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C2010-591 exam Dumps Source : Fundamentals of Applying Tivoli Service Delivery and Process Automation Solution
Test Code : C2010-591
Test Name : Fundamentals of Applying Tivoli Service Delivery and Process Automation Solution
Vendor Name : IBM
: 85 Real Questions
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IBM Tivoli utility is an business equipment administration platform with really expert components custom-made for IT directors that control midsize and commercial enterprise statistics facilities.
The Tivoli brand of items includes dozens of utility as a carrier programs for IT infrastructures. the most crucial and critical programs for system administration are Tivoli Storage supervisor (TSM), Tivoli Monitoring and IBM Workload Automation.
TSM is an business backup and information safety software. Its modular product structure offers statistics storage and security flexibility for distinct environments. Smaller groups beginning with Storage supervisor, whereas greater organizations typically opt for the Storage supervisor extended version with extra catastrophe healing and tape and disk guide. Storage manager can also interface with VMware for digital environments through its vStorage API, and might lower back up to VMware's vCloud. It additionally interfaces with virtual servers working Microsoft's Hyper-V.
The utility may also be managed both from the TSM Operations middle or from VMware vCenter.
Tivoli Monitoring application, like Storage manager, has numerous alternate options for implementation. the place Storage supervisor ensures statistics safety, Tivoli Monitoring ensures infrastructure efficiency through featuring a single, brief-look view of capability usage, efficiency and fitness. The utility's built-in analytics engine allows administrators to tune a given workload's resource consumption to prevent inefficient provisioning.
Tivoli Monitoring for digital Environments is a version of the software specifically tailor-made to virtual systems, and it contains a different predictive analytics algorithm. The what-if evaluation feature allows for IT specialists to run models the usage of specific efficiency facts to verify how most efficient to installation their digital infrastructure.
IBM Workload Automation rounds out the leading techniques administration suite with utility that mixes Tivoli Workload Scheduler with a cloud-resource supervisor to create better automation and streamline administrative tasks. Like Tivoli Monitoring, Workload Automation has a simulation and forecasting add-on so directors can mannequin workflows to gauge aid consumption and time crowning glory. Workload Automation integrates with Tivoli service Automation supervisor to set up and control cloud computing functions.Budgeting for Tivoli
When it comes to pricing and availability, every product is as entertaining because the carrier it offers. Tivoli Storage supervisor is a family unit of items, with Storage supervisor as its flagship utility. an information insurance policy and healing version -- Storage manager FastBack -- is attainable for a free trial. the complete Storage manager utility is round $forty four.50 for a 10 processor price unit (PVU) license. then again, a shopper license fees around $eighty three.seventy five.
IBM's Tivoli Monitoring suite also gifts various alternate options. The Tivoli Monitoring product is a seize-all monitoring system for a company's IT infrastructure, and charges round $437 per resource price unit (RVU) license. An RVU license is comparable to a PVU license, however depends upon the variety of processors used. Tivoli Monitoring for digital Environments is selected to digital servers and hypervisors, and charges $511 per RVU license.
In distinction to the other two, Tivoli Workload Automation is a single software equipment, and starts at round $fifty four.50 for a ten-job license.
IBM received Lotus software back in 1995 for $three.5 billion. it's now divesting the technology, along with six different one-time cornerstone commercial enterprise applications.
There became a time when Lotus Notes and Domino have been the cornerstones of IBM's application portfolio, enabling enterprise collaboration and productivity. these days are now during the past, as IBM is divesting those property, together with a number of other purposes, to HCL applied sciences.
HCL applied sciences pays IBM $1.8 billion, with the deal anticipated to shut in mid-2019. besides Notes and Domino, HCL is acquiring a few different commercial enterprise purposes, together with: Appscan for cozy utility development, BigFix for secure device management, Unica (on-premises) for advertising and marketing automation, Commerce (on-premises) for omni-channel eCommerce, Portal (on-premises) for digital experience, and Connections for workstream collaboration.
"We believe the time is correct to divest these select collaboration, advertising and marketing and commerce application assets, which might be more and more delivered as standalone products," John Kelly, IBM senior vice president, Cognitive options and research, wrote in a media advisory. " on the identical time, they believe these products are a powerful strategic healthy for HCL, and that HCL is neatly placed to force innovation and growth for his or her clients."
IBM has more and more been moving into cloud and artificial intelligence over the past four years, and has constructed up different assets that it will center of attention on.functions
many of the applications being sold to HCL have been originally bought via IBM from different carriers.
IBM acquired Lotus software, maker of Notes and Domino, in 1995 for $3.5 billion, notwithstanding the Lotus brand wasn't dropped by means of IBM unless 2012.
AppScan which is now being bought to HCL, turned into as soon as the cornerstone of the IBM Rational utility portfolio. IBM got the AppScan product portfolio as part of the acquisition of protection vendor Watchfire in June 2007.
BigFix turned into obtained by using IBM to become a part of its Tivoli operations division in July 2010, whereas Unica was obtained via IBM in August 2010 for $480 million.HCL technologies
HCL applied sciences is primarily based in Noida, India, and positions itself as a digital transformation enterprise. HCL and IBM had already been partnering on most of the acquired utility belongings.
"We continue to peer amazing alternatives available in the market to increase their Mode-3 (items and structures) offerings," C Vijayakumar, President & CEO, HCL technologies, wrote in a media advisory. "The items that they are buying are in giant growing market areas like safety, advertising and Commerce, that are strategic segments for HCL. many of these products are neatly considered through clients and placed in the proper quadrant by industry analysts."
Sean Michael Kerner is a senior editor at EnterpriseAppsToday and InternetNews.com. observe him on Twitter @TechJournalist.
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This chapter explains why devices must talk to each other in home automation systems. It also covers how they communicate (the protocols) and what triggers events that lead to actions.This chapter is from the book
The home automation process involves changing the existing state or condition of a device, an appliance, a system, or an electronic component from an internal or external stimulus or event, by a person taking an action, or as the result of the movement of time. To achieve that state change through automation, a control message must be sent to the device to be acted on. The condition or state changes can be a simple switching to an on-or-off status, or can be a more complex adjustment such as dimming to a preset level; and that device modification can be an incremental on or variable or both. The control messages are sent via any one of a number of defined home automation protocols.
From infancy they test various methods and learn ways to control others to meet their needs. Crying is typically the first, then sounds, and before long they are crawling and moving about and can begin to make things happen on their own. Over time their individual skill set builds and they can interact with all the things around us. The simplest control method is human intervention, flipping a switch to turn on a light, for example. You know which switch to use, what it controls, and which direction to turn the target device, in this case a light, on or off. The process or steps for turning a light on or off includes the following mental and physical steps: disturbed–decide–poise–act–receive feedback–adjust if needed–feedback–satisfied. The nonhuman intervention automation process mirrors the steps a person would take. The total home automation process is similar except that the system can do everything but decide what to do. The deciding is left to the human, who must set up parameters in advance for consistent automated operation.
One-off devices to perform some of many home automation steps or functions have been around for some time, but with limitations that are not present in a completely automated computer-controlled environment. This chapter gives a basic understanding of how a novice home automation hobbyist can leverage diverse protocols and choose from myriad available products and technologies to control all the automation functions on one central home automation platform.Reasons for Using Automated Control
The need for home automation technology comes from wanting to make a change in the condition of something: turning on a light or lowering the thermostat, for example. This need for change arises from four basic categories: time, need, event, and communication. In many cases, your home automation platform can take these actions based on the same stimuli that would spur a human to action with little or no need for human interaction.Time Based
Time-based actions include actions based on a set amount of time passing, such as turning off a bedroom television after an hour of use so that the viewers can nod off and not worry, or actions based on a set time of day, such as turning on the coffee maker at the same time each morning. Time-based controls can be employed on any recurring interval, whether hours, day, week, day of week, and so on.Need Based
Need-based events are just that, events that have to happen simply because they want them to. When your home gets too cold, you raise the temperature on the thermostat; when it gets too dark, you turn on a light. Not all events can be scheduled, so your home automation platform has to be able to process need-based actions as well. Human participation in initiating the control action can be an easy mouse click or two away or can be done by voice command with the HAL platform.Event Based
Event-based actions are triggered based on an event, either predetermined or accidental. For example, you might set your thermostat to turn on the heat when the temperature dips too low, or have a trigger on your air handler shut off power to the unit if water is detected in the water pan.Communication Based
Threaded through all of these prior circumstances to one degree or another is the desire they all have to stay informed. Some conditions, events, and actions they want to know about as fast as possible. Other events they don’t need to know about but want handled as efficiently as possible and without their knowledge, In some circumstances they want to be able to find out later, by looking at a log entry, that the situation was handled. For example they might want to be notified by email to their smart phone if an aging parent called during their absence from the house.
The feedback loop is a very desirable and important feature of a modern home automation system for those of us who want or need to stay informed. Fortunately, unlike many products currently in use for home automation, the HAL platform has the capacity to keep us informed not only of those things happening in and about the home, but also of financial, weather, and communication information gathered from the Internet or localized weather equipment. They live in an age when the speed of access to information and communication is unparalleled, so leaving some of the recurring chores of keeping informed and in touch though leveraging some artificial intelligence in their home automation can increase their own communication productivity and at the same time free us to focus on other important matters.
The true beauty of the core automation product line discussed in this book is that the HAL software “communicates commands and processes device feedback” in enough of the commonly popular home automation protocols that it is possible to automate nearly every electrical, mechanical, and electronic device in your home environment.
The next section introduces highlights of the four very popular home device control protocols and standards. As a hobbyist, you’ll find that it is important to know that there are differing protocols and that some are more suitable for certain tasks. By bringing diverse protocols into your home automation solution, you can have the best overall system with the lowest overall cost of implementation. Because the HAL software operates at the application layer in the control model, you are not locked into any particular protocol, brand of hardware products, or technology. It is truly a solution that allows combining best of the protocol breeds.Protocols and Standards
When setting up processes to be completed with home automation technology, there are some relevant details to deal with for whatever protocol your control devices are using, but only during the initial setup or installation phase. After you have completed the device setups within the HAL software you will interact with HAL with language and words not protocols, but some readers will want to know about how those interactions take place. This section gives an idea of what is going on in the background to accomplish your control strategy.
Home automation standards are the set criteria for how home automation devices respond to a control signal and perform a function. There are many home automation standards, some of an open nature and others proprietary in nature.
Many consumers believe that implementing home automation is too expensive and available only to the very wealthy or technologically literate. Fortunately, the reality is that a complete home automation system is well within the reach of the ordinary home owner, provided that they have some spare time and a budget to build out a system. HAL software makes for a cohesive platform by integrating these various standards and protocols under one digital “roof.” Not only does it act as the protocol communicator, but it also translates the users’ needs into actions. After the devices and protocol interfaces are properly set up to work with HAL, the HAL software does the machine-level translating of the command to the physical. By using HAL software to control the various physical-layer communications, a home can have multiple types of devices installed and working together, even to the point of having a switch of one type activate a device of another, each using different control protocols.
The next few sections highlight some details of how the protocol adapters communicate with the devices.Physical-Layer Communication
Because everything in home automation relies on electrical signals of one sort or another that carry a message to make the changes for us, they are limited somewhat by the physics or physical properties of electricity as discussed in Chapter 1, “Home Wiring and Electrical Fundamentals.” Electrical signals can be of an analog or a digital nature. By using electrical, radio waves, or infrared light signals as their avenue or method of communication along the home automation control pathways, they are limited only by the physical properties of those signals. With electric power they can channel it to do work. By manipulating the properties of electricity they have the ability to communicate information to their advantage. They can use this communication property not only to control electrical and electronic things but also mechanical things like doors, locks, vents, and valves. This is accomplished by using the electrical controls and solenoids as their assistants to do the work from simple but highly defined message packets to control that work.
To borrow a page from biology, the control communication (electrical or wireless) pathway has to either sense and react to stimulus with a response or initiate a communication that will elicit a response or an action from a controlled device. Therefore, at the control pathway level or sensory level at the most primitive layer, there are only a few things that can happen with an electrical current to initiate or convey messages:
These changes in the physical state are detected at the physical level (hardware, media level) and are interpreted as coded messages high up the application stack. They are used within the devices to execute the state change defined in the message.Imposing Messages on the Physical Media
At the most basic physical level of the electrical wires or a wireless communication path, the medium used can carry an imposed signal of either an analog or a digital nature. The communication can be a one-way street; that is, sent only and received, or it can be twoway, with returned or reverse-direction message packets sent over the transmission medium from controller to device and back from the device to the controller. When an analog mode is used to communicate, the signal can be made to vary in amplitude or frequency so the resultant signal changes can carry frames of data.
In digital communications mode the signal can be chopped into time slices in which the amplitude of the signal is measured and is considered on or off in that time frame based on its strength, or measured as high or low in a time frame. These on/off states or high/low states of the electrical current or radio signal in digital mode are sensed or sent as changes in voltage, current, or frequency. They are used to represent zeros and ones or other numbers and are used as binary values that translate into data or information or are used as timing pulses to separate and keep track of chunks of the message. These representations of zeros and ones (or numbers) can be used at the distant end to represent anything necessary to perform the desired actions or convey the sought-after information. Parts of the message packets identify the target devices or all the devices or a group of devices through the encoding scheme used in the protocol. Timing pulses are used to define the beginning and end of the object communication so the communication packets maintain whole message integrity or are resent in two-way systems until the whole data packet is acknowledged.
One-way protocols cannot guarantee whole message delivery. A feature called “checksum” can be implemented as a part of a protocol to test the message for completeness and integrity by running a math formula against the packet’s data bit and comparing that to the checksum value sent with the message packet. These fundamentals are implemented in various innovative ways, but at the most basic level the communication occurs because of these simple property state changes at the electrical signal level regardless of the physical media (wire, wireless, infrared, or fiber) used for the transmission of data. In the OSI seven-layer networking model this media layer is referred to as the physical layer. To do the home automation projects in this book, you do not have to delve too deeply into how networking and communications are accomplished or understand them fully. Awareness of some features of protocols covered in this rapid overview should be sufficient for trusting that unique control messages can be sent and received successfully to make the home automation device-level processes function to your benefit.
The four protocols of primary interest used in this book’s projects include X-10, UPB, INSTEON, and Z-Wave. There are other protocols as well and likely there might be innovators in the future that will create other useful ways to communicate from controller to device. Some people talk about the network of things, a concept in which everything in your personal universe is identified by a unique communication’s address, such as an IPV6 address, and everything is connected and reachable though that address. They are not quite there yet, even though many of the pieces are in place. They can, however, communicate right now to the components that matter most to us by using these protocols.X-10
In X10 the data message frames are imposed on an AC current carrying wire at the point where the electrical power is dropping from 120 volts positive down to zero and before the second half of the sine wave that is moving in the opposite direction begins its half cycle.
The frequency of the transmission is 120KHz, and it occurs for only a very short span of time at a specific point in the 60-hertz current cycle, known as the zero crossing point.
There are 16 available House codes A though P, and 16 available Device codes 01 through 16, allowing for a maximum device count of 256 for X-10 devices.
There are seven change state commands to issue to one-way X-10 devices—on, off, dim, bright, all lights on, all lights off, and all units off—which are all sent via a 4-bit code.
There are seven additional command/info settings available to use in the devices and controllers capable of two-way X-10 communication: status on, status off, status request, pre-set dim, hail, hail acknowledge, and the extension code (or extension code itself).
The minimalist data messages sent as X10 communications are referred to as data frames and must include a start code signifying that an X10 command is about to be sent, a one-letter code signifying the “house” the command belongs to, and one function code. The binary for that could look like 1110 01001011 0001, carrying the information message start, house code letter K, and command “all lights on.” It is a simple but limited protocol but is credited with beginning a trend in home automation implementation that did not require rewiring or additional control wiring.UPB
Universal Powerline Bus is considered much more reliable than X-10. UPB communication messages are sent at speeds of a range of 120 to 240 bits per second.
In 60-cycle AC circuits each half cycle takes 8 1/3 milliseconds to occur. The UPB pulses are spikes in voltage placed on the power line at a precise time in each half cycle, the timing of which conveys a value from 0 to 3. Two bits of data are contained in each half cycle, and the data bits from four half cycles are grouped together and carry 8 bits of digital data, a UPB byte.
These bytes are combined into UPB communications packets sized between 7 and 25 bytes for interpretation and use by the device. Each message packet contains a preamble, a packet header, the data message, and a checksum byte followed by an acknowledgment frame. The header packets contain the information about network ID, device ID, source ID, and a packet control word. The data messages also contain the instructions for the device to perform.
One interesting element and what makes UPB different is that the information about the device ID, network ID, and so forth is stored in nonvolatile memory registers within the device.INSTEON
INSTEON products operate by two communications over the media: over the home’s wiring system and over a preset radio frequency. The devices forward the INSTEON protocol signals, extending the network range for up to three hops; the signal originally sent is hop count zero (0). The three-hop limit prevents endless looping of the command signals.
If the original signal is 0, then the first rebroadcast is hop 1; if the next device adds hop count 2, and the next device hop count 3, there are no more hop counts. So the original signal sent from the first device can travel though three layers of devices to the fourth device layer out in the distant network.
The RF signals are sent at frequencies of 915MHz in the U.S. The power-line protocol is transmitted at 131.65KHz over the wire.
INSTEON plays well with X10 devices although their protocols are different.
INSTEON is a dual-band communications protocol, meaning that its digital signals can travel over the home’s wiring system and over radio frequencies.
There are about 200 available products that speak and understand INSTEON communications. Not that anyone would ever use that many but the core protocol can support more than 16 million devices per network.
The standard and smallest INSTEON message is composed of the following: from address (3 bytes), to address (3 bytes), flag (1 byte), command (2 bytes), and redundancy check (1 byte).Z-Wave
Z-Wave is a wireless protocol and is very much a networking protocol supporting quality two-way communication, much like the Wi-Fi that supports your computers’ connections to wireless networks. It operates at frequencies below 1GHz so it is mostly free from interference from the higher frequency Wi-Fi networks. A level of encryption of the data is supported to keep the communication between the devices secure and intact. Because it is at its core a networking protocol, it can support a version of IPV6 device addressing. It is a proprietary protocol but is supported by nearly 160 manufacturers making Z-Wave-compatible devices worldwide. There are nearly 700 available devices that speak and/or understand Z-Wave wireless messages.
A home Z-Wave network can support 232 devices, and more than one network can be bridged together at a higher layer to support more than 232 devices. This is rarely done in automated homes for two reasons. First, controlled device counts above 100 are rare, and second, other technologies can be used and might offer advantages in specific applications. When using HAL software as the hub command center, you are not limited to a specific technology as your home automation solution.
The Network ID (or Home ID) uses 4 bytes (32 bits) of the control message.
The Node ID uses 1 byte (8 bits) of the control message.
A single Network or Home ID can contain a total of only 232 nodes because some of what would be node IDs are co-opted for messages or performing exceptional functions. One has to accept that node IDs are identified from 000001 to 11101000 in binary or 0x1 to 0xe8 in hexadecimal.
Z-Wave’s approved radio frequency operating range for the U.S. and Canada is set to 908.4MHz.
The devices emit low-power radio waves and the maximum transmit/receive ranges are considered to be 90 feet in buildings to 300 feet outdoors in the clear. Z-Wave presents a good option for controlling something located in outbuildings supplied or powered by a different electrical service because of the potential to send signals via radio wave to 300 feet.
Each Z-Wave network begins with at least one primary controller and a controlled node. New devices are brought into the network by a process called inclusion (or taken out by exclusions). After the network is set up, secondary controllers can join and can be brought into the network.
Two types of device nodes can take on one or more of three characteristics:
Z-Wave presents two clear advantages because it is wireless. The first advantage is that you can control devices that are on nearby alternative wiring systems. The second is that you can use a handheld remote to control Z-Wave devices, again thanks to its wireless communication media.
Product brings Web services into automated workload management framework
UC4 Software GmbH unveiled a product on Wednesday aimed at bringing Web services into an automated workload management framework.
The new UC4 Agent for Web Services supports WSDL and SOAP protocols and integrates with UC4's V8 automation engine, which was released in May. The product supports legacy on-premises applications, virtualized applications and applications running in cloud-based environments. It can also work with any service-oriented architecture software at the front end, according to company officials.
UC4, based in Wolfsgraben, Austria, provides intelligent service automation software for companies with "complex IT and business processes," including large datacenters running multiple applications. In addition to addressing automation needs with Web services with its new product, UC4 is looking more toward cloud computing, which represents an evolving target at this point.
"We're finding that the [cloud] standards really aren't that well entrenched," said Matthew Busch, UC4's product marketing executive, in a phone interview. "Each cloud provider is providing their own set of standards and APIs to work with it, and that's causing a lot of difficulty in the marketplace. What we're providing with the UC4 Agent for Web Services is a tool that will be able to communicate and work with all of the different API sets that are going to be provided by all of the various delivery models."
Software-as-a-service providers do provide APIs, said Fred Kohout, UC4's chief marketing officer. Moreover, infrastructure-as-a-service and platform-as-a-service companies are either providing or starting to provide a set of APIs that are Web service-enabled. However, many organizations trying to leverage cloud computing resources are still on their own.
"Right now with cloud environments, what we're finding is that it is very much a situation in which you have to build your own," Busch explained. "If you have to build and manage it on your own, they see UC4 Agent for Web Services as a tool to help you build standardized integrations and standardized processes to help manage the software that you are running as a service -- or the platform or the infrastructure."
The move toward automation to effectively manage cloud computing resources is part of an industry trend, according to Kohout. For instance, Cisco Systems acquired Tidal in May, along with Tidal's Enterprise Scheduler and Intelligent Automation technologies. In December, Microsoft acquired Opalis Software and its IT process automation technology with the idea of integrating it into Microsoft System Center products.
"We see that automation becomes the next critical part of how you deliver a well-operating datacenter and how you optimize IT resources with and against your business requirements," Kohout said.
Microsoft plans to use Opalis' technology to integrate with other infrastructure management products, such as solutions from BMC Software, CA, HP and others, according to its announcement. UC4 sees its solutions as being complementary to Opalis' software, according to Busch, who described Opalis' software as "a workflow enabler for the datacenter."
"Opalis is only concerned with the runbook in the datacenter, which is more of the infrastructure management," Busch said. "From UC4's perspective, they are working with not only the infrastructure and some of the automation of the infrastructure, but really with a lot of the application and business processes that are associated with it."
UC4's solution helps automate those processes using a graphical user interface. Little to no scripting is required, but IT personnel do need to have the knowledge of the API and the functions enabled, according to Busch.
UC4 is considered to be a "value leader" among workload automation software providers, according to Enterprise Management Associates' (EMA's) "Workload Automation: Q1 2010" report. The EMA WLA Radar Report found UC4 to be in the same top category as BMC Software and Orsyp. The report describes 13 software companies with "very promising solutions." However, none of them "has yet reached the pinnacle of maturity," according to the report's author Andi Mann. Job scheduling is the most advanced feature, but vendor solutions still need work in terms of IT process automation, resource optimization, business integration and predictive analytics, according the report.
A November 2009 Forrester Research report ranked CA as the leader among workload automation software vendors, followed by BMC, ASG, IBM Tivoli and UC4. The report, "Market Overview: Workload Automation, Q3 2009," suggests that the next evolutionary step for workload automation software vendors will be to "integrate workload automation with business service management."
Kurt Mackie is senior news producer for the 1105 Enterprise Computing Group.
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