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310-810 exam Dumps Source : Sun Certified MySQL 5.0 Database(R) Administrator Part 1
Test Code : 310-810
Test Name : Sun Certified MySQL 5.0 Database(R) Administrator Part 1
Vendor Name : mySQL
: 139 Real Questions
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customers on the MySQL conference this week said solar Microsystems' acquisition of the database enterprise could boost MySQL's credibility amongst senior IT decision makers nonetheless skittish about the use of open-source software.
there were some, notwithstanding, who feared that ownership of MySQL with the aid of a standard IT dealer would cut down growth within the community of MySQL builders, who provide a regular circulation of patches and new facets for the database.
"The main draw back is that the community may reject it [Sun's purchase of MySQL]," observed Yuriy Demchenko, a database administrator and internet applications developer at a big Canadian telecommunications business. "we are going to see if the community continues to develop at the rate it has."
Demchenko spoke of his enterprise, which he didn't want recognized as a result of he's not authorized to talk for it publicly, runs essentially Oracle and IBM's DB2 databases, but his branch makes use of MySQL for "semi-authentic startup tasks" that occasionally become working in creation. He makes use of the community version of MySQL "since it's free."
The upside of the acquisition is that it is going to make bigger-degree executives at the provider extra comfortable with MySQL since it is owned via a huge, reliable business, Demchenko pointed out. His enterprise already uses sun servers.
sun closed its US$1 billion purchase of MySQL in February and is internet hosting its first MySQLuser convention this week in Santa Clara, California, where it launched a close-closing edition of MySQL 5.1. It has been at pains to emphasize its aid for open source and similarities in the groups' cultures, regardless of their gigantic difference in size.
"solar has a comparatively enlightened angle to open source, so I don't see [the acquisition] affecting the community too a lot," talked about Steffen Higel, a methods engineer with online gaming enterprise DemonWare, which is the usage of a edition of MySQL 5.0 to serve up video games like "call of obligation 3."
DemonWare switched from the Ingres database to MySQL a few yr ago because it discovered Ingres "terrible" when it comes to guide and performance, and because Higel and his colleagues had journey with MySQL at a college, he said. It all started with the free community version and switched to a paid subscription after DemonWare become acquired by Activision, Higel spoke of.
he's chuffed with MySQL but would like extra returned-up capabilities, which are not due unless MySQL 6.0 later this 12 months. sun stated this week it might lengthen the final unlock of MySQL 5.1 by using up to three months, however Higel pointed out it's "not a massive deal, there is nothing demonstrate-stopping they need."
Lionel Beaudet, technical supervisor for the French division of Virgin cellular, is more involved by means of Oracle's acquisition of Innobase than by using solar's MySQL buy. Innobase makes the default transactional storage engine for MySQL, and the Oracle deal has created some uncertainty for MySQL clients.
MySQL is developing a storage engine for MySQL 6.0, referred to as Falcon, and companions are developing others. Virgin cellular will examine Falcon to see the way it performs in case it should make a transition, Beaudet stated. Marten Mickos, the previous CEO of MySQL and now a sun senior vp, said MySQL currently renewed its license with Oracle, though he would not say for a way long.
another consumer is WePlayTV.com, a startup as a way to soon launch a provider for constructing on-line communities round television courses. The solar deal is "an outstanding thing, it adds maybe some respectability to the MySQL company, plus you be aware of now that the business is always going to be there," talked about Silas Martinez, a programs engineer for WebPlayTV.
"Some people might be hesitant, but as lengthy they see that MySQL remains its personal entity inside sun, I don't feel it may be a problem," he mentioned.
WePlayTV picked MySQL for its quick efficiency and means to scale at cost-effective, Martinez spoke of. His company has a policy to make use of open-source utility on account of the lessen can charge and help from the developer group. he's using MySQL 5.0 and changed into on the demonstrate to evaluate MySQL Cluster.
Ron Rosen, founding father of on-line internet affiliate marketing enterprise MyStoreMaker.com, also noted the reasonable of MySQL in comparison with exact-tier databases like Oracle. He favors the acquisition because it will deliver balance to MySQL and its product street map, he spoke of.
"so long as sun does not do anything crazy, every thing should be adequate," he observed.To touch upon this text and different PCWorld content material, talk over with their facebook web page or their Twitter feed.
Oracle's contemporary unlock of three new commercial extensions to the MySQL database has brought about an outcry among some in the MySQL community. Some, including project founder Michael "Monty" Widenius, are involved that Oracle, by means of relocating to an "open core" mannequin, will slowly circulate more and more of the database mission to commercially licensed code—and to licensing phrases that make it complicated for clients to break out.
Ulf Sandberg, CEO of SkySQL, a year-old enterprise made up generally of former MySQL AB employees that presents a subscription-based mostly guide for enterprise MySQL users that competes with Oracle's, believes Oracle dangers reducing itself off from the neighborhood by taking more of the venture to a industrial mannequin. "We consider they could basically 'fork' themselves," Sandberg tells Ars, as the MySQL user base resists signing on for Oracle's more laborious licensing and strikes faraway from MySQL enterprise toward alternative releases.
The MySQL group, one of the underpinnings of the open-source LAMP development platform, has already spawned a number of forked-off tasks, together with: Drizzle, a lightweight MySQL choice derived the now-deleted MySQL 6.0 construction tree by way of a group led by former MySQL director of structure Brian Aker; Percona Server , a excessive-performance edition of MySQL in keeping with the XtraDB engine, maintained by way of former MySQL performance engineer Peter Zaitsev's Percona; and MariaDB, a fork of MySQL 5.1 pushed by means of Widenius' Monty program Ab that can use the XtraDB or InnoDB storage engines.
both the Percona Server and MariaDB projects are trying to cleave closely to MySQL Enteprise's points to maintain compatibility. however as Oracle introduces greater commercial code into the MySQL commercial enterprise subscription version, it'll develop into increasingly problematic to preserve compatibility characteristic-to-function.
The business licensing trend started well before Oracle got MySQL together with the relaxation of solar Microsystems, as did the MySQL diaspora. solar made the choice to unlock MySQL commercial enterprise Backup and future new features as business code in 2008, a circulate that created an analogous uproar among sectors of the MySQL neighborhood. Two business extensions, MySQL enterprise Backup and MySQL commercial enterprise computer screen, have been already part of Oracle's MySQL enterprise 5.5 subscription version. And Oracle's new MySQL enterprise extensions do not eradicate anything else from the latest MySQL open-supply code. however the new extensions cover areas that cut closer to core database performance: scalability, excessive availability and protection.
And according to Widenius, some of the performance of the extensions rely on code that became contributed from outside Oracle. "The thread pool turned into initially developed by way of Ebay for MySQL 5.0 and contributed to MySQL to be include in MySQL 5.1," Widenius wrote on his blog. "the brand new pluggable authentication, which makes the new PAM authentication possible, changed into developed and contributed to Oracle by Sergei Golubchik at Monty application Ab."
There are other pitfalls to the brand new extensions. the new MySQL business high Availability extension presents two alternate options: home windows Server Failover Clustering, or virtual desktop-primarily based failover based on Oracle VM and Oracle Linux. Oracle would not support high-availability features on pink Hat Linux.
The outrage over Oracle's movement isn't common. Guissepe Maxia, former MySQL neighborhood manager, blogged in guide of Oracle's flow, saying that the business extensions would assist pay the expenses to fund extra construction of MySQL, and that he advocated giving paying consumers aspects now not available to the community while he turned into still at MySQL and due to this fact at solar. a part of the rationale it hadn't been accomplished earlier, he contended, was that MySQL AB lacked the quality assurance team internally to be in a position to liberate "reserved elements" to subscription-holders, and needed to depend upon the community to verify code.
but Oracle has additionally raised the bar for paid aid in the technique. within the closing year, Oracle dropped the $599-a-year primary assist alternative for industrial assist, raising the entry level to $2000 a yr per server for MySQL standard version. That, mixed with concerns concerning the licensing requirements for the industrial utility, may also come to be assisting alternative support subscription providers like Percona and SkySQL.
"it really is Oracle being Oracle, and there's nothing incorrect with being Oracle," said Sandberg. "but it leaves loads of customers sad. They actually can't justify why you possibly can lift the expenditures up tremendously if in case you have the same product. it truly is how they get lots of business." SkySQL, which is barely reaching the end of its first fiscal yr, has over a hundred and fifty company customers signed up thus far.
Q: Why should I get certified on the conference?A: by taking your examination on the conference, you no longer simplest retailer a lot of money, which you could also attend certification primer tutorials on the primary day of the conference. Attend the educational and go to the exam whereas all of the particulars are sparkling in your mind.top
Q: Will the DBA certification primer tutorial totally prepare me for taking the certification exams?A: The tutorials are “primers” and within the time supplied, the speaker can't cover each detail you deserve to understand earlier than taking the exams. they're besides the fact that children a pretty good refresher and address some of the key areas necessary for the examination. MySQL additionally presents practicing classes in order to put together you for the entire tests (see mysql.com/practising). For self-study for the Developer and DBA tests, be sure you purchase the MySQL 5.0 Certifcation look at guide (ISBN 0-672-32812-7).good
Q: What does it can charge to take an exam at the conference?A: tests on the conference cost $25 (commonplace price is $200.) You keep $175 per exam.properly
Q: How do I pay for the certification checks before the conference?A: online registration for the exams is purchasable. in case you register for the checks together with the conference registration, examination expenses might be brought to your total convention registration prices. area to availability, you may also register and pay for assessments on-website. notice that simplest tests paid throughout conference registration are certain a seat.desirable
Q: How do I pay for the certification tests at the conference?A: it is strongly advised that you just sign in for the tests you plan to take on-line for those who register for the conference. besides the fact that children, if you want to postpone the resolution or find that you simply need to re-take an examination right through the conference, you may also buy exams on-website. On-site income are discipline to availability, and should close if the testing room can't accommodate extra examination-takers. cash or assessments best should be authorised onsite for certification tests. bank card price is obtainable when procuring the complete convention session circulate.good
Q: What certification primer tutorials are offered?A: Tutorilas for the CMDEV, CMDBA and CMCDBA tests can be found at the conference.top
Q: What do all these acronyms within the old answer confer with?A: CMDEV is the abbreviation of licensed MySQL Developer; CMDBA for licensed MySQL Database Administrator and CMCDBA for licensed MySQL Cluster Database Administrator.true
Q: What do I should convey to a certification exam all over the convention?A: You deserve to carry (1) Voucher for the payment of the exam (this could be given to you during the conference registration); (2) photo identification; (three) Your MySQL Certification identity number.top
Q: what's a MySQL Certification id quantity and how do I get one?A: you probably have already taken one or greater MySQL certification exams, you have got already been assigned a Candidate identification number. if you do not know what it is, please see us on the conference and they are able to assist you locate it. in case you haven't taken any MySQL exams before, you'll want to acquire one on mysql.com/certification/signuptop
Q: Will upgrade tests (from v. 4.x to v. 5.0) be provided on the convention?A: we're unfortunately unable to present improve exams at the conference.top
Q: how many checks do I need to take to acquire a certification?A: For CMDBA and CMDEV, you need to take 2 tests (e.g. DBA-I and DBA-II). For CMCDBA, you want handiest take one. although, you must additionally reap the CMDBA certificiation earlier than the CMCDBA certification is recognized.properly
Q: what is the format of the certification checks delivered throughout the conference?A: carry a laptop because the tests will all accept over the internet. There could be 24 hard wired ports attainable on a primary-come-first-server foundation and others will have to count on the conference WiFi.precise
Q: the place am i able to get more counsel on the MySQL Certification application, examination contents etc?A: The certification pages on mysql.com/certification include the suggestions you want. you should definitely make certain to familiarize yourself with the contents of the Candidate guide that you will discover there.properly
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RED HAT UNVEILS RED HAT LINUX VERSION 6.0
Durham, NC — Red Hat Software, Inc., a developer and support provider of the Linux operating system, announced Official Red Hat Linux 6.0. This major new release of the award-winning Red Hat Linux server operating system (OS) adds symmetrical multi-processor support (SMP) for up to four processors and many other new features to deliver tremendous horsepower and reliability for the most demanding enterprise and Internet applications running the day-to-day business of companies worldwide.
Red Hat Linux 6.0 continues to expand on Linux’s greatest strengths: a powerful server OS with completely open source code and the flexibility to choose features, processors and to alter the system to meet an organization’s unique computing needs. Users can now chose to run one of two new, popular graphical user interfaces (GUIs), GNOME or KDE, which make Linux even easier to use with a point-and-click environment that eliminates the need to type in command lines for tasks. For the first time, Red Hat will also offer 30 days of unlimited telephone support for installing version 6.0.
CYGNUS TO DELIVER GNUPRO SW FOR INTEL’S IA-64 PROCESSORS
Sunnyvale, CA — Cygnus Solutions announced it is working closely with Intel to optimize its industry leading GNUPro software development tools for Intel’s future IA-64 Architecture, beginning with the Merced processor. With this announcement, Cygnus’ Linux tools now span all key Intel processors, beginning with the latest Celeron, Pentium II and Pentium III processors, as well as high performance, low power StrongARM processors.
Cygnus GNUPro features the industry leading GNU compiler — the toolchain used to build the Linux kernel and the GNU debugger that is backed by 10 years of Cygnus expertise in porting (and maintaining) the GNU technology to more than 125 host/target combinations. Cygnus GNUPro Toolkit for Linux is a complete software development toolkit that includes ANSI-conforming C compiler, ANSI-tracking C++ compiler, the Cygnus Insight visual debugger, a macro-assembler, linker/loader, binary utilities, libraries, printed and online documentation.
LAST WINDOWS 2000 BETA SHIPS
Redmond, WA — As Stephanie Miles reported for CNET News.com, Microsoft is shipping the last beta of the Windows 2000 operating system to 650,000 testers, closing another chapter in what has become an upgrade epic. By the end of this month, Microsoft will ship beta 3 of Windows 2000 to CD manufacturers. Beta testers will receive their CDs in two-to-four weeks. In addition, some PC makers will ship limited numbers of computers loaded with the upcoming operating systems. Other PC companies are launching readiness kits and Web-based support, but stopping short of offering Windows 2000 beta 3 on shipping computers.
The spotlight is on the software giant to finally deliver an update for its corporate-focused operating system, following several setbacks. The upgrade represents the linchpin of Microsoft’s strategy to grab a larger chunk of the lucrative high-end corporate-computing market. Computers need at least 64MB of RAM, a 300-MHz processor, and support for the new euro currency to run Windows 2000, Microsoft has said in the past. The Windows 2000 upgrade has evolved from Windows NT 5 and split into Windows 2000 Professional, the desktop version for corporations, Windows 2000 Server, Windows 2000 Advanced Server, and Windows 2000 Data Server. The upcoming server operating systems will provide increasing levels of support for processor clustering and advanced Internet services.
GROUP OFFERS FREE LINUX-BASED ENCRYPTION SW
San Diego, CA — As Network World reported, After three years of work, an open-source project called Linux FreeS/WAN released its first version of free Linux-based software that encrypts data as it crosses the Internet. FreeS/WAN, or Secure/Wide Area Network, software installed on a PC running under the Linux operating system lets the PC serve as a secure gateway in a virtual private network (VPN), according to Hugh Daniel, project manager with FreeS/WAN.
A VPN lets companies securely use public networks while saving on the cost of leased lines for wide-area communication. FreeS/WAN encryption software adds additional security to such networks, Daniel said, without modifying their operating systems or applications software. & quot;This is so the ‘Net has privacy, like curtains for voting booths.& quot; Similar software, called S/WAN, exists on a commercial basis. It is put out by the RSA Security. But, as open-source software FreeS/WAN costs nothing and is subject to constant review from the software developer community.
UNISYS & MICROSOFT TEAM TO OPTIMIZE SUPPORT SERVICES
Blue Bell, PA — Unisys Corporation announced an expansion of its enterprise partnership with Microsoft through which it will apply its expertise in developing and delivering infrastructure and operations support solutions to bolster Microsoft’s Product Support Service program.
Working in close collaboration with Microsoft, Unisys is developing the processes and framework for delivering its customer-focused distributed computing support services within Microsoft’s Alliance and Premier offerings. The resulting support programs will leverage Unisys core competencies in mission-critical support and integrated service delivery, enabling Microsoft to provide the customized, customer-focused services outlined in today’s announcement. For more information visit http://www.unisys.com/
LUCENT INTROS NEW CACHING TECHNOLOGY
Murray Hill, NJ — As Reuters reported, Lucent Technologies, the world’s largest telecommunications equipment maker, unveiled a new product that it said will make downloading off the Internet faster, ease Web congestion, and cut costs by up to 40 percent. Lucent’s IPWorX detects and anticipates Internet traffic volume and is able to replicate pages in high demand, product director Gary Dreier said.
Dreier said IPWorX, which will be available to Internet service providers and companies for their private networks this July, is targeted to the next generation of Internet usage, such as videos on demand and streaming video and audio that can clog traditional Internet routes. IPWorX consists of three products: a Web controller, which acts as a central brain and understands recent and past traffic patterns; a Web cache, consisting of alternate servers that make copies of frequently requested information available to more users; and a Web director, that routes the request to the nearest server containing the information.
ISONICS DLVRS ISOTOPICALLY PURE SILICON-28 WAFERS TO AMD
Golden, CO — Isonics Corporation announced the first delivery of isotopically pure silicon-28 epitaxial wafers to Advanced Micro Devices. According to the announcement by Isonics President and CEO James E. Alexander, these special wafers will be tested to determine the impact of silicon-28 on device performance. In addition to performance testing, evaluation of overall chip yield and speed sorting will be performed and compared to normal silicon epitaxial wafers.
Isonics vice president, Semiconductor Materials Stephen Burden remarked, “This is a major milestone for Isonics. They have taken the technology out of the laboratory and it will be evaluated in a production setting for the first time. This work will go a long way in determining whether the industry can take immediate advantage of the properties of silicon-28 in this generation of products.” For more information visit http://www.isonics.com
CITRIX & CISCO TEAM TO OFFER ICA-AWARE CISCO IOS SW CONFIGURATIONS
San Francisco, CA — Citrix Systems, Inc., a provider of server-based computing software, announced it will collaborate with Cisco Systems, a provider of networking for the Internet, on the creation of the industry’s first ICA-aware Cisco IOS software router configurations, optimised specifically for Citrix’s Independent Computing Architecture (ICA), the emerging industry standard for server-based computing.
“The combination of Citrix’s Independent Computing Architecture and Cisco’s industry leading routing technology will enable ASPs to provide customers reliable, high-performance access to applications, whether it’s across the WAN, over a virtual private network (VPN) or via the public Internet,” said Traver Gruen-Kennedy, director of advanced business development for Citrix. “This announcement marks a significant step in furthering the emerging ASP market and underscores their mutual commitment to delivering innovative, quality solutions to ASPs and their customers.”
SUPERMICRO RELEASES NEW LINE OF WHITNEY CHIPSET BOARDS
San Jose, CA — Motherboard maker Supermicro will release four new boards based on Intel’s latest chipset: the 810, code named “Whitney.” The release date of these motherboards will coincide with Intel’s official release of the chipset on April 26.
Supermicro’s newest line of motherboards offers a built-in high-performance 3D graphics controller along with an AC’97 audio subsystem, bringing excellent graphics and sound capabilities to the desktop PC. SUPERMICRO’s PIIISWA, PIIISWD and PIIISWM are Slot 1 boards that will support the newest Pentium III processors for optimizing these new chipset functions. In addition, the new 370SWD and 370SWM boards support 370-pin Celeron PPGA processors for state-of-the-art systems at an outstanding value. All four models will run at 100/66 MHz front side bus speed, support up to 512 MB of SDRAM and incorporate the new Audio Modem Riser technology.
SUN LAUNCHES i-PLANET SOFTWARE PROD
Palo Alto, CA — Sun Microsystems, Inc., announced a new software product that extends the traditional boundaries of the workplace. Called i-Planet, the new software creates a virtual workspace by allowing users access to their entire enterprise, including applications, calendars, files and e-mail, from any Java technology-enabled browser, anywhere, for the first time. This innovative software solution helps companies establish enterprise portals, giving authorized users secure access to corporate intranets and extranets available from any Java technology-enabled browser as though they are working from an in-office desktop. The software will also be sold through the Sun-Netscape Alliance as part of the portfolio of e-commerce offerings that provide one-stop shopping to its business partners and other companies competing in today’s Net economy.
i-Planet reportedly offers more flexibility than any existing access solution by enabling connections to all enterprise resources, even those behind a firewall, from anywhere, with security similar to that of a Virtual Private Network (VPN), remote access or typical business portal. Unlike point-to-point solutions such as VPNs and remote access products, i-Planet provides secure enterprise access on virtually any browser-enabled end user device without costly, hard-to-configure software. In contrast to existing portal solutions, which are typically limited to providing e-mail access or HTML applications and data, i-Planet is a user’s gateway to a comprehensive, heterogeneous communications space, including any application running the Solaris operating environment, Unix, Microsoft Windows, Novell, Windows NT, MVS or mainframe operating environments. For more information visit http://www.sun.com/iplanet
PRESCIENT TECHNOLOGIES ANNOUNCES IMPROVED DESIGNQA FOR CATIA
Boston, MA — Prescient Technologies, Inc., a provider of design quality software solutions for the manufacturing industry, is now shipping DesignQA version 2.3 for CATIA. This major upgrade includes new integration features and a tenfold run-time performance increase.
Pre-configured with more than 100 design quality tests that focus on the overall integrity of model data, DesignQA can be used out-of-the-box to realize benefits right away. The newest version of Prescient Technologies’ design quality software product delivers closer collaboration with CATIA, the three-dimensional, solids-based CAD system from Dassault Systemes. Major enhancements include: – performance improvements that reduce run time by a factor of 10-to-1; – support for CATIA Sessions; – support for the Sun Microsystems platform; and – expanded configuration features.
TANDBERG DATA INTROS DLT AUTOMATION SOLUTION
Simi Valley, CA — Tandberg Data Inc. announced the next step in the company’s newly introduced DLT product group with the introduction of the Tandberg DLT Autoloader, which provides a compact, affordable storage solution for securing critical data for large workgroup environments.
The Tandberg DLT Autoloader uses one Tandberg DLT4000 or Tandberg DLT7000 drive and accommodates up to seven cartridges, with capacities ranging from 140 GB to 490 GB of data storage, and transfer rates up to 36 GB per hour. The Tandberg DLT Autoloader is available in rackmount and tabletop versions, with a compact footprint that allows two loaders to be installed side by side in a standard 19-inch rack. An optional barcode reader is available to automate media management operations.
DELL ANNCS FACTORY-INSTALLATION OF RED HAT LNUX 6.0
Round Rock, TX — Dell Computer Corporation, a direct computer systems company, today announced it plans to factory-install the new Red Hat Linux 6.0 operating system on select, “Red-Hat Ready” certified configurations of its PowerEdge servers, Dell Precision WorkStations and OptiPlex business desktop computers.
Dell is also the first company to receive multiprocessor certification from Red Hat for its four-processor PowerEdge 6300 enterprise server and its dual-processor Dell Precision WorkStations. Dell will offer the new Red Hat software factory-installed on configurations of its PowerEdge 1300, 2300, 4300, 4350, 6300 and 6350 servers; Dell Precision 410 and 610 WorkStations; and OptiPlex GX1 and GX1p desktop PCs. For more information visit http://www.dell.com
ONEPOINT EA AUTOMATES MIGRATION FROM NETWARE TO NT 4.0 & WINDOWS 2000
Houston, TX — OnePoint EA Speeds Migration by Preserving Key NetWare Data and Unifying the Administration of Windows NT and Exchange Directories Mission Critical Software, Inc. (MCS) — a leading provider of Windows NT-based systems management solutions for Internet and enterprise networks — announced a set of tools for its OnePoint EA suite that automate the migration from NetWare to Windows NT 4.0, Exchange and Windows 2000.
Version 5.0 of the OnePoint Domain Administrator product provides facilities for converting the data stored in NetWare bindery, Novell Directory Services (NDS) and NetWare file systems to the Windows NT and Windows 2000 operating systems. OnePoint Domain Administrator 5.0 is the first migration product that automatically populates both the Windows NT and Exchange directories with the contents of the NetWare bindery and NDS directories and preserves advanced NetWare directory attributes, such as Security Equivalence. OnePoint Domain Administrator 5.0 provides faster, simpler and less costly migration from NetWare to Windows NT, and streamlines the move to Active Directory by allowing administrators to manage the resulting Windows NT and Exchange directories as one entity. For more information visit http://www.missioncritical.com
WILLOW TECH DLVRS IBM MQSERIES ON SGI’S IRIX PLATFORM
Dallas, TX — Willow Technology, Inc. announced the availability of its MQSeries server product for SGI’s IRIX operating system. MQSeries for IRIX, a fully compliant version of IBM’s MQSeries messaging software, enables users to exchange information between applications, regardless of hardware and operating systems. The announcement follows the recent signing of an agreement between Willow and SGI under which Willow will produce and sell a complete range of fully compliant MQSeries products for IRIX, and Willow and SGI will jointly market MQSeries to SGI customers worldwide.
“By teaming with Willow, SGI is elevating their commitment to customers’ satisfaction one step higher by delivering leading interoperability solutions on IRIX, the dominant UNIX platform for high-performance systems,” said Todd Johnson, senior vice president, Server Solutions, SGI. “SGI’s high-performance servers are the leading platforms for key industries and government sectors that will benefit from this joint effort, and enable reliable delivery of mission critical data with MQSeries for IRIX.”
SILVERSTREAM ENHANCES APPLICATION SERVER
Buelington, MA — SilverStream Software, Inc., introduced SilverStream 2.5, the latest version of its Application Server which provides organizations with new and enhanced features and functionality — including enhanced server performance, increased data connectivity and enhanced database support — to easily develop, deploy and manage the most robust enterprise-class Web applications.
New features of SilverStream version 2.5 include: — Superior Server Performance makes applications running on the SilverStream Application Server for the Solaris Operating Environment even more robust and scalable. SilverStream 2.5 for Solaris now supports the Java 2-compliant Java Virtual Machine for Sun Microsystems. — Expanded connectivity to legacy databases – SilverStream is offering a limited release of new Enterprise Data Connectors (EDCs) for SAP R/3, PeopleSoft, and Lotus Notes. Unique to SilverStream, the EDCs include advanced wizards that step a developer through the process of connecting to these data sources while automatically writing most of the code required. With SilverStream’s single, open enterprise architecture, and its new Enterprise Data Connectors, organizations can easily integrate disparate data sources into a single application. For more information visit http://www.silverstream.com
AMDAHL’S LVS 4800 OPEN STORAGE SYS OFFERS CROSS-PLATFORM SOLUTION
Sunnyvale, CA — Amdahl Corporation announced the LVS 4800 Open Storage System. Joining the LVS 4600, the 4800 is the newest technology component of Amdahl’s Integrated Information Suite (AIIS) strategy, which supports information delivery any time, anywhere across OS/390, UNIX, and Windows NT platforms. The AIIS storage strategy helps customers increase productivity and reduce total cost of ownership, while they take advantage of new ways to use information to enhance business goals, including web-hosting, e-commerce, data warehousing, and decision support.
The LVS 4800 is ideal for heterogeneous operating environments needing industry-leading price/performance, and, depending on application and operating environment, end-users may see a 30- to 50-percent increase in performance over the LVS 4600. The LVS 4800 offers no single point of failure (NSPF) through a redundant and hot-pluggable active component architecture, and has been developed to meet the current and future demands for open storage. This third generation of the LVS 4000 family is an effective solution for large-scale open storage requirements for the Solaris, HP-UX, and Windows NT platforms. For more information visit http://www.amdahl.com/doc/products/ess/start.html
MATHWORKS ANNCS NEW SOLUTION FOR DATA ACQUISITION FROM MATLAB
Natick, MA — The MathWorks, Inc. announced the upcoming release of the Data Acquisition Toolbox for use with MATLAB. This new toolbox bridges the gap between acquisition and analysis by providing direct access to live, measured data from MATLAB, the industry-standard technical computing and visualization environment. The toolbox provides a natural extension to MATLAB and offers engineers and scientists a single, integrated environment to support their entire analysis and development processes.
Scheduled for release later this spring, the Data Acquisition Toolbox provides a full set of functions for controlling and communicating with a variety of off-the-shelf, PC-compatible hardware. The Data Acquisition Toolbox is open and extensible, allowing users to easily customize their acquisitions, access the built-in features of external hardware devices, and incorporate the powerful analysis and visualization features of MATLAB and its companion toolboxes into their designs. Version 1.0 of the toolbox supports sound card devices as well as acquisition hardware from National Instruments Corporation and Hewlett-Packard Company. Vendors such as DSP Technologies, makers of SigLab, also provide third-party extensions to the toolbox.
QUANTUM SET TO DELIVER NEXT-GEN DLT 8000 DRIVE
Milpitas, CA — Quantum Corporation announced broad-based OEM support for its latest DLTtape backup solution, the DLT 8000. Quantum has taken orders from its major OEM customers to incorporate the DLT 8000 drive, now in qualification, into system-level products.
The DLT 8000 will provide up to 80GB of compressed capacity, a performance gain of approximately 20 percent over current DLTtape drives, and even higher reliability than the current DLT 7000 product. The drive will utilize widely available DLTtape IV media, and will be fully backward compatible with existing DLT 4000 and DLT 7000 products. The DLT 8000 will offer the same broad product support and cross-platform compatibility available in current DLTtape products. For more information visit http://www.quantum.com
EUROLOGIC INTROS VOYAGER 3100 STORAGE SOLUTION
San Diego, CA — As Network World reported, Eurologic has apparently rolled out a RAID system for beginners. The modular Voyager 3100 Universal Data Storage Solution incorporates an Ultra2 SCSI backplane that lets users build up a RAID system. It’s backward-compatible with SCSI 1 and SCSI 2 architectures and is aimed at users that require fast access to large amounts of data, such as video production, animation and film editing
The Voyager 3100 features redundant, hot-swappable power supplies, drives and cooling. It sports 128M bytes of cache and can store from 9G bytes to 1 terabyte of data. It also supports RAID levels 0 through 5. It supports 19G byte and 10,000 RPM drives. Eurologic’s Vision Storage Management Software has a graphical interface for configuring and monitoring the 3100 both locally and remotely. It will begin shipping in June. Pricing begins at $3,395.
MATHWORKS SHIPS NEW 3RD PARTY HARDWARE TARGETS FOR DSP SOFTWARE TOOLS
Natick, MA — The MathWorks, Inc. announced the availability of new third-party real-time hardware targets for its DSP software design tools. Lyr Signal Processing (LSP) and DSPecialists GmbH have developed rapid prototyping hardware solutions that provide direct board-level support for code generated from The MathWorks’ Simulink system-level modeling environment.
Design engineers in the communications, electronics and computer industries can now accelerate their DSP development process by automatically generating real-time code from Simulink models that runs directly on LSP and DSPecialists hardware platforms. LSP and DSPecialists products, built on programmable DSPs from Texas Instruments, Analog Devices, and Motorola, are primarily used in digital audio and telephony applications.
DG TO USE TOWER’S TOWERJ IN AVIION SERVERS
Westboro, MA — Tower Technology Corporation, a provider of high performance Java deployment solutions, and Data General, a supplier of servers, storage systems, and services for information systems users worldwide, today announced an agreement to make Tower’s TowerJ available on Data General’s DG/UX and Windows NT server platforms.
TowerJ is the performance leading solution for deploying process intensive server-side Java applications. TowerJ is the only multi-platform deployment solution that allows server-side Java applications to execute with optimized native compiled performance while still be able to utilize the full dynamic nature of Java within a single environment. For more information visit http://www.dg.com
OVERLAND DATA PRODUCT LINE CERTIFIED FOR SAN COMPATIBILITY
San Diego, CA — Overland Data a provider of data storage and backup products, announced that it has certified its full product line of tape automation solutions for Storage Area Network (SAN) compatibility. Overland said it has completed testing on its LibraryXpress, MinilibraryXpress, LoaderXpress and soon-to-be-announced enterprise storage solution to verify that all products are Fibre-Channel capable to operate in SAN environments with selected third-party hardware and software solutions.
The announcement of full product line support for SAN operations completes the first phase in Overland’s Fibre Channel Connectivity Initiative announced late last year, committing the company to an open connectivity model that would allow customers to use their current Overland library investment with their choice of approved third-party Fibre Channel product to create SAN-capable libraries.
NuVIEW SHIPS CLUSTERX 2.0
Houston, TX — NuView Inc., a provider of high-availability management solutions, announced the shipment of ClusterX version 2.0. ClusterX 2.0 is the second release of NuView’s comprehensive management solution for Microsoft Windows NT Server Enterprise Edition clusters running Microsoft Cluster Services.
This second generation version offers advanced load balancing capabilities plus tremendous scalability and performance enhancements, allowing even more sophisticated management of high-availability clusters and clustered applications such as file and print, e-mail, database and Internet servers and firewalls. For more information visit http://www.nuview.com.
MICROSOFT RELEASES VISUAL BASIC FOR APPS VERSION 6.0
Redmond, WA — Microsoft Corp. announced the availability of the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) version 6.0 development environment to third-party software vendors through the VBA licensing program. VBA 6.0 is a powerful development technology for rapidly customizing packaged applications and is a core component of Microsoft Office 2000. VBA 6.0 offers a host of new features that extend the reach, flexibility and security of application customization while making it easier than ever for software vendors to integrate it into their products.
VBA 6.0 opens the door for new and more powerful line-of-business solutions using new features like multithreaded VBA-based projects, developer productivity add-ins, and support for digital signatures. To make it easy for ISVs to evaluate VBA 6.0, Microsoft is unveiling its updated VBA Web site — http://msdn.microsoft.com/vba/ — where software vendors can obtain software tools and documentation for easily integrating VBA 6.0 into their products.
— This file compiled by Steve Fisher, HPCwire managing editor.
Linux Journal celebrated the publication of its 100th issue in 2002 with the release of the Linux Timeline. It's now 2006, Linux itself turns 15 this year and Linux Journal, a little older, grayer and wiser, is soon to release it's 150th issue. In celebration and in honor of an amazing community's history we're compiling the significant events of 2002 through 2006 (and of course anything from earlier years that they may have previously missed).
We ask you to take a few minutes of time and help record history. Consider this article post a giant whiteboard -- comment on the event or events you find to be most significant in Linux's recent history, you'll likely see their editors doing just the same.
We'll compile the events and re-release the timeline for all to share in the upcoming months.
Ready? Here they go:
``Hello everybody out there using minix - I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I'd like any feedback on things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons) among other things).I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work. This implies that I'll get something practical within a few months, and I'd like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestions are welcome, but I won't promise I'll implement them :-) Linus (PS. Yes - it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs. It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that's all I have :-(.''
Linux version 0.01 is released and put on the Net.
The first Linux newsgroup, comp.os.linux, is proposed and started by Ari Lemmke.
Peter MacDonald announces SLS, the first standalone Linux install. At least 10MB of space on disk was recommended.
Slackware, by Patrick Volkerding, becomes the first commercial standalone distribution and quickly becomes popular within the Linux community.
Matt Welsh's Linux Installation and Getting Started, version 1 is released. This is the first book on Linux.
The first issue of Linux Journal is published. This issue featured an interview with Linus Torvalds and articles written by Phil Hughes, Robert ``Bob'' Young, Michael K. Johnson, Arnold Robbins, Matt Welsh, Ian A. Murdock, Frank B. Brokken, K. Kubat, Micahel Kraehe and Bernie Thompson. Advertisers in the premier issue include Algorithms Inc., Amtec Engineering, Basmark, Fintronic (later became VA Research, VA Linux Systems, then...), Infomagic, Prime Time Freeware, Promox, Signum Support, SSC, Trans Ameritech, USENIX, Windsor Tech and Yggdrasil.
Linux 1.0 is released.
While at a conference in New Orleans, Jon ``maddog'' Hall persuades Linus to port Linux to DEC's 64-bit Alpha computer processor chip. Less than two weeks later, maddog had also persuaded DEC to fund the project. An Alpha workstation was immediately sent to Linus. ``Digital [DEC] and the Linux community formed the first truly successful venture of suits and Linux geeks working together'', said maddog.
Linux International, a nonprofit vendor organization, is founded by Jon ``maddog'' Hall. Linux International goes on to become a major contributor to the success of Linux, helping corporations and others work toward the promotion of the Linux operating system.
Linux trademark dispute: is Linux trademarked? William R. Della Croce, Jr. files for the trademark ``Linux'' on August 15, 1994, and it is registered in September. Della Croce has no known involvement in the Linux community yet sends letters out to prominent Linux companies demanding money for use of the trademark ``Linux''. A lawsuit is filed in 1996 against Della Croce. Plaintiffs in the suit include Linus Torvalds; Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc. (publishers of Linux Journal); Yggdrasil Computing, Inc.; Linux International; and WorkGroup Solutions (also known as LinuxMall). The plaintiffs prevail, and in 1997 announce the matter as settled by the assignment of the mark to Linus Torvalds on behalf of all Petitioners and Linux users.
Linux is first mentioned in the mainstream press. Wired magazine features an article titled ``Kernel Kid'', by Seth Rosenthal. He writes: ``So, is Linus going to become the Bill Gates of Finland? Maybe not. He claims to be 'by no means a good student' and is in no hurry to graduate since 'Linux has taken a lot of time from my studies, and I like the work I have at the University which keeps me alive.'''
Randolph Bentson reports on the world's first vendor-supported Linux device driver in Linux Journal. Cyclades gave him a multiport serial card in exchange for developing a Linux driver for it.
A major tradeshow and conference take notice of Linux. Open Systems World features a Linux track, hosted by Linux Journal. Two days of seminars include Eric Youngdale, Donald Becker, Dirk Hohndel, Phil Hughes, Michael K. Johnson and David Wexelblat as speakers.
Linux Expo, the first Linux-specific tradeshow and conference series, launches, thanks to the folks at North Carolina State University and in particular, Donnie Barnes. Speakers include Marc Ewing, Rik Faith and Michael K. Johnson, among others. Linux Expo snowballs and becomes the most popular and well-attended annual Linux show for the next several years (after three years Red Hat takes over organization and becomes the major sponsor). The price for entry into the exhibit hall and a pass to the conferences? $4.
First ``Linux virus'' discovered. Called Bliss, it actually works on any UNIX-like OS and offers a helpful--``bliss-uninfect-files-please'' command-line option. Alan Cox points out that Bliss ``does not circumvent the security of the system, it relies on people with privilege to do something dumb'' and reminds users to install digitally signed software from trustworthy sites only and to check signatures before installing.
``In fact it's probably easier to write a virus for Linux because it's open source and the code is available. So they will be seeing more Linux viruses as the OS becomes more common and popular.''--Wishful thinking from McAfee
Linux Weekly News begins publication with Jonathan Corbet and Elizabeth Coolbaugh as founders. The very first issue, dated January 22, was just a tiny hint of what LWN was to become.
Netscape announces that they will release the source to their browser under a free software license. This almost certainly remains one of the most important events of the year; it opened a lot of eyes to what Linux and free software could provide.
Red Hat Advanced Development Labs (RHAD) is founded. It has since become one of the higher-profile places where people are paid to develop free software and an important component of the GNOME Project. RHAD is able to attract developers like ``Rasterman'' (although only for a short time) and Federico Mena-Quintero.
The Cobalt Qube is announced and immediately becomes a favorite in the trade press due to its high performance, low price and cute form factor. Cobalt's Linux engineering is done by none other than David Miller, the source of much that is good in the Linux kernel.
The Linux user community wins InfoWorld's technical support award; Red Hat 5.0 also won their Operating System award. But it was the tech support award that truly opened some eyes; everybody had been saying that Linux had no support. This was the beginning of the end of the ``no support'' argument.
Eric Raymond and friends come up with the term ``open source''. They apply for trademark status and put up the opensource.org web site. Thus begins the formal effort to push Linux for corporate use.
Consumer advocate Ralph Nader asks the large PC vendors (Dell, Gateway, Micron, etc.) to offer non-Microsoft systems, including systems with Linux installed.
Linux is covered by the US National Public Radio news, marking one of its first appearances in the mainstream, nontechnical press.
O'Reilly holds the ``first ever'' Free Software Summit, featuring Larry Wall, Brian Behlendorf, Linus Torvalds, Guido van Rossum, Eric Allman, Phil Zimmermann, Eric Raymond and Paul Vixie.
The Google search engine pops up. Not only is it one of the best search engines around, but it's based on Linux and features a Linux-specific search page.
Big databases start to arrive. Support for Linux is announced by Computer Associates for their Ingres system and by Ardent Software for their O2 object database.
``Like a lot of products that are free, you get a loyal following even though it's small. I've never had a customer mention Linux to me.''--Bill Gates, PC Week, June 25, 1998
``...these operating systems will not find widespread use in mainstream commercial applications in the next three years, nor will there be broad third-party application support.''--The Gartner Group says there is little hope for free software.
A Datapro study comes out showing that Linux has the highest user satisfaction of any system; it also shows Linux to be the only system other than Microsoft Windows NT that is increasing its market share.
IBM announces that it will distribute and support the Apache web server after working a deal with the Apache team.
The desktop wars rage as KDE and GNOME advocates hurl flames at each other. Linus gets in on the act, saying that KDE is okay with him. In this context, KDE 1.0 is released. The first stable release of the K Desktop Environment proves to be popular, despite the complaints from those who do not like the licensing of the Qt library.
Informix quietly releases software for Linux. Meanwhile, Oracle beats Informix to the punch PR-wise and makes a Linux-friendly announcement first, suggesting that they would soon be supporting Linux. Oracle promises to make a trial version available by the end of 1998, a deadline they beat by months. This, seemingly, was one of the acid tests for the potential of long-term success for Linux; a great deal of attention resulted from both Informix's and Oracle's announcements.
Informix announces support for Linux effectively moments after Oracle does so. Sybase later announces their support for Linux also.
Linus appears on the cover of Forbes magazine. A lengthy story presents Linux in a highly positive manner and brings the system to the attention of many who had never heard of it before. Linux begins to become a household word.
LinuxToday.com is launched by Dave Whitinger and Dwight Johnson. The site, later acquired by Internet.com, arguably becomes the most well-read and visited Linux portal of all time.
Microsoft's Steve Ballmer admits that they are ``worried'' about free software and suggests that some of the Windows NT source code may be made available to developers. The same month Microsoft goes on to list Linux as a competitive threat in its annual SEC (US Securities and Exchange Commission) filing. Speculation abounds that their real purpose is to influence the upcoming antitrust trial.
``For the moment, however, the company from Redmond, Washington, seems almost grateful for the rising profile of Linux, seeing it as an easy way of demonstrating that Windows is not a monopoly, ahead of its antitrust trial, scheduled to begin on October 15. That may be short-sighted. In the long run, Linux and other open-source programs could cause Mr. Gates much grief.''--The Economist, October 3, 1998
Intel and Netscape (and two venture capital firms) announce minority investments in Red Hat Software. The money is to be used to build an ``enterprise support division'' within Red Hat. An unbelievable amount of press is generated by this event, which is seen as a big-business endorsement of Linux.
Corel announces that WordPerfect 8 for Linux will be downloadable for free for ``personal use''. They also announce a partnership with Red Hat to supply Linux for the Netwinder.
A confidential Microsoft memorandum on Redmond's strategy against Linux and Open Source software was leaked to Eric S. Raymond. Raymond, with his own added commentary, releases the memorandum to the national press over Halloween Weekend. Because of all of the press surrounding the story, Microsoft was forced to acknowledge the now-infamous Halloween Document's authenticity. This was the first time the public heard Microsoft admit Linux was becoming stiff competition.
A report from IDC says that Linux shipments rose by more than 200% in 1998, and its market share rose by more than 150%. Linux has a 17% market share and a growth rate unmatched by any other system on the market.
``Microsoft Corp. will shout it out to the world when Windows 2000 finally ships. Linux creator Linus Torvalds announced the arrival of the next generation of Linux, version 2.2, with a simple note to the Linux-kernel mailing list.''--Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols, Sm@rt Reseller
Samba 2.0 is released. It contains a reverse-engineered implementation of the Microsoft domain controller protocols, allowing Linux servers to provide complete services to Windows networks.
Hewlett-Packard and Compaq announce plans to offer Linux-based systems. Later, Dell also announces plans to begin selling Linux-installed systems. SGI contents itself with providing information on how to bring up Linux on its systems.
Loki Entertainment Software announces that it will port Civilization: Call to Power to Linux.
Linux and BSD users unite for ``Windows Refund Day''. They visit Microsoft, hoping to return the unused Windows licenses that they were forced to acquire when they purchased a computer system bundled with the OS.
``Like a Russian revolutionary erased from a photograph, he is being written out of history. Stallman is the originator of the Free Software movement and the GNU/Linux operating system. But you wouldn't know it from reading about LinuxWorld (Expo). Linus Torvalds got all the ink.''--Leander Kahney, Wired magazine, March 1999
The first LinuxWorld Conference and Expo is held in San Jose, California. As the first big commercial ``tradeshow'' event for Linux, it serves notice to the world that Linux has arrived; 12,000 people are said to have attended.
Linux Magazine debuts, bringing some additional competition to the Linux print business. Later, other magazines rise and fall including Open, Journal of Linux Technology (JOLT) and Maximum Linux.
VA Research buys the Linux.com domain for $1,000,000 and announces plans to turn it into a Linux portal. Microsoft's rumored bid for the domain is frustrated.
``...please imagine what it is like to see an idealistic project stymied and made ineffective because people don't usually give it the credit for what it has done. If you're an idealist like me, that can ruin your whole decade.''--Richard Stallman on GNU/Linux
Al Gore's presidential campaign web site claims to be open source. That claim is gone, but the site still claims: ``In the spirit of the Open Source movement, they have established the Gore 2000 Volunteer Source Code Project; www.algore2000.com is an 'open site'."
HP announces 24/7 support services for the Caldera, Turbolinux, Red Hat and SuSE distributions. They also release OpenMail for Linux.
The Linux FreeS/WAN Project releases a free IPSec implementation, allowing Linux to function as a VPN gateway using what is now the industry standard.
``But the mere fact that there is now an official SEC document that includes the text of the GPL serves as fairly astonishing proof that the rules of the software business really are being rewritten.''--Andrew Leonard, Salon
``Those two little words--open source--have become a magical incantation, like portal in 1998 or push in 1997. Just whisper them and all will be yours: media attention, consumer interest and, of course, venture capital.''--Andrew Leonard, Wired
First Intel IA-64 ``Merced'' silicon. Although Intel had given simulators to several OS vendors, Linux is the only OS to run on the new architecture on its first day. The Register headline: ``Merced silicon happens: Linux runs, NT doesn't''.
SGI announces the 1400L--a Linux-based server system. SGI also announces a partnership with Red Hat and begins contributing to kernel development in a big way.
Red Hat's initial public offering happens; a last-minute repricing helps to create difficulties for people participating in the community offering. The stock price immediately rises to $50; a value that seems high at the time.
``For the umpteenth time, someone paved paradise, put up a parking lot. For the thousands of Linux coders who've built the utopian open-source movement--offering free help to create a free operating system--the IPO of Red Hat Software was a sure sign of Wall Street cutting the ribbon on the new Linux mall.''--The Industry Standard
Motorola jumps into Linux announcements of embedded systems products, support and training services, and a partnership with Lineo.
Sun acquires StarDivision; it announces plans to release StarOffice under the Sun Community Source License and to make a web-enabled version of the office suite.
``'Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corp. in Burlington, New Jersey is spending $1 million or so to buy 1,250 Linux-equipped PCs from Dell, but it won't pay Red Hat a dime for support', says Michael Prince, chief information officer. 'I suppose Red Hat's business model makes sense to somebody, but it makes no sense to us', he says.''--Daniel Lyons, Forbes, May 31, 1999. Then in September, Burlington ended up purchasing support from Red Hat.
The first big Linux stock rush happens. Shares in Applix more than double in volume, reaching nearly 27 million shares--three times the 9 million shares that are actually on the market.
SCO trashes Linux in a brochure distributed in Northern Europe: ``Linux at this moment can be considered more a plaything for IT students rather than a serious operating system in which to place the functioning, security and future of a business. Because Linux is basically a free-for-all it means that no individual person/company is accountable should anything go wrong, plus there is no way to predict which way Linux will evolve.''
Stock in Red Hat hits $135/share. The price seems unbelievably high at the time.
Sun Microsystems announces that it will release the source to Solaris under the Sun Community Source License. The actual release drew criticism: ``In a move aimed at Linux, Sun said it will announce Wednesday that it is making the source code for its new Solaris 8 operating system 'open'. Webster's has lots of definitions for the word, including 'not sealed, fastened, or locked'. But when you dig into the details of Sun's announcement, you'll find that what it is offering doesn't come close to meeting the dictionary's definition, let alone that of the Open Source movement.''--Lawrence Aragon, Redherring.com, January 26, 2000
``...if there's one thing about Linux users, they're do-ers, not whiners.''--Andy Patrizio,
Red Hat buys Cygnus for almost $700 million in stock. Rumors of other acquisitions by Red Hat begin to circulate and show no signs of stopping.
VA Linux Systems goes public after two repricings (originally priced at $11-$13/share). The final IPO price is $30/share; that price rises immediately to $300 before closing around $250. It sets the record for the biggest IPO rise in the history of the NASDAQ.
``Gee. Remember when the big question was 'How do they make money at this?'''--Eric Raymond
VA Linux Systems announces SourceForge (although the site had actually been up and running since November 1999). SourceForge also makes the code for its operation available under the GPL. By the end of the year, SourceForge hosted over 12,000 projects and 92,000 registered developers.
Version 1.0 of Red Flag Linux is released in the People's Republic of China.
Transmeta breaks its long silence and tells the world what it has been up to--the Crusoe chip, of course.
The Linux Professional Institute announces the availability of its first Linux professional certification exam.
Linux wannabe press releases flow from companies trying to ride on the success of Linux stocks. Vitamins.com, for example, posts the following: ``Vitamins.com has further distinguished itself in the competitive Internet health industry race by being one of the first to integrate the Linux Operating System, produced by Red Hat, the leading developer and provider of open-source software solutions.''
The latest IDC report suggests that Linux now ranks as the ``second-most-popular operating system for server computers'', with 25% of the server operating system sales in 1999. Windows NT is first with 38% and NetWare ranks third with 19%. IDC previously predicted that Linux would get up to the number two position--in 2002 or 2003. The revolution appears to be well ahead of schedule.
VA Linux Systems acquisition of Andover.net in a high-profile purchase that values Andover shares at 0.425 of VA's, or roughly $50/share. Andover.net is the owner of the popular web sites Slashdot.org and Freshmeat.org.
LinuxMall.com and Frank Kaspar and Associates also have made plans to merge. LinuxMall.com has been at the top of the retail side of Linux almost since the very beginning; Kaspar is one of the largest distribution channels.
Red Hat wins InfoWorld's ``Product of the Year'' award for the fourth time in a row.
``The law in open code means that no actor can gain ultimate control over open-source code. Even the kings can't get ultimate control over the code. For example, if Linus Torvalds, father of the Linux kernel, tried to steer GNU/Linux in a way that others in the community rejected, then others in the community could always have removed the offending part and gone in a different way. This threat constrains the kings; they can only lead where they know the people will follow.''--``Innovation, Regulation, and the Internet'' by Lawrence Lessig for The American Prospect.
A new version of LILO is posted that is able to get past the 1024-cylinder boot limit that has plagued PC systems for years.
The latest Netcraft survey shows Apache running on just over 60% of the Web.
Caldera Systems goes public after a short delay, on March 21. The stock, which was offered at $14/share, began trading at $26 and closed at $29.44. It thus registered a 110% gain on its first day.
``Caldera knows of no company that has built a profitable business based in whole or in part on open-source software.''--Caldera SEC filing
Walnut Creek (the parent company for Slackware) and BSDi announce their merger. Yahoo! will be taking an equity investment in the new company.
Motorola Computer Group announces the release of its HA Linux distribution. This distribution is aimed at telecommunications applications that require very high amounts of uptime; it includes hot-swap capability and is available for the i386 and PowerPC architectures.
The Embedded Linux Consortium is announced. Its goal is ``to amplify the depth, breadth and speed of Linux adoption in the enormous embedded computer market''. The initial leader will be Rick Lehrbaum, the man behind the LinuxDevices.com and DesktopLinux.com web sites, among other things.
Ericsson announces its ``Screen Phone HS210'' product--a Linux-based telephone with a touchscreen that can be used for e-mail, web browsing, etc. Ericsson and Opera Software also announce that Ericsson's (Linux-based) HS210 Screen Phone will incorporate the Opera web browser.
Code is ruled to be speech. On April 4, 2000, the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit published its decision regarding Peter Junger's challenge to the Export Administration Regulations that prevented him from posting information on the Internet that contained cryptographic example code. Most critical in the ruling: ``Because computer source code is an expressive means for the exchange of information and ideas about computer programming, they hold that it is protected by the First Amendment.''
Andy Tanenbaum releases the the Minix operating system under the BSD license. Had Minix been open source from the beginning, Linux may never have happened.
SuSE releases the first supported Linux distribution for the IBM S/390 mainframe.
``Approximately 140 distribution companies exist across the globe. They believe all but the top five will be bought, will go out of business or will be relegated to insignificance. Market-share leaders are currently defined around geographic boundaries. Red Hat has the largest global brand recognition and leading North American market share; SuSE leads in Europe, Turbolinux leads in Asia, and Conectiva leads in South America.''--Keith Bachman, an analyst for WR Hambrecht, predicting in The Red Herring
Commercial considerations help prompt the relicensing of MySQL under the GPL. Now the two freely available databases that are widely used in the Linux and Free Software communities, PostgreSQL and MySQL, meet the Debian Free Software Guidelines and the Open Source Guidelines. In addition, Progress Software forms a new company, NuSphere, just for the purpose of supporting MySQL.
``In a world of NDA-bound business agreements, Debian is an open book. In a world of mission statements, Debian has a social contract. At a time when commercial distributors are striving to see how much proprietary software they can pack into a box of Linux, Debian remains the bastion of software freedom--living proof that you can have a fully functional and usable operating system without needing any proprietary code.''--Evan Leibovitch, ZDNet
Sun announces that StarOffice is to be released under the GPL. The code is going to be reworked, integrated with Bonobo and GTK, and released as a set of reusable components. StarOffice will also be reworked to use a set of open XML-based file formats.
Oracle's Linux-based internet appliance system hits the shelves. The ``New Internet Computer'' (NIC) is the latest result of Larry Ellison's long personal crusade to make non-Microsoft systems available to the world. It's aimed at people who only want access to the Net; as such, it's essentially a $199 (without monitor) X terminal.
Reports first appear that SCO may be purchased by Caldera. Later in 2000 Caldera and SCO announce their intent for Caldera International to be formed from Caldera's existing operation and two of SCO's three divisions.
Ted Ts'o steps forward to become the new 2.4 status list maintainer. Alan Cox was doing the job until he said that it was time to ``find someone else to maintain it''. Ted Ts'o responded to Linus' subsequent call for a new status list maintainer.
HP, Intel, IBM and NEC announce the ``Open Source Development Lab'', which makes large hardware available to Linux developers for benchmarking and testing.
``I'm a bastard. I have absolutely no clue why people can ever think otherwise. Yet they do. People think I'm a nice guy, and the fact is that I'm a scheming, conniving bastard who doesn't care for any hurt feelings or lost hours of work if it just results in what I consider to be a better system.''--Linus Torvalds trying to change his image.
The RSA patent expires, allowing for secure web transactions without proprietary software.
Trolltech releases the Qt library under the GPL, putting a definitive end to a long-running and unpleasant license flame war.
The CueCat fiasco begins. Digital Convergence attempts to shut down programmers who have written Linux drivers for its CueCat bar code scanner. The company has given out large numbers of these scanners for free, expecting people to use them with its proprietary software and web site. The threats cause the drivers to become marginally harder to find for a short period, after which the company declares victory and moves on.
Microsoft says that penguins can mutate in a European print ad that quickly becomes famous.
``I was dumbfounded to discover that installing Linux was easy. Why? Well, the world has changed. No more do you have to understand everything about Linux before you install it, downloading the many chunks of code necessary to run a complete system and getting them all to work together. That was BSW--before shrink-wrap. With companies such as Red Hat and Corel putting all the software you need in a box, the pain is (nearly) gone.''--John Schwartz, Washington Post
IBM announces plans to invest $1 billion in Linux in 2001.
The long-awaited 2.4.0 kernel was released on January 4.
The US National Security Agency (NSA) releases SELinux under the GPL. SELinux offers an additional layer of security checks in addition to the standard UNIX-like permissions system.
The Linux 2.5 kernel summit is held in San Jose, California; it is, perhaps, the most complete gathering of Linux kernel hackers in history.
IBM gets into trouble over its ``Peace, Love and Linux'' graffiti in several cities.
``Slackware has always made money (who else producing a commercial distribution can say that?), but with BSDi they ended up strapped to a sinking ship.''--Patrick Volkerding
Sony's PlayStation Linux kit, shipped in Japan, sells out in eight minutes despite a doubling of the available stock.
Sharp announces its upcoming Linux PDA based on Lineo's Embedix system.
VA Linux Systems exits the hardware business, choosing to focus on SourceForge instead. Later VA drops the word ``Linux'' from its name altogether, relaunching as VA Software Corporation.
``In a press release issued Wednesday afternoon, VA Linux CEO Larry M. Augustin called the shift in strategy a logical move. 'Our differentiating strength has always been their software expertise', Augustin said''.--Wired. You only thought VA was a hardware company.
Free Dmitry! Dmitry Sklyarov is arrested in Las Vegas after Adobe complains about the Advanced eBook Processor. The following month he is charged with DMCA violations and conspiracy: the potential penalties add up to 25 years in prison. Dmitry's defense is based on constitutional challenges to the DMCA, on free speech and jurisdictional issues. Later in the year, charges are dropped, conditional on one year of good behavior and testimony in the ElcomSoft trial.
``Although Adobe withdrew its support for the criminal complaint against Dmitry Sklyarov, they respect the grand jury and federal government's decision to prosecute the company, ElcomSoft, and as a law-abiding corporate citizen, Adobe intends to cooperate fully with the government as required by law.''--Adobe's position
Sharp Electronics Corporation begins a special Linux developer prerelease of the Zaurus PDA to attract free software developers to the hot new platform.
Avaya, the former PBX and enterprise systems division of Lucent, announces Linux-based PBX systems.
``So there are some--and I'd list myself among them--who believe that the return to Earth is a good thing. There's nothing wrong with making a buck, but Linux doesn't benefit from being elevated beyond reality on a shaky foundation.''--Evan Leibovitch takes a look at the post-rush world of Linux.
We would like to recognize their indebtedness to Rebecca Sobol and Jonathan Corbet at Linux Weekly News, for allowing us to borrow heavily from the timeline featured on their site and for their accurate and gracious historical editing.
1. "Steve Case: Break Up Time Warner, Free AOL," InfoWorld, 12/12. The co-founder of America Online admitted publicly what most folks have known for a long time: the merger of AOL and Time Warner was a major misstep. Steve Case was one of the prime movers for the merger, but now says the tie-up has hurt both entities and AOL should be set free. In fact, he proposed to the company board that they split up Time Warner into four separate entities, one of which would be AOL.
2. "Visto Sues Microsoft Over Patents," PC World, 12/15. Yet another battle in the wireless e-mail market as Visto filed suit against Gates Inc. accusing Microsoft of improper use of patented Visto technologies in Windows Mobile 5.0. The case joins the bitter struggle between Research in Motion and NTP over RIM allegedly using NTP patents illegally in its BlackBerry e-mail devices. Visto is seeking unspecified monetary damages as well as a permanent injunction on Microsoft shipping Windows Mobile 5.0. Microsoft has yet to respond to the suit.
3. "Microsoft Windows Earns Common Criteria Certification," Network World, 12/14. Gates Inc. had something to celebrate as some of its software achieved Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL) 4+, a certification evaluation by the National Information Assurance Partnership. The rating which goes up to EAL 7 is used by government customers to determine the security of IT products. Traditionally, government customers have opted for Unix because of its tendency to be extremely secure and more recently they’ve begun to adopt Linux too.
4. "Google, Microsoft, Sun To Fund New Research Lab," San Jose Mercury News, 12/15. Putting aside their rivalries for once, the trio of IT titans are teaming up to fund research at a new University of California Berkeley lab. Each company has pledged US$500,000 over the next five years to help the efforts of the Reliable, Adaptive and Distributed Systems Lab or RADLab for short. The lab will explore different methods of software engineering and will make any technologies it develops freely available.
5. "Oracle: Now For The Hard Part," BusinessWeek, 12/16. Oracle pronounced itself happy with its second-quarter financial results released this week and claimed that the customers it gained through its PeopleSoft acquisition are happy too. However, financial analysts still aren’t convinced that Oracle’s software purchases are going to pay off in the long term. How successful Oracle will be in bringing together the disparate software pieces it bought with its existing applications in its ambitious Project Fusion won’t be known for at least a year. In the meantime, customers may well defect to rival SAP or other players.
6. "Automation Key To IT Cost Savings, Says HP’s Hurd," Computerworld, 12/13. As Hewlett-Packard moves forward, reducing hands-on labor costs will be vital to the company via process automation and IT virtualization, CEO Mark Hurd told analysts. The company will engage in massive consolidation of its operations, for instance, reducing its 762 data marts to a single enterprise data warehouse and its more than 85 data centers to only six facilities. HP’s capital spending to achieve these aims will total $2.8 billion in fiscal 2006, Hurd said.
7. "Cybersecurity Group Knocks US Government Efforts," InfoWorld, 12/13. The past year wasn’t a very impressive one in terms of the U.S. government making progress on cybersecurity issues, according to a report from a trade group of cybersecurity vendors. In fact, the group believes cybersecurity research and development within the government has reached a crisis point with a continued lack of leadership and execution in relation to securing the information infrastructure. As well as upping the funding for cybersecurity R&D, the group’s report called for the government to pass a national spyware protection bill and a national data breech notification bill.
8. "Java? It’s So Nineties," BusinessWeek, 12/13. Sun’s programming language is losing its grip on some developers as they check out more recently developed alternatives to Java. Of particular interest is the LAMP open-source stock stack which includes the Linux operating system, the Apache Web server, MySQL database and a trio of open-source scripting languages -- Perl, Python and PHP. Perhaps more worrying to Sun is that Microsoft’s .Net technology is also gaining traction at Java’s expense.
9. "Roll Your Own Google," Wired, 12/13. A subsidiary of Amazon.com, Alexa Internet, opened up its Web crawler this week to any programmer winning to pay for the privilege. The technologies Alexa’s making available are the same tools used by the likes of Google and Yahoo giving developers the ability to create their own search engines. Ultimately, the move could end up shifting the balance of power in the Internet search ecosystem away from today’s dominant players, according to analysts.
10. "E-Paper’s Killer App: Packaging," Wired, 12/15. Ever wished the cereal boxes and milk cartons in your local supermarket were more interesting to look at? Electronics maker Siemens hopes to make that a reality within two years via a low-cost paper-thin electronic display technology it has developed. Packaging of consumer goods would become yet another digital medium flashing prices and special offers at the consumer. Experts have their doubts since executing on the technology’s promise has eluded many companies and they’re waiting to see whether Siemens can truly mass produce the electronic paper in a consistent fashion.
--China Martens, IDG News Service
Copyright © 2005 IDG Communications, Inc.
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