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310-015 exam Dumps Source : Solaris 9 Sun Certified System Administrator Part II
Test Code : 310-015
Test Name : Solaris 9 Sun Certified System Administrator Part II
Vendor Name : SUN
: 290 Real Questions
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enterprise's PCE335-HSI WAN Communications Adapter has completed Solaris(tm) able Certification from sun Microsystems
ROCHESTER, new york – performance applied sciences (NASDAQ: PTIX), a leading provider of ingenious network communications solutions, today introduced that the business’s PCE335-HSI WAN Communications Adapter has done Solaris™ able certification from sun Microsystems. The Solaris able software gives clients of solar application entry to items developed for the sun network computing environment which have met certain requisites for supplier support, ease-of-installing, use, management, and network interoperability.
The PCE335-HSI has been certified to work on SPARC business(R) structures such because the sun SPARC business(R) M4000 and T2000 servers, and had been confirmed with solar Solstice(TM) X.25 software and PPP protocols with the latest update to Solaris 10 operating system (OS). The adapter will also be effortlessly configured to be used in both low profile and entire peak servers. This module is the newest in an inventory of performance applied sciences’ Solaris able items that comprises the PCE385, PCI384, and non-HSI edition of the PCE335.
"with the aid of partnering with us within the solar Solaris able program, performance technologies offers their shoppers with items which are optimized to fulfill sun requirements and standards for product excellence," referred to Cynthia Hardenbrook, director, ISV Engineering at sun Microsystems. "This enables their world earnings drive in commercial, telecommunications, and federal markets to have a able-to-use answer to satisfy their consumer’s software necessities."
The PCE335-HSI provides builders of records and communique networks a fully compliant and programmable subsystem it is supported by performance technologies and confirmed to be suitable with the Solaris operating gadget.
"Solaris in a position certification gifts top notch alternatives for efficiency applied sciences’ consumers and solar Microsystems companions alike," talked about Steven Wigent, product manager at efficiency applied sciences. "Our participation in the Solaris capable program offers sun resellers and customers introduced assurance within the reliability and satisfactory of their products installed in Solaris systems."
efficiency applied sciences should be showcasing its IPnexus® systems for MicroTCA™ and CompactPCI®, its suite of NexusWare® software (carrier Grade Linux® OS), and other embedded options at the 2009 Embedded systems convention Silicon Valley, in San Jose, CA from March 31-April 2, 2009 (booth 1630).online elements
Embedded engineers wanting extra assistance on efficiency applied sciences’ Solaris capable products and options can reference the following on-line supplies:
-- PCE335-HSI product page: go.pt.com/pce335-hsi
-- PCE385 product page : go.pt.com/pce385
-- PCI384 product page : go.pt.com/pci384
-- PCI™ and PCI specific® items: go.pt.com/pci
-- NexusWare WAN protocol software: go.pt.com/nexusware-wan
About efficiency applied sciences (www.pt.com)
efficiency applied sciences (NASDAQ: PTIX) is a world service provider of superior community communications and manage solutions to conclusion users, application builders, and fashioned equipment producers that serve mission essential telecommunications in addition to aerospace and defense markets. The company offers remotely manageable, IP-centric network points in particular engineered for prime availability, scalability, and long existence cycle deployments. Its products are built upon its personal U.S. manufactured hardware combined with the business’s NexusWare® carrier Grade Linux® operating gadget and utility development ambiance plus a large suite of communications protocols and excessive availability middleware. performance applied sciences’ product portfolio contains the SEGway™ suite of Signaling (SS7/SIP) transfer aspects, Signaling Gateways and Bridges, and its IPnexus® household of COTS-based mostly utility-equipped techniques, WAN gateways, and multi-protocol communications servers.
performance technologies maximizes the cost proposition of its items by leveraging its box proven methods, utility, and hardware technologies developed over a twenty-eight year list of established innovation. A tightly built-in mixture of these applied sciences effects in measurable advantages to its purchasers through compelling return-on-funding and considerably accelerated time-to-market metrics. The business is headquartered in Rochester, ny and keeps facilities of engineering excellence in San Diego and San Luis Obispo, CA, and Kanata, ON, Canada. It has sales and marketing offices within the U.S. in Raleigh, Chicago, Dallas, and San Jose and foreign offices in London, England and Shanghai, China.ahead looking Statements
The deepest Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 offers a "safe harbor" for definite forward-searching statements. This press unencumber consists of forward-searching statements which replicate the business's present views with admire to future movements and economic performance, in the that means of section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and part 21E of the Securities change Act of 1934 and is subject to the safe harbor provisions of those Sections. The enterprise’s future operating outcomes are field to quite a lot of dangers and uncertainties and could differ materially from these discussed within the ahead-searching statements and may be suffering from numerous traits and elements which can be beyond the enterprise’s handle. These risks and uncertainties encompass, among different components, company and economic conditions, speedy technological adjustments accompanied through popular new product introductions, competitive pressures, dependence on key clients, inability to gauge order flows from shoppers, fluctuations in quarterly and annual results, the reliance on a restrained number of third birthday party suppliers, limitations of the enterprise’s manufacturing ability and preparations, the insurance policy of the company’s proprietary expertise, the dependence on key personnel, adjustments in important accounting estimates, abilities impairments involving goodwill and investments, foreign regulations, and talents cloth weaknesses in internal control over economic reporting. furthermore, all over weak or unclear financial intervals, shoppers’ visibility deteriorates inflicting delays in the placement of their orders. These factors frequently outcomes in a considerable element of the enterprise’s profits being derived from orders positioned inside 1 / 4 and shipped in the remaining month of the same quarter. The enterprise undertakes no duty to publicly replace any forward-searching observation or possibility ingredient, even if because of new suggestions, future routine, or in any other case. forward-looking statements should be examine at the side of the audited Consolidated financial Statements, the Notes thereto, risk components, and management's dialogue and evaluation of fiscal condition and outcomes of Operations of the business as of December 31, 2008, as contained within the business’s Annual document on form 10-okay, and different documents filed with the Securities and change commission.### NexusWare and IPnexus are registered trademarks of performance technologies, Inc.
sun, solar Microsystems, the sun logo, Solaris, and Solstice are trademarks or registered logos of solar Microsystems, Inc. or its subsidiaries within the united states and different countries. All SPARC trademarks are used beneath license and are logos or registered marks of SPARC foreign, Inc. in the U.S. and other international locations. products bearing SPARC logos are primarily based upon an structure developed with the aid of sun Microsystems, Inc.
The names of other companies, products, or services could be the emblems, registered emblems, or carrier marks of their respective owners within the u.s. and/or other nations.
certified Solaris directors are really expert systems administrators that preserve laptop programs and networks according to Solaris expertise. gigantic organisations, non-profit agencies and governmental agencies, amongst others, are average employers of licensed Solaris directors. everyday responsibilities include offering operational help, conducting preventative preservation, performing server optimization and making scheduled server backups.education Bachelor's degree in community or programs administration constantly required Job knowledge verbal exchange, difficulty solving, evaluation, work experienceMedian earnings (2016)* $eighty two,548 for sun Solaris system administrators Job increase (2014-2024)** 8% for network and laptop methods administrators
source: *Payscale, **U.S. Bureau of Labor statisticsRequired schooling
certified Solaris administrators always have a bachelor's diploma in network or methods administration. Core coursework customarily covers issues in networking infrastructure, protocols and security. college students additionally find out how to work with UNIX server and windows working systems. Prior event as a community technician or aid desk worker could be primarily beneficial. Certification courses and materials are available in the course of the Oracle organization or approved training facilities; candidates obtain their credentials after passing an examination.capabilities Required
systems directors in widespread should have effective analytical, communication and problem-solving competencies. an intensive understanding of the underlying applied sciences and ideas of Solaris working techniques and technology is basic, as well because the potential to tackle multiplie tasks and tasks.Employment and salary Outlook
The U.S. Bureau of Labor data (BLS) said that employment of community and laptop programs directors, together with licensed Solaris directors, will develop by means of a typical cost of 8% nationwide between 2014 to 2024. in response to the BLS, the median annual profits for network and desktop systems administrators was $seventy seven,810 in may additionally 2015. in line with records from PayScale.com, the median income for a solar Solaris techniques administrator become $eighty two,548 in January 2016.
home > Articles > operating programs, Server > Solaris
Bellovin, Steven. Defending towards Sequence quantity assaults, RFC 1948, AT&T analysis, Murray Hill, NJ, may additionally 1996.
CERT. IP Spoofing assaults and Hijacked Terminal Connections, CERT Advisory CA-ninety five.01 http://www.cert.org/advisories/CA-1995-01.html.
CERT. "smurf" IP Denial-of-service attacks, CERT Advisory CA-ninety eight.01 http://www.cert.org/advisories/CA-1998-01.html.
CERT. TCP SYN Flooding and IP Spoofing attacks, CERT Advisory CA-ninety six.21 http://www.cert.org/advisories/CA-1996-21.html.
daemon9. IP-spoofing Demystified, Phrack 48, file 14.
daemon9. project Neptune, Phrack 48, file 13.
Graff, Mark. sun Microsystems security Bulletin: #00136, 1996. http://sunsolve.solar.COM/pub-cgi/retrieve.pl?doctype=coll&doc=secbull/136&class=0&nav=sec.sba.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Brunette, Glenn. "The Solaris safety Toolkit - setting up, Configuration, and usage book: updated for version 0.three," sun BluePrints online, June 2001, http://solar.com/blueprints/0601/jass_config_install-v03.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Brunette, Glenn. "The Solaris security Toolkit - quick start: updated for version 0.three," solar BluePrints on-line, June 2001, http://solar.com/blueprints/0601/jass_quick_start-v03.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex. "Minimizing the Solaris operating atmosphere for safety: up-to-date for Solaris 9 operating atmosphere," solar BluePrints online, November 2002, http://solar.com/blueprints/1102/816-5241.html.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Watson, Keith. "Solaris working atmosphere safety: updated for the Solaris 9 operating environment," sun BluePrints on-line, December 2002, http://www.sun.com/options/blueprints/1202/816-5242.pdf.
Morris, R. T. A weakness within the 4.2BSD UNIX TCP/IP application, CSTR 117, 1985, AT&T Bell Laboratories.
Plummer, Dave. An Ethernet address resolution Protocol, RFC 826, network information middle, SRI foreign, Menlo Park, CA., November 1982.
Stevens, W. Richard. TCP/IP Illustrated, quantity 1, 1995. Addison-Wesley.
sun Microsystems, Solaris Tunable Parameters Reference guide, December 2001.
The SunDocsSM program offers more than 250 manuals from solar Microsystems, Inc. if you live in the u.s., Canada, Europe, or Japan, you should buy documentation units or individual manuals via this program.getting access to solar Documentation on-line
The docs.sun.com web web page enables you to entry sun technical documentation online. you can browse the docs.sun.com archive or search for a specific booklet title or field. The URL is http://medical doctors.solar.com/
To reference solar BluePrints on-line articles, visit the solar BluePrints online internet site at: http://www.sun.com/blueprints/on-line.html
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Deeths, David and Brunette, Glenn. "Using NTP to Control and Synchronize System Clocks - Part II: Basic NTP Administration and Architecture," Sun BluePrints OnLine, August 2001, http://sun.com/blueprints/0801/NTPpt2.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex, "Building a JumpStart™ Infrastructure," Sun BluePrints OnLine, April 2001, http://sun.com/blueprints/0401/BuildInf.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex. "Building Secure N-Tier Environments," Sun BluePrints OnLine, October 2000, http://sun.com/blueprints/1000/ntier-security.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex. "Minimizing the Solaris Operating Environment for Security: Updated for Solaris 9 Operating Environment," Sun BluePrints OnLine, November 2002, http://sun.com/blueprints/1102/816-5241.html.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Brunette, Glenn. "The Solaris Security Toolkit - Installation, Configuration, and Usage Guide: Updated for version 0.3," Sun BluePrints OnLine, June 2001, http://sun.com/blueprints/0601/jass_config_install-v03.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Brunette, Glenn. "The Solaris Security Toolkit - Quick Start: Updated for version 0.3," Sun BluePrints OnLine, June 2001, http://sun.com/blueprints/0601/jass_quick_start-v03.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Brunette, Glenn. "The Solaris Security Toolkit - Internals: Updated for version 0.3," Sun BluePrints OnLine, June 2001, http://sun.com/blueprints/0601/jass_config_install-v03.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Brunette, Glenn. "The Solaris Security Toolkit - Release Notes: Updated for version 0.3," Sun BluePrints OnLine, June 2001, http://sun.com/blueprints/0601/jass_release_notes-v03.pdf.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Nimeh, Dina K. "Securing the Sun Fire™ 12K and 15K System Controller," Sun BluePrints OnLine, February 2003, http://sun.com/blueprints/0203/817-1358.html.
Noordergraaf, Alex and Watson, Keith. "Solaris Operating Environment Security: Updated for the Solaris 9 Operating Environment," Sun BluePrints OnLine, December 2002, http://sun.com/blueprints/1202/816-5242.html.
Reid, Jason M and Watson, Keith. "Building and Deploying OpenSSH in the Solaris Operating Environment," Sun BluePrints OnLine, July 2001, http://sun.com/blueprints/0701/openSSH.pdf.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. System Management Services (SMS) 1.2 Administrator Guide, Part No 816-5318-10, Sun Microsystems, Inc., January 2003, Revision A,http://docs.sun.com.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. System Management Services (SMS) 1.2 Reference Guide, Sun Microsystems, Part No 816-5319-10, Sun Microsystems, Inc., January 2003, Revision A,http://docs.sun.com.
A typical zoning hearing for a 7-acre subdivision doesn’t draw more than a handful of protesters — mainly people who live close by.
But on Tuesday, the Pima County Board of Supervisors expects to hear hours of objections to a 7-acre greenhouse that global biotech giant Monsanto Co. wants to put in rural Avra Valley, northwest of Tucson. Critics are upset not just about Monsanto’s plans to operate here, but also about County Administrator Chuck Huckelberry’s support of incentives that would reduce the company’s property taxes by two-thirds.
The company promises $95 million to $105 million in investments, 40 to 60 jobs paying an average of $44,000 a year and an emphasis on sustainability. It says the automated operation will use far less water and land and a fraction of the herbicides normally sprayed for an operation of this scale. The greenhouse will turn out a new generation of corn seed varieties, both conventional and genetically modified, that will help farmers around the world have more productive and resilient crops, Monsanto says.
Huckelberry, who wants the board to support Monsanto’s incentives, says that even after accounting for the tax breaks, the county will get far more tax revenue from the company’s 155 acres in the Avra Valley than it receives today on the vacant parcel.
Monsanto “will become the largest taxpayer in the Marana Unified School District,” Huckelberry wrote in a memo last month. “It will have twice the taxable value of the Ritz Carlton Hotel and Resort.”
In the past month, the district and the Joint Technical and Educational District’s governing boards passed measures supporting Monsanto’s application. Last week, Pima Community College’s Governing Board rejected one by a 3-2 vote.
The project will have no negative environmental impacts, Huckelberry says.
But critics — who have organized rallies and circulated petitions against the deal — say Monsanto’s presence would seriously damage Tucson’s burgeoning reputation as an international City of Gastronomy. UNESCO bestowed the title last December.
“We were just designated based on their long agricultural heritage. What that stands for is diversity. What Monsanto stands for is homogenization,” said Megan Kimble, managing editor of Edible Baja Arizona magazine, which spearheaded the push for the City of Gastronomy recognition — and which recently editorialized against tax incentives for Monsanto.
Opponents say it’s not fair for one of the world’s largest biotech firms — which will get much bigger if a proposed merger with Bayer AG is approved — to get major tax subsidies that local farmers don’t get. They don’t trust Monsanto to run an environmentally friendly and sustainable greenhouse, based on what they see as the company’s poor track record for transparency and honesty around the world.
At issue Tuesday will be whether supervisors support Monsanto’s application to the U.S. Commerce Department to expand an existing foreign-trade zone in Pima County. If Commerce approves the application, Monsanto gets the tax break.
University of Arizona scientist and local-food advocate Gary Nabhan objects to adding Monsanto and its GMO corn seeds to a foreign-trade zone that promotes trade with Mexico. He said Mexico’s scientific leaders oppose GMOs and its courts have banned certain genetically modified crops. Putting Monsanto in this area is like “putting a factory in a nature sanctuary,” Nabhan said at a rally held Thursday to oppose the incentives.LESS WATER will be used, COmpany SAYS
Monsanto’s greenhouse would be part of a company effort to find the best, most-productive corn seeds . It will contain a blend of genetically modified seeds and non-GMO seeds, said Kyle Smith, a leader in Monsanto’s breeding activities. It eventually will grow 400,000 to 500,000 corn plants annually, all indoors, the company says.
“It’s the first time we’ve had a greenhouse with this level of sophistication,” Smith said.
The greenhouse essentially will be split into two. Two 3ƒ-acre sections will be glassed in, separated by 2ƒ acres that will hold irrigation and fertilizer tanks, soil media, potted plants, shellers to remove kernels from corncobs and driers to prepare seed for shipment. The 155-acre site will also have an office building, a 2 million gallon water tank for fire suppression and a composting facility. For now, at least, no outdoor corn-seed planting is planned, Monsanto says.
Monsanto has drawn complaints and lawsuits elsewhere that say its genetically modified seeds have blown from open fields onto other farms and contaminated those farmers’ seeds. Critics worry that could happen here, even with a greenhouse.
“It is a sealed greenhouse,” Smith countered. Ventilation will flow through the roof and floor, with roof vents covered by mesh tight enough to keep insects out or corn pollen from escaping, he said.
A similarly scaled corn seed operation in a field would use 250 acre-feet of water, Monsanto says, enough to serve at least 500 typical Tucson homes for a year. This project will use one-fifth that much from a well on the property, said Smith.
While that amounts to about 7 acre-feet per acre — far more than is typically used to grow corn or virtually any other crop in Arizona — that comparison isn’t valid for the greenhouse, Monsanto spokeswoman Christi Dixon said.
The greenhouse will grow corn plants twice as closely packed as they would be in an open field, she said. Because of Southern Arizona’s year-round growing season, the greenhouse can grow three generations of corn crops yearly — three times the norm.
Taking all that into account, the greenhouse’s water use should amount to 1.19 acre-feet per acre, she said. Monsanto will also install a system to recycle water the plants don’t take in, Dixon said.
Monsanto bought its land in October, prior to board approval but after discussing plans with county officials since March.
“We felt this had a good chance of being approved,” Smith said.GMOS, CHEMICALS WORRY SOME SMALL FARMERS
Monsanto has no place in the nation’s first City of Gastronomy, said Debbie Weingarten, a board member for a local-food-advocacy group. She points to its use of GMOs and herbicides and a potential for corporate homogenization of agriculture to put small, organic farms out of business.
“Our UNESCO application directly pointed toward the rich history and culture of food production here, which goes back 4,000 years and is based around traditional crops and dryland farming by the Tohono O’Odham and their ancestors,” Weingarten said.
Weingarten serves on the board of the Pima County Food Alliance, a nonprofit that advocates for a secure food system that is environmentally sound. She also sits on the city of Tucson’s Commission on Food Security, Heritage and Economy, is a co-founder and board member of the local Farmer Education and Resource Network and is a former co-owner of Sleeping Frog Farms in the rural village of Cascabel.
In the past 20 years, this region has seen an upswing in local growers and food advocates who are “promoting a food system that values the connection between people producing food and people who consume food,” she said.
Like Sleeping Frog Farms, many local farms are certified as naturally grown, or organic, and are committed to growing food without using chemicals.
“Concern for water supply and pollinator population doesn’t seem to be a concern that industrial agriculture or specifically Monsanto shares,” she said. “My concern with a corporation coming that doesn’t have ties to this area would be that they have no long-term consideration. They don’t have to live here or drink the water.”
Maneesh Shah, a founder and co-executive director of Heirloom Farmers Markets Inc., watches Heirloom’s Rillito Market draw around 2,500 people on a typical Sunday. The market pays Pima County about $20,800 a year to lease space outside the Rillito Racetrack for food stalls, including at least 10 run by local and regional produce growers.
Shah says he has no problem with Pima County giving tax incentives to some big companies such as Caterpillar, which he says fits in with the region’s historic mining industry. But he’s not convinced that Monsanto’s corporate agriculture blends in as well.
“We’re less industrial. They care about their environment. I’m not sure Monsanto fits that,” he said.
He wants county supervisors to let the public decide whether to support its property tax incentives.Clay Smith, a co-owner of Sleeping Frog Farms, says he wants the county to treat his business as well as it’s treating Monsanto. “They bring in $100 million in investments, but look at what local farmers’ markets generate,” he said.
“We grow food for taste, nutritional value, for freshness, not mass production or for shipping. They sell 100 percent of their food within 100 miles, at farmers markets and through direct marketing to three dozen restaurants, co-ops and Community-Supported Agriculture customers.”
Larry Parks, owner of Larry’s Veggies at Rillito Market, neither supports nor opposes giving Monsanto incentives, but he said small growers should get used to it.
“Organic farmers aren’t going to get support from the government,” said Parks, who grows a wide range of vegetables without pesticides. “Monsanto is going to invest $100 million. If I had $100 million, I wouldn’t be doing this. So they deserve a little tax break. That’s a lot of money coming into this county.”ECONOMIC IMPACT
Despite the controversy around Monsanto’s use of genetically modified organisms, “Pima County has not identified any negative air quality, water quality, water supply, transportation capacity or natural resource impacts from the facility,” Huckelberry said in his memo to supervisors last week. “Furthermore, the county cannot regulate an agriculture operation based on state law.”
Assuming the company invests $95 million, its estimated county primary and secondary property tax bill for the first year would be nearly $190,000, according to county calculations obtained by the Star through public-records requests. Without the foreign-trade-zone designation, that bill would be more than $500,000. The previous owners paid just shy of $2,000 in 2015 property taxes on the undeveloped agricultural land.
The economic impact of the project is estimated at around $280 million between 2016 and 2025, according to an analysis conducted by Sun Corridor Inc., a privately and publicly funded economic-development firm.
To address environmental concerns, Huckelberry proposed creating two commissions to look for potential adverse impacts and separate “fact from fiction” about the company.
One commission would focus on agricultural science, the other on social and policy concerns. Monsanto would pay up to $50,000 annually for any research or technical analysis deemed necessary by the science commission.Benefits questioned
Sylvia Lee, a member of the Pima College Governing Board, voted against a motion supporting Monsanto’s foreign-trade-zone designation to align her vote with her values, “which have a lot to do with the public good and public health.
“I’m concerned that genetically engineered foods haven’t produced the benefits that were touted years ago,” Lee said
One reason she voted against the designation was a recent New York Times article. Evidence doesn’t show that the production of genetically modified foods has increased crop yields or reduced herbicide use, the story said. It cited United Nations data in comparing results from Europe, which 20 years ago largely rejected the growing of genetically modified foods at the same time the United States and Canada were approving it.
“Comparing results on the two continents, using independent data as well as academic and industry research, shows how the technology has fallen short of the promise,” reported the Times.
In response, Monsanto accused the newspaper of cherry-picking data and of overlooking the perspectives of farmers worldwide who choose to use GMOs. The company said making comparisons across broad areas is difficult because of differing crop maturity rates and overall traits of the regions’ agriculture. It said USDA statistics show that soybean and corn yields in the U.S. have actually risen around 28 to 30 percent in the GMO era since 1996.View from Marana’s cotton fields
Some conventional cotton farmers in the Marana area say they have no problem with Monsanto’s greenhouse plans and appreciate what its technology has done for their operations. But they’re split on whether the company should get local tax incentives.
Pima County, with its mining cutbacks and other jobs setbacks, shouldn’t even be debating the incentives, but should “have its arms wide open for 50 good-paying jobs,” said Marana cotton farmer Arnold Burruel.
Another longtime Marana farmer, Tom Clark, said he’s not convinced that a company Monsanto’s size needs tax incentives.
“The county is not in that good of a financial position. I just think they ought to be putting their money into fixing the potholes and fixing the roads,” Clark said.
But Clark said he’s not concerned about seed contamination from Monsanto because he believes the greenhouse will be effectively sealed. He and “everybody I know of in Marana” uses GMO seeds to grow cotton, he said. He uses seeds that are resistant to pink bollworm — at one time a serious threat to cotton crops — and said that, due to the GMO cotton, he sprayed his fields once last year, rather than seven to eight times like he used to.
Marana’s continued encroachment onto farmland concerns him far more than a 7-acre greenhouse, Clark said. Like another farmer told him, “The last crop a farmer wants on his ground is houses.”
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Where America’s Day Begins
Tumon–While the rest of the country debates President Trump’s Twitter use, health care reform, tax reform, border security, the war on terrorism, and the 2018 midterms, it’s easy for some stories to fall by the wayside.
The 2016 election was dominated by many issues, but trade was a key factor that helped push Donald Trump over the top. The main villain was China. Yet, trade isn’t the only arena where we’re going to do battle with this Asian economic powerhouse.
In the Pacific, China is spreading dollars, subsidizing building projects across Tonga and the Federated States of Micronesia. The latest island project for China was centered on Yap. In these ventures, China provides the dollars and workers for resorts, schools, and other key infrastructure projects. In return, it accelerates their “Going Global” strategy and increases the reach of their intelligence services. Local reports, like one from Tim Murphy of New Zealand’s’ Newsroom, reported that China’s Pacific push was due to its rivalry with neighboring Taiwan, which subsided when a pro-unification government was elected in 2008.
So, with China exerting soft power all over the Pacific, who can push back? Well, they can of course. America—the back-to-back world war champions of the world. The problem is finding where their bases of influence are located on the map.
The key brick that could form President Trump’s Pacific Wall against China rests in Guam; a U.S. territory that’s 9,000 miles away from Washington, D.C. Most Americans would be hard pressed to know that they also have some key military bases in the region. Moreover, it could be another point at which Trump and China’s Xi Jinping could meet at the negotiating table over trade, intellectual property rights, and North Korea.
If there’s one thing that’s explicitly clear in Guam, it’s that there’s also untapped economic potential that could help bolster its standing with the political class in D.C. and help strengthen their vital strategic position in the region amidst a lurking Chinese tiger.
Townhall took the grueling 26-hour journey to meet with the island’s governor, its business leaders, and its locals, some of whom have been there since the 1960s. What’s clear is that while Guam may seem to be in the middle of nowhere, it’s right at the heart of the Asian theater.
[The spot where Magellan landed in Guam]
‘When Main Street USA Gets A Cold…We Get Pneumonia’
Guam is hot; I mean really hot. Ethan Epstein of The Weekly Standard was part of the trip as well. By the time they left the hotel early in the morning, like before 9 o’clock, it was already 90 degrees. The humidity was unbelievable, but they had to meet Gov. Eddie Baza Calvo, a Republican.
It wasn’t like visiting a governor stateside. There’s virtually no security. No presentation of photo identification, no state police, and no barriers. You literally just walk right up to the governor’s office. In the lobby/waiting area, the walls were adorned with maybe a dozen black-and-white pictures of the island from before World War II, when much of Guam was leveled during the Japanese occupation and the subsequent American liberation. The beautiful pictures were taken by, of all people, a young L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology, when his father, a Navy officer, was stationed here in the 1920s.
Entering the office, Calvo said if there is one part of American sovereign soil that is farthest from Washington, D.C.—you are now in it. That comes with its advantages and disadvantages. He then gave us the 35,000-foot overview of the island, which at times, touched upon the dark days of Japanese occupation. His father was beaten for not removing his shoes before entering a classroom. The Japanese beheaded his uncle, a priest.
There are two pistons that drive Guamanian economy: the military and tourism. Andersen Air Force Base and Naval Base Guam are located at the two opposite ends of the island.
Calvo has been governor for almost seven years, but has lived through the Asian booms that have benefitted the island. The first phase was Japan’s rise in the 1960s, but now everything is centered on China. Koreans, Taiwanese, and Filipinos are the other major nationalities that visit and do business the island. For China, they have to get a mainland visa to enter Guam, though the U.S. territory of the Northern Marianas has a visa waiver program for Chinese tourists, which 200,000 use annually.
While Guam has seen a 30 percent increase in Chinese tourists—numbering around 30-40,000 a year—it gets more visitors from Taiwan. If Guam could a visa waiver for the Chinese it would likely mean more visits and more money, but that’ll be a Department of Homeland Security decision. The relatively new visa policy for China means one is granted not a one-year, but a 10-year, multi-entry visa into the U.S. That’s helped Guam, contributing to a 100,000-person increase in tourism per year. After all, Guam is closer than, say, New York City or Hawaii for some people.
[Entrance to Gov. Calvo's Office]
Concerning military expenditures, the construction of a base for the Marine Corps for its pending relocation from Okinawa has begun, but it’s still in its early stages. Andersen Air Force Base houses Raptors, B1 bombers, B-52s, and Global Hawks; the base was used for bombing runs during the Vietnam War. It’s been robust. Since Calvo has been governor, unemployment has dropped from 13 percent to six percent.
The strategic importance of Guam was also heavily stressed. The governor is a self-described “history buff.” He believes in full incorporation into the fabric of the United States, true citizens in terms of representation and political participation. Yet, he understands the history of the island. During the McKinley administration and the era of Manifest Destiny, the island, as well as the other U.S. territories, including the Virgin Islands and Hawaii (the latter of which became a state) were seen as a way to protest the flanks of Florida and the west coast from European or Asian imperial ambitions.
Yet, as they move toward the third decade of the 21st century, the United States doesn’t know how to treat the territories since that defensive strategic position may be outmoded.
Guam falls under the Office of Insular Affairs within the Interior Department, an agency that has a smaller budget than the government of Guam. The island is the closest sovereign soil to the Far East, where the economies of these nations are both partnered and competitive with the U.S. There are 2 billion people within a three-to-five hour flight of Guam, Calvo said. Oh, and it's also close to the largest standing armies in the world.
American Samoa is the only American soil south of the equator, near Australasia and New Zealand. And those people are worried about foreign encroachment as well, Calvo said. Meanwhile, the governor says Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands are on the doorstep of Latin America while Guam is at the foot of the robust and at times—aggressive Asian market.
[Gov. Eddie Calvo]
He said that maybe it’s time to see Guam and the rest of the territories not as liabilities, but as assets, along with “how to maximize” their potential, especially in Asia.
Calvo was quite direct when he mentioned that the greatest impediments to growth and financial stability to this island have been federal action or inaction, except its impact is much more amplified.
“When Main Street USA gets a cold because of an action or missed action, or inaction by Washington, D.C., the territories, because we’re not part of the representative government process, he said. “We get pneumonia or tuberculosis because these activities that occur in Washington, D.C. are so out of touch with what are the realities of Guam.”
Calvo, a supporter of Ted Cruz prior to backing President Trump, said the same elements that brought the political earthquake of 2016—the feeling of a disconnect between D.C. and Main Street and the issues of Middle America—are felt here as well.
The Environmental Protection Agency has also messed with the island, with then-EPA administrator Gina McCarthy instituting Clean Water and Air edicts that totaled $1.4 billion, which amounts to about a quarter of the entire GDP for the island. Those environmental goals, which were a mixed bag of consent decrees, regulatory edicts, and court actions, were scheduled for completion by 2023-2025.
“Do you want to put us in the Stone Age?” Calvo says he told McCarty at one point.
Then there’s the issue of federal reimbursement to the territories through their social welfare programs. Washington made a stipulation to Guam that they would reimburse territories and states that absorbed immigrants from nearby independent Pacific islands that are geopolitically aligned with America. These immigrants use up $140 million in Guamanian services, $1 billion cumulatively, but the U.S. only reimburses the island $14.5 million a year.
Concerning social programs, there’s housing, Medicaid (many come here to give birth as the baby gets access to this care and, more importantly, U.S. citizenship), and medically indigent care (MIP), which is a local program. Calvo said that anyone who’s been here six months or longer as a resident gets health care access. Eighty percent of enrollees are immigrants—they’re overwhelming the system with the lack of reimbursement from Washington.
With no job prospects, many immigrants are getting a tutorial from the island’s criminal justicesystem. Thirty percent make up the prison population; usually for drug or alcohol offenses. It costs $110 per day to house these inmates, who were supposed to be deported by Uncle Sam.
At one point, Calvo issued a unilateral order to his customs officers—the territory falls outside federal customs jurisdiction—to deport non-citizen immigrants after they have served 70 percent of their sentence, which would occur through a commutation of sentences. The island would then offer them a one-way ticket back home. Calvo’s actions briefly put him in conflict with the DHS, but now working with Guam’s customs agents.
In the past, guest workers on a H-2b visa had a job waiting for them here, as there simply aren’t enough locals or workers from the mainland to fill all the jobs. The Obama administration changed all of that.
The island wasn’t subject to the H-2b visa cap, which meant that there was always an accessible source of labor. In the latter half of 2016, the Obama White House changed this policy with almost 100 percent of visa applicants rejected. This has resulted in a critical shortage of workers, particularly in construction but also in nurses.
Circling back to the economic woes facing the island, the governor discussed his experience in business bottling Pepsi.
On the mainland, transportation costs are around 2 percent of the total costs concerning raw materials and shipping finished goods. In Guam, it’s near 30 percent. Calvo said it’s not the fault of the grocers; they’re working on about the same margins.
Transportation also includes energy costs, which brings us to the Jones Act. The Jones Act was discussed pervasively with those I met, as it makes the island an extremely expensive place to live and do business. In short, it’s a vestige of the politics of empire and Calvo hopes President Trump and the Republican Congress can eliminate or reduce it.
Related to the Jones Act is aviation cabotage. Calvo detailed how 1.6 million tourists go through Guam’s airport, with 200 flights through Guam each day. The territory is a nexus point—equidistant to Australia and Japan—but a lot of airlines and ships can’t stop here due to cabotage, which prevents a foreign-flagged airline from flying between two airports in the United States. If Guam was exempted, it could serve as a nice pit stop for travelers in the Far East and the South Pacific, to say nothing of another source of tourist income.
Yet, even with the endless economic grievances—and there are many—every Guamanian I met also make one thing clear: they’re patriotic Americans.
One of the hardest things Calvo has done as governor, he said, was to greet the bodies of the first two Guam National Guardsmen killed in the war against terrorism. (Since then, over 40 have died fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan.) What’s also striking is that these two dead Americans served in the armed forces, but, along with the rest of the island’s population, couldn’t vote for president.
While they just celebrated the Fourth of July, America's birthday, Guam also celebrates Liberation Day on July 21, the day in 1944 when U.S. Marines freed Guam from the grips of Japanese occupation. Unlike Americans on the mainland, they know what happens when freedom is stripped.
While The Guardian reported that the aforementioned military projects for the transfer of Marines are angering locals, who equate it to colonization, the governor said that 70-80 percent support the military buildup, though Calvo withdrew his support over the labor issue with H-2b visas. He also said that support for statehood would be greater.
“We paid their dues in being a part of America,” he said. “Unshackle these handcuffs that allow us to reach their full potential economically.”
Epstein noted this “craving” for statehood in his piece for The Weekly Standard. That’s a debate for another time, but the island’s strategic importance cannot be overlooked.
Calvo says that the territories shouldn’t be viewed solely through a military lens, but that could be where he gets the most traction with D.C. elites to make the point that there are Americans on the island and it could be the area where Chinese influence is curtailed.
To maintain that strategic position, he could argue, and I’m sure he has, for the loosening and reevaluation of old policies, like the Jones Act. The problem is that there is no senator or representative demanding these changes. The island has a delegate on the Hill, but doesn’t have the power to impact policy, nor do they have a full vote on the House floor.
[Guam's Pacific War Museum]
Three Wise Men And A Lurking Chinese Tiger
Concerning national security, locals John T. Brown and Lee Webber say it means something different here.
Brown is an attorney, while Webber is the former publisher of the local Pacific Daily News. Both men are members of the Guam Chamber of Commerce and have a deep grasp of the socioeconomic and political ties on the island. Webber explained how this is the only piece of U.S. soil that has been occupied by a foreign power since 1812; the Japanese occupied it from 1941-44.
Yet, to drive home the island’s strategic importance, you have to get over what many called Washington’s “benign neglect.” Brown went into an anecdote to explain this, noting that when he visited the DHS—the front desk gave them the papers to fill out for vetting purposes that were meant for foreigners even though Guamanians are American citizens through the 1950 Guam Organic Act.
“The DHS should know where the homeland is,” chuckled Brown.
Webber added that every island in the Pacific has China stepping in, funding schools and other projects—while supplying the workforce to complete all of these ventures. Does this mean more Americans troops, ships, and jets to curb this expansion? Yes and no. A stronger military presence would help, but there was general agreement that a more prevalent FBI, CIA, and U.S. attorney presence would deter Chinese encroachment.
It’s a cause for concern because America had to pay for this island in blood. During the three-year occupation, the Japanese, knowing the Guamanians were pro-American, subjected them to rapes, beatings, and executions. Around 10 percent of the entire population was killed, along with nearly 2,000 Marines when it was finally recaptured in 1944. The point is it would be awful if history repeats itself.
Brown also added that it’s a good thing that the Department of Defense is here, but they’re not a good source of financial support for other projects. Instead of using it for military assets, he said make Guam one that is earmarked for general expenditure in the Pacific.
An American rebuilding and refurbishing project would yield more economic dividends than just a military buildup. Right now, there’s a massive undertaking to move close to 2,500 Marines from Okinawa to Guam by 2021.
Joe Arnett, a certified public accountant, said that he would like Americans from the mainland to find Guam on a map, recognize that Americans live here, and further recognize the strategic importance the island serves to America’s interests.
Brown added that if D.C. folks want to make America great again, it cannot be accomplished by just seeing the Atlantic, or having an Atlantic-based view on foreign policy. He said we’re facing a Micronesia problem; the Chinese are buying the neighborhood from under us. There’s also moral imperative, he says. This island was paid for in blood; whole villages were wiped out. There’s an obligation here. Webber directed us to a column he wrote, which can be found here.
It’s Not A Question Of Growth; It’s A Question Of Labor
At 6 a.m. the sun was shining over Tumon, the Waikiki-like strip where most of the hotels are located. It was going to be a great day and one where business leaders David John and Jonathan Kriegel would give us a more in-depth overview of the economics of the island.
John is the president of the ASC Trust Corporation, while Kriegel is the president and CEO of DoCoMo Pacific, a subsidiary of a Japanese telecommunications company. John reiterated some facts I had already heard in various meetings about the island—that Guam is a $5.5 billion economy, grounded in tourism (55 percent) and government spending (45 percent).
Concerning tourism, the island was, up until recently, totally beholden to Japanese tourists. The Calvo administration diversified the tourism industry to where Japan represents 50 percent of tourists, but Korea, the Philippines, Taiwan, and some mainland Chinese make up the rest. Guam was able to tread water when Japanese tourism levels dropped, but the overall numbers are up 54 percent since 2009.
Kriegel added that there are plans to invest in new lodging properties. Also, owners of the Hilton and Hyatt hotels want to expand. A reported 30-story hotel tower is going to happen, but there is serious question who’s going to build it due to the worker shortage caused by the Obama administration.
John said that it’s all in anticipation of an increase in tourism, as the Calvo administration wants to greet 2 million tourists a year by 2020. While that will require more hotel rooms, the issue is finding workers, he said. Three other hotel projects are also in the pipeline.
I was told the labor shortage is so bad that it could be a fight to just build a house. The two men agreed that a family pool could be in development hell for months.
Computer sciences are one of the most promising and sustaining fields of employment, Kriegel and John said. DoCoMo Pacific wants to capitalize on that, creating a tier three data center on the island, Kriegel said.
Kriegel added that the final bidding process for the new data center led to prices going up, as the new facilities needed to make this project happen would cost more to build due to the worker shortages. (When visas for guest workers went from nearly 100 percent issuance to 1 percent in second half of 2016, Guam lost around 2,000 workers in a private sector labor force of 60,000.)
Well, what about American workers? Can’t they do all of this construction? Yes, they can, but Guam takes at least a day to get there and airfare is anywhere from $1,800 to over $2,000—and that’s just for a seat in economy-class. Uprooting families for a 9-month job isn’t economical, nor is flying back and forth dropping $2k in ticket costs.
We’re the “tip end of the tail of the dog out here,” said John. And the worker shortage shows that. It also shows how policies, like the H-2b visa changes, might help stateside issues, like helping get a hold of their border and immigration issues, but hurt the Americans trying to make a living elsewhere.
Returning to DoCoMo Pacific’s telecommunications and IT projects, there’s another area that places Guam in a unique position strategically: submarine cables.
The southern route in the Pacific runs near Guam. The island is a popular place for these cables to land, Kriegel explained. He added that this could be the third leg of Guam’s economic stool, as these projects take years to complete, maybe decades. To establish a foundation for this information hub, you need IT workers. The closest area to recruit these workers is the Philippines, but the visa issues have made this difficult.
The discussions of guest worker shortages also drew us into the Jones Act, which cuts off trade with the emerging markets in Asia, who could deliver fresh produce and other goods. The U.S. Department of Agriculture is also an obstacle on this front. John added that so-called fresh food from the U.S. mainland after a month on a container ship isn’t fresh.
Guam’s Deplorables: The Island’s Strategic Shipyard And How The Workforce Might Be Natural Trump Supporters
Over the course of the five-day trip to the island, the one and only shipyard was the topic of discussion. It was also the main selling point for Guam’s strategic importance.
The shipyard, formerly a Navy repair facility, had a dry dock capability, something that’s crucial to maintenance of their naval vessels.
Right now, the Navy primarily uses Singapore and the Philippines (Subic Bay) for dry-docking its ships instead of Guam’s shipyard, where 300 to 500 U.S. workers were employed in good-paying jobs.
Calvo said that the Philippines are a good ally and business partner, but it’s not American soil and changes in political leadership always places its long-term use in question.
In 2005, the USS San Francisco hit a seamount doing max speed (30 knots) around 360 miles southeast of Guam. The hull was severely damaged. They were able to blow their ballast tanks and surface and make it to Guam for repairs. Hawaii was too far away, as was the Philippines. The result could have been a three-to-four billion-dollar loss for the Navy since without repairs the vessel would have to be scuttled at sea.
While it occurred off the coast of Japan, the recent collision between the destroyer USS Fitzgerald and ACX Crystal, a container ship, could happen anywhere, though some of the circumstances surrounding the crash are suspect; it seems the Crystal turned around and charted a course directly into the destroyer. Still, ships in a similar and horrific maritime collision in the waters in and around Guam could have a shot of saving their vessels and their crews.
I ate dinner with Mathews Pothen and his son, Ajay Pothen. Pothen senior is the owner of the Guam Shipyard, which owns the dry dock. They told me the military’s presence doesn’t mean the Department of Defense or, for that matter, anyone else in Washington thinks the island is important beyond its strategic location for the Air Force and Navy.
He said that the military buildup in Guam started under the Bush administration, but in the ensuing years the Pentagon has made decisions based on dollars and cents, rather than the national interest.
If you ask the military why there’s no dry dock in Guam right now, they’ll mention what I’ve reported already: the costs, which are admittedly higher here in ports elsewhere in Southeast Asia.
For Pothen, it’s the tentacle creature called bureaucracy that’s keeping his dry dock from being operational and revigorating Guam’s economy.
Ajay says the bean counters at the Pentagon are wrong, noting that a dry dock would actually save the government $750 million over the next five decades. To make things more maddening, federal law under Title 10 prohibits Navy vessels from being “repaired, overhauled, or maintained in a shipyard outside of the U.S. or Guam,” unless a sudden emergency occurs.
To circumvent this, the Navy has designated ships in the Pacific as forward-deployed vessels to avoid the statute, which not only protects national security, but also promotes the national interest by using American companies and American workers.
Interestingly enough, the Pentagon’s disregard of the national interest ties into the notion of American workers being screwed over for cheaper labor—a major element in the 2016 presidential election.
In the case of Guam’s shipyard, the American workers employed by the Pothens have been replaced by workers in the Philippines and Singapore being paid no more than $10 a day. Moreover, 25 percent of workers at Singapore’s ports are communist Chinese nationals.
As Trump said about free trade, it only works when everyone plays by the rules. The folks who live here know one thing: In Asia, these rules are not being followed.
Pothen senior talked about how Japan and South Korea protect their industries. In Korea, the government recently spent $9 billion to subsidize their shipping industry to ensure their workers keep building ships, where he said one dock alone employs 35,000 people.
On an island like Guam even one dry dock is critical, as Pothen’s Guam Shipyard was part of an apprenticeship program aimed at educating local high school graduates in the skilled trades, which as they all know are generally undervalued and underappreciated.
In some odd way, these displaced workers are the Pacific’s “deplorables,” something that Epstein observed as they traversed the island.
Their livelihoods are being threatened by cheap foreign labor, the political elites don’t seem to understand the importance of their work, and they’re ignored due to their geographic location. Does this sound familiar? As Webber said, Guam is the rust belt in the rice belt. It’s a valid point.
Another thing that flies in the face of logic is the fact that five U.S. submarines are homeported in Guam, but there isn’t the capability to repair these multi-billion-dollar vessels. In the meantime, stable and high-wage employment hangs in the balance.
Guam is an American tiger with stripes. It’s a fusion of American and Asian cultures.
Shipyard workers here do have a lot in common, at least in terms of their sociopolitical situation, with some of the voters who flocked to Trump. And Guam is an island that deserves more than just acknowledgement of its importance from military brass.
More importantly, those who know of Guam’s strategic location for the Pentagon need to do more than just know that it exists, or that they have two bases on it. For Congress, this could be a massive economic and diplomatic hub that could serve as a rampart against Chinese incursion throughout the Pacific.
As The Heritage Foundation said on the issues facing the U.S. with China lurching further into the region [emphasis mine]:
For the U.S., the presence of the PRC in the South Pacific does not pose immediate military threats; rather, it promises longer-term influence for Beijing, which is likely to erode regional support for the U.S. This longer-term erosion does have potential military implications. Not only do key sea lanes of communications (SLOCs) transit the waters encompassed by these island nations, but they also offer potential sites for various bases, as was the case in World War II.
Anchorages and airfields in these islands would offer alternative sites for Guam—which is already densely covered with various American military bases and facilities—making it a lucrative target for Chinese missiles and other standoff weapons. Dispersal to additional sites would complicate Chinese targeting, by both proliferating the number of sites that might have to be attacked and broadening the number of sovereign states that it would be attacking.
By contrast, if Beijing established a political foothold in these islands, it could persuade these states not to extend access to the U.S., as well as arrange for Chinese access. These need not be military bases; the ability to build space surveillance facilities and communications nodes, for example, would make these islands potential reconnaissance and surveillance sites for eavesdropping on Guam and the U.S. missile test facilities at Kwajalein in the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
Another issue that is turning this part of the Pacific into a hotspot is China’s construction of artificial islands, which are being used as military bases in the South China Sea. If hostilities were to ever break out, the Navy would need easy access to a safe port to repair its vessels. Hawaii is too far. Only Guam can do it.
Concerning labor, there may be some good news on that front as the DHS announced that more H-2b work visas would be granted in the coming months. Whether Guam will benefit from that remains to be seen, however.
It’s a hub of untapped economic potential. A slice of America at the doorstep of fledgling Asian markets, with scores of their citizens willing to fly and spend their money on the island.
When Washington, D.C., figures out where Guam is on the map, they can hope that more attention is paid to the island’s 170,000-plus residents. And how they will be the frontlines in stopping China.
Webber likened the island to “an uncut diamond,” and one that’s waiting for the U.S. to cash it in for increased geopolitical capital. It’s a crossroads into Asia that’s worth protecting and worth their attention.
I’m also happy to also report that the island didn’t tip over.
Edited by: Cortney O'Brien, Lauretta Brown, and Dennis Lennox[Sunset in Tumon]
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