December 4-8; 5 on December 9-10; 12, 15, 12, and 8 on December 11-14; 5 on December 15-16; 8, 25, and 10 on December 17-19; 8 on December 20-21; 5 on December 22-23; 15 on December 24; 12 on December 25-27; 8 on December 28; 5 on December 29-30; 35, 40, 28, 20, and 10 on December 31-January 4; 5 on January 5-6; 12, 15, 12, 8, and 5 on January 7-11, and 8 on January 12-13.

    Sunspot numbers for November 23 through 29, 2017 were 0, 0, 13, 15, 15, 14, and 12, with a mean of 9.9. The 10.7-centimeter flux was 72.4, 74.1, 74.3, 75.5, 73.6, 71.9, and 72.6, with a mean of 73.5. Estimated planetary A indices were 9, 10, 7, 3, 5, 8, and 5, with a mean of 6.7. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 7, 8, 4, 2, 4, 6, and 4, with a mean of 5.

    Send me your reports and observations.

    Getting It Right

    Ross Primrose, N4RP, took issue with their awkward and ambiguous wording of a sentence in the story "International Grid Chase Will Allow Use of 630 and 2200 Meters" in the November 16 edition of The ARRL Letter. They should have said, "If UTC does not respond within 30 days or does not specifically deny access, these stations may commence operation there."

    The announcement for the 2017 ARRL 10 Meter Contest, as published in November 2017 QST (p. 94) contains incorrect information. Participants may choose to operate CW, Phone, or Mixed. Stations in the Mixed category may work stations on both modes for contact credit -- i.e., once on CW, and once on phone.

    Just Ahead in Radiosport

  • December 1-3 -- ARRL 160-Meter Contest (CW)

  • December 2 -- Wake-Up! QRP Sprint (CW)

  • December 2-3 -- TOPS Activity Contest (CW)

  • December 2-3 -- EPC Ukraine DX Contest (Digital)

  • December 3 -- Ten-Meter RTTY Contest

  • December 3 -- SARL Digital Contest

  • December 5 -- ARS Spartan Sprint (CW)

  • December 7 -- 1.8 QRP ARCI Topband Sprint (CW)

  • December 7 -- NRAU 10-Meter Activity Contest (CW, phone, digital)

  • See the ARRL Contest Calendar for more information. For in-depth reporting on Amateur Radio contesting, subscribe to The ARRL Contest Update via your ARRL member profile e-mail preferences.

    Upcoming ARRL Section, State, and Division Conventions

  • December 2 -- Arkansas DX Association's 50th Anniversary Convention, North Little Rock, Arkansas

  • December 8-9 -- West Central Florida Section Convention, Plant City, Florida

  • January 6 -- New York City-Long Island Section Convention, Brookville, New York

  • January 13 -- Georgia ARES Convention, Forsyth, Georgia

  • January 19-20 -- North Texas Section Convention, Forest Hill, Texas

  • January 20 -- GARS TECHFEST Convention, Lawrenceville, Georgia

  • January 21-27 -- Quartzfest Convention, Quartzsite, Arizona

  • January 26-27 -- Delta Division Convention, Jackson, Mississippi

  • Find conventions and hamfests in your area.

    ARRL -- Your One-Stop Resource forAmateur Radio News and Information.



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    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    The European Parliament,

    –  having regard to Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and Articles 8, 9, 10 and 19 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU),

    –  having regard to Article 35 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union,

    –  having regard to the Charter Against Cancer adopted on 4 February 2000 in Paris during the first World Summit against Cancer(1),

    –  having regard to the Council Recommendation of 2 December 2003 on cancer screening(2),

    –  having regard to the Commission communication of 24 June 2009 on Action Against Cancer: European Partnership (COM(2009)0291),

    –  having regard to the Commission’s report of 23 September 2014 on the implementation of its communication from 24 June 2009 on Action Against Cancer: European Partnership and to its second implementation report therewith on the Council Recommendation of 2 December 2003 on cancer screening (2003/878/EC) (COM(2014)0584),

    –  having regard to its resolution of 5 June 2003 on breast cancer in the European Union(3),

    –  having regard to its resolution of 25 October 2006 on breast cancer in the enlarged European Union(4),

    –  having regard to its resolution of 10 April 2008 on combating cancer in the enlarged European Union(5),

    –  having regard to its resolution of 6 May 2010 on the Commission communication on Action Against Cancer: European Partnership(6),

    –  having regard to its resolution of 11 December 2012 on prevention of age-related diseases of women(7),

    –  having regard to its resolution of 14 February 2017 on promoting gender equality in mental health and clinical research(8),

    –  having regard to Regulation (EU) 2017/745 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2017 on medical devices, amending Directive 2001/83/EC, Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 and Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 and repealing Council Directives 90/385/EEC and 93/42/EEC(9),

    –  having regard to the CanCon Cancer Control Joint Action publication from 2017 entitled ‘European Guide on Quality Improvement in Comprehensive Cancer Control’,

    –  having regard to the European Commission Joint Research Centre publication from 2017 entitled ‘Report of a European Survey on the Implementation of Breast Units: ECIBC-supporting information for breast cancer care policies and initiatives’,

    –  having regard to its resolution of 14 June 2012 on defective silicone gel breast implants made by French company PIP(10),

    –  having regard to the opinion of the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) on ‘the safety of Poly Implant Prothèse (PIP) silicone breast implants’ published on 1 February 2012(11),

    –  having regard to its resolution of 13 June 2001 on the petitions declared admissible concerning silicone implants (Petition Nos 0470/1998 and 0771/1998)(12), and in particular to its recently received petition 0663/2018 on mammary prosthetics and effects on the health of women,

    –  having regard to the question to the Commission on policy challenges and strategies against women’s cancers and related comorbidities (O-000134/2018 – B8‑0006/2019),

    –  having regard to the motion for a resolution of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality,

    –  having regard to Rules 128(5) and 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

    A.  whereas the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union recognises the right for persons to access preventive health care and the right to benefit from medical treatment;

    B.  whereas one in three Europeans develops cancer during his or her lifetime and every year around 1.3 million people die of cancer in the EU, which amounts to approximately 26 % of all deaths(13);

    C.  whereas lung cancer is the main source of mortality due to cancer in the EU, followed by colorectal cancer and breast cancer;

    D.  whereas cancer and other related comorbidities hit both women and men, but with the types of cancer specific to each sex and approaches to diagnostics and prevention differing for women and men, there is a need for a targeted policy;

    E.  whereas the main forms of cancer affecting women are breast, uterine and cervical cancers; whereas breast cancer is the most common cancer that has fatal consequences among the female population, not only within the EU (16 %), but also globally;

    F.  whereas data show that up to half of all cancer deaths could be prevented(14) if the cancer is detected on time and adequately treated;

    G.  whereas the survival rate of patients affected by breast cancer can reach 80 % in cases of early diagnosis and timely treatment;

    H.  whereas women affected by cancer also often have to confront serious and frequently underestimated psychological problems, especially in cases where a mastectomy or a hysterectomy is performed;

    I.  whereas cancer can have negative fertility and physical consequences for women, such as pain, lymphedema, etc.;

    J.  whereas cancer negatively affects women’s personal, social and professional lives and deals a heavy blow to their self-esteem and self-acceptance;

    K.  whereas special attention should be paid to women and men suffering from cancer and related comorbidities who face specific challenges with regard to their illness and to their family responsibilities of having to provide care for a child, an older person or a person with a disability;

    L.  whereas every woman must have universal and equal access to health services, in particular to screening, treatment and free and high-quality post-therapy support, irrespective of their place of residence, social status, profession, culture or any other factor; whereas this is not, however, the reality, and more and more women are facing difficulties, or are being excluded from these health services, on account of austerity policies and their impact on the public health sector in Member States;

    M.  whereas early detection of cancer through medical check-ups can save the lives of those affected; whereas it is therefore of the utmost importance to improve access to preventive measures available through medical check-ups;

    N.  whereas even today the EU continues to be characterised by many significant disparities both within and between Member States: in private and public settings, in rural and urban areas, in regions and cities, and even in hospitals in the same city, when it comes to the quality of the treatment provided; whereas Member States have vastly different health systems and varying standards; whereas there is a serious gap in incidence and mortality between Central and Eastern Europe and the European average; whereas responsibility for the organisation of healthcare systems and provisions for cancer diagnosis and treatment rests with the individual Member States; whereas cooperation and exchange of best practices at EU level is of great added value;

    O.  whereas any successful path to curing cancer and related comorbidities should take into account the specific needs of, and observed differences between, women and men in terms of prevention and the treatment of cancer patients, as well as inclusive communication among patients, cancer survivors, family members and carers, medical personnel and scientists;

    P.  whereas a holistic treatment of cancer patients is still lacking, with the structure of treatment often being rigid and failing to reflect the needs of women, especially young women and LGBTIQ+ women;

    Q.  whereas affected women and men should have access to accurate information at every stage of their disease, as well as to prevention, quality screening, diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment and support after their recovery;

    R.  whereas cancer treatments have heavy repercussions, both physically and psychologically, and whereas it is vital to provide a good quality of life for patients and their families by offering them appropriate support and help tailored to their specific situations and their specific needs;

    S.  whereas the impact of cancer on human lives and human suffering is deeply disturbing and much more can be done to save lives by pooling resources, knowledge and existing technologies;

    T.  whereas women and men are affected by cancer in different ways, and women cancer survivors may encounter particular difficulties in returning to employment, education and family life; whereas evidence shows that early psychosocial interventions have a positive impact in supporting cancer survivors with employment-related issues; whereas psychosocial and vocational rehabilitation should be developed through a person-centred and gender-sensitive approach;

    U.  whereas every year, thousands of women receive breast prostheses for medical or aesthetic reasons, or sometimes a combination of both, without any real consideration being given to the risks before these implants are recommended to patients; whereas the PIP case has focused all attention on one manufacturer without other actors being investigated more widely and thoroughly; whereas manufacturers of breast implants (other than PIP) do not provide any information regarding the composition and minor or major adverse effects of the silicone gel used by the pharmaceutical industry for such purposes; whereas manufacturers are not able to guarantee a 100 %-cohesive prosthesis, and the issue of oozing prostheses has still not been solved; whereas the rupture rate and the invasive risks of silicone throughout the body is a real problem; whereas surgeons are supposed to offer alternatives to breast implants, this being an almost irreversible form of surgery that potentially results in both mutilation and serious health problems in women, including cancers and related comorbidities; whereas several reports have established a direct link between the use of silicone implants and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL), a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that has resulted in at least 14 deaths among the 409+ cases recorded: whereas in 2017 the Dutch SVS/Meldpunt association registered 4 898 patients with breast implants;

    V.  whereas environmental factors have an effect on health with certain known carcinogens contributing to increased risk, especially for women;

    W.  whereas increasing life expectancy will present future scientific, demographic and medical challenges, with women generally living longer than men;

    X.  whereas high-quality research on the causes and treatment of cancer is key to improving prevention, diagnosis, successful treatment and the management of ongoing pathology;

    Y.  whereas the best available treatment for some cancers may require patients to travel beyond their regions or Member States to access life-saving procedures; whereas patients requiring treatment in countries outside the EU may face serious barriers to accessing timely procedures;

    Z.  whereas women form the majority of the workforce in certain industries and are often at greater risk of developing work-related cancer due to exposure to carcinogenic material;

    1.  Welcomes the progress made with the early detection rate, which has boosted survival rates among breast cancer patients, and points out that all Member States should aim to improve treatments of other types of cancer, such as ovarian or cervical cancer, and related comorbidities;

    2.  Points out that breast cancer is the most common fatal cancer among women in the EU, followed by lung, colorectal and pancreatic cancers, while prostate and lung cancers remain the most common among men;

    3.  Invites the Commission and Member States to continue to accord the fight against cancer priority status in health policy by developing and putting in place a comprehensive EU strategy and evidence-based, cost-effective policies against cancer and related comorbidities; stresses that these would take into account the particular needs of women and men by collecting accurate and comprehensive cancer incidence/survival data disaggregated by sex in order to ensure that specific actions are targeted at cancer patients, while undertaking research, initiating preventive action against particular types of cancer, and providing access to accurate information, screening, diagnosis, monitoring, treatment and post-therapy support in order to guarantee medical healthcare;

    4.  Stresses that cooperation at European level together with the efficient use of EU funds can contribute to the development of an effective EU strategy against cancer; invites the Commission to explore policy trends in care for cancers predominantly affecting women across different countries, to identify which policy approaches have the best cancer survival rates, and to make recommendations to Member States on creating and supporting high-quality cancer care systems with standards for cancer-screening programmes in the EU that would be common for all Member States; invites the Commission, therefore, to serve as a platform for the exchange of best practices among the Member States with regard to cancer care models and standards for cancer programmes tailored to individual situations and financial capabilities in order to create synergies in addressing common challenges;

    5.  Calls on the Commission to step up its efforts to improve EU-wide coordination within the field of women’s cancer research which is very fragmented and diverse across the EU; calls on the Commission to make better use of the Innovative Partnership for Action Against Cancer (iPAAC) in order to achieve greater coordination, especially regarding ovarian cancer;

    6.  Invites the Commission and Member States to establish awareness campaigns on gender-specific cancers that disproportionally affect women and on how to prevent cancer, providing information about the modifiable lifestyle factors for prevention, such as changes in diet, alcohol consumption and exercise; stresses that these should also encourage women to take part in cancer screening programmes for breast or cervical cancers;

    7.  Encourages Member States to make provision for health education and literacy programmes and campaigns aimed at empowering women and girls and giving them the tools to practise self-care across the entire health spectrum, in addition to public, comprehensive, and free healthcare services;

    8.  Invites Member States to collaborate on cancer prevention by fully implementing the European Code Against Cancer(15);

    9.  Highlights the specific situation of men, in particular trans men, affected by breast or uterine cancer; encourages Member States to make provision for mental health services tailored to deal with the distress that such persons may experience; stresses the importance of informing medical and paramedical staff of this type of situation through appropriate training;

    10.  Reiterates the need to disseminate specific and accurate material, and calls on the Commission and Member States to conduct information campaigns tailored to different types of cancer and different groups of patients, be they women or men, taking into consideration all essential factors such as family history, age, socio-economic status or place of residence;

    11.  Notes that one third of the population still lacks high-quality cancer registration, mostly in regions with the poorest resources and health status; calls on the Commission and Member States to step up their efforts to develop cancer registries;

    12.  Reiterates that data collection on cancer-screening activities should be linked with Eurostat’s European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) and National Health Interview Surveys to obtain more precise information on attendance and intervals in spontaneous and organised screening settings;

    13.  Invites the Commission and Member States to initiate information and awareness-raising campaigns at secondary schools on human papillomavirus (HPV) with the aim of informing girls and young women about this infection;

    14.  Encourages Member States to promote the establishment of up-to-date centres at which specialised psychological help is offered to oncological patients by qualified intermediate care technicians, psychologists and other relevant medical personnel in order to address the specific needs of cancer patients during their treatment through the provision of various forms of psychological support; notes that constant technological developments in the field of medicine result in medical staff continually having to acquire knowledge which is essential for early detection and the quality of treatment;

    15.  Encourages the Member States to strengthen the development of community care in order to encompass a wider range of services needed by cancer survivors and people with chronic conditions; emphasises that community care should be developed in a gender-sensitive manner to meet the special needs of women cancer survivors when they return to education and training, employment and family life, taking into account their psychosocial needs;

    16.  Welcomes the Commission’s support in developing the European Quality Assurance Scheme for Breast Cancer Services; asserts that this scheme should provide guidance on rehabilitation, survivorship and palliative care, with a particular focus on the needs of women cancer patients and survivors in vulnerable situations;

    17.  Invites Member States to improve access to timely screening through more effective funding and greater resources, and to initiate awareness-raising campaigns encouraging all groups at risk to take advantage of free early medical check-ups;

    18.  Calls on Member States to make use of EU funds, such as the European Structural and Cohesion Funds and European Investment Bank instruments, among others, in order to create quality-assured screening, prevention and treatment centres that are easily accessible for all patients;

    19.  Invites Member States, with support from the Commission and drawing on various EU funding possibilities, to finance services that provide support to families in which one of the members is a cancer patient, including family counselling and fertility advice for cancer patients and their families;

    20.  Urges the Commission to take action to fully support the WHO strategy on eliminating cervical cancer;

    21.  Calls on the Commission and the Member States to fully implement the existing legal framework, in particular in the fields of surveillance, vigilance and inspection regarding the use of high-risk medical devices and their effect on women’s health; calls on them also to further develop measures to guarantee the safety of breast implants; considers that an in-depth assessment of the risks associated with such implants is urgently required, taking into account in particular the cases of cancer, and especially of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), in women;

    22.  Calls for the establishment of a committee of inquiry to look into the impact of silicone implants on women’s health, and in particular the possible link with forms of cancer and related comorbidities;

    23.  Demands that greater attention and resources be dedicated to early detection and basic research for ovarian cancer;

    24.  Urges the Commission to prioritise action to close the gap between Central and Eastern Europe and the European average regarding the incidence and mortality of ovarian and cervical cancers by removing structural inequalities between countries through the organisation of effective and cost-effective cancer-screening services;

    25.  Invites Member States to focus also on improving the quality of life of women and men who are cancer patients and patients with other comorbidities, and whose illnesses cannot be cured, for example by supporting the hospice movement;

    26.  Welcomes the Commission’s proposal for a directive on work-life balance for workers and carers; emphasises, in this context, the importance of an individual’s rights to leave and to ask for flexible working arrangements that might address the particular challenges encountered by working parents and/or carers looking after a relative suffering from cancer and related comorbidities;

    27.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the parliaments of the Member States.




    OJ L 327, 16.12.2003, p. 34.


    OJ C 68 E, 18.3.2004, p. 611.


    OJ C 313 E, 20.12.2006, p. 273.


    OJ C 247 E, 15.10.2009, p. 11.


    OJ C 81 E, 15.3.2011, p. 95.


    OJ C 434, 23.12.2015, p. 38.


    OJ C 252, 18.7.2018, p. 99.


    OJ L 117, 5.5.2017, p. 1.


    OJ C 332 E, 15.11.2013, p. 89.



    OJ C 53 E, 28.2.2002, p. 231.




    Law, Justice and Development Week 2015 | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    SPEAKERS ImageZighed Abdelkader

    Officer of the Judicial Police, Algerian GendarmerieIn Algeria, Mr. Abdelkader has participated in the work of several ministerial groups addressing the prevention of violence in sports events, the prevention of drug abuse, and youth violence. He helped launch the Master of Criminology at the University of Algiers, and he participated in the teaching of criminology at the University of Annaba as well as at the Higher School of Magistracy in Algiers. Mr. Abdelkader holds a degree in Law (1995), and a Diploma of Specialized Studies in Criminology with distinction from the University of Liege (Belgium) (2005).

    ImageMaeen Abdulmalek Saeed Abdo

    Rapporteur, Yemeni Constitution Drafting Committee Maeen Abdulmalek Saeed Abdo is an expert in reconstructing new government and legitimacy. Mr. Abdo was a member of a government delegation to the Geneva Consultations for Peace Talks on Yemen in June 2015, sponsored by the United Nations. After the Yemeni Crisis in 2011, Mr. Abdo was selected for the National Dialogue Conference (NDC), representing the independents. He was also a member of the Regions Committee to determine the regions of the State, as well as a member of the Consensus Committee. Later, Mr. Abdo was chosen to be a member and rapporteur of the Constitution Drafting Committee. Mr. Abdo holds a PhD in Architectural Engineering and Design Theory from Cairo University. He is an Assistant Professor in the Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering at Thamar University.

    ImageArun Kumar Acharya

    Professor, Institute of Social Science Research, Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, MexicoMr. Acharya is Professor at Institute of Social Science Research, Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Mexico. He is founder of Mexican Centre for Migration and Human Trafficking Studies, Monterrey. Professor Acharya has actively participated on drafting of human trafficking law in Mexico in 2012 and 2014. His book Perspectives of Human trafficking in Mexico led most of the states of Mexico to reformulate their local trafficking law. He has also published more than 50 research papers in various international journals on issues of Migration, Human Trafficking, Gender violence and human rights, also 6 books on Migration and Human trafficking in Mexico.

    ImageCharles Afeku

    Mining Legal and Regulatory Adviser, Rwanda Ministry of Natural ResourcesMr. Afeku is a lawyer with more than a decade’s experience advising governments on mining issues, drafting mining legislation, and negotiating mining agreements. Charles previously worked as senior legal officer in Ghana’s Minerals Commission, and is currently the mining legal and regulatory advisor in Rwanda’s Ministry of Natural Resources. He was part of the working group for the IBA’s online template for negotiation and drafting mining agreements (MMDA). And now serves as a member of the GTRC.

    ImageZaid Al-Ali

    Visiting Professor, Princeton UniversityZaid Al-Ali is Senior Adviser on Constitution Building for International IDEA, and is also a fellow and visiting lecturer at Princeton University’s Law and Public Affairs Program. He has been practicing law since 1999, specializing in international commercial arbitration and comparative constitutional law. He has law degrees from Harvard Law School, the Université de Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and King’s College London. From 2005 to 2010, Mr. Al-Ali was a legal adviser to the United Nations focusing on constitutional, parliamentary and judicial reform in Iraq. Since the beginning of 2011, he has been working on constitutional reform throughout the Arab region, in particular in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Yemen. He has published widely on Iraq and on constitutional law.

    ImageReem Al-Ansari

    Assistant Professor, College of Law, Qatar UniversityDr. Reem Al-Ansari is a Professor at Qatar University College of Law and the Director of the Legal Research and Studies Division at the Rule of Law and Anti-Corruption Center (ROLACC) in Doha, Qatar. Dr. Al-Ansari received her LLM from The University of Michigan Law School in Ann Arbor and earned her Doctorate degree from Georgetown Law Center in Washington D.C. She is the youngest Qatari lawyer and doctorate holder in the state. Dr. Al-Ansari has won two EED awards for education excellence. She has also worked at the World Bank headquarters in the Governance and Anti-corruption (GAC) unit. Currently, Dr. Al-Ansari is working on a book on money laundering while researching at the ROLACC center.

    ImageMaryam Alexander

    Principal Counsel, International Finance Corporation Mrs. Alexander has been the lead counsel on structuring, documenting and advising on debt and equity investments of Project Finance transactions in all sectors, including Infrastructure-Energy, Financial markets, Structured Finance, Bonds, Islamic Finance, Manufacturing, Health and Education, and Agribusiness. She has also been involved in projects funded through IFC's Assets Management Company ("AMC"). Mrs. Alexander holds an LLM from the George Washington University Law School in Washington D.C. and J.D. License en Droit from L’Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland. She has also participated in the Harvard Kennedy School Executive Education program and INSEAD Executive Education.

    ImageBetsy Alley

    Strategy Officer, Fragile and Conflict-affected Situations Coordination Unit, IFC Betsy Alley is the Strategy Officer for IFC’s Fragile and Conflict-affected Situations Coordination Unit, which is leading IFC’s activities to increase private investment in these extremely challenging countries. Additionally, as part of her role, she has been exploring IFC’s role in increasing economic opportunities for women in these fragile and post-conflict contexts. Moreover, Ms. Alley has recently transitioned to lead Strategy and Business Development for SME Ventures, a pioneering IFC program focused on developing private equity small and medium enterprise (SME) funds in fragile states and frontier markets. She holds an MBA from London Business School, an M.A. in Classical Archaeology from UNC-Chapel Hill, and a B.A. in Classics from Cornell University.

    Image ImageNawaf A. AlMahamel

    Senior Legal Advisor, Kuwait Fund for Economic Development Nawaf A. AlMahamel is responsible for drafting, negotiating, executing and follow-up of loan, grant, and consultancy agreements made/financed by the Kuwait Fund. He worked the World Bank as a Legal Counsel from 2002 till 2005.  He is currently serving as the President-Elect at the International Development Law Organization (Rome). Mr. AlMahamel holds degrees from Kuwait University (LL.B), Howard Law School (LL.M) and certificates from Georgetown University and Cornell University.  

    Amat Al Alim Alsoswa

    National Dialogue Member, Republic of Yemen, and former Assistant Secretary General, UNDPMs. Al Alim Alsoswa is a Yemeni leader and activist. She was appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan as Assistant Secretary-General, Assistant Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme and Director of its Regional Bureau for Arab States, where she served from 2006-2012. In this post, Alsoswa led UNDP’s 18 programme offices in the Arab region. From 2003 to 2005, she served as Yemen’s first Minister of Human Rights, developing the mandate and capacities of that institution and leading such efforts as the production of the country’s first national report on human rights, the holding of televised public hearings on international reports on Yemen’s human rights record, and the establishment of a human rights resource center open to the public. In addition she served in the Yemeni Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 2000 to 2003 as Ambassador to Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands. Her achievements have been recognized by many national and international public and private institutions, including the Government of France, which in 2004 awarded her the rank of Officier of the Ordre National de la Légion d’honneur, and the Washington-based National Democratic Institute, which presented her the 2004 W. Averell Harriman Democracy Award. Alsoswa holds a B.A. in Mass Communications from Cairo University and an M.A. in International Communications from the American University in Washington.

    ImageAlejandro Alvarez de la Campa

    Global Lead for the World Bank’s Global Secured Transactions and Collateral Registries (STCR) Product Before this position, he held other positions in IFC, in the Small and Medium Enterprise Department and in the Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS), where he worked on access to finance for SMEs and business environment issues in different regions, including Africa, East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean and Southeast Europe. He has worked worldwide on policy issues related to access to financial services, access to finance for MSMEs, business environment and private sector, and business legal and regulatory issues. Alejandro has also worked in the past as an adjunct Professor of Law at American University in Washington D.C. He obtained his Juris Doctor from the University of Seville (Spain). Alejandro is based in Johannesburg, South Africa since July 2012. 

    ImageJudit Arenas

    Director of External Relations, International Development Law Organization (IDLO) Ms. Arenas leads IDLO’s external positioning as the only intergovernmental organization focused exclusively on promoting the rule of law. Based in New York, she also serves as Deputy Permanent Observer to the United Nations in New York. Her responsibilities include oversight for advocacy, government relations, public affairs and strategic communication efforts to contribute to build a culture of justice. Ms. Arenas undertook post-graduate research at University College London, UK.

    ImageAlfredo Attié Jr.

    Judge at the Supreme Court of São PauloMr. Attié is a Former Professor at Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUCSP) and Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Founder of SAOJUS, an interdisciplinary center for environmental conflicts resolution, Heis also a former Member of the Tiete River Basin Committee. Founder of CBMA , Brazilian Chamber of Arbitration and Mediation, Former São Paulo State Attorney. He has studied Law and History at Universidade de São Paulo. Researcher at NETI – USP; Full Fellow at Sao Paulo Law Academy.

    ImageTristan Aureau

    Judge at the Conseil d’ÉtatMr. Aureau is besides his activities as a judge, he is also a consultant on cyber issues for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Subsequently he is a coordinator of the Community of Practices on Small-Scale Private-public partnerships World Bank’s Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development. He hold a MA from Sciences Po and a degree from Ecole Nationale d’Administration. 

    ImageImage Elsie Addo Awadzi

    Senior Counsel, Iternational Monetary Fund Elsie Addo Awadzi's work at the IMF includes participation in FSAPs and providing technical assistance to strengthen legal frameworks for bank resolution, crisis management, and public financial management. Before joining the Fund in 2012, her professional experience spanned 16 years during which she served two three-year terms as a Commissioner (Board Member) of Ghana’s Securities & Exchange Commission, worked in private law practice, as well as advised on financial sector legal reforms in Africa and the Caribbean. She holds an LL.M. degree (with distinction) from Georgetown University Law Center, an M.B.A. (Finance) Degree and an LL.B Degree all from the University of Ghana.

    ImageSaku Akmeemana

    Senior Governance Specialist, World BankSaku Akmeemana has worked both in the field and at headquarters. She has worked extensively in South Asia and East Asia, focusing particularly on the political economy of institutional change; understanding the incentives and conditions under which local elites invest in broadly developmental institutions and processes (particularly in countries emerging from conflict); service delivery and the state-citizen interface; and justice and drivers of conflict (including empirical approaches to issues of disputation, crime and security from a citizen's perspective). Prior to joining the Bank, Saku worked for the United Nations in a number of fields: political affairs, post-conflict institutional development, refugee and humanitarian assistance. Early in her career, she worked on indigenous land issues, and served in legal and policy advisor roles in the Australian Government.

    ImageAyman Ayoub

    Former Regional Director for West Asia and North Africa, International IDEA Ayman Ayoub is a lawyer and former regional director for West Asia and North Africa at the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (“International IDEA”). He has more than 22 years of experience in democracy building and rule of law support. In addition to working for over 10 years for International IDEA in different capacities, he has served as senior expert and advisor for the UN system, the European Union and a large number of international organizations specialized in elections and democracy development support.

    ImageImageAdil Awad Babiker

    General Legal Counsel of the Islamic Corporation of the Insurance of Investment and Export Credit (ICIEC) Adil Awad Babiker is a Sudanese national. He is the General Legal Counsel of the Islamic Corporation of the Insurance of Investment and Export Credit (ICIEC). Adil regularly lectures on legal aspects of export credit insurance and Islamic Insurance. He graduated from the University of Khartoum, Faculty of law and obtained his DEA from  Université de Paris II.

    ImageAyaz Baetov

    Regional Program Coordinator, ABA Mr. Baetov joined ABA ROLI in October 2014 after previously working as an ABA ROLI staff attorney in 2008 and 2011. Mr. Baetov leads the implementation of ABA ROLI’s INL-funded regional court monitoring program, coordinating activities across ABA ROLI’s three offices in Bishkek, Astana and Dushanbe. Mr. Baetov also teaches international public law courses as a part-time associate professor at the American University of Central Asia. He received his PhD in law in 2009 from Kyrgyz National University in Bishkek and his master’s degree in public policy in 2011 from the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies in Tokyo.

    ImagePeter Bartu

    Lecturer, Peace and Conflict Studies, University of California, BerkeleyPeter Bartu teaches and researches political transitions at UC Berkeley. In 2011, he was a member of the UN’s stand-by mediation team that worked in Benghazi and Tripoli during the Libyan revolution, among other assignments in Djibouti, Iraq and Malawi. In 2008-2009, Mr. Bartu led a team of fifteen UN and Iraqi researchers that produced a seminal 500 page report on the disputed internal boundaries between the Arabs and the Kurds in northern Iraq. He has worked in different capacities for the UN and other organizations on Muslim Mindanao in the Philippines (2009-2010), Nepal (2005), the Middle East Peace Process (2001-2003), East Timor (1999) and Cambodia (1991-1993). He has a PhD in history from Monash University.

    ImageKillian Bälz

    Partner, Amereller Legal ConsultantsKilian Bälz is a partner at Amereller Legal Consultants, an international law firm focusing on the MENA Region with offices in Cairo, Dubai, Tripoli, Erbil, Baghdad and Teheran. Based in Cairo, Kilian is advising international investors on debt and equity investments across the MENA Region. He regularly acts for development banks and has a special industry focus on energy, financial services and telecom. Kilian was involved in some of the first secured lending transaction in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq and instrumental in setting up the firm’s office in Tripoli in 2012. Kilian studied law and Middle East Studies at the universities of Freiburg, Berlin (PhD 1997), Damascus, Cairo (AUC) and London. In 2008, Kilian was a fellow at Harvard Law School. Before joining Amereller, Kilian was a partner at Gleiss Lutz (at the time an affiliate firm of Herbert Smith).

    ImageMichel Barnier

    Member of the Conseil d'Etat, Special Advisor to the President of the EU CommissionMichel Barnier has held multiple Minister positions in Foreign Affairs, European Affairs and Environment was appointed in the French government. He was a Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries on 2007, stepping down in 2009 upon his election as an MEP in the European Parliament. He served as European Commissioner for Internal Market and Services. As European Commissioner he handled many important issues, such as the reform of the financial sector, the banking union and the digital single market. He holds a degree ESCP Europe.

    ImageSpyridon (Spiros) V. Bazinas

    Senior Legal Officer, UNCITRALAs Secretary of the Working Group, Mr. Bazinas is responsible for preparing comparative law studies, drafting legislative texts and commentaries, and servicing the Working Group. He has co-authored eight books and has published numerous articles on various international trade law topics and, in particular, on secured financing. He has also provided technical assistance and lectured all over the world on a variety of UNCITRAL work topics. For a number of years, he has been teaching a course on secured financing at the Law School of the University of Vienna, Austria.

    Mohamed Elhafedh Beddy

    Director of Legal Affairs Department, Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa, and Secretary of Board of Governors and Board of Directors Prior to joining the Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa, he was counselor in charge of the Legal Department of the Islamic Corporation for the Development of Private Sector (ICD – Member of Islamic Development Bank Group), and the Head of Legal Unit. Before joining the Islamic Corporation for the Development of Private Sector, he was a lawyer at the Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa and a private lawyer in Mauritania. He earned a Master degree in General Private law from the University of Tunisia in 1993 and a Bachelor in Private Law university of Nouakchott in 1989.

    ImageFerid Belhaj

    Attorney, Country Director, MENA, World BankMr. Belhaj was appointed World Bank Director for the Middle East on September 17, 2012 covering Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Iran. He served as World Bank Director for the Pacific Region (2009-2012), Special Representative to the United Nations in New York (2007-2001), and Country Manager for Morocco (2002-2007). He joined the World Bank’s Legal Department in 1996 as an operational lawyer on the MENA and East Asia Regions. He led Legal and Judicial Reform projects in Morocco, Jordan and Thailand. From 2002 to 2007, Mr. Belhaj was the Bank Country Manager for Morocco, before moving on to represent the Bank at the United Nations headquarters in New York in 2007. Prior to joining the Bank, Mr. Belhaj practiced law in Paris and Tunis, held the post of Deputy Chief of Mission and Legal Adviser at the Embassy of Tunisia to the United States of America, and was the Legal Adviser for Permanent Mission of Tunisia to the United Nations. In those capacities, he worked on the legal and institutional aspects of the Middle East peace process and negotiated the entry into force of the UN Law of the Sea Convention. Ferid Belhaj graduated from the Tunis Law School and the Universite Pantheon-Assas, with a Masters Degree in Constitutional Law and Political Science and a Masters Degree in International Law.

    ImagePatricia J. Beneke

    Regional Director and Representative United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for North America Ms. Beneke was appointed as the Director and Regional Representative for the UN Environment Programme’s Regional Office for North America in May of 2014. Prior to that, she served as Senior Counsel to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources for nearly 20 years, specializing in legislation and oversight matters relating to energy policy, water resources, and environmental matters. In addition, Ms. Beneke was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as the Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Water and Science in 1995, and served in that capacity until 2000. As Assistant Secretary, she played a leadership role with respect to several ecosystem restoration efforts, including those involving the Florida Everglades, the California-San Francisco Bay Delta, and the Platte River. Ms. Beneke has taught natural resources law and policy on an adjunct basis at Harvard Law School, Columbia University Law School, the University of Virginia School of Law, the Georgetown University Law Center, and the Georgetown University McCourt School of Public Policy. She holds a J.D. degree from Harvard Law School and a B.A. degree from Iowa State University.

    ImageFlorence Benoît-Rohmer

    Secretary General of the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC)Ms. Benoît-Rohmer holds a PhD in Public Law and is professor at the Law Faculty in Strasbourg as well as visiting professor at the College of Europe, Bruges. She was Dean of the law faculty from 2000 to 2003, and President of the Université Robert Schuman (URS) from 2003 to 2008. She is founding member of the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC), for which she has performed in the function of Secretary General from January 2009 till September 2015, and earlier as EIUC Vice-President. Within the EIUC framework of activities she has been the initiator of numerous educational and scientific programmes, including the academic and training activities provided by the GIZ Programme on Good Governance in the Maghreb Region, and most recently of an innovative Master’s Programme in Democratic Governance in the MENA Region (DE.MA).

    ImageImageWolfgang Bergthaler

    Senior Counsel, International Monetary Fund Wolfgang Bergthaler works on legal aspects of IMF financing operations, surveillance, governance, exchange system, and financial sector issues, as well as sovereign debt, corporate and household insolvency, and judicial reform issues. Before joining the IMF in 2006, he practiced as an attorney in international law firms in the area of corporate law and M&A, and capital markets law in Vienna and Brussels. He regularly lectures and frequently publishes on issues related to international finance. Wolfgang is a graduate of Karl-Franzens Univeristaet Graz, Georgetown University Law Center (LL.M.), and the Université III Robert Schuman, Strasbourg.

    ImageMarie-Anne Birken

    General Counsel, European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)Marie-Anne Birken was appointed General Counsel at the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in June 2014. She is responsible for the Office of the General Counsel which includes the Legal department, the Operations and Administration Department and the Procurement Department. Ms. Birken is a member of the Executive Committee and various other committees of the Bank such as the Operations Committee, Risk Committee and Strategic Planning Committee. Ms. Birken joined EBRD from the Asian Development Bank where she was The Secretary and previously served as Deputy General Counsel and as Assistant General Counsel responsible for private sector operations. Ms. Birken has extensive emerging markets experience and lived and worked in Asia from 1995 until 2014. She was previously a partner in two international law firms and held the position of regional general counsel at Barclays Bank where she supported corporate banking activities in Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Ms. Birken is a Dutch national; she has a Master’s degree in law from the University of Utrecht and also qualified as a solicitor in England & Wales.

    ImagePeter Blanck

    University Professor and Chairman, Burton Blatt Institute, Syracuse UniversityMr. Blanck is Chairman of the Burton Blatt Institute (BBI) at Syracuse University. Blanck holds appointments at the Syracuse University Colleges of Law, and Arts and Sciences, David B. Falk College of Sport and Human Dynamics, School of Education, and the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. Prior to his appointment at Syracuse, Blanck was Kierscht Professor of Law and director of the Law, Health Policy, and Disability Center at the University of Iowa. Blanck is Honorary Professor, Centre for Disability Law & Policy, at the National University of Ireland, Galway. Blanck received a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Rochester, a Juris Doctorate from Stanford University, and a Ph.D. in Social Psychology from Harvard University.

    ImageNicola Bonucci

    Director, Legal Affairs and Accession Coordinator, OECDNicola Bonucci joined the OECD in 1993 as a Legal Counselor, served as Deputy Director from 2000 until becoming Director in 2005. He focuses on general public international law issues, participating in the negociation of international agreements, interpreting the basic texts of the Organisation, and providing legal opinions to the senior management (The Secretary-General and his Deputies), the Council (the governing body of the OECD), and its subsidiary bodies. Since 1997 Mr. Bonucci has been closely involved in the monitoring and follow-up of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention and is a regular speaker in international conferences on this subject. Prior to joining the OECD, Mr. Bonucci served as a Legal Officer with the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome. He holds a DEA in Public International Law from the University of Paris X Nanterre, a DESS in International Administration from the University of Paris II-Assas, and a Master of International and Comparative Law from the University of Notre Dame.

    ImageRob Boone

    Practice Manager, Justice and Rule of Law, Governance Global Practice, World Bank Group Rob Boone joined the World Bank Group on June 1, 2015 as the Practice Manager for Justice and Rule of Law, in the Governance Global Practice. From 2007-2014, Rob was the Director of the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative in Washington, DC. From 2001-2007, he served in the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in Vienna, Austria, as Chief of both the Human Security Branch and the Treaty and Legal Affairs Branch, as well as in South Africa as the Representative for Southern Africa. Earlier, he held several U.S. government positions in Washington, including as a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, and previously practiced law in California. Originally from New York City, he holds a Master of Science degree from the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and is a graduate of Harvard College (Government) and Harvard Law School.

    ImageNancy Boswell

    Director. American University Washington College of Law (WCL) US and International Anti-Corruption Law Certificate Program Ms. Boswell was President and CEO of Transparency International USA, providing leadership from its founding in 1994 until 2011. A former member of the TI Board of Directors and TI Individual Member, she remains actively engaged in the anticorruption movement. Ms. Boswell is a member of the OECD Secretary General’s High Level Advisory Group on Integrity and Anti-Corruption. She serves on the USAID Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid and the Hills Program on Governance Advisory Board, the Board of Directors of the Ethics Resource Center, the Collaboration on Government Secrecy and Veracity Worldwide LLP. She was named among Ethisphere’s “100 Most Influential People in Business Ethics.” She practiced international and trade law at Steptoe & Johnson and managed international financial matters at Citibank. She received her law degree, summa cum laude, from WCL.

    ImageFrancis Botchway

    Associate Dean of Research, College of Law, Qatar UniversityHe is consulted by law firms in the United Kingdom and the United States on litigation and arbitration matters. Governments, institutions and International Organizations also consult him on varied subjects, particularly International Investment, Natural Resources and Environmental Law. Dr. Botchway obtained his first law degree at the University of Ghana before proceeding to Canada to study for a Master of Laws degree at Dalhousie Law School. He studied for another Master of Laws degree at Harvard Law School. Dr. Botchway was then awarded the C.R. Allen Fellowship at the University of Manchester, UK, where he obtained his Ph.D. in Law. Dr. Botchway taught at the University of Warwick Law School for six years before taking up Readership at Hull University. He has held positions as Adjunct Professor at Leuven University, the University of Warwick, and Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology; and Visiting Professor at the University of Puerto Rico. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Global Journal of Comparative Law.

    ImageMalika Bouziane

    Lawyer at the Bar of Oran, Algeria Malika Bouziane has been a lawyer specializing in criminology since 1982. She is a lecturer and the head of the Master’s Program in “Criminology and Penitentiary Science,” as well as the project director for the National Research Project, “Young People, Drugs and Crime” at the University of Oran. Ms. Bouziane is also the head of the staff of the Laboratory on Child Law. She is a member of the Board of the International Society of Criminology and of the International Association of French Speaking Criminologists.

    ImageJulie Bowen

    Vice President, General Counsel, and Corporate Secretary, The MITRE CorporationMs. Bowen directs an in-house legal team that advises MITRE’s leadership on all legal matters, including cybersecurity, contracting, international and global presence, intellectual property, human resources, healthcare, real estate, and national security. She also oversees MITRE’s Government Relations with a focus on education of the FFRDC - Institution, and following legislation, regulations, and policies that relate to MITRE’s work programs. Prior to this, Ms. Bowen held several senior positions in the private sector, including chief legal counsel of DHL Global Mail; vice president, general counsel, and secretary of QuadraMed Corporation; and vice president, general counsel, and secretary of TREEV, Inc. Ms. Bowen graduated from The Catholic University of America, where she received her B.A. and J.D.

    ImageGenevieve Boyreau

    Resident Representative and Senior Country Economist for Bhutan, World BankMs. Boyreau joined the World Bank as Young Professional in the Research Department, as a member of the China’s Program. She served in the East Asia and Pacific Region as macroeconomist on China, country economist for Mongolia, Program Leader in Lao PDR. At a corporate level, she provided support to design country strategies and policy-based budget support operations across the World Bank. Prior to joining the Bank, Ms. Boyreau held faculty and research positions at the Center for Research and International Development (CERDI) in France and had been a research fellow at the China Center for Economic Research, Beijing, China. Ms. Boyreau holds a Ph.D on Development Economics, from CERDI, France.

    ImageImageDaniel D. Bradlow

    SARCHI Professor of International Development Law and African Economic Relations, University of PretoriaDaniel D. Bradlow was previously the first Head of the International Economic Relations and Policy Department at the South African Reserve Bank, and Professor of Law at American University Washington College of Law in Washington, D.C., where he also was the Director of the International Legal Studies Program. He has published numerous articles on international development law.

    Michele Brandt

    Michele Brandt has over 25 years constitution-making, rule of law and peace building experience. She launched and directs Interpeace’s Constitution-making for Peace program, which develops tools and resources to improve constitution-making practice and provides technical assistance to both international organizations and national actors. She has recently launched the Women's Constitutional Voices project to address a critical gap in the women, peace and security agenda. Michele has spent over a dozen years directly assisting processes in post-conflict countries. She was the full-time constitutional adviser to the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan and the Afghan Constitutional Commission. In Timor-Leste, Michele served with the United Nations Transitional Administration as a judicial affairs officer and was a member of the Transitional Judicial Service Commission as well as the Cabinet Legislative Committee and later advised East Timor's Constitutional Assembly. In Cambodia, Michele cofounded the Cambodian Women’s Crisis Center and directed an eleven-office legal aid association. She has published numerous articles on human rights, capacity development, gender, peacebuilding, and the rule of law, including a handbook on constitution-making.

    Iris Breutz

    Head of the Pan-African Program, GIZ Besides her work as a practicing lawyer, Ms. Breutz has 15 years of experience as an adviser, consultant and program manager in the areas of human rights, transitional justice and governance in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe. For the past seven years, she lived and worked in Sudan, Tanzania and Ethiopia. Within the framework of the cooperation between Germany and the African Union, she leads the GIZ Program “Support to the African Governance Architecture” aiming at advancing human rights and good governance on the African continent. She also worked in Vietnam, Cambodia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Liberia and Kenya. She studied law in Hamburg/Germany and Lausanne/Switzerland.

    ImageErnesto Canales

    Founding Partner, Canales y Socios Abogados, S.C.Mr. Canales has written extensively in leading newspapers and magazines, as well as in several academic books, on the accusatory criminal system. He was awarded the Medal for Professional Excellence from the Barra Mexicana Colegio de Abogados Monterrey (2011), was commended for his lifetime Community Service by Premio SELIDER (2012), received the Robert Herzstein award for outstanding pro bono community services work from the Fundación Appleseed México (2013), and the Observación de los Derechos Humanos Sergio García Ramírez award from the Comisión Estatal de los Derechos Humanos Nuevo León (2014). Mr. Canales holds a Law Degree from the Escuela Libre de Derecho (Summa Cum Laude) in Mexico City, and continued his professional studies at Columbia University (Master in Comparative Law), Stanford University, University of Texas and Tec de Monterrey (Management and Business).

    Heikki Cantell

    General Counsel and Head of Legal Department (also serving as Secretary General), Nordic Investment Bank (NIB)Heikki Cantell has vast experience in managing all legal aspects of the activities of IFIs. Prior to his current position as General Counsel at NIB (2007-) he served as General Counsel at the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB) during 1995-2007. Prior to his career as General Counsel, he was assigned head of the Paris branch office by his employer at the time, Heikki Haapaniemi Law Offices. Prior to his period at the law firm, he served as legal counsel for the Finnish Cultural Foundation. Heikki Cantell holds an amount of other professional engagements, e.g. within Conseiller du Commerce Extérieur for the Republic of France, and in the Board of two Finnish holding companies. He is assigned arbitrator nominated by the International Chamber of Commerce in international commercial litigations. He has held numerous lectures and has written articles in several legal and commercial publications in France and in Finland. Heikki Cantell holds a L.L.M. (Master of Law) degree from University of Helsinki and a postgraduate degree in commercial law from University of Paris II.

    ImageIvor Chipkin

    Executive Director, Public Affairs Research Institute (PARI); and Associate Professor, School of Social Sciences at the University of the WitwatersrandMr. Chipkin has twenty years consulting experience, including undertaking numerous research projects and reviews for local, provincial and national government. Ivor has experience in government framework development as well as policy development. Mr. Chipkin also has international consulting experience: he has undertaken monitoring and evaluation projects for the UN Capital Development Fund. Mr. Chipkin has published widely (in accredited journals, conference papers and peer reviewed books) on questions of government and governance in South Africa, and is currently researching and publishing on topics related to public administration and public sector reform (focusing on form of the State, the organisation of government, organisational culture and organisational incentives). He holds a doctorate from the Ecole Normale Superieure in France and in 2005 he was made a Senior Associate Member of St Antony’s college at Oxford University.

    ImageAnna Chytla

    Deputy General Counsel, Knowledge, Research and International Law, Legal Vice Presidency, World Bank Anna Chytla is responsible for generating and disseminating legal knowledge that contributes to the organization’s strategic agenda, governance and operations. She coordinates the Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development, a knowledge platform and network of over 150 partners worldwide, which connects development processionals on matters related to law and development.Ms. Chytla is also responsible for institutional governance matters and provides advice on the World Bank’s Articles of Agreement, the Board of Governors and the Board of Executive Directors, accountability and decision-making, membership and shareholding, and the World Bank’s relationship with other international organizations. In her previous assignments in Legal, she focused on conflict resolution, misconduct investigations, human resources, real estate, privileges and immunities, and general corporate administrative matters. Prior to joining the Bank, Ms. Chytla practiced law in the area of international development, administrative law, federal procurement, employee benefits, and litigation. She is a graduate of American University School of Law and New York University.

    ImageHassane Cissé

    Director, Governance and Inclusive Institutions, Governance Global Practice, World BankIn this capacity, Mr. Cissé leads a department composed of teams of experts to support countries in building sustainable, inclusive, and trustworthy governance systems. Previously, Mr. Cissé was Deputy General Counsel, Knowledge and Research of the World Bank from 2009 to June 2014. In this capacity, he managed the Bank’s advisory work on legal and justice reforms, and led the Bank’s knowledge activities on law, justice and development. Mr. Cissé has lectured and published widely. He has in particular co-edited several volumes of The World Bank Legal Review. He serves on several international boards and is currently a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Justice and its Meta Council on Global Governance Architecture. Mr. Cissé holds an LL.B. from the Dakar University School of Law, in Senegal, and a Diplôme d’Etudes Approfondies (D.E.A.) in international law from the University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas. He received his D.E.A. in international economic law from the Sorbonne, where he also obtained a D.E.A. in African history. He also holds an LL.M. from Harvard University.

    ImageImageCarolina Claver

    Financial Sector Expert, International Monetary FundCarolina Claver has close to 17 years of experience in financial sector supervision and regulation, with expertise and practical knowledge of the capital market sector and anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) issues. Prior to the IMF, Mrs. Claver worked for over 10 years at the National Securities Commission (CNV) in Argentina. Before joining the CNV, Mrs. Claver worked as an attorney for a Criminal Law Firm. Mrs. Claver holds a Law Degree from the University of Buenos Aires with a specialization in Business and Economic Law. 

    ImageMargaret B. Cole

    Partner, White & Case, United Arab EmiratesMargaret Cole is a partner who heads the Abu Dhabi office of international law firm White & Case. Ms. Cole has over 30 years' experience in international financings and has played a lead role in various forms of financings, including limited recourse project financings, securitizations and private placements. She has represented lenders and investors in emerging and developed markets worldwide and has also worked as counsel at the International Finance Corporation in Washington from 1991 until July 1995. Ms. Cole was a Principal Counsel at International Finance Corporation when she left to join White & Case. She received her LLB from Sydney University Law School with 1st Class Honours and a University Medal, and her LLM from Harvard University.

    ImageRobert D. Cooter

    Herman F. Selvin Professor of Law; Co-Director, Law and Economics Program University of California Berkeley, School of LawRobert Cooter, a pioneer in the field of law and economics, was educated at Swarthmore College, Oxford University, and Harvard University. After receiving his Ph.D. in economics in 1975, he joined the economics faculty at Berkeley, and the law faculty in 1980. Prof. Cooter regularly teaches the economic analysis of law, and he has taught a variety of courses jointly with lawyers, including contracts, torts, corporations, financial services, the theory of adjudication, and law and anthropology. He has received various awards and fellowships, including Institute for Advanced Study, National Science Foundation, Guggenheim, Max Planck, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Humboldt Research Prize, and the European Law and Economics Association Distinction Award for 2011. Prof. Cooter has published a wide variety of articles applying economic analysis to private law, constitutional law, and law in developing countries.

    ImageClaudia Costin

    Senior Director, Education Global Practice, World Bank GroupBefore joining the World Bank Group in July 2014, Claudia Costin, a Brazilian national, was Secretary of Education, Rio de Janeiro. Under her stewardship, learning results rose by 22 percent in the city. She also implemented a strong Early Childhood program, working seamlessly across sectors with the Health and Social Protection secretariats. Claudia has held academic positions at the Catholic University of São Paulo, Getúlio Vargas Foundation, INSPER Institute of Education and Research, and École Nationale d’Administration Publique in Québec. She has a Master’s in Economics from the Escola de Administracao de Empresas de São Paulo of the Fundacao Getúlio Vargas.

    ImageImageJohn C. Cruden

    Assistant Attorney General, Environment and Natural Resources Division (ENRD) Before becoming AAG, Mr. Cruden served as President, the Environmental Law Institute, a nationally-recognized bipartisan organization well-known for its work in educating, publishing, and researching environment, energy, and natural resource issues. Mr. Cruden has a long history of public service at the Department of Justice and in the military. From 1991-1995 he was the Chief, Environmental Enforcement Section, ENRD and then from 1995 to 2011 a career Deputy Assistant Attorney General for ENRD. Before joining the Department of Justice, Mr. Cruden was the Chief Legislative Counsel of the Army. 

    ImageMaria Da Cunha

    Lead Safeguards (Social Development) Specialist, Inter-American Development Bank She and has worked as a senior member of IDB’s legal and technical teams on various facets of development projects and policies. She has been part of project teams in many complex operations, with responsibility for evaluating ESIA information and designing mitigation plans for compliance with IDB safeguard policies, and for participating in project supervision, particularly with respect to indigenous peoples, resettlement and other social and environmental issues She holds a JD from Georgetown University Law Center and an M.S.F.S from the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, as well as an M.B.A with a concentration in Environmental Management from Florida Atlantic University.

    ImageMariana Dahan

    Coordinator, Identification for Development (ID4D) Working Group, World Bank Since 2009, Mariana Dahan works with governments from low- and middle-income countries, as part of the global Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) practice of the World Bank, based in Washington, DC. Currently, Mariana Dahan is the Coordinator of the Identification for Development (ID4D) Working Group: a bold initiative that aims at formulating a coherent cross-sectoral approach to civil registration and identification systems in client countries, in close coordination with other development agencies. As part of her previous work at the World Bank, Mariana has also managed the Identity Management (IDM) Experts Group, building strategic partnerships with governments, private sector companies, research labs and civil society organizations across the world. She holds a PhD from the European Business School/MIT Sloan School of Management.

    ImageOmar Dajani

    Professor, International Conflict Resolution, McGeorge School of Law Mr. Dajani focuses on international conflict resolution and minority rights in the Middle East. Previously, he served on the political team of the UN Special Envoy for the Middle East Peace Process (2001-2003) and as a legal adviser to the Palestinian negotiating team in peace talks with Israel (1999-2001), participating in the Camp David and Taba talks. He was also a litigation associate at Sidley & Austin and a law clerk for Judge Dorothy Nelson on the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. He received his J.D. from Yale Law School and his B.A. from Northwestern University.

    ImagePhilip Daltrop

    Consultant, Legal Vice Presidency, World BankPhilip Daltrop was Head of Procurement and then Head of Integrity at Asian Development Bank. He is an English lawyer and worked for many years in the legal departments of the World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank and (mostly) Asian Development Bank, as well as for a global law firm and the UK Foreign Office. He now lives in Indonesia, semi-retired but doing some consulting work.

    ImageImage Yamouna David

    Development Manager, International Happiness Observatory (OIB) She served as Director of the Permanent Training Center of Advocates in France. She contributed to the creation of the OIB to support the establishment and implementation of a new, world-based ethical paradigm through the lenses of the law. She studied law at the King’s College London and Sorbonne University and practiced as a member of the Paris Bar Association for over 20 years.

    ImageImage Mary C. DeBartolo

    Associate, O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law Mary DeBartolo's research at O'Neill has focused on global health law and is the coordinator of The Lancet – O’Neill Institute, Georgetown University Commission on Global Health and the Law.  Mary holds a law degree from the University of Michigan Law School and a Master of Public Health in health management and policy from the University of Michigan School of Public Health. She holds a B.A. in Economics from the University of Notre Dame.

    ImageGráinne de Búrca

    Florence Ellinwood Allen Professor, NYU Law SchoolMs. de Búrca is also Director of the Hauser Global Law School, and Director of the Jean Monnet Center for International and Regional Economic Law and Justice. Previously, she was professor at Harvard Law School, Fordham Law School, and at the European University Institute in Florence. Before that, she was Fellow of Somerville College and lecturer in law at Oxford University from 1990-1998. She has written widely on questions of EU constitutional law and governance, human rights and discrimination, and EU international relations and transnational governance. She is co-editor of the International Journal of Constitutional Law, co-editor of the Oxford University Press series Oxford Studies in European Law, and co-author with Paul Craig of the OUP textbook: EU Law.

    ImageBruno Deffains 

    Professor of Law and Economics, University Paris 2 Panthéon AssasBruno Deffains is a Member of the Institut Universitaire de France, director of the Paris Center for Law and Economics and director of the Master program in Ecocomic Analysis of Law. He is also associate professor at the University of Liverpool and visiting professor at the Yale Law School (2013) and Columbia Law School (2014). Previously, Bruno Deffains has taught at Siena, Montreal, Berlin, Lausane, Rabat, Amsterdam and Wiesbaden. He was the President of the European Association for Law and Economics (2011-2014) and he was for a time member of the French Bar Association.

    ImageVictoria Rigby Delmon

    Senior Infrastructure Lawyer, World BankMs. Delmon is based in Tanzania, and advises on legal and regulatory reform of the water and transport sectors and on PPPs. She brings over 20 years of legal experience working on infrastructure projects and regulation, including water, solid waste, and transport projects. She is the senior task team leader for the World Bank’s PPP in Infrastructure Resource Center. Prior to joining the World Bank she worked for the international law firm Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer and as international counsel for the utility company Veolia Environnement. She is co-editor of “International Project Finance and PPPs” (third edition 2013), published by Kluwer/ Aspen Publishing.

    ImageBenjamin de Maillard

    Judge at the Conseil d’ÉtatMr. de Maillard is besides a judge also a consultant on cyber issues for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs Centre for Analysis, Planning and Strategy. Subsequently, he is a coordinator of the Community of Practices on Small-Scale Private-public partnerships, World Bank, Gobal Forum on Law, Justice and Development. He hold a MA from Sciences Po and a degree from Ecole Nationale d’Administration.

    ImagePeter Dent

    Partner, Deloitte Forensic and the Global Crisis Management LeaderMr. Dent has over 20 years of experience practicing in the areas of investigating and providing expert testimony regarding allegations of fraud and corruption with a focus in the global arena, in addition to providing anti-fraud and anti-corruption strategies in the public and private sectors. Between 2000 and 2004 Peter was the Team Leader of the Forensic Services Unit within the Department of Institutional Integrity of the World Bank Group in Washington, DC leading international fraud and corruption procurement investigations into World Bank financed projects. In addition, Peter has experience working with the United Nations (UNDP and UNPS) evaluating and strengthening their anti-corruption strategies in their procurement processes. Currently Peter is the Chair and President of Transparency International – Canada, and a former Director of the Alliance for Excellence in Investigative and Forensic Accounting. In addition, Peter is a faculty member of the Director’s Education Program at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, where he lectures on a Director’s responsibility with respect to fraud prevention.

    ImageShantayanan Devarajan

    Chief Economist, MENA Vice Presidency, World Bank Since joining the World Bank in 1991, he has served as a Principal Economist and Research Manager for Public Economics in the Development Research Group, Chief Economist of the Human Development Network, Chief Economist of the South Asia Region, and Chief Economist of the Africa Region. Mr. Devarajan was the director of the World Development Report 2004, Making Services Work for Poor People. Before 1991, he was on the faculty of Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. The author or co-author of over 100 publications, Mr. Devarajan’s research covers public economics, trade policy, natural resources and the environment, and general equilibrium modeling of developing countries. Born in Sri Lanka, Mr. Devarajan received his B.A. in mathematics from Princeton University and his Ph.D. in economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

    Jean-Louis Dewost

    French and European High-Ranking Civil Servant Jean-Louis Dewost spent most of his career within the Conseil d’Etat, the supreme French administrative Court, where he hold the position of president of the social section. He had also been Chief legal within the Council for European Union. He hold equivalent position, as Director General of the Legal Service within European Commission. Moreover, he has been teaching for several years, European law in the School of political sciences in Paris ( «  Sciences Po »). He still holds various advisory positions in  several legal bodies. He graduated from Sciences Po Paris and the National School of Administration (ENA).

    ImageKlaus Decker

    Senior Public Sector Specialist, World Bank Mr. Klaus Decker is a Senior Public Sector Specialist working at the World Bank in Washington since 2002. As a member of the Governance Global Practice, he supports public sector and justice sector reform initiatives primarily in countries in Europe and Central Asia. He is currently the task team leader of a USD 110 million Judicial Reform Project in Romania. He is also task managing the preparation of a Judicial Development Project in the Kyrgyz Republic. In addition to lending operations, Mr. Decker carries out analytical work on justice sector issues. He delivered a Judicial Diagnostic Study in the Kyrgyz Republic and two comparative studies to inform justice reform initiatives in Turkey. Mr. Decker has also led a team carrying out a Judicial Functional Review in Romania.

    ImageAdama Dieng

    United Nations Secretary General Special Adviser on the Prevention of GenocideAdama Dieng has served as Registrar of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda since 2001. He began his career as Registrar of the Regional and Labour Courts in Senegal, and served as Registrar of the Supreme Court of Senegal for six years. From 1982 to 2001, Mr. Dieng worked for the International Commission of Jurists, for the last ten years as the organisation’s Secretary-General. During this period he was appointed as Envoy of the United Nations Secretary General to Malawi in 1993, and as the United Nations Independent Expert for Haiti from 1995 to 2000.  

    ImageImageCharles E. Di Leva

    Chief Legal Advisor on Environment, World Bank Charles E. Di Leva, chief legal advisor on environment, World Bank. He has advised on complex Bank operations in all geographic regions, particularly concerning environmental and social compliance and due diligence. He has been a key author and advisor concerning the Bank’s role and global environmental issues, including on the Global Environment Facility, Climate Investment Funds, and the Bank managed carbon funds. He has also represented the Bank in international treaty negotiations, particularly in areas of Climate and Biodiversity. Mr. Di Leva is an adjunct professor at the George Washington University School of Law teaching Trade and Sustainable Development. 

    ImageDjordje Djordjevic

    Rule of Law, Justice and Security Advisor with the Bureau for Policy and Programe Support, UNDPSince 2008, Djordje has been leading UNDP HQ policy initiatives on transitional justice and complementarity, worked in various capacities on enhancing UN coherence and coordination in the area of rule of law, and represented UNDP on integration of human rights, justice and security into the Sustanable Development Goals. At the national level, he worked on integrated UN and UNDP policy and programme development in a number of conflict-affected countries. Djordje holds a doctoral degree on political, legal and civic approaches to prevention of mass atrocities from the New School for Social Research in New York.

    ImageKhetsiwe Dlamini

    Chief of Staff from the World Bank Group - International Finance Corporation, UN WomenMrs. Dlamini recently joined UN Women as Chief of Staff from the World Bank Group - International Finance Corporation (IFC) in Washington D.C, where she has been working as a Principal Operations Officer and Fragile and Conflict Affected-Situations (FCS) Advisor. She was also a Senior Advisor for the IFC Gender Secretariat. Prior to this, Khetsiwe was the Principal Operations Officer of the World Bank’s South Sudan Country Office. Born and bred in Swaziland, Khetsiwe received her first degree from the University of Natal, her MBA degree in Gender and Entrepreneurship from the University of Wales in Cardiff and her Doctorate in Business Leadership from the University of South Africa.

    ImageImage Thomas Driscoll

    Government Relations Representative, National Farmers Union  Tom Driscoll represents the interests of family farmers on energy, climate and environmental issues. Before joining NFU, Driscoll managed the agriculture news clips service AgToGo, wrote articles for the Agri-Pulse weekly newsletter, and helped nonprofits find and apply to U.S. Department of Agriculture grant programs. He has also worked for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Congressman Tim Ryan, and boutique government relations firm Strategies 360. He graduated from Saint Peter’s University with a Bachelor of Arts in English and a Juris Doctor from the University of Toledo College of Law.

    ImageJoan Elise Dubinsky

    Former Director, UN Ethics Office/Chief Ethics Officer for the United NationsMs. Dubinsky served as the Director, UN Ethics Office/Chief Ethics Officer for the United Nation between 2010 and 2015. Reporting to the Secretary-General, Ms. Dubinsky guided the UN in maintaining an ethical organizational culture amidst the diversity of the UN. Ms. Dubinsky currently directs the Rosentreter Group, a boutique management consulting practice that provides expertise in business ethics, organizational development and corporate compliance. Ms. Dubinsky is affiliated with the Heller School of Public Policy at Brandeis University, the Mendoza School of Business at the University of Notre Dame, and the Center for Professional Responsibility in Business and Society at the University of Illinois. A Phi Beta Kappa, Ms. Dubinsky received her Juris Doctorate from the University of Texas at Austin and her undergraduate degree in Religious Philosophy from the Residential College, University of Michigan.

    ImagePascale Hélène Dubois

    Chief Suspension & Debarment Officer, The World Bank Group, Adjunct Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law CenterMs. Dubois is the World Bank’s Chief Suspension and Debarment Officer. In this position, Ms. Dubois determines whether to suspend and debar firms and individuals accused of fraud and corruption in World Bank-financed projects. Ms. Dubois has been involved with the Bank’s anti-corruption efforts for more than a decade. Prior to her appointment as Chief Suspension and Debarment Officer, Ms. Dubois managed the Voluntary Disclosure Program (VDP) in the Bank’s Integrity Vice Presidency (INT) and also worked as an operational lawyer advising the Bank’s Africa region for seven years. Before the World Bank, she was in private practice for ten years in the USA and Belgium. She was appointed as Vice-Chair of the International Bar Association Anti-Corruption Committee in 2014 after serving as Regional Representative for North America. Ms. Dubois received her Lic. Jur., cum laude, from the University of Ghent, Belgium, and her LL.M. from New York University.

    ImageNadia Effendi

    Partner, Borden Ladner Gervais LLPMs. Effendi is a member of BLG’s Commercial Litigation and Appeal and Review Groups. Her practice focuses on civil and public law litigation, with an emphasis on representing clients in administrative law and commercial litigation matters. Nadia is the chair of BLG’s Supreme Court of Canada Agency Group and represents clients as their agent before the Supreme Court of Canada. She regularly appears before all levels of court on a wide variety of civil and public litigation matters, including the Federal Court and Federal Court of Appeal, Superior Court of Ontario, Ontario Divisional Court and Ontario Court of Appeal, and Supreme Court of Canada. Nadia has also appeared before numerous administrative tribunals, including before the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board, the Ontario Labour Relations Board and the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario. Following her studies, Nadia served as a law clerk for The Honourable Mr. Justice Bastarache at the Supreme Court of Canada before joining BLG.

    ImageImageChady El-Khoury

    Senior Counsel, International Monetary FundChady El-Khoury specializes in anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), and governance and integrity issues. Prior to joining the IMF in 2007, Chady worked as an analyst and legal expert at the Lebanese financial intelligence unit (SIC). Chady holds Masters in Law and in Finance from Lebanon (Saint Joseph University) and France (ESCP- EAP).

    ImageRoger El Khoury

    Executive Director, Arab Center for the Development of the Rule of law and IntegrityRoger El Khoury is an expert in the fields of rule of law and judicial reform. He holds a Bachelor's degree in Law and a Masters degree in Legal Informatics, and has over ten years professional work experience in rule of law advocacy projects. He has worked for the UNDP on numerous occasions as a Project Analyst, Coordinator, Project Manager, and as a Researcher for Rule of Law and Integrity and Judicial Reform and human rights projects. Roger has designed and managed advocacy campaigns, organized several conferences and focus groups, and has published many papers on the subjects of rule of law, judicial reform and other related topics. Roger is currently assuming the role of Executive Director at the Arab Center for the Rule of Law and Integrity (ACRLI), a regional NGO headquartered in Beirut. Roger is also the Senior Justice Sector Advisor for the Arab region at HiiL, specialized in the fields of the Rule of Law, Judicial Reform, Good Governance, and Legal Informatics. Roger places his focus on anchoring the Rule of Law and the Fundamentals of Justice in Culture and in Practice in the MENA region, as prerequisites for Democratic, Social and Economic development and reform.

    ImageImageTim Evans

    Senior Director for the Health, Nutrition and Population Global Practicem, World Bank Dr. Evans has been active in the international health arena for more than 20 years.  Dr. Evans has been a leader in advancing global health equity and health systems performance throughout his career. Dr. Evans earned his DPhil in agricultural economics at Oxford, and pursued medical and postgraduate studies at McMaster and Harvard Universities.

    ImageVladimir Fagbohoun

    Principal Legal Counsel, Public Sector Operations, African Development BankBefore joining the AfDB, he was Manager of the Contracts and Litigation Division at AES SONEL, a Cameroonian subsidiary of the American power company AES Corporation. Mr. Fagbohoun is a national of Benin and holds, inter alia, a Post Master’s Degree (DEA) in Environmental Law (joint degree from University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne and University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas), and another Post Master’s Degree (DESS) in Tax and Business Law from University of Auvergne in Clermont-Ferrand (France).

    ImageFrank Fariello

    Lead Counsel, Operations Policy Practice Group, World BankMr. Fariello is the World Bank’s primary legal focal point for its Governance and Anti-Corruption (GAC) strategy and legal advisor to the Bank's new Governance Global Practice. Mr. Fariello has played a major role in the Bank's sanctions system, having coordinated its 2009-2010 reforms and recently concluded a comprehensive review of the system. He is currently heading a study on the Drivers of Corruption in IFI Operations, together with representatives from other IFIs, OECD, academia and civil society. Mr. Fariello has been Vice Chair of the ABA International Anti-Corruption Committee since 2012. His publications include The World Bank Sanctions System and Its Recent Reforms (World Bank 2012), “Coordinating the Fight Against Fraud and Corruption” (WB Legal Review, Vol. 3; UK Serious Fraud Office (2011)) and “Transforming Through Transparency: Opening Up the World Bank’s Sanctions System” (WB Legal Review, Vol. 4 (2013)) . He has lectured at the Joint Vienna Institute, George Mason University and New York University School of Law. Mr. Fariello holds a B.A. in History magna cum laude from Brown University (1980) and a J.D. from New York University Law School (1983).

    ImageFernando Fayzano

    CEO, Pontual Money TransferMr. Fayzano personally manages the Company operations and steers its finances in order to maximize profits while still complying with the best business practices. He heads the Company in its expansion within the United States while facilitating a network of business relationships with international Banks and associates. He recently launched his online platform where he plans to capture the online money transfer market to Brazil. He has built a reputation for being a leader in helping US authorities understand Brazilian regulations. A native Brazilian, he is an entrepreneur with many investments and businesses. His ambitions have driven him as a leader, businessman, and a contributor to his community.

    ImageLee Feinstein

    Founding Dean, School of Global and International Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington Lee Feinstein has served presidents, presidential candidates, and secretaries of state and defense in a distinguished 20-year career that has taken him from Washington, D.C., to Warsaw, where he was U.S. ambassador to Poland from 2009 until 2012, when the Polish government honored him with its Commander’s Cross with Star. The ambassador has written numerous articles and books including his most recent book with Tod Lindberg, “Means to an End: U.S. Interest and the International Criminal Court” (Brookings Institution Press 2009, 2011).

    ImageElizabeth Ferris

    Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution, Foreign Policy StudiesDr. Elizabeth Ferris is a nonresident Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Program at the Brookings Institution. She also co-directs the Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement. Dr. Ferris serves as an Adjunct Associate Professor at Georgetown University, and as commissioner of the Women’s Refugee Commission. Dr. Ferris’s research focuses on the international community’s response to humanitarian crises, with a particular emphasis on the human rights of internally displaced persons. Her most recent book is “The Politics of Protection: The Limits of Humanitarian Action” (Brookings Institution Press, 2011).

    Peter Fitzgerald

    Partner, Chadbourne & Parke LLPPeter has been representing multilateral agencies, commercial bank lenders and project developers on international project financings for over 30 years. He has particular experience of energy and other infrastructure projects in the emerging markets of Latin America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East and specializes in the negotiation of project financings involving multilateral and/or bilateral agency support.

    ImageClement Fondufe

    Partner, Latham & Watkins, ParisMr. Fondufe, a partner in the Paris and New York offices and the Global chair of the Africa Practice Group, practices in the area of international and domestic corporate, commercial and financial transactions with a focus in the oil, gas, petrochemicals, mining and infrastructure industries. Clement advises public, private and state-owned corporate clients (including sovereign wealth funds) in the development and financing of large projects.

    ImageElizabeth Lin Forder

    Secretary to the World Bank Group Sanctions Board Ms. Forder heads an independent Secretariat charged with providing all legal and administrative support necessary to ensure the effective functioning of the Sanctions Board in taking final decisions in contested sanctions cases. Prior to her appointment as Secretary, Ms. Forder was Senior Counsel in the World Bank’s Legal Department where she provided legal advice on a wide range of matters including corporate governance, ethics, internal investigations, and institutional policy. She played a key role in the World Bank’s early sanctions reforms culminating in the first Sanctions Board statute, procedures, and sanctioning guidelines, and extension of the sanctions regime across the World Bank Group. Before joining the World Bank, Ms. Forder worked for the law firm of Williams & Connolly LLP and clerked for the Honorable Harry Pregerson on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. She received her law degree from Yale Law School and undergraduate degree summa cum laude from Yale University. 

    ImageMichele Forzley

    Senior Legal Advisor and Public Health ProfessionalThrough the application of governance and rule of law principles and the reform, implementation and enforcement of laws, Ms. Forzlet builds institutional and staff capacity to regulate the health and pharmaceutical sectors to achieve national goals and meet obligations. Current projects include the USAID Health Policy Project in Afghanistan where she is Legal and Governance Advisor on private health sector regulation and in Swaziland, Papua New Guinea and Uganda. Michele holds a JD from the New England School of Law, a BA from Simmons College and a MPH from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. She is also a graduate of The Hague Academy of International Law. She is a Senior Scholar at the O’Neil Institute for National and Global Health at Georgetown Law Center. Previously she was Visiting Distinguished Professor of Global Health Law at Widener School of Law Health Law Institute.

    ImageJames E. Foster

    Professor of Economics and International Affairs, George Washington UniversityMr. Foster’s research focuses on welfare economics — using economic tools to evaluate and enhance the wellbeing of people. His joint 1984 Econometrica paper (with Joel Greer and Erik Thorbecke) is one of the most cited papers on poverty. Mr. Foster is also Research Fellow at the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), Department of International Development, Oxford University, and a member of the Human Capital and Economic Opportunity (HCEO) Working Group, Becker Friedman Institute for Research in Economics, University of Chicago. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Cornell University and holds a Doctorate Honoris Causa from Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo (Mexico).

    Roberta Freitas

    Attorney at LawMs. Freitas has expertise in Civil and Commercial Contract Law, Alternative Dispute Resolution. As a Lawyer, she represents the interests of NGO focused on Environmental Law and Urban Sustainable Development. She has studied Law at Universidade FMU, São Paulo, Brazil, where she obtained a degree of Specialist in Civil Law.

    ImageImageHenry Gabriel

    Professor of Law, Elon UniversityAdjunct Professor of Law, Murdoch University and Victoria University in Australia Henry Gabriel is a member of the Governing Council of UNIDROIT, and chaired the UNIDROIT Working Group on Contract Farming. He served on the drafting committees of the American Uniform Electronic Transactions Act and the recently completed 2010 UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Law. He is the author of ten books and over 60 articles, and has been involved in international and domestic law revision for nearly three decades. is a member of the Governing Council of UNIDROIT, and chaired the UNIDROIT Working Group on Contract Farming. He served on the drafting committees of the American Uniform Electronic Transactions Act and the recently completed 2010 UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Law. 

    ImageKalidou Gadio

    General Counsel, African Development BankPrior to this position, Kalidou Gadio served within the Bank as a Division Manager of the Operations Affairs Division in the Legal Department and as Country Director for North Africa Region I. Prior to joining the Bank, Kalidou Gadio worked with Coudert Brothers in New York as an Associate Attorney and with Jeantet et Association, an international law firm in Paris. He holds an LL.M from Harvard Law School (class of 1987), an Advanced Degree in international law from University of Paris II and a License en Droite from the University of Mohamed V in Morocco. Mr. Kalidou Gadio is a member of the New York and Connecticut Bars and a former member of the Paris Bar.

    ImageDadehys Noellie Prisca Gah

    Quality Control Reviewer, AMLA ProjectMs.Gah was a Legal Research Team (LRT) member of the African Mining Legislation Atlas (AMLA) Project in 2014. Presently, she serves as Quality Control Reviewer for the AMLA Project, revising the work of the LRT. Noellie is an Ivorian Trade and Investment lawyer, who holds an LLM in International Trade and Investment Law from the University of Pretoria South Africa, a Master in Business Law option OHADA from the University of Bouaké Côte d’Ivoire and is also an LLM Candidate in the ILSP Program of the Washington College of Law American University.

    ImageDenis J. Galligan

    Professor of Socio-Legal-Studies, Oxford University The aim of his research is to understand the nature of constitutions, their historical evolution, their functions in social and political life, and to make comparisons across national border. Mr. Galligan is next to teaching at Oxford University also Professorial Fellow of Wolfson College, Consultant and Adviser to a range of international organizations, including: OECD, OSCE, World Bank, Government of Pakistan and the Government of Republic of Macedonia. Subsequently, he is Founder and Director of the Foundation for Law Justice and Society. The Foundation for Law Justice and Society is an independent institute affiliated with Oxford University. It was created in 2005 to provide a forum for the discussion of issues of law and society and to make available to a wider audience of professionals, officials, lawyers, and business the results of research concerning the role of law in society. Mr. Galligan is the author of numerous articles, essays, reviews, and commissioned reports.

    ImageImage Mei Gechlik

    Founder and Director, China Guiding Cases Project, Stanford Law  School Dr. Mei Gechlik is founder and director of Stanford Law School’s China Guiding Cases Project (“CGCP”).  The CGCP has become the premier source of translations and commentary on China’s de facto binding “Guiding Cases” (“GCs”), harnessing the strength of an international team of approximately 150 law students, lawyers, and translation professionals, as well as an advisory board of more than 40 distinguished experts, including justices from the U.S. Supreme Court and the Supreme People’s Court. She received her JSD from Stanford Law School and her MBA in Finance from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.

    ImageTania Ghossein

    Program Coordinator of the Benchmarking Public Procurement Project Tania is the program coordinator of the Benchmarking Public Procurement Project, a new World Bank Group initiative providing comparable data on regulatory environments that affect the ability of private companies to do business with governments in 77 economies. She joined the World Bank Group in 2008, where she worked with the FDI Regulations Project before moving in 2013 to lead the Complaints topic of Benchmarking Public Procurement. Before joining the World Bank Group, Tania worked as a corporate lawyer in Beirut, Lebanon. She holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International and Comparative Law from The George Washington University Law School and a law degree from the Université Saint-Joseph in Beirut, Lebanon. She speaks Arabic and French.

    Marc Ginsberg

    Principal, Gulf Technology Partners and Former U.S. Ambassador to MoroccoAmbassador Ginsberg served as the Deputy Senior Adviser for Middle East Policy to President Carter and as President Clinton's Ambassador to Morocco. He began his foreign policy career as a foreign affairs advisor to Senator Edward M. Kennedy. Most recently, he was CEO of PeaceWorks Foundation/OneVoice Movement. He has also served as senior vice president at consulting firm APCO Worldwide and founding president of Layalina Productions, Inc: the first U.S. philanthropic producer of commercial Arabic language television for broadcasting in the Arab world. Ambassador Ginsberg is a highly regarded authority on the Middle East, and has appeared on CBS, Fox News, NBC, CNBC, MSNBC, CNN, BBC, and many other outlets. He has been published in the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, and the International Herald Tribune, and writes for The Huffington Post regularly. Prior to his public service, Ambassador Ginsberg practiced international commercial and corporate law in the Middle East, in particular Saudi Arabia and Egypt. He holds a B.A. cum laude from American University, and a M.B.A. (candidate) and a J.D. from Georgetown University.

    ImageTom Ginsburg

    Deputy Dean and Leo Spitz Professor of International Law, University of ChicagoHe currently co-directs the Comparative Constitutions Project, an NSF-funded data set cataloging the world’s constitutions since 1789. His books include The Endurance of National Constitutions (2009) (with Zachary Elkins and James Melton), which won the best book award from Comparative Democratization Section of American Political Science Association; Judicial Review in New Democracies (2003), Administrative Law and Governance in Asia (2008), Rule By Law: The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes (with Tamir Moustafa, 2008), and Comparative Constitutional Law (with Rosalind Dixon, 2011). He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Before entering law teaching, he served as a legal advisor at the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, The Hague, Netherlands, and he has consulted with numerous international development agencies and governments on legal and constitutional reform. He currently serves a senior advisor on Constitution Building to International IDEA. He holds B.A., J.D. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of California at Berkeley.

    ImagePeter Girke

    Desk Officer Department Africa/Middle East, Coordinator Rule of Law Programme, Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS)Throughout his career, he focused on themes such as the rule of law, democratization, political education and conflict transformation. From 2007 to 2011 he directed the Uganda / South Sudan office of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, a German political foundation engaged in international activities aimed at strengthening democracy and the rule of law, supporting economic development and promoting respect for human rights. Since 2011 he coordinates the worldwide rule of law programmes of KAS Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Berlin (HQ), Germany. He studied law with international orientation in Germany, France and the UK.

    ImageImage Matthew Glasser

    Adjunct Professor of Law, American University’s Washington College of Law Matt  has over thirty-five years of experience in urban law and municipal finance at the World Bank, the National Treasury of South-Africa, USAID and multiple lawfirms. Mr. Glasser holds a Juris Doctor from Cornell University Law School, and an MBA and BA in Political Science from the University of Colorado.

    ImageSuzanne B. Goldberg

    Herbert and Doris Wechsler Clinical Professor of Law, Columbia Law School Ms. Goldberg is a nationally renowned expert in sexuality and gender law. At Columbia University she also founded and directs the Sexuality and Gender Law Clinic and the Center for Gender & Sexuality Law. She is also Columbia University’s Executive Vice President for University Life. Prior to joining Columbia, Ms. Goldberg was on the faculty of Rutgers School of Law-Newark and, during the 1990s, was a staff attorney with Lambda Legal, the nation’s oldest and largest legal advocacy group focused on the rights of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgender people and those with HIV. Her work for decades has focused significantly on family recognition, including the recent marriage cases in the U.S. Supreme Court; employment discrimination; youth and education; and asylum based on sexual orientation, gender identity and HIV. She is the author of many academic articles and oped pieces and co-author of Strangers to the Law: Gay People on Trial about the legal challenge to an antigay amendment that went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court.

    ImageJack A. Goldstone

    Professor, Public Polic, yGeorge Mason University

    He is also a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution and a Public Policy Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington DC. Mr. Goldstone has won major prizes from the American Sociological Association, the International Studies Association and the Historical Society for his research on revolutions and social change. Mr. Goldstone’s current research focuses on the impact of population change on the global economy and international security, and the cultural origins of modern economic growth. Goldstone has authored or edited ten books and published over one hundred articles in books and scholarly journals. 

    ImageImageLawrence Gostin

    Director, O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law Lawrence Gostin served as Associate Dean for Research at Georgetown Law from 2004 to 2008. He is Professor of Medicine at Georgetown University, Professor of Public Health at the Johns Hopkins University, and Director of the Center for Law & the Public's Health at Johns Hopkins and Georgetown Universities.

    ImageCarol Graham

    Leo Pasvolsky Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution, and College Park Professor, University of Maryland School of Public Policy Ms. Graham is also a Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). She served as vice president and director of Governance Studies at Brookings and as a special advisor to the deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund. She is the author of numerous publications on collective happiness and well-being, including The Pursuit of Happiness: Toward an Economy of Well-Being (Brookings, 2011) and Happiness around the World: The Paradox of Happy Peasants and Miserable Millionaires (Oxford University Press, 2009. She was awarded a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship for 1997-98, during which time she served as Special Adviser to the Executive Vice President of the Inter-American Development Bank. Graham has an A.B. from Princeton University, an M.A. from The Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, and a Ph.D. from Oxford University.

    ImageGabriela Grinsteins

    Counsel, World Bank Ms. Grinsteins has providing legal advice, including advise on the application of the World Bank environmental and social safeguard policies, for the preparation and implementation of development projects in Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe and Central Asia. Previously, Gabriela worked as an in house counsel for Procter & Gamble in Caracas. She also co-founded the Community Ambassador's Foundation in Venezuela, a nonprofit aiming to empower students for low-income communities through leadership and skills training. She holds an LL.M from Harvard Law School.

    Rick Grove

    Chief Executive Officer, Rutter Associates LLC Rick Grove has spent over 25 years working in the financial markets, as both an investment banker and a lawyer.  Mr. Grove currently co-chairs the American Bar Association’s Task Force on Financial Engineering for Economic Development and was recently named to the panel of experts of P.R.I.M.E. Finance. Mr. Grove received his J.D. magna cum laude from Harvard Law School, where he was an editor of the Harvard International Law Journal, and his A.B. summa cum laude from Princeton University.

    ImageTerence C. Halliday

    Adjunct Professor of Sociology, Northwestern UniversityMr. Halliday co-directs the Center on Law and Globalization, American Bar Foundation and University of Illinois College of Law. He is Research Professor, American Bar Foundation, a Adjunct Professor of Sociology, Northwestern University,a Adjunct Professor, Regulation Institutions Network, School of Asia and the Pacific, of Australian National University. His book Bankrupt: Global Lawmaking and Systemic Financial Crisis (2009), won multiple prizes for its examination of the role of international organizations in reforms to legal and market institutions in China, Indonesia and Korea following the Asian Financial Crisis. Most recently he won the Podgorecki Prize for distinguished scholarship in interdisciplinary research on law.

    ImageRobin Hammond

    Photojournalist and Creator of Where Love is Illegal Mr. Hammond is the recipient of the W.Eugene Smith Fund for Humanistic Photography, a World Press Photo prize, the Pictures of the Year International World Understanding Award and four Amnesty International awards for Human Rights journalism. He has dedicated his career to documenting human rights and development issues around the world through long-term photographic projects. Robin won the FotoEvidence Book Award for Documenting Social Injustice which resulted in the publication of his long term project on mental health in Africa, Condemned. He has also won the Carmignac Gestion Photojournalism Award allowed him to continue his long-term photo project on life in Zimbabwe under the rule of Robert Mugabe. The work culminated in an exhibition in Paris and the publication of his first book ‘Your Wounds Will Be Named Silence’. Robin has made a wide variety of other photographic bodies from the impact of climate change on Pacific Island communities to rape used as a weapon of war in Congo and Bosnia, to the poisoning of ecosystems by multi-nationals in developing countries, to the rise of Africa’s middle class.

    ImageWassim Harb

    Senior Rule of Law Advisor, Founder and General Supervisor, Arab Center for the Development of the Rule of Law and IntegrityProfessor Wassim Harb is an attorney at law since 1970 and hold a PhD in law from Aix-Marseille University in France. He served as a professor of law at several Lebanese Universities. Professor Harb was the legal counselor of several Lebanese Ministers (1982-1990). Professor Harb has more than 40 years of experience in the areas of reform and development of the justice sector in the MENA Region. He served as a Senior Rule of Law advisor with several international and Regional Institutions mainly the World Bank (1995-1998), UNDP-POGAR (2000-2010), ESCWA, EU, etc. Most recently, as Senior Rule of Law Expert, he participated in the preparation of the Iraqi National Strategic Plan for the Rule of Law (UNDP-Iraq 2012-2014); Provided Technical Support to Strengthen the Role of Inspectors Generals (IGs) within their Ministries in Iraq (UNDP-Iraq 2014).

    ImageSamaa Haridi

    Partner, Hogan Lovells US LLP, New York, United StatesMs. Haridi has significant experience representing corporations and financial institutions from various parts of the world, and has represented parties in proceedings under the arbitration rules of all the major arbitral institutions. Ms. Haridi also frequently sits as an arbitrator in international disputes. Ms. Haridi has been ranked by clients and peers in Chambers USA and Chambers Global for International Arbitration. She has also been recognized as a "great up-and-coming lawyer" by Legal 500 and as a Future Star by Benchmark Litigation. Born in Switzerland, Ms. Haridi grew up in Belgium, Egypt, Morocco, and France. She holds a Diplôme d'Etudes Approfondies in Private International Law and International Business Transactions from the University of Paris I (Sorbonne); and an LL.M. in Comparative Law from the University Of San Diego School of Law, where she was a Sorbonne Scholar.

    ImageGeorgia Harley

    Justice Reform Specialist, Governance Global Practice, World BankGeorgia Harley is a Justice Reform Specialist in the Governance Global Practice of the World Bank, working predominantly in Europe and Central Asia. She task manages justice projects in Serbia and Croatia, and works with teams across the Western Balkans and in East Africa. Prior to joining the Bank, Ms. Harley was Executive Legal Adviser to the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. She earned a Bachelor of Arts and Laws (Honours) from the University of Queensland, a Master of Laws from the Australian National University and a Master in Economic Development from Duke University.

    ImageTazeen Hasan

    Senior Private Sector Development Specialist, World BankTazeen Hasan joined the World Bank Group's Women, Business and the Law program in 2014 as a Senior Private Sector Development Specialist. She was the legal specialist for the “World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development” and “Opening Doors: Gender Equality in the Middle East and North Africa.” She is co-author of several World Bank publications, including "Empowering Women: Legal Rights and Economic Opportunities in Africa" and "Voice and Agency: Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity." Previously, she was a barrister in the UK specializing in civil and commercial law, and subsequently worked in Kenya as a legal adviser to NGOs. She obtained a Master’s in International Law from the London School of Economics and a BA in Law from Pembroke College, University of Oxford.

    Mandana Hendessi

    Women for Women International Regional Director, Middle East and European OperationsMs. Hendessi is an international development professional with over 25 years of experience in management, consulting, designing and developing programs for civil society organizations, governments, International NGOs, and the UN, covering a diversity of socio-economic and human rights issues. Nearly all of her international experience has been in conflict-affected contexts, interfacing with political and civil society leaders, donors and international institutions for developing strategies on the involvement of women in governance and peace-building and on the elimination of violence against women and children. Prior to joining Women for Women International in February 2015, Hendessi most recently directed the Afghanistan Program at Global Rights, where she engaged young Afghans to support and promote democratic values, the rule of law, and the rights of women.

    ImageDean Hewlett

    Product Director, De La RueMr. Hewlett joined De La Rue in 2015, heading up the Authentication and Traceability business. He and his team, are currently working with Governments and Enterprises on a wide variety Anti-Counterfeiting solutions across the globe. Previous to that Mr. Hewlett began his professional career in Telecommunications, working for Nokia, and Motorola in various product roles, from marketing to product strategy. A period as a management consultant followed, working with leading brands to help define and deliver mobile strategies and services. He holds an PhD in Engineering.

    ImageRebecca Hollander-Blumoff

    Professor of Law, Washington University, St. Louis

    Her work focuses on law and psychology in the context of dispute resolution. Ms. Hollander-Blumoff is the current Chair of the Faculty Senate Council at Washington University and the past Chair of the Executive Committee of the Association of American Law Schools Section on Civil Procedure. Before becoming a law professor, she clerked for the Hon. Kimba M. Wood, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, and practiced law at Lankler Siffert & Wohl LLP, a litigation firm in New York City specializing in white collar criminal defense. In addition to her undergraduate and law degrees from Harvard University, Professor Hollander-Blumoff holds a Ph.D. in social psychology from New York University, where she formerly served as an acting assistant professor in the Lawyering Program, as well as a research fellow at the Institute of Judicial Administration.

    ImageDaniel Hougendobler

    Associate, O’Neill InstituteHe holds a Juris Doctor and Masters in Public Health from Emory University, where he served as Articles Editor for the Emory Law Journal, as well as a Master of Laws in Global Health Law from Georgetown University. His research interests include health law and policy, trade and health, and the impact of the global governance system on access to medicines. Prior to joining the O’Neill Institute, Daniel researched PEPFAR implementation in Rwanda, aided in an NGO's implementation of a clean water program in Haiti, and assisted the Medicines Patent Pool in its attempt to lower intellectual property barriers to HIV treatments.

    ImageZubair Iqbal

    Scholar, Middle East Institute Prior to joining the Middle East Institute (“MEI”) as adjunct scholar in 2008, Dr. Zubair Iqbal worked with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for thirty five years, retiring in 2007 as Assistant Director of the Middle East and Central Asia Department. While at the MEI, Iqbal has coordinated discussions of the Working Group on Pakistan’s economy and has been writing notes and articles on regional developments, including Pakistan’s economic challenges, factors underlying the democratic movement in the Arab world, and outlook for the future. In addition, he has been commenting on the regional developments on the Voice of America, BBC, and Bloomberg, as well as in national and international newspapers.

    ImageStephen Jackson

    Chief, Policy Planning and Guidance, United Nations Department of Political Affairs (DPA), United NationsStephen Jackson (Ireland) is Chief of Policy Planning and Guidance in the United Nations Department of Political Affairs (DPA). He has previously held positions in the United Nations as: Head of the Secretariat to the 2015 Review of UN Peacebuilding; Team Leader of DPA’s Mediation Support Unit; Chief of Staff of the UN Office in Burundi (BNUB); Team Leader of DPA’s Policy Planning Unit and the Great Lakes Team; Special Adviser to former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo as Special Envoy for the Great Lakes; and Senior Political Adviser with the UN Mission in the DRC (MONUC). He holds a Ph.D. in Cultural Anthropology and a Master in International Public Affairs from Princeton University.

    ImageImageBarend Jansen

    Assistant General Counsel, International Monetary Fund Barend Jansen heads the Financial and Fiscal Law Unit of the Legal Department. Prior to the IMF he worked for 18 years at the central bank of the Netherlands where he was involved in the preparation of the third stage of the EMU. At the Fund Mr. Jansen’s expertise spans across financial sector law reform and policy issues in the area of central banking, banking, bank restructuring and resolution, and non-tax fiscal matters. 

    ImageRizwan H. Kanji

    Partner, King & SpaldingMr. H. Kanji leads a highly experienced debt capital markets team with a proven track record in advising and documenting both Islamic and conventional debt capital market products covering both Regulation S and Rule 144A offerings. The well regarded team has been involved in a number of high profile transactions. The team has advised and represented major players in the market including sovereign states, quasi-sovereign entities, high profile corporates and large financial institutions in their roles as lead managers capital markets transactions, turning his hand to both conventional and Shari'ah-compliant structures". Chambers Global 2014 states "Rizwan Kanji leads the debt capital markets practice. He is praised for his technical skills in Shari'a-compliant debt".


    Susan Karamanian

    Associate Dean for International and Comparative Law, George Washington University LawAmong her activities at GW Law, she has helped lead an initiative to educate Bhutanese judges. Susan joined GW Law in 2000 after a 14-year career at a law firm in Texas. She has served in leadership capacities in the American Society of International Law, is past President of the Washington Foreign Law Society, and is a member of the boards of the Center for American and International Law and the Texas Appleseed Foundation.

    ImageAbdoul Karim Kabele Camara

    AMLA Project Coordinator, African Legal Support FacilityMr. Karim is a lawyer with a specialization in Energy, Mining, Petroleum and African Business Community Law. In January 2014, he was selected to be part of the Legal Research Team of the African Mining Legislation Atlas (AMLA) Project. More recently, Abdoul Karim has joined the African Legal Support Facility at the African Development Bank as AMLA Project Coordinator and Counsel. He holds an LLM in Private Law from the University of Cheikh Anta Diop (Senegal); an LLM in African Business Community Law from the University of Bouake (Ivory Coast); and a dual LLM in Mineral Law and Policy in Petroleum Taxation and Finance from University of Dundee (United Kingdom). At Dundee, he is also a PhD candidate. He is a part time lecturer at the African Institute for Mineral, Petroleum and Energy Resources (AIMPER) based in Uganda. He is also a visiting lecturer at The Technical University of Delft (TU Delft) in the Netherlands. Abdoul Karim is the Co-founder and president of the Guinea Mining Club.

    ImageCatherine Kessedjian

    Professor of Law, University of Panthéon-Assas, Paris, FranceCatherine KESSEDJIAN is the Deputy Director of the European College of Paris. She teaches European Business Law and International Dispute Resolution at the University Panthéon-Assas Paris II, where she is the Director of a Master program in European Law. She teaches seminars on Private International Law, International and Comparative Dispute Resolution and Arbitration. She acts as mediator or arbitrator in a selected number of transnational disputes either ad hoc or under the auspices of, among others, ICSID, ICC, LCIA and AAA. Before joining Paris II, she was Deputy Secretary General of the Hague Conference on Private International Law (1996-2000), on secondment from the Université de Bourgogne in France, and was a practising attorney in Paris from 1982 to the end of 1998, focusing on transnational litigation and international business transactions. She received her legal education from the University of Paris (Doctorate) and the University of Pennsylvania Law School (LLM). She is Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur (France), Chevalier de l’ordre national du Mérite (France) et Chevalier dans l’ordre des Palmes académiques (France).

    ImageMoushira Khattab

    Former Minister of Family and Population of Egypt as well as Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs, Vice Chair of the UN Committee on the Rights of the ChildMs. Khattab previously has served as Ambassador of Egypt to South Africa during the Nelson Mandela era and Ambassador of Egypt to the Czech Republic and Slovakia during their formation. Ms. Khattab is a strong activist for human rights, especially women and children. She coordinated national efforts to combat gender based violence--including female genital mutilation--and child marriage. Because of the remarkable results of her amazing leadership, Ms. Khattab has been awarded The Order of Good Hope from the President of South Africa, The Knight of the Grand Cross, and Decoration of “Commendatore” of the Order of Merit by the President of the Italian Republic. Ms. Khattab holds a doctorate in International Relations and Human Rights Law from Cairo University, a Master’s degree in International Relations from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from Cairo University.

    ImageDany Khayat

    Partner, Mayer Brown, Paris, FranceDany Khayat is the head of Mayer Brown’s International Arbitration practice in Paris. He has been involved in arbitrations under the ICC, ICSID, GAFTA, RSA, DIAC, CRCICA, AFA and UNCITRAL rules as well as in ad hoc arbitration proceedings. Mr. Khayat is currently lecturing on investor/State disputes at the University of Poitiers as well as at the University of Paris II (Paris-Sud). He is the co-author of the 700-page “Recueil des Commentaires des Decisions du CIRDI (2002-2007)” (Bruylant 2009) in which all ICSID awards, decisions and orders published between 2002 and 2007 are commented upon.

    ImageJonathan Klaaren

    Professor, University of the Witwatersrand, JohannesburgHe teaches, researches, and writes in the areas of human rights, law, and sociology, having written over forty peer-reviewed publications and co-written several books. His current research interests are in the legal profession, regulation and human rights, transparency, and sociolegal studies in Africa. He has served on a number of editorial committees and boards including those of the South African Journal on Human Rights, Law & Society Review, and Law & Policy. He served as Dean of the Wits Law School from 2010 to 2013 and as Director of the School’s Mandela Institute from 2005 to 2007. Beyond his permanent appointment in the Law School, he holds an additional appointment as a Visiting Professor in the Faculty of Humanities and works with the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WiSER). He holds a Phd in sociology from Yale University and law degrees from Columbia (JD) and Wits (LLB).

    ImageSeth D. Kaplan

    Professorial Lecturer, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins UniversityMr. Kaplan is a Professorial Lecturer in the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University, Senior Adviser for the Institute for Integrated Transitions (IFIT), and consultant to organizations working on governance, state building, and poverty reduction. Mr. Kaplan is the author of two books: Fixing Fragile States: A New Paradigm for Development (Praeger Security International, 2008), and Betrayed: Politics, Power, and Prosperity (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

    ImageBenedict Kingsbury

    Murry and Ida Becker Professor of Law and Director, Institute for International Law and Justice (, New York University School of LawMr. Kingsbury is joint Editor in Chief of the American Journal of International Law, a premier journal in the field. With NYU Law colleague Professor Richard B. Stewart he founded and co-directs the IILJ’s pathbreaking Global Administrative Law project. He jointly leads the IILJ research project on Indicators and Global Governance by Information, with Professors Kevin Davis and Sally Engle Merry. He is currently working on effects of megaregional trade agreements on third parties; governance of illicit activities; capturing positive externalities from IFI operational policies; and relations between (rule of) law and order beyond the state. Kingsbury completed his LL.B. with first class honors at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, and was a Rhodes Scholar at Balliol College, Oxford, where he completed an M.Phil in International Relations and a D.Phil in Law. He held a permanent teaching position in the Law Faculty at Oxford before moving to the US. He has taught at Harvard Law School, the University of Paris I, the University of Tokyo, and several other institutions. He is a visiting professor at the University of Utah.

    ImageRené Klaff

    Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa, the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for LibertyThe Foundation is a German non-profit institution engaged in civic education, political consultancy and international political dialogue. The Foundation engages in supporting and realizing classical liberal values and policy approaches both in Germany and in about 70 countries worldwide. He currently based in Cairo. Previously he was posted in Islamabad, Singapore, Jerusalem, New Delhi and Sofia. From 1999 to 2001 he held the position of Secretary General of the German United Nations Association. He is a Political Scientist, holding a PhD and an MA-Degree from the University of Kiel.

    ImageAnne-Lise Klausen

    Senior Operations Officer, Fragility, Conflict and Violence Group (FCV), World Bank Anne-Lise Klausen is leading the FCV’s partnership work. The FCV Group leads the World Bank’s strategic approach to partnerships in fragile and conflict affected situations. Anne-Lise is the focal point for cooperation with the g7+ group of fragile and conflict affected countries, the International Dialogue on Peace and Statebuilding and co-chairs the OECD/INCAAF Task Team on Implementation and Reform. She leads engagement on the WBs support to the New Deal, handles partnership engagement with bilateral donors on peace and statebuilding issues and new global donors. She is an economic historian and political scientist from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark with specialization in institutional assessments and governance reforms in developing contexts. Prior to working in the World Bank, she was the Managing Director and Partner in a consulting company. She has performed senior advisory roles in the design of multi stakeholder governance programmes in Uganda, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Indonesia and provided support to the Gross National Happiness commission in Bhutan; she is an experienced drafter of strategies and policies.

    ImageAmanda Kosonen

    Senior Counsel, International Monetary Fund Amanda Kosonen is Senior Counsel in the International Monetary Fund’s Legal Department, where she advises IMF staff, management, the Executive Board, and membership on legal aspects of IMF governance and decision-making, financing, surveillance, and technical assistance. Prior to joining the IMF, Ms. Kosonen was in private practice at Shearman & Sterling LLP. Ms. Kosonen has a J.D. from Harvard Law School and a B.A. from Simon Fraser University.

    ImageRoberto Laguado

    Public Procurement International ExpertRoberto has more than 15 years in policy reform and modernization of procurement national systems. Joined the Inter-American Development Bank in 2009 as Procurement Specialist for Bolivia and since 2013 is part of the IADB’s Head Procurement Office in Washington DC. He leads several MAPS assessments in the region and supports the implementation of use of procurement system in IADB member countries. Roberto is Secretary of the Project Procurement Committee at the IADB as well as General Manager of SEPA system. Holds a JD from Universidad Javeriana in Colombia, completed graduate studies in trade and administrative law, as well as an LLM in International Economic Law from Warwick University Law School in England. From year 2001 to 2009 served as Secretary of the National Procurement Commission in Colombia, the institution that led the public procurement reform in that country.

    Richard A. Lalonde

    Senior Financial Sector Expert, IMFMr. Lalonde is a senior financial sector expert and coordinator for the IMF’s anti-money laundering and combating the financing of the terrorist (AML/CFT) assessment program within the Legal Department. He has been a member of the IMF delegation to the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and represents the IMF in the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) AML Experts Group. He joined the IMF in 2003 by way of the Canadian Department of Finance where he was responsible for domestic and international AML/CFT issues and was head of the Canadian delegation to the FATF. From 2002–2003, he chaired a FATF working group that led to the adoption of the revised FATF standard in 2003. More recently, Mr. Lalonde participated in the FATF assessment of Norway and led the IMF assessment of Italy, the report of which was recently adopted by the FATF in October 2015. Mr. Lalonde has over 15 years of experience in financial sector policy making and some 15 years in the AML/CFT area.

    ImageAxel Leblois

    President and Executive Director, G3ictAxel Leblois spent over 20 years at the helm of information technology companies in the United States including as CEO of Computerworld Communications, CEO of IDC - International Data Corporation, Vice-Chairman of IDG - International Data Group, President of Bull HN Worldwide Information Systems - formerly Honeywell Information Systems, CEO of ExecuTrain and President of W2i, the Wireless Internet Institute. Axel Leblois served as a Senior Special Fellow of UNITAR, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research, and is a founding trustee of its North American affiliate CIFAL Atlanta. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of USICD, U.S. International Council on Disabilities, and GAATES, Global Alliance on Accessible Technologies and Environments. Mr. Leblois holds an MBA from INSEAD and is a graduate of Sciences Po Paris.

    ImagePaul-Jean Le Cannu

    Legal Counsel, ICSIDMr. Le Cannu joined ICSID in November 2010. Prior to joining ICSID, Mr. Le Cannu worked as an attorney with the law firm of Shearman & Sterling in Paris and as a legal counsel at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague. Mr. Le Cannu holds degrees from King’s College London (LL.B.), Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Maîtrise and DEA) and the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris (Diplôme - Government Studies). He is admitted to the Paris Bar (currently omitted).

    ImageEnzo Maria Le Fevre Cervini

    Director of Research and Cooperation, Budapest Centre for the International Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities PreventionEnzo Maria Le Fevre Cervini is the Vice-Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Foundation for the International Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities and Director for Research and Cooperation of the Budapest Centre, which is the operative body of the Foundation. The Budapest Centre is the most renowned European based institution dealing with mass atrocities prevention and the Responsibility to Protect. In 2015, he was appointed member of the Study Group of the Italian Ministry of Interior on the Asylum System in Italy and, since 2014, he has been an external advisor on migration issues at the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 

    Jennifer M. Lester

    Assistant General Counsel, IMFMs. Lester heads the Administrative Law Unit of the IMF Legal Department, where she carries out a broad portfolio of responsibilities which includes advising on matters relating to the IMF’s privileges and immunities. Before joining the IMF in 1997, Ms. Lester was a legal officer in the Legal Department of the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization. Prior to that, she was in private practice for 6 years with the Washington, D.C. office of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen and Hamilton, where she practiced corporate law, international trade law and litigation. In addition, Ms. Lester has over 12 years experience as a career diplomat with the Jamaican Foreign Service. She was the Minister Counselor for Economic and Trade Affairs in the Jamaican Embassy in Washington from 1985 to 1991. Ms. Lester received her J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center, and holds a M.Sc. in International Relations, and a B.A. in Modern Languages from the University of the West Indies.

    ImageMichael Levi

    Professor of Criminology, Cardiff UniversityHe has been conducting international research on the control of white-collar and organised crime, corruption and money laundering/ financing of terrorism since 1972, and has published widely on these subjects as well as editing major journals. Current and recent posts include President, US National White-Collar Crime Research Consortium; Member, European Commission Group of Experts on Corruption; Member, Illicit Trade and Organized Crime Council, World Economic Forum; Member, Committee on the Illicit Tobacco Market, US National Academy of Sciences; Member, EC Asset Recovery Office Working Group; and independent member, UK Statistics Authority Crime Statistics Advisory Committee. He has degrees from Oxford, Cambridge, Southampton and Cardiff Universities.

    Natalie Lichtenstein

    Chief Counsel, Multilateral Interim Secretariat for the Establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment BankMs. Lichtenstein in 1980 joined the World Bank’s legal department in 1980, advising on lending operations in China and other countries for most of the next 20 years. She served as Chief Counsel, East Asia in the 1990s, and then in senior positions from 2000-2010, specializing in the Bank’s institutional governance issues and reforms. Retired in 2010, she continues to teach Law & Society in China as a Professorial Lecturer in China Studies at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington, DC. Ms. Lichtenstein received her A.B. degree (East Asian Studies) from Harvard University in 1975 and her J.D. degree from Harvard Law School in 1978.

    ImageTod Lindberg

    Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, based in Hoover’s Washington, DC Tod Lindberg's areas of research are political theory, international relations, national security policy, and US politics. In 2007–8, Lindberg served as head of the expert group on international norms and institutions of the Genocide Prevention Task Force, a joint project of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the American Academy of Diplomacy, and the U.S. Institute of Peace. In 2005, Lindberg was the coordinator for the group Preventing and Responding to Genocide and Major Human Rights Abuses for the United States Institute of Peace's Task Force on the United Nations. An archive of his writing is available at

    ImageImageJon Lindsay

    Lead Counsel for Land and Natural Resources, World Bank Jon Lindsay's work focuses on the legal dimensions of World Bank activities related to property rights, land tenure and management, as well as Bank social safeguard policies, especially resettlement and indigenous peoples.  He has written extensively on land and forestry law issues and international trends in compulsory acquisition law and practice. Before joining the World Bank in 2006, Jon was a legal officer in FAO’s Development Law Service for 12 years, where he helped lead numerous technical assistance projects on land and forestry law around the world.  He is a graduate of Yale College and UC Berkeley (Boalt Hall) School of Law.

    ImageImageYan Liu

    Assistant General Counsel, International Monetary Fund Yan Liu is the head of the Financial Integrity Group of the Legal Department. She also supervises the work of the Legal Department on the development and implementation of polices on sovereign debt restructurings and operations. Finally, she leads a team of lawyers providing advice on private sector debt resolution with a focus on corporate, household and SME insolvency reform and enforcement of contractual rights. She has published extensively on insolvency reforms and non-performing loan resolution in EU countries in the aftermath of the recent financial crisis. Prior to joining the IMF in 1999, Ms. Liu was a corporate and securities lawyer. A native of China, Ms. Liu received legal education in both China and the United States.

    ImageImage Lili Liu

    Lead Economist, Governance, World Bank Lili Liu is the Global Leader on Decentralization and Intergovernmental Relations in the Governance Global Practice Group of the World Bank. She has led policy research on multilevel government finance in the context of macroeconomic adjustment, infrastructure financing, and capital market development. She has a PhD and MA in Economics from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 

    ImageJanet Lord

    Senior Vice President, Human Rights and Inclusive Development, Burton Blatt Institute, Syracuse UniversityAn international human rights lawyer, Janet Lord specializes in international disability law and policy and inclusive development for marginalized groups. Lord joined the senior management team at BBI in August 2013 as Senior Fellow for Human Rights and Inclusive Development. She currently oversees programming in the area of human rights and inclusive development and provides technical assistance in inclusive development assessments and evaluations; disability law, policy and advocacy; human rights capacity building for governments and NGOs; and the rights of marginalized populations. She is currently on the adjunct teaching faculty at the American University Washington College of Law and the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law. She served as an attorney for the World Bank Group and as Legal Counsel and Director of Advocacy for an international landmine survivor assistance organization. Lord holds an LL.B. and LL.M. in law from the University of Edinburgh (Scotland), an LL.M. in international and comparative law from George Washington University Law School, and a B.A. in History from Kenyon College.

    ImageWilliam T. Loris

    Director and Senior Lecturer, LLM Program on Rule of Law for Development, Loyola University Chicago School of LawMr. Loris joined Loyola in 2010. He co-founded the International Development Law Institute, a Dutch foundation, which was later transformed into an inter-governmental organization, the International Development Law Organization (IDLO), by an international convention. At various times, Mr. Loris served as IDLO's General Counsel, as its Director of Programs and finally, by appointment of the IDLO Member States, for 10 years as its Director General. His previous experience included ten years’ service as a Legal Advisor at the US Agency for International Development (USAID), first in West Africa and then in Cairo. Mr. Loris is the co-facilitator of the GFLJD thematic working group on Justice and Rule of Law Reform and a member of the GFLJD steering committee.

    ImageJelena Madir

    Senior Counsel, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) Ms. Madir focuses on a variety of international financing transactions and compliance matters. She is also an advisor to EBRD’s Enforcement Committee and has worked on the latest revisions of EBRD’s Enforcement Policy and Procedures. Jelena is also a Teaching Fellow at University College London (UCL) and a Lecturer at City University in London. Prior to joining EBRD, Jelena worked as a finance and capital markets lawyer at Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP in Washington, DC; Shearman & Sterling LLP in Frankfurt, Germany; and Privredna Banka and DLA Piper LLP in Zagreb, Croatia. Jelena is a graduate of Dartmouth College (BA Government and Asian Studies) and Columbia University School of Law (JD).

    ImageHamudi Majamba

    Professor, University of Dar-es-Salaam School of LawMr. Majamba is an Associate Professor of Law and Dean of the University of Dar-es-Salaam School of Law in Tanzania. He holds an LL.B from the University of Dar-es-Salaam; an LL.M from Queen's University, Canada and a Ph.D. from Northeastern University, USA. He is also an Advocate of the High Court of Tanzania, Notary Public and Commissioner for Oaths. Professor Majamba is a member of the Panel of Experts on Gas and Oil (an Advisory organ to the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania). He specializes in Environmental and Natural Resources Management Laws and has published numerous articles on the subject in scholarly journals.

    ImagePauline Malaplate

    Public Notary, Supreme Council of Notaries of the French RepublicMs. Malaplate is an international land tenure expert in the Titling Commission of the High Council for the French Notarial Profession. She has followed the 4th European Conference on the Land African Studies in Uppsala (Sweden) in June 2011 and the first African Conference of the ministries of agriculture in Lilongwe (Malawi) in October 2010 for the launching of the implementation phase of the au- eca- afdb land policy initiative. She has been speaking at the World Bank conferences "Land & Poverty" in spring and "Legal Week" in the fall as an international expert on legal and land Tenure Security issues for several years.

    ImageRichard Malengule

    Country Director, Central African Republic, ABA Rule of Law InitiativeRichard is a human rights lawyer and international development professional. He joined the ABA Rule of Law Initiative in 2012 as the Director of a Women’s Justice and Empowerment Program in North Kivu in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where he worked to strengthen local capacity to combat sexual and gender-based violence in the region. Mr. Malengule also worked on a judicial case management database operating in eastern DRC to measure performance of both prosecutorial and judicial magistrates. In DRC, Mr. Malengule oversaw the operation of legal aid clinics, support for mobile investigation teams, and trainings of justice sector officials - work that he now implements in the Central African Republic. Prior to joining ABA ROLI, Mr. Malengule served as the Project Director of HEAL Africa’s USHINDI program assisting SGBV survivors in North Kivu. Mr. Malengule has also conducted extensive research on socio-cultural barriers to access to justice for SGBV survivors and attitudes and practices related to gender and HIV/AIDS in eastern Congo. Mr. Malengule is fluent in English and French and holds a post-graduate degrees in International Public Law and in Community Care.

    ImageImageCecilia Marian

    Senior Counsel, International Monetary Fund Cecilia Marian is a Senior Counsel in the Financial Integrity Group (FIG) of the Legal Department. Before this position, Ms. Marian was the Regional AML/CFT Adviser for the Asia/Pacific for FIG, based in Singapore. Ms Marian holds a Master of Laws (LL.M) in Banking and Financial Law from Boston University and a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) from University of Malaya.

    ImageŽarko Marković

    National Legal Officer, Rule of Law and Human Rights Department , OSCE Mission to SerbiaŽarko Marković is National Legal Officer in the Rule of Law and Human Rights Department of the OSCE Mission to Serbia, where he works on the implementation of their Human Rights and Criminal Justice Programme. Prior to joining the OSCE, from 2006 to 2014, he worked at the Belgrade Centre for Human Rights, where he conducted research in the fields of human rights law and criminal law, including international criminal law, and represented victims of human rights violations before the Constitutional Court of Serbia and the European Court of Human Rights. Zarko has been a consultant to the World Bank and worked closely with Team Leader Georgia Harley on the Serbia Judicial Functional Review, including on the development process maps that measured the difference between the law on the book and the law in practice in Serbia.

    ImageImageEmmanuel Mathias

    Senior Financial Sector Expert, International Monetary Fund Emmanuel Mathias holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Paris – Pantheon Sorbonne, and was admitted to the French national school of administration (ENA). Prior to joining the IMF in 2005, he served as a researcher in economics, was trained as a Customs special agent, and worked for the French financial intelligence unit. At the Fund, he coordinates the work on financial integrity issues in the context of surveillance and Fund-supported programs.

    ImageNikilas Mawanda

    Founder and Former Executive-Director, Trans Support Initiative, Uganda The Trans Support Initiative is the first transgender and gender non-conforming people’s organization in the region. He has served the Ugandan LGBT community for more than 10 years. During his career, he has played key roles in organizing, mobilizing and advocacy through organizations like Freedom and Roam Uganda, Transgender, Intersex and Transsexuals Uganda, The Coalition on Human Rights and Constitutional Law, The Uganda LGBTIQ National Security Team and he is also one of the pioneers of the Trans -Africa Movement. Nikilas is Secretary Board of Directors Sexual Minorities — Uganda (SMUG), and Executive Committee member of the Coalition of African Lesbians and Gender Diverse Persons in Africa. He is the 2015 Global Courage Award recipient as an International Human Rights Advocate from the Center Global Refugee and Asylum Network.

    ImageNina Mazar

    Associate Professor of Marketing, University of Toronto’s Rotman School of ManagementShe is also co-founder and partner at BEworks, and one of “The 40 Most Outstanding B-School Profs Under 40 In The World” (Poets&Quants 2014). Her research focuses on behavioral science and its policy application. She is particularly interested in how human behavior is influenced by seemingly irrelevant cues in the environment, and how to re-design the environment to nudge individuals to make better decisions (anywhere from financial decisions to consumption decisions to moral decisions).

    ImageImageAlberto Mazzoni

    President, UNIDROIT Alberto Mazzoni has held numerous positions as a Professor at the University of Pisa,, Genoa, Lecce and Sassari, and the Catholic University of Milan. Professionally, he is the founder and the senior partner of the law firm Mazzoni e Associati. His areas of practice and teaching include corporations, commercial contracts, banking, arbitration, antitrust, insolvency, insurance, mergers and acquisitions, transactions in intellectual property rights and other transnational transactions. He is the author of several law books and articles and co-director of the law review “Rivista di Diritto del Commercio Internazionale” as well as of the law book series called “Diritto Commerciale Italiano e Internazionale”. 

    ImageImageCharlotte V. McClain-Nhlapo

    Global Disability Advisor, World Bank Group Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo focuses on working with and supporting operational teams across the institution to ensure that Bank policies, programs and projects take people with disabilities into consideration. Prior to the World Bank she was appointed by U.S. President Barack Obama in 2011 she led USAID’s work on disability inclusive development, from developing policies and country strategies to technical assistance for program implementation. Charlotte holds Law Degrees in international law and administration from the University of Warsaw, Poland and Cornell Law School. 

    ImageImageThomas F. McInerney

    Distinguished Scholar in Residence, Loyola University of Chicago School of Law Thomas F. McInerney is the founder of the Treaty Effectiveness Initiative, which provides research, publications, training, and policy advice to improve the performance of multilateral treaties and related international organizations. He counsels multilateral organizations, treaty secretariats, international NGOs, and governments on treaty management, international law, and development and is Of Counsel to the law firm EXP Legal in Rome. He is a Visiting Fellow at Australian National University and was a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at Cambridge University. Most recently, he published the book Strategic Treaty Management: Practice and Implications.

    ImageImage James McManis

    Fellow of the International Academy of Trial Lawyers (IATL); Co-Chair of the IATL China Program James McManis has been a member of the trial bar for over 40 years.  He represents Silicon Valley companies with commercial, trade secret and intellectual property issues, as well as individuals in a wide variety of matters, including civil rights actions, employment disputes, family law, and criminal defense.  Jim co-chairs the Academy’s China Program, which has assisted China in developing its legal system for the past 20 years.

    ImageGalina J. Mikhlin-Oliver

    Director, Strategy and Core Services, Integrity Vice Presidency, The World BankIn her current capacity as Director, Strategy and Core Services in the Integrity Vice Presidency, Ms. Mikhlin-Oliver oversees INT’s preventive services as well as the forensic accounting, internal investigation and compliance units.Prior to joining INT, Ms. Mikhlin-Oliver has held several positions in the World Bank’s Legal and Operation and Core Services Vice Presidencies. Ms. Mikhlin-Oliver holds common and civil law degrees from McGill University School of Law and a Bachelor of Science in Human Genetics also from McGill.

    ImageImage John T. Monahan

    Senior Advisor for Global Health to Georgetown University President John J. DeGioia John Monahan has served as the Special Advisor for Global Health Partnerships at the US Department of State as well as Counselor to the Secretary and Director of Global Health Affairs at the US Department of Health and Human Services Monahan served as the founding Executive Director of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law and as a Visiting Professor at Georgetown Law School Monahan served on the Obama-Biden and Clinton-Gore transition teams, and he has worked on numerous campaigns.

    ImageImageMark Moseley 

    Lead Lawyer, World Bank Mr. Moseley is the Lead Lawyer in the World Bank PPP Group, currently on secondment to the Global Infrastructure Hub, based in Sydney. His work is primarily focused on the contractual arrangements for public-private partnership transactions and the legal and regulatory arrangements for such transactions. Mark is also the Task Team Leader for the Recommended PPP Contractual Provisions Initiative.

    ImageSamar Muhareb

    Co-Founder and Director, Arab Renaissance for Democracy and Development-Legal AidMs. Muhareb is the co-founder and Director of ARDD-Legal Aid, UNHCR’s main partner in the provision of legal aid in Jordan. She works in the field of Human Rights with the vision of increasing access to justice for all in Jordan and the wider MENA region. ARRD-Legal Aid is a rights-based social justice organization promoting development across the MENA region, with the aim of empowering refugees and migrants. Ms. Muhareb’s expertise in development within the Jordanian context is amplified by her experience in democracy, governance, human rights, legal assistance, research and policy. Currently, Ms. Muhareb is teaching a Refugees and Migration course at the University of Jordan. Ms. Muhareb holds a Law Degree and a Master’s in Human Rights and Development.

    ImageGeorge Mukundi Wachira

    Head of the African Governance Architecture (AGA) Secretariat, Department of Political Affairs, African Union (AU) CommissionPrior to joining the AU Commission in 2012, he was the advocacy director, Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, South Africa where he led civil society and policy makers’ engagement with the African Union towards the development of an African transitional justice policy framework. A Kenyan national, he has a law degree from the University of Nairobi, Master and Doctor of International Law Degrees from the University of Pretoria, South Africa and a Master in Public Administration Degree from the Harvard, Kennedy School of Government.

    ImageMarco Musumeci

    Programme Coordinator, United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)Mr. Musumeci has played an active role in building the Institute’s Programme on counterfeiting, providing substantive advice on the overall strategic development of its projects and on the creation of new alliances since 2007. He actually manages a portfolio of several projects focused on counterfeiting and organized crime, with activities ranging from research and public/private cooperation to the design of training and awareness materials. He holds a Masters' degree in criminology and international criminal policy and he is co-author of the first UNICRI publication on counterfeiting and organized crime as well as of several other publications on similar topics produced by the Institute.

    ImageJoseph Myers

    Vice President, Compliance, the Western Union CompanyMr. Myers is responsible for global compliance risk assessments. Prior to joining Western Union in 2014, he was assistant general counsel and head of the financial integrity group in the legal department of the International Monetary Fund. Prior to joining the IMF in 2005, he worked on financial crime, corruption and terrorism issues as a director at the National Security Council at the White House, as a senior advisor to the undersecretary of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, as assistant director and deputy chief counsel of the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), and in private law practice. Mr. Myers is a graduate of Yale College and Vanderbilt University Law School.

    ImageImageYuliya Neyman

    Land Governance and Legal Advisor, USAID Yulina Neyman leads the USAIDs private sector engagement and responsible investment work. Prior to joining USAID, Ms. Neyman was as a corporate lawyer and she has worked with the UN Global Compact to create the Business Reference Guide to the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. She has written for the Huffington Post, Miami Herald, South Florida Business Journal, New York Daily News, Newsday, Washington Times and USA Today. Ms. Neyman has a bachelor's degree in Journalism from Northwestern University, and a law degree from Columbia Law School.

    ImageHelene N’Garnim-Ganga

    Resident Representative, African Development Bank With more than twenty years of experience, Helene N’Garnim-Ganga has been practicing as a lawyer in Abidjan, Paris and New York. She then proceeded to manage the legal operational affair divisions in both Agence Francaise de Developpement and African Development Bank. She holds a Master of Laws degree from Harvard Law School and another from Sorbonne. She also holds a DEA in law from Assas University. Since 2012, she is the Resident Representative of the African Development Bank in Mali.

    ImageImageCaroline Nicholas

    Senior Legal Officer, International Trade Law Division of the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs (the UNCITRAL Secretariat) Caroline Nicholas serves as Secretary to UNCITRAL Working Group, including that on Procurement and Infrastructure Development, which drafted the UNCITRAL Model Law on Public Procurement (issued in 2011). She provides legal and policy advice and works in partnership with other international bodies, such as the World Bank, other MDBs, the WTO, OSCE and OECD. She provides regular technical assistance to national governments in all regions.

    ImageMansur Noibi

    Director, Legal Department of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) Mr. Noibi is also in charge of the in-house legal function of the Islamic Research and Training Institute as well as the International Trade Finance Corporation, the trade arm of the IDB Group. Mansur has worked on a number of initiatives and designed a number of innovative Islamic finance solutions offered by IDB in addressing the development needs of member countries. Mansur is a solicitor and advocate of the Supreme Court of Nigeria. He holds Bachelor of Laws degree from the Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, Master of Laws in international business law and banking & finance law, both from the Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, and a PhD in law from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

    ImageImage Mohamed Afzal Norat

    Senior Financial Sector Expert and Senior Economist, IMF Mohamed Afzal Norat represents the IMF on the Core Principles and Islamic Finance Regulation working group of the Islamic Financial Services Board. He has worked on various analytical areas including the Vulnerability and Early Warning Exercise for the IMFC and in financial topic areas of: bank and nonbank analysis, derivatives, high-frequency, Islamic finance and de-risking. He was a former Assistant Professor of Economics, Econometrics and Mathematical Economics, Leeds University, Fast Stream Statistician at the Office for National Statistics, Visiting Fellow at the US Census Bureau and Quant, Dealer and Advisor at the Bank of England.

    ImageMichel Nussbaumer

    Director, Legal Transition, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)Mr. Nussbaumer is deals with policy dialogue and technical assistance in the commercial law sector. Previously, Michel worked for almost three years as counsel in one of the banking operations teams, where he was responsible for legal aspects of various investments of the Bank, with a particular focus on SME financing. Michel has practiced as a commercial lawyer in Geneva, Moscow and London. A Swiss national, he received his first law degree from the University of Fribourg, followed by a Master’s Degree in Law from the University of California at Berkeley. He also was a visiting scholar at Moscow State University.

    ImageNeoma Nwogu

    Senior Counsel and Task Team Leader for AMLA Project, World BankMs. Nwogu is a senior legal counsel for the World Bank Group, where she represents the development institution in its financings in Africa and the Middle East. Prior to joining the World Bank, she was an Associate at Hogan & Hartson LLP (now Hogan Lovells LLP), working on international business transactions. She has worked with the South African Human Rights Commission and the United States Justice Department, Civil Division. Beyond her legal practice, she leads the African Mining Legislation Atlas Project, a legislation gathering, organization, dissemination and capacity building initiative whose goal is to support African countries in maximizing mineral resource benefits. Nneoma is an adjunct Professor of Law at the American University Washington College of Law and part-time faculty of Loyola University of Chicago as an LLM thesis advisor. She has served as Vice President of Programming on the Board of the Washington Foreign Law Society and guest lectured at Vanderbilt University and Johns Hopkins School of International Studies.

    ImageAnthony Okara

    Deputy Chief of Staff, Office of the Deputy Chairperson, African Union CommissionMr. Okara is a lawyer, diplomat and international civil servant. He has been engaged in national and multilateral level public sector reforms for almost 2 decades in Kenya, East Africa and on the African continent at large. He is the Deputy Chief of Staff, Bureau of the Deputy Chairperson at the African Union Commission. Anthony has promoted extensive capacity building and institutional reforms at the African Union leading to new Staff Regulations and Rules, Financial Regulations and Rules, results based management, programming and budgeting, waste reduction and a radical improvement of the ICT infrastructure. Mr. Okara holds a Bachelor of Laws degree and is currently writing his thesis to complete a Master of Arts degree in International Studies at the University of Nairobi.

    ImageImageTobi Oluwatola

    Assistant Policy Analyst, RAND Corporation Tobi Oluwatola began his career at KPMG Management Consulting where he advised clients in diverse areas, from Nigeria's ministries of finance and energy to multinational technology companies and banks. Oluwatola took a leave of absence to become the national coordinator of the volunteers supporting the 2011 presidential campaign of the Action Congress of Nigeria (Nigeria's largest opposition party). Combining skills developed at KPMG with his networks from the campaign, he then co-founded a consulting firm that employed more than 150 people and worked with the British Department for International Development (DFID). He is a Ph.D. candidate at the Pardee RAND Graduate School.

    ImageShada Omar

    Journalist, Talk Show Host, Consultant Ms. Omar is a Lebanese journalist with more than twenty years of experience in TV Journalism and Social Media. She has hosted prominent political current affairs TV shows on leading TV stations in the Arab World such as LBC, Abu Dhabi TV and Télé Liban, where she interviewed Arab and international leaders, decision makers and prominent experts. She currently co-owns her own consultancy company, "New Media Lead." The company produces communications for UN and international organizations, builds media strategies and visions, and produces and supervises news reports and reporters in the field. New Media Lead also produces long and short documentaries. In addition to her experience as a Media Professor at the Lebanese American University in Beirut, Ms. Omar has also moderated and taken part in major international conferences such as the World Economic Forum in Davos, Sharm El Sheikh, the Dubai Press Club, the Abu Dhabi Broadcast Forum and the Euro-Gulf Partnership in Venice.

    ImageAhmed Ouerfelli

    Former Judge, Attorney, Ouerfelli Attorneys & CounselsAhmed Ouerfelli is a Tunisian attorney who founded and practices with Ouerfelli Attorneys & Counsels. He served as judge in the Court of First Instance of Ariana from 1995-1997, then in the Premier President’s Section of the Tunis Court of Appeals. From 2000 to 2011, Mr. Ouerfelli served as researcher judge, then Chair of a working group in charge of business law at the Center of Legal and Judicial Studies. From 2011 to 2015, he served as the legal advisor to three Presidents of the Republic of Tunisia. Mr. Ouerfelli has taught civil law, fiscal law, arbitration law, anticorruption law, international trade law, criminal tax law and company law. Mr. Ouerfelli is the author of ten books on fiscal law, international and domestic arbitration law, and commercial companies law.

    ImageMohamed Paracha

    Partner and Head of Norton Rose Fulbright's Islamic Finance Practice in the Middle East and AfricaMr. Paracha began his career in London where he became an advisor to the Bank of England on Islamic Finance. As a member of the Bank's Committee on Islamic Finance, Mohammed played a pivotal role in helping to make London a hub for Islamic Finance. The IFLR describe Mohammed as "a talented lawyer", PLC have commented that he is known internationally for his Islamic finance experience and Mohammed has also appeared in The Lawyers Hot 100 List and the team has recently been awarded the IFN Best Law Firm Award 2015 in the Islamic Banking category for the second year running. Mohammed currently acts on transactions for the Islamic Development Bank and the International Finance Corporation in various emerging markets. He is a member of Norton Rose Fulbright's Partnership Committee and a director on the Global Supervisory Board of the firm.

    Camilo Pardo

    Former Principal Advisor for the Columbian Land Restitution Unit’s General Director He has extensively worked on humanitarian and land issues in Colombia and other Latin American countries both for the Government and for international organizations. He participated in the design of the National Policy for Land Restitution in Colombia and served as a Principal Advisor for the Land Restitution Unit’s General Director. He holds an MSc in Democracy and Democratization from the University College London (UCL) and other postgraduate studies in Human Rights and Constitutional Law. He is currently based in Washington D.C. where he pursues a PhD in Public Policy.

    ImageDavid Patterson

    Senior Legal Expert, Health, International Development Law Organization (IDLO)Mr. Patterson has 20 years' experience in international health and development, having worked in Montreal, Geneva, Rome and New York with the UN system, the governmental sector, and the NGO sector. He has advised the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), amongst many others. In 1993, Mr. Patterson co-founded the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Now with IDLO, his current areas of research and thought leadership include the application of the lessons from the HIV epidemic to the global response to non-communicable diseases, and strengthened legal capacity to stop falsified medicines.

    ImageFaustina Pereira

    Director for Strategy and Innovation, International Development Law Organization (IDLO) From 2007 to 2015, Ms. Pereira served as the director of the Human Rights and Legal Aid Services program at BRAC. She is a lawyer, a human rights activist and an author. She obtained her doctorate in International Human Rights Law in 1998 from the University of Notre Dame, USA, and completed her post-doctorate in 2002 at the National University of Ireland, Galway, as a Bank of Ireland Fellow. Prior to joining BRAC, Dr. Pereira served as Director of Ain O Salish Kendra (ASK).

    ImageRobert M. Perito

    Executive Director of the Perito Group LLC Robert M. Perito is the Executive Director of the Perito Group LLC—which advises governments on security sector reform—and a Senior As¬sociate at the Security Governance Group. Formerly, he was the Director of the Center of Innovation for Security Sector Gover¬nance at the United States Institute of Peace. He also served as Director of the United States Justice Department’s international police assistance program. Mr. Perito was a Senior United States Foreign Service Officer and Deputy Executive Secretary of the National Security Council Staff earlier in his career. He was also an American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow. Mr. Perito has been a Visiting Lec¬turer at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University; a Diplomat in Residence at the American University; and an Adjunct Professor at George Mason University.

    ImageJean Pesme

    Practice Manager, Finance & Markets Global Practice, World Bank Group

    This practice is an integral part of the World Bank Group’s on-going global and country based efforts on governance and financial sector development. This work involves a range of activities to promote integrity, as well as combat corruption, money-laundering, financing of terrorism, and more generally illicit financial flows. Jean is also the coordinator of the Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR), a partnership of the World Bank and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, which works to prevent the laundering of the proceeds of corruption and facilitates the more systematic and timely return of stolen assets. Jean oversees the delivery of advisory services (country diagnostics, technical and case assistance), preparation and dissemination of policy development reports and knowledge, and actively participates in global initiatives and standard-setting (UN, G20, FATF…). Prior to joining the World Bank, Jean already worked on Anti Money Laundering (AML) and anti-corruption issues. Jean is a French Citizen and resides in Washington DC.

    ImageSuzanne Petroni

    Senior Director, Gender, Population and Development Dr. Suzanne Petroni leads ICRW’s work to improve development programs and policies by expanding the evidence base regarding the relationships between gender, sexual and reproductive health and rights, adolescence and demographic and socioeconomic outcomes. She has nearly 25 years of experience in foreign policy and global development. Prior to joining ICRW in 2012, Suzanne served as Vice President for Global Health at the Public Health Institute, Senior Program Officer for Adolescent Reproductive Health and Youth Leadership at the Summit Foundation, and in a variety of roles in the U.S. government, including Program Officer in the Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration at the State Department.

    ImageKate Phillips-Barrasso

    Acting Vice President and Director of Policy and Advocacy, International Rescue Committee Ms. Phillips-Barrassohelps guide the IRC’s work to draw attention to global humanitarian needs and advocate for policy change that will assist people forced to flee war and disaster. She also oversees the organization’s relations with the U.S. Congress, U.S. Executive Branch and other NGOs on a number of humanitarian crises and themes. Prior to joining the IRC, Kate worked for several years as a Senior Policy Advisor with CARE, leading the organization’s policy and advocacy efforts on humanitarian and development issues. Kate is a Council on Foreign Relations Term Member and a Truman National Security Project Fellow. She holds a Master's in International Development Studies from the George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs and a BS from UC Berkeley in Conservation of Natural Resources in Developing Countries.

    ImageJustice Renee M. Pomerance

    Ontario Superior Court of JusticeMs. Pomerance is currently the Local Administrative Judge of the Windsor court. Prior to her appointment, she practiced criminal law as a prosecutor in Toronto. Justice Pomerance has been actively involved in planning and presenting at judicial education programs for the last 14 years. In addition to her role in judicial education, Justice Pomerance teaches at programs for the bar, and is a sessional instructor at the University of Windsor law school. She was awarded the Milvain Chair in Advocacy (University of Calgary) in 2005. She has written numerous articles and publications dealing with constitutional and criminal law issues.

    ImagePaul Prettitore

    Senior Public Sector Specialist, Governance Global Practice , World BankMr. Prettitore’s work includes justice sector reform, strategy development, accountability institutions, anti-corruption and land administration. Much of this work has focused on issues linking public sector services with poverty and gender equality. He has worked in the Middle East and North Africa (Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Morocco, Iraq) and Colombia, and published studies on access to justice, legal aid, social inclusion and legal inequality. Prior to joining the World Bank, Mr. Prettitore was Property Law Coordinator, coordinating the land restitution process, and advisor on human rights and refugee issues with the Office of the High Representative in Bosnia.

    ImageAminur Rahman

    Senior Economist, World Bank Mr. Rahman recently joined T&C MENA from the Investment Climate Global Team. His areas of interest include jobs, informality, gender, SMEs, entrepreneurship and firm dynamics, national and sub-national competitiveness, and governance. His skills include Fragile and Conflict Affected States and Research Analysis. Aminur has 14 years of operational experience in a range of countries in South Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and Middle East and North Africa Regions. He has also published in prominent economics and business journals and in edited volumes from the MIT Press, Palgrave Macmillan, Routledge and the United Nations University Press. Aminur holds a PhD in Economics from University College London and an MSc in Development Economics from Oxford University.

    ImageJoel Reyes

    Senior Education SpecialistJoel Reyes is a senior education specialist, with more than 20 years of experience in the World Bank education sector (in Latin America, South Asia, and Africa and in the Middle East). His professional interests reflect the complexity of change in social ecologies, across human, community and organizational development. His academic background has cut across these different human and social levels with graduate level work (MAs) in international development, organizations and change management, and (clinical) counseling. After a successful career as a development practitioner, his doctorate studies in resilience in education systems seek to integrate both research and practice regarding the processes for performance and growth in challenging contexts. He has developed the World Bank’s education resilience program, which focuses on the assets (strengths and opportunities) of individuals, communities and organizations to recover from adversity, and his team has designed a set of research tools to conduct rapid assessments with mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative). His area of expertise is in school-based management and community participation, not only as an effective and efficient education management strategy, but as the foundation of education sector contributions to social transformations in contexts of adversity.

    ImageAndrés Rigo Sureda

    Member of the Sanctions Boards of the IDB (Chair), AFDB, The Global Fund Mr. Rigo Sureda is an international arbitrator and mediator, a judge of the IMF Administrative Tribunal, the president of the Sanctions Committee of the Inter-American Development Bank, an alternate external member of the Sanctions Appeals Board of the African Development Bank and a member of the Sanctions Panel of The Global Fund. He is a former Assistant General Counsel and Deputy-General Counsel of the World Bank and member of the World Bank’s first Sanctions Committee. He has written on issues of international law and international organizations, lectured at the Hague Academy of International Law and delivered the lectures in honor of Sir Hersch Lauterpacht at Cambridge University. He holds a law degree from the Universidad Complutense in Madrid (1966), a diploma in international relations from the School of Advanced International Studies (Bologna Centre) of the Johns Hopkins University (1968), and a PhD in international law from the University of Cambridge (1971).

    ImageMervat Rishmawi

    Human Rights Consultant, former Legal Advisor and Deputy Director to the MENA Region of Amnesty International Ms. Rishmawi worked with the International Secretariat of Amnesty International for approximately 12 years, mostly as the Legal Advisor to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region. She was also Deputy Director for the MENA Program. During her work with Amnesty International, Mervat Rishmawi developed most of the organization’s work in relation to the League of Arab States. Ms. Rishmawi is currently a human rights consultant. She is an expert on developments related to the League of Arab States. She obtained her LLM degree from the University of Essex.

    ImageImage Sarah Roache

    Law Fellow with the O’Neill Institute, Georgetown University Prior to joining the O’Neill Institute, Sarah worked as a complex class action litigator, representing victims of tobacco related diseases and thalidomide survivors. She also has experience as a social and legal policy adviser to government and NGOs, including formulating best practice domestic implementation of the FCTC. She holds a Master of Laws in Global Health Law from Georgetown University. Sarah also holds a Bachelor of Laws (Hons) and a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Melbourne, Australia.

    ImageBorzu Sabahi

    Counsel, Curtis Mallet-Prevost Colt & Mosle LLPMr. Sabahi focuses his practice on representing governments and state-owned entities in complex international arbitration and public international law disputes. He is recognized as a leading practitioner by Who’s Who of International Commercial Arbitration Lawyers 2015. Dr. Sabahi is an adjunct professor of law at Georgetown University Law Center. He is Co-Director of the International Law Institute’s Investment Law Center, Co-Editor in Chief of Brill Research Perspectives on International Investment Law and Co-Editor of the Juris Publishing series Investment Treaty Arbitration and International Law.

    ImageImageDeepti Samant Raja

    Consultant on Disability and Development, World BankRaja works as a Consultant on Disability and Development at the World Bank, supporting the implementation of its disability-inclusive development agenda. She is a Fellow for Technology and International Programs at the Burton Blatt Institute at Syracuse University and a lead researcher on the Center on Effective Rehabilitation Technology service delivery, identifying assistive technology service delivery models for successful employment outcomes. She worked as a Senior Research Analyst with G3ict developing recommendations for UN agencies, governments, and industry to maximize inclusion through technology-enabled services and programs.

    Milena Sanchez de Boado

    Senior Advisor, American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) Before joining the American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI), Mrs. Sanchez de Boado was a U.S. Supreme Court Fellow at the Federal Judicial Center, one of only four Fellows selected annually in a nation-wide competition. Prior to that she worked at the World Bank on public sector and rule of law reform for nearly ten years. This included working on lending and non-lending projects in Latin America, Eastern Europe and Africa. While at the Bank, she worked with ministries of justice, judicial councils, judicial training institutes, bar associations and academia. Milena has a JD and a Master in Public Administration from Syracuse University’s College of Law and the Maxwell School of Citizenship & Public Affairs, respectively.

    ImageImageGerard Sanders

    General Counsel, IFAD Gerard Sanders, joined IFAD as General Counsel in October 2014. Prior to joining IFAD, Gerard held various positions at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development working in its principal office in London, most recently as Deputy General Counsel. Earlier in his career, Gerard worked as a lawyer. Gerard graduated B.Com., LL.B. from the University of Otago, New Zealand, and has graduate law degrees from Victoria University of Wellington and Harvard Law School. 

    ImageNick Segal

    Partner, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP, London He is also a judge of the Grand Court in the Cayman Islands (assigned to the Financial Service Division). He specializes in a wide variety of work in commercial and banking law, restructuring, insolvency (including bank resolution) and litigation (with much of his work, including his litigation practice, having an international dimension). He has written and lectured extensively. He is one of the consulting editors of Totty, Moss and Segal on Insolvency (Sweet & Maxwell) and Debt Restructuring (OUP, 2011) and a contributor to a number of leading textbooks. He is a fellow of the Society for Advanced Legal Studies and of INSOL and a trustee of the British and Irish Legal Information Institute. Nick is dual qualified (England and New York). He was educated at Oxford University.

    ImageMuhammad Rafiuddin Shah

    Policy and Coordination United, Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force Office, United NationsMr. Shah is in-charge of Policy and Coordination Unit of the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) Office at the UN Headquarters in New York. The Unit supports CTITF Office policy formulation and implementation efforts and over-all coordination and coherence of the UN counter-terrorism work. Before joining the CTITF Office, Mr. Shah was Director of the Office of the Spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan, in Islamabad. He joined Foreign Service of Pakistan in 1996 and served at the Permanent Mission of Pakistan to the United Nations, New York, High Commission for Pakistan, Pretoria, South Africa, Desk Officer China and as a staff officer to the Foreign Secretary of Pakistan.

    ImageHeba M.M. Shamseldin Abdelhafez

    Manager of External Affairs, Middle East and North Africa Region (MNAEX), World BankPrior to her appointment she served as Special Assistant to the Managing Director advising on issues relating to the MENA region as well as on governance, finance and private sector issues. Shamseldin joined the World Bank Group in 2004 and served as senior financial sector specialist for several years advising on issues of governance and financial sector reform. Until 2004, she was an academic teaching law at Cairo University and London University. She has published on a range of issues in anti-corruption, financial integrity and international investment law.

    ImageDinah Shelton

    Manatt/Ahn Professor emeritus at the George Washington University Law School. George Washington UniversityShe served as a member of the Inter-American Human Rights Commission from 2010 to 2014, and in 2010 she was president of the Commission. Professor Shelton is the author of three prize-winning books, Protecting Human Rights in the Americas (co-authored with Thomas Buergenthal), Remedies in International Human Rights Law, and the three-volume Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity. She has also authored other articles and books on international law, human rights law, and international environmental law. Professor Shelton is a member of the board of editors of the American Journal of International Law. She has served as a legal consultant to international organizations and is on the board of numerous human rights and environmental organizations. In 2006, Professor Shelton was awarded the Elisabeth Haub Prize for Environmental Law and in 2013 she received the Goler Butcher Prize in Human Rights. She was also conferred the degree of doctor honoris causa at the University of Stockholm in 2012 and the Pazmany Peter Catholic University of Budapest in 2014.

    Donald Sinclair

    Lead Financial Officer, World BankDonald Sinclair manages the team that designs and executes risk management strategies for the World Bank’s balance sheet and works with borrowing countries and clients to find financial solutions.  Mr. Sinclair joined the World Bank in 2008.  He has expertise is in market risk management, the fixed income, volatility, and derivatives markets, and developing liability strategies.  Prior to joining the World Bank, Mr. Sinclair spent twenty years in the private sector developing, implementing, and managing liability and capital market strategies.  

    ImageCindy Smith

    UNICRI DirectorPrior to her appointment, Ms. Smith was the Senior Coordinator for International Programs in the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons at the United States Department of State (2012-2015). She also served as a Lead Foreign Affairs Officer in the Office of the Criminal Justice Assistance Programs in the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs and as the Assistant Director of Corrections for the Civilian Response Corps - Active Component at the U.S. Department of State (2011-2012). From 2006-2008, Ms. Smith served as the Chief of the International Center of the National Institute of Justice in the US Department of Justice and she was the Department’s representative to the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme Network (PNI) of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.

    ImageTina Søreide

    Associate Professor, Norwegian School of Economics (NHH), Department of Accounting, Auditing and LawShe has previously worked for the Faculty of Law, University of Bergen (UiB), the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) and the World Bank, Washington DC. Her research interests include corruption, governance, markets and criminal law, and especially, how institutional weaknesses create obstacles to economic development. Her most recent publications address negotiated settlements in criminal law, corruption in state administration, and debarment in public procurement. She is the author of Corruption and Criminal Justice: Bridging Legal and Economic Perspectives (Edw. Elgar Publishing, March 2016).

    ImageVictoria Stanley

    Senior Rural Development and Land Specialist, World Bank Ms. Stanley has worked in the Bank’s Europe and Central Asia and Latin America and Caribbean Regions on land administration and management projects, and rural municipal development. Ms. Stanley has extensive experience in the areas of land administration, land management, rural development and gender issues, information technology, public service delivery, institutional reform, strategic planning and budgeting. Ms. Stanley has a Masters of Public and International Affairs from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School for Public and International Affairs and a Bachelor of Arts from Cornell University.

    ImageChristopher Stephens

    General Counsel, Asian Development Bank ADB comprises 67 member countries and 3000 staff, 80 of whom are in the Office of the General Counsel (“OGC”). In 2014, the Bank loaned and invested more than $23 billion in more than 400 financing and investment transactions, and raised more than $14 billion in more than 50 borrowing transactions in 11 different currencies. OGC also runs ADB’s Law and Policy Reform Program (formerly Law, Justice and Development Program), in which the lawyers provide technical assistance to ADB’s client countries in areas relating to the role of law in their development.OGC was named In-House Banking and Financial Services Team of the Year, and In-House Innovation Team of the Year for two consecutive years by Asian Legal Business, a Thompson-Reuters publication, and In-House Team of the Year for 2015 by ALB, and Market Reform Leader by International Financial Law Review.

    Susan Stigant

    Director, Africa Programs, Middle East & Africa Center, United States Institute of Peace (USIP)Susan Stigant's focus is on the design and implementation of constitution-making processes in post-conflict and transitional states. She has and continues to advise government officials and civil society actors on issues of constitutional reform in Sudan, South Sudan, Libya, Somalia, and elsewhere. Ms. Stigant also serves as co-chair of USIP's national dialogue working group, where she coordinates the development of practitioner-focused research and tools to support and evaluate national dialogues as a mechanism for conflict transformation and peacebuilding. Substantively, Stigant's areas of expertise include constitutional design, civic education and citizen engagement, decentralization and federalism. Ms. Stigant joined USIP in 2013. Previously, she managed constitutional development and engagement programs in Somalia, Yemen, and South Sudan with the National Democratic Institute (NDI). From 2005-2011, she served as program director with NDI in South Sudan, where she worked with civil society and government officials to support constitutional development, elections, and citizen participation. She also worked with the Forum of Federations on comparative federalism and with the research unit of the Western Cape Provincial Parliament in South Africa. Stigant holds a Master's degree in comparative politics, negotiation, and conflict management from the University of North Carolina and Duke University.

    ImageAlbrecht Stockmayer

    Former Lead Governance Advisor, GIZMr. Stockmayer recently retired from his job as Lead Governance Advisor, GIZ. He trained as a lawyer and business administrator, was 10 years consultant and short term advisor in Africa and Latin America for the World Bank and the UN, joined GIZ as an institutional development advisor. He left GIZ for OECD/PUMA (now GOV) to be division chief and head of the Governance Outreach Initiative and returned to GIZ to lead the Governance and Gender Group and later the Governance Cluster. She holds an LL.M (Michigan), and a Dr. iur. (Frankfurt).

    Hon. Elizabeth S. Stong

    U.S. Bankruptcy Judge for the Eastern District of New York Judge Stong is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Council and Audit Committee of the American Law Institute.  She serves on multiple committees such as the Executive Committee of the Practising Law Institute, the International ADR Committee, the UNCITRAL Relations Committee of the International Insolvency Institute, and the ABA Standing Committee on Federal Judicial Improvements. She is a member of the board of P.R.I.M.E. Finance and of the ABA National Conference of Federal Trial Judges Executive Committee, and is active in the leadership of the ABA Business Law Section. Judge Stong received her J.D. and A.B. magna cum laude from Harvard University.  

    ImageBrian Tamanaha

    William Gardiner Hammond Professor of Law, Washington College of Law Mr. Brian Z. Tamanaha is a renowned jurisprudence and law and society scholar, and the author of eight books and numerous scholarly articles. In 2013, a National Jurist poll of 300 law deans and professors voted Professor Tamanaha #1 Most Influential Legal Educator, owing to his critical examination of the legal academy, Failing Law Schools. Professor Tamanaha has twice been selected Professor of the Year by student vote. Before becoming a law professor, he clerked for the Hon. Walter E. Hoffman, U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, was an Assistant Federal Public Defender in Hawaii, was an Assistant Attorney General for Yap State in Micronesia, and was Legal Counsel for the 1990 Micronesian Constitutional Convention. After these varied practice experiences, he earned a Doctorate of Juridical Science with a focus on legal theory at Harvard Law School.

    ImageImage Iimura Toshiaki

    Former Chief Judge, Intellectual Property High Court Japan Judge Toshiaki Iimura was chief judge of the Intellectual Property High Court of Japan from 2012-2014, following his term as presiding judge from 2006-2012.  In his nearly forty-year career, he served as a judge for the Sapporo District Court and the Tokyo High Court, as well as presiding judge of the Tokyo District Court and chief judge of the Kofu District Court.  Judge Iimura is currently a partner at Yuasa and Hara, where he specializes in general corporate and intellectual property matters.  He graduated from the University of Tokyo Faculty of Law and the Legal Training and Research Institute.

    ImageHuong Thi Lan Tran

    Senior Governance Specialist, World BankMs. Thi Lan Tran’s work focuses on a range of governance and institutional development issues, including access to information, transparency, and anticorruption. Prior to joining the World Bank in Vietnam, Ms. Thi Lan Tran worked on governance and human rights for the Finnish Development Agency in Hanoi where she managed many grassroots projects to improve access to information, access to services for citizens, and to prevent rural women from being trafficked. She received her Masters of Development Studies with a focus on Public Policy from Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand.

    ImageJohn Truby

    Assistant Professor of Law, College of Law, Qatar UniversityDr. Jon Truby is a Professor at Qatar University College of Law, where he runs the Environmental Law programs and teaches Business Law. He is Associate Editor-in-Chief the International Review of Law and has managed and participated in several major grants designed to meet Qatar’s National Development Strategy. As a lawyer and academic established in law, policy and social sciences, he specializes in commercial law, financial regulation, taxation and social behavior, sustainable energy and environmental law. His gained his Ph.D from Newcastle Law School at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne (England), and he has worked as a finance lawyer in the City of London.

    Jonathan Turley

    Professor at the George Washington University Law SchoolMr. Turley is a nationally recognized legal scholar who has written extensively in areas ranging from constitutional law and legal theory to tort law. Professor Turley frequently has been invited to testify before Congress (both the House and the Senate) on constitutional and statutory issues, as well as tort reform legislation. He is also a nationally-recognized legal commentator. He has been repeatedly ranked in the nation’s top 500 lawyers in annual surveys. He has authored more than three dozen academic articles that have appeared in a variety of leading law journals, including those of Cornell, Duke, Georgetown, Harvard, and Northwestern, as well as other top law schools. Professor Turley received his B.A. from the University of Chicago and his J.D. from Northwestern. In 2008, he was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Law from John Marshall Law School for his contributions to civil liberties and the public interest.

    ImagePaloma Bernal Turnes

    Domain Coordinator of International Trade Procedures Domain, United NationsMs. Turnes is an Expert in International Trade and eBusiness, United Nations and a PPP expert in Infrastructures at the United Nations. Besides she is a Research Scholar, Georgetown University's McDonough School of Business and a Tenure Professor, Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid. She holds an degree from London Business School and an PhD from Rey Juan Carlos University.

    ImageMahesh Uttamchandani

    Global Lead – Credit Infrastructure, World Bank GroupMahesh advisies governments around the world on the development of insolvency, collateral, credit information and debt recovery systems. Prior to joining the World Bank, Mahesh was Insolvency Counsel to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), where he led the reform of insolvency systems throughout Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Mahesh is a Canadian lawyer who practised for several years exclusively in the area of insolvency and creditors’ rights at a leading Canadian law firm and has published and lectured extensively in North America, Europe and Asia. He is a board member of the insolvency related legal journal, International Corporate Rescue, as well as an Adjunct Professor of Law in the St. John’s University Law School LL.M in Insolvency; an Honorary Professor of Law at Nottingham Law School and a Board Director of INSOL International.

    ImageJohn Versantvoort

    Assistant General Counsel, Asian Development Bank (ADB)John Versantvoort has 20 years of experience in structuring cross-border investment and finance transactions in Asia and Europe. He is based at ADB’s headquarters in Manila, and leads a team of lawyers focusing primarily on the development and implementation of public infrastructure and public resource management projects in South Asia and the Pacific region. John is also a member of the management committee that supervises ADB-financed procurement in these regions. During his time at ADB, John has developed additional expertise in cofinancing, guarantee and trust fund structures - especially in the area of climate finance. Prior to joining ADB in 2007, John Versantvoort established and successfully developed a legal practice in Japan for Loyens & Loeff, a top-tier Benelux law firm. He embarked on his career as an Associate in Allen & Overy (formerly: Loeff Claeys Verbeke) in Amsterdam in 1995, specializing in corporate finance, M&A and private equity transactions. He is a national of the Netherlands who holds Master’s degrees in Dutch Civil Law and Japanese Studies from Leyden University, and a Master’s degree in East-Asian Law from London University.

    ImageEmilio C. Viano

    Senior Consultant, Project on Preventing and Combating CybercrimeHe also serves as a Voting Member of the Steering Committee of the Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development and as Co-leader of the Working Group on Empowerment and Equity for Diverse Communities. Mr. Viano has been a Professor at American University’s School of Public Affairs, the Washington College of Law and other universities worldwide (including the Inter-American Defense College, the University of Paris V and X, the University of Bologna and others). He has earned several law degrees in the U.K. and U.S., an M.A. at the University of Notre Dame and a Ph.D. at New York University.

    ImagePierre Viaud

    Executive Director, SICPAMr. Viaud has 30 years of international experience in Management of Government Affairs and Business Development as Executive Consultant or Senior Executive for large multinational companies and Governmental Institutions. He served in the French Administration during ten years (Advisor to former Prime Minister Pierre Messmer, Deputy Chief of the Inter-ministerial Mission for Defense Teaching Programs and Studies - General Secretariat for National Defense (Prime Minister Department). He since advised 11 governments and 2 International Organizations (UNIDIR and AfDB) or managed multinational companies (PMI, SITA, SICPA). He is the author of six books and of 31 articles published in various international reviews. He received three awards from the Institut de France, two from the Five Academies (Prix d’Aumale 1985 et Grand Prix Osiris 1993), one from the Académie des sciences morales et politiques (Prix Audiffred 1994).

    ImageImageMargret Vidar

    Lawyer, Food and Agriculture Organization Margret Vidar has worked as a lawyer in the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) since 1996. She has supported the development and negotiations of a number of international instruments under the auspices of FAO, in particular the soft law instruments that are rooted in the Voluntary Guidelines to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security, which in turn is rooted in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

    Luxshi Vimalarajah

    Luxshi Vimalarajah is both conceptually and practically involved in designing and facilitating dialogue processes and providing training and on-demand support for negotiators, advisors and mediators involved in peace negotiations. Since 2006, Luxshi has managed the annual negotiation meetings, where opposition movements are trained in negotiation skills and negotiation topics. Currently, she is involved in developing a Handbook on National Dialogues for practitioners providing options for the design and the implementation of National Dialogue processes. Together with a local organisation, Luxshi is implementing a comprehensive peace support project in Turkey. Providing mediation support to third-party mediators is a strong pillar of Luxshi´s work, ranging from policy advice to knowledge provision, capacity-building, technical and thematic support. Luxshi represents the Berghof Foundation in the Initiative Mediation Support in Germany, a consortium consisting of 5 German organisations advising the German Foreign Office on issues related to mediation. Luxshi joined the Berghof foundation in 2003 and served ever since in various capacities.

    ImageCari L. Votava

    Senior Financial Sector Specialist, World BankShe has worked in the World Bank since 1999, and is a Senior Financial Sector Specialist specializing in designing & delivering technical assistance programs to help countries improve corruption prevention systems and financial sector supervision systems in fragile/post-conflict states (including Sierra Leone, Liberia, Gambia, Somalia, Afghanistan, Papua New Guinea and Iraq). Before coming to the World Bank she was Legal Counsel for Citibank in Prague, Czech Republic, where she was responsible for all legal and regulatory compliance matters under U.S. and Czech law. Cari Votava graduated Notre Dame Law School (1985) and holds an LL.M. in International Law from London School of Economics (1986).

    ImageImage Judge John M. Walker, Jr.

    United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit Judge John Mercer Walker, Jr. is a senior circuit judge, and formerly chief judge (2000-2006), of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Judge Walker has served as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States and a member of a number of its committees. He is a lecturer at Yale Law School where he teaches constitutional litigation and legal writing.  Judge Walker is active in promoting the Rule of Law in China, the Middle East, and Central and Eastern Europe.

    ImageQuentin Wodon

    Lead Economist, Education Sector, World BankQuentin Wodon is a Lead Economist in the World Bank's Education Department where he leads the cluster on equity, resilience, and early childhood development. Previously, he managed the Bank's unit on faith and development, served as Lead Poverty Specialist for Africa, and as an Economist/Senior Economist in the Latin America region. Before joining the World Bank, he worked as Assistant Brand Manager for Procter & Gamble Benelux, volunteer corps member with the International Movement ATD Fourth World, and was an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Namur. He holds graduate degrees in business engineering, economics, and philosophy, and PhDs in Economics and in Theology and Religious Studies. He serves on a number of advisory boards, as Associate Editor for academic journals, and as adjunct Professor at Georgetown University, and is actively engaged in pro bono work with nonprofits.

    ImageImageMichael Wood

    Member of the UN International Law Commission Sir Michael Wood is a member of the UN International Law Commission. He was the principal Legal Adviser to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office between 1999 and 2006. During 35 years as a lawyer in the FCO, he attended many international conferences, including the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. He spent three years at the United Kingdom Mission to the United Nations in New York, dealing chiefly with Security Council matters. He was Agent for the United Kingdom for a number of years before the European Commission and Court of Human Rights, and UK Agent in cases before the ICJ, as well as in proceedings before the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and arbitral tribunals. Consequently, he is a Senior Fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge. 

    ImageJan Wouters

    Full Professor of International Law and International Organizations, Jean Monnet Chair Ad Personam EU and Global Governance and Founding, University of Leuven Mr. Wouters is also director of the Institute for International Law and of the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies at the University of Leuven. He is an Adjunct Professor at Columbia University and a Visiting Professor at Sciences Po (Paris), Luiss University (Rome) and the College of Europe (Bruges). He is a Member of the Royal Academy of Belgium for Sciences and Arts, President of the United Nations Association Flanders Belgium, and Of Counsel at Linklaters, Brussels. He has published widely on international and EU law, international organizations and global governance. Apart from conducting many research projects (including FRAME, a large-scale FP7 Programme on human rights in EU Policies), he advises various international organizations and governments, trains officials, and often comments international events in the media.

    ImageImage Alicia Yamin

    Lecturer on Law and Global Health and Director of the JD/MPH program and Policy Director of the Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University Alicia Yamin regularly advises on strategic litigation and conducts training for both lawyers and judiciaries regarding the enforcement of health-related rights, including sexual and reproductive rights. She is an internationally recognized scholar on human rights and health and has published extensively on these topics.

    ImageImageJustin Yap

    Senior Private Sector Development Specialist, World Bank Justin Yap works with the Competitive Sectors unit of the World Bank’s Trade and Competitiveness global practice, where he works on regulatory matters related to the agribusiness, tourism and climate-efficiency sectors. Prior to joining the Competitive Sectors unit, he was a founding member of the team that launched the Debt Resolution and Business Exit workstream that now resides within the Finance & Markets GP. Justin holds a B.A. from Yale University and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.

    ImageWael Zakout

    Global Lead for Land and Geospatial, World Bank Prior to March 2015, he was the Country Manager for Yemen. From 2007-2011, he served as the Sector Manager for Urban, Water and Disaster Risk Management in Europe and Central Asia Region. Mr. Zakout has a PhD from the University of Wisconsin Madison in civil and environmental engineering and undergraduate degree from Bir Zeit University in the West Bank. Mr. Zakout joined the World Bank in 1994 and held several positions in East Asia and Europe and Central Asia regions and worked extensively on land policy and titling programs in more than 30 countries.

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    Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
    OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
    P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]

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