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117-199 Ubuntu Level 1

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117-199 exam Dumps Source : Ubuntu Level 1

Test Code : 117-199
Test Name : Ubuntu Level 1
Vendor Name : LPI
: 146 Real Questions

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LPI Ubuntu Level 1

Obsidian To deliver legitimate Ubuntu Linux practising in South | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

February 21, 2008 • commercial enterprise IT

Obsidian has announced that it is going to quickly begin authentic practicing for the ‘Ubuntu certified skilled’ programme.Obsidian has concluded an settlement with Canonical Ltd, the industrial sponsor of Ubuntu Linux that allows for the business toprovide practising beginning March 2008.

Robin Edser, Obsidian Open techniques Architect feedback, “it's fantastic that Ubuntu has reached the level where central certified practising has develop into attainable for Linux experts. Obsidian appears forward to providing this in the South African market and contributing to the growth in use of Ubuntu Linux in expert applications.”

Obsidian may be proposing both Ubuntu skilled lessons 1 and a couple of, so they can aid equipment administrators to flow the required Linux professional Institute (LPI) 101 and 102 and Ubuntu 199 exams with a view to achieve the Ubuntu licensed skilled certification.These classes are two of a sequence of lecture room and e-getting to know lessons obtainable for Ubuntu Linux authorities.

An expanding variety of firms international are turning to Ubuntu, the area’s quickest turning out to be Linux distribution, as asolution for his or her server and laptop requirements.

“South Africa has made amazing strides with open source and Linux considering the fact that its inception and they are delighted by means of the increase favorite for Ubuntu-primarily based solutions and experts” says Chris Kenyon, business building Director at Canonical. “The Obsidian Grouphas pioneered Linux training and consultancy services in South Africa and is the first to accomplice with Canonical on Ubuntu licensed practicing within the place. they are confident that they'll supply marvelous service to a good variety of corporations and specialists across South Africa.”

“Obsidian is dedicated to proposing South African Linux professionals with the maximum stage of training obtainable and isexcited to be offering this path moreover the other certifications obtainable,” Edser concludes.

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Linux professional Institute certified stage 1 (LPIC-1) | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

connected substances: Books   practicing   Practice_Exams   

This dealer-impartial Certification is obtainable by:Linux professional Institute (LPI)Folsom, CA USAPhone: 916-357-6625Email: This e mail handle is being blanketed from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

ability stage: foundation                          fame: active

reasonably priced: $356 (shortest music)               

summary:For junior-level Linux directors who work at the Linux command line performing effortless protection tasks. you'll want to also be in a position to deploy and configure a computer (together with X) and fasten it to a LAN, or a stand-by myself computer via modem to the information superhighway.

initial necessities:You should flow two exams that cover common Linux abilities ($178 each). The tests cowl primary competencies which are regular to main distributions of Linux.

continuing requirements:You should recertify inside 5 years after receiving your certification designation. To recertify, you have to circulate all the existing exams that are required for your optimum earned certification designation.

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Laredo Petroleum (LPI) earnings expected to grow: should you purchase? | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Wall street expects a year-over-yr boost in earnings on better revenues when Laredo Petroleum (LPI) stories outcomes for the quarter ended December 2018. whereas this greatly-widespread consensus outlook is important in gauging the company's revenue picture, a magnificent element that may impact its near-time period stock expense is how the specific consequences evaluate to these estimates.

The stock could circulate bigger if these key numbers top expectations in the upcoming income document, which is anticipated to be launched on February 13. however, in the event that they miss, the inventory might also movement reduce.

while administration's discussion of business situations on the income call will normally determine the sustainability of the immediate cost alternate and future salary expectations, or not it's worth having a handicapping perception into the percentages of a good EPS shock.

Zacks Consensus Estimate

This oil and natural gasoline company is anticipated to publish quarterly earnings of $0.20 per share in its upcoming record, which represents a yr-over-yr alternate of +5.three%.

Revenues are expected to be $242.59 million, up 0.9% from the year-in the past quarter.

Estimate Revisions fashion

The consensus EPS estimate for the quarter has been revised 44.forty four% lower over the remaining 30 days to the present level. here is nearly a reflection of how the protecting analysts have at the same time reassessed their initial estimates over this length.

buyers should still keep in mind that an mixture change may additionally no longer at all times mirror the route of estimate revisions by means of every of the overlaying analysts.

cost, Consensus and EPS shock

salary Whisper

Estimate revisions ahead of an organization's earnings liberate offer clues to the enterprise conditions for the period whose consequences are popping out. This perception is at the core of their proprietary shock prediction model -- the Zacks income ESP (anticipated shock Prediction).

The Zacks profits ESP compares the most correct Estimate to the Zacks Consensus Estimate for the quarter; probably the most correct Estimate is a greater fresh edition of the Zacks Consensus EPS estimate. The theory here is that analysts revising their estimates appropriate before an revenue release have the newest counsel, which may probably be more accurate than what they and others contributing to the consensus had anticipated prior.

thus, a favorable or negative salary ESP reading theoretically suggests the probably deviation of the genuine profits from the consensus estimate. besides the fact that children, the model's predictive energy is big for tremendous ESP readings best.

a positive earnings ESP is a powerful predictor of an salary beat, specially when combined with a Zacks Rank #1 (mighty purchase), 2 (purchase) or three (hold). Their analysis indicates that stocks with this combination produce a favorable surprise virtually 70% of the time, and a pretty good Zacks Rank really increases the predictive vigor of earnings ESP.

Please notice that a bad revenue ESP analyzing is not indicative of an profits omit. Their research suggests that it is complicated to predict an earnings beat with any degree of self belief for stocks with negative revenue ESP readings and/or Zacks Rank of 4 (sell) or 5 (robust promote).

How Have the Numbers fashioned Up for Laredo Petroleum?

For Laredo Petroleum, essentially the most accurate Estimate is the same because the Zacks Consensus Estimate, suggesting that there are not any contemporary analyst views which range from what have been considered to derive the consensus estimate. This has resulted in an income ESP of 0%.

Story continues

having said that, the stock at present consists of a Zacks Rank of #three.

So, this aggregate makes it problematic to conclusively predict that Laredo Petroleum will beat the consensus EPS estimate.

Does income shock history hold Any Clue?

Analysts often accept as true with to what extent an organization has been able to match consensus estimates during the past whereas calculating their estimates for its future profits. So, it's worth taking a glance at the shock history for gauging its affect on the upcoming quantity.

For the remaining pronounced quarter, it become expected that Laredo Petroleum would publish revenue of $0.30 per share when it basically produced income of $0.27, offering a surprise of -10%.

Over the remaining four quarters, the enterprise has crushed consensus EPS estimates only once.

bottom line

An earnings beat or leave out may additionally now not be the only real groundwork for a stock relocating higher or reduce. Many shares turn out to be dropping floor despite an revenue beat as a result of other components that disappoint investors. similarly, unforeseen catalysts help a couple of shares gain regardless of an revenue pass over.

That said, making a bet on shares that are expected to beat salary expectations does boost the percentages of success. this is why or not it's price checking a corporation's earnings ESP and Zacks Rank forward of its quarterly liberate. make sure to utilize their income ESP Filter to uncover the most beneficial stocks to buy or promote before they've pronounced.

Laredo Petroleum would not appear a compelling revenue-beat candidate. however, investors should still pay attention to different elements too for having a bet on this inventory or staying faraway from it ahead of its income liberate.

desire the newest recommendations from Zacks funding research? today, you could download 7 premier shares for the next 30 Days. click on to get this free document To read this text on Zacks.com click on here.


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Ubuntu Level 1

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Dirty Sock vulnerability lets attackers gain root access on Linux systems | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

A security researcher published today proof-of-concept (PoC) code for a vulnerability primarily impacting Ubuntu, but also other Linux distros.

Canonical, the company behind the Ubuntu operating system, has released a patch (USN-3887-1) for this issue yesterday, in advance of today's full disclosure.

The vulnerability was discovered at the end of January by Chris Moberly, a security researcher for The Missing Link in Australia, who worked closely with the Canonical team to have it fixed.

The vulnerability, which Moberly refers to as Dirty Sock, doesn't allow hackers to break into vulnerable machines remotely, but once attackers have a foothold on any unpatched system they can turn a simple intrusion into a bad hack where they have control over the entire OS.

In technical jargon, Dirty Sock is a local privilege escalation flaw that lets hackers create root-level accounts.

The actual vulnerability isn't in the Ubuntu operating system itself, but in the Snapd daemon that's included by default with all recent Ubuntu versions, but also with some other Linux distros.

Must read

Snapd is the daemon that manages "snaps," a new app packaging format developed and used by Canonical for Ubuntu apps since 2014. Snapd lets users download and install apps in the .snap file format.

Moberly says that Snapd exposes a local REST API server that snap packages (and the official Ubuntu Snap Store) interact with during the installation of new apps (snaps).

The researcher says he identified a way to skirt the access control restrictions imposed on this API server and gain access to all API functions, including the ones restricted for the root user.

Proof-of-concept code that Moberly published on GitHub today includes two example exploits that can be used to abuse this API and create new root-level accounts.

Dirty Sock demo Image: Chris Moberly

The malicious code to exploit this vulnerability (also tracked as CVE-2019-7304) can be run directly on an infected host, or can be hidden inside malicious snap packages --some of which have been known to make their way on the Ubuntu Snap Store in the past.

Snapd versions 2.28 through 2.37 are all vulnerable to the Dirty Sock exploit. Moberly reported the issue to Canonical, Snapd's developer, who released Snapd version 2.37.1 this week to address the issue.

At the same time, Canonical also released security updates for the Ubuntu Linux OS, for which the Snapd package was initially developed and where it's included and enabled by default.

Other Linux distros that use Snapd also shipped security updates, such as Debian, Arch Linux, OpenSUSE, Solus, and Fedora.

Moberly's in-depth technical write-up on the Dirty Sock flaw is available here while the PoC is here.

Related stories:

Canonical Snapd Vulnerability Gives Root Access in Linux | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Canonical Snap

A researcher has discovered a new vulnerability called "Dirty_Sock" in the REST API for Canonical's snapd daemon that can allow attackers to gain root access on Linux machines. To illustrate how these vulnerabilities can be exploited, the researcher has released to PoCs that use different methods to elevate privileges.

This vulnerability has since been patched by Canonical, the maker of Ubuntu and the Snap framework, but unless admins install the snapd update, local users will be able to gain root level access to servers running the daemon.

This bug was discovered by Security researcher Chris Moberly, of The Missing Link Security in Australia, who told BleepingComputer in an interview that while he tested it only on Ubuntu, other Linux servers would most likely be affected.

"This bug would affect any Linux using snapd. Exploitation might vary, though. For example, dirty_sockv1 uses the create-user API. That API actually uses a back-end Linux command "adduser" which is not included in all distros of Linux (some just have useradd, for example). This is one of the reasons I worked really hard to get dirty_sockv2 working - that version lets me include any bash script I want so can be very portable."

For those who are unfamiliar with Snaps, they are applications distributed in packages that contain all the files, libraries, and programs that are required for the application to run. This makes it easy for developers to distribute their applications and not have to worry that a user does not have all of prerequisites installed. 

To help facilitate the distribution of snaps, Canonical has created a Snapcraft app store that developers can upload new Snaps and users can install them. In order to install snaps locally and to communicate with the store, a snapd daemon is installed in Linux.

Flaw in REST API leads to privilege elevation

When analyzing the snapd installation in Ubuntu, Moberly discovered that the daemon utilizes UNIX sockets to allow developers to communicate with it using a REST API.

As this socket runs under the security context of the root user, he started to look for API methods that could take advantage of these permissions and elevate his privileges on the server.

When examining the API, Moberly discovered that it is possible to create a local user account using the daemon's "POST /v2/create-user" API. This API command, though, requires the program to have root permission, or a uid of 0, in order to create a user.

When analyzing how snapd determines if a user has root permissions, he saw that it builds a string consisting of the calling pid, uid of the program connected to the socket, the socket path, and the remoteAddr. For example, a compiled string would look like:

pid=5127;uid=1000;socket=/run/snapd.socket;@

Each part of this string is then split on the semicolon and assigned to various variables. Using the above example, the uid variable would be set to 1000, and not 0, and thus would not be able to run the create-user command.

Moberly learned, though, that the @ part of the string represents the RemoteAddr of the socket, or the socket name that is being used to connect to the snapd socket.

This allowed him to create a socket that contains ;uid=0; in its name, as shown below, which would then overwrite the uid when the string is being parsed.

As you can see below, when you run the above code the @ string has been replaced by the uid=0; string.

When snapd parses the string, as uid=0 is the last part, it will overwrite the previous uid and trick snapd into thinking that it is being called from the root user and allow a local user to be created.

This attack was put together into a PoC called "dirty_sockv1", but required an Internet connection and the creation of a Snapcraft SSO user with an assigned SSH key.

"The create-user API doesn't allow you to set a password - only to define an SSH key allowed to connect," the researcher told BleepingComputer. "So they have to use SSH with the public key to switch over to that user. This is only a requirement for dirty_sockv1."

Dirty_Sock version 2 makes it even easier

To get rid of the SSH requirements of the ‘POST /v2/create-user’ API functions, the researcher created a new PoC that sideloads a malicious snap using the ‘POST /v2/snaps’ API instead.

Using this API, Moberly is able to sideload a malicious snap that is configured with the "devmode" flag. When the snap is installed it will launch a script that creates a new user named "dirty_sock", which is then added as a Sudoer. This allows it to run any command on the server as root.

He then combined the specially named socket connection trick with this malicious snap to create a local user with root privileges. This PoC is called Dirty_Sock version 2 and no longer requires an Internet connection or the use of a SSH key.

Moberly has told BleepignComputer that this bug has been fixed in Snapd 2.37.1 through the use of stricter parsing and the removal of the RemoteAddr string that can be manipulated by the user.

"It is fixed in 2.37.1. They implemented much stricter parsing as well as completely removing the user-controlled variable from the string that gets parsed.

The researcher also told us that his experience with Canonical was great and that they were a pleasure to work with.


Linux Operating System Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2025: Ubuntu Linux, Linux Mint, Elementary OS | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

HTF MI released a new market study on Global Linux Operating System Market with 100+ market data Tables, Pie Chat, Graphs & Figures spread through Pages and easy to understand detailed analysis.

HTF MI released a new market study on Global Linux Operating System Market with 100+ market data Tables, Pie Chat, Graphs & Figures spread through Pages and easy to understand detailed analysis. At present, the market is developing its presence. The Research report presents a complete assessment of the Market and contains a future trend, current growth factors, attentive opinions, facts, and industry validated market data. The research study provides estimates for Global Linux Operating System Forecast till 2025*. Some are the key players taken under coverage for this study are IBM, Ubuntu Linux, Linux Mint, Elementary OS, openSUSE, Fedora Linux, Arch Linux, Debian & Manjaro.

Click to get Global Linux Operating System Market Research Sample PDF Copy Here @: https://www.htfmarketreport.com/sample-report/1322288-global-linux-operating-system-market

#Summary: 

Linux is the best-known and most-used open source operating system. As an operating system, Linux is software that sits underneath all of the other software on a computer, receiving requests from those programs and relaying these requests to the computer?s hardware. In 2017, the global Linux Operating System market size was xx million US$ and it is expected to reach xx million US$ by the end of 2025, with a CAGR of xx% during 2018-2025. 

Important Features that are under offering & key highlights of the report :

1) What all companies are currently profiled in the report?Following are list of players that are currently profiled in the the report "IBM, Ubuntu Linux, Linux Mint, Elementary OS, openSUSE, Fedora Linux, Arch Linux, Debian & Manjaro"

** List of companies mentioned may vary in the final report subject to Name Change / Merger etc.

2) Can they add or profiled new company as per their need?Yes, they can add or profile new company as per client need in the report. Final confirmation to be provided by research team depending upon the difficulty of survey.** Data availability will be confirmed by research in case of privately held company. Upto 3 players can be added at no added cost.

3) What all regional segmentation covered? Can specific country of interest be added?Currently, research report gives special attention and focus on following regions:United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India & Central & South America** One country of specific interest can be included at no added cost. For inclusion of more regional segment quote may vary.

4) Can inclusion of additional Segmentation / Market breakdown is possible?Yes, inclusion of additional segmentation / Market breakdown is possible subject to data availability and difficulty of survey. However a detailed requirement needs to be shared with their research before giving final confirmation to client.

** Depending upon the requirement the deliverable time and quote will vary.

Enquire for customization in Report @ https://www.htfmarketreport.com/enquiry-before-buy/1322288-global-linux-operating-system-market

To comprehend Global Linux Operating System market dynamics in the world mainly, the worldwide Linux Operating System market is analyzed across major global regions. HTF MI also provides customized specific regional and country-level reports for the following areas.

• North America: United States, Canada, and Mexico.• South & Central America: Argentina, Chile, and Brazil.• Middle East & Africa: Saudi Arabia, UAE, Turkey, Egypt and South Africa.• Europe: UK, France, Italy, Germany, Spain, and Russia.• Asia-Pacific: India, China, Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, Singapore, and Australia.

2-Page profiles for 10+ leading manufacturers and 10+ leading retailers is included, along with 3 years financial history to illustrate the recent performance of the market. Revised and updated discussion for 2018 of key macro and micro market influences impacting the sector are provided with a thought-provoking qualitative comment on future opportunities and threats. This report combines the best of both statistically relevant quantitative data from the industry, coupled with relevant and insightful qualitative comment and analysis.

Global Linux Operating System Product Types In-Depth: , User mode & Kernel mode

Global Linux Operating System Major Applications/End users: Company & Individual 

Geographical Analysis: United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India & Central & South America

In order to get a deeper view of Market Size, competitive landscape is provided i.e. Revenue (Million USD) by Players (2013-2018), Revenue Market Share (%) by Players (2013-2018) and further a qualitative analysis is made towards market concentration rate, product/service differences, new entrants and the technological trends in future. 

Competitive Analysis:The key players are highly focusing innovation in production technologies to improve efficiency and shelf life. The best long-term growth opportunities for this sector can be captured by ensuring ongoing process improvements and financial flexibility to invest in the optimal strategies. Company profile section of players such as IBM, Ubuntu Linux, Linux Mint, Elementary OS, openSUSE, Fedora Linux, Arch Linux, Debian & Manjaro includes its basic information like legal name, website, headquarters, its market position, historical background and top 5 closest competitors by Market capitalization / revenue along with contact information. Each player/ manufacturer revenue figures, growth rate and gross profit margin is provided in easy to understand tabular format for past 5 years and a separate section on recent development like mergers, acquisition or any new product/service launch etc. 

Buy Full Copy Global Linux Operating System Report 2018 @ https://www.htfmarketreport.com/buy-now?format=1&report=1322288

In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of Global Linux Operating System are as follows:History Year: 2013-2017Base Year: 2017Estimated Year: 2018Forecast Year 2018 to 2025

Key Stakeholders/Global Reports: Linux Operating System ManufacturersLinux Operating System Distributors/Traders/WholesalersLinux Operating System Subcomponent ManufacturersIndustry AssociationDownstream Vendors

Browse for Full Report at @: https://www.htfmarketreport.com/reports/1322288-global-linux-operating-system-market

Actual Numbers & In-Depth Analysis, Business opportunities, Market Size Estimation Available in Full Report.

Thanks for reading this article, you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like North America, Europe or Asia.

About Author: HTF Market Report is a wholly owned brand of HTF market Intelligence Consulting Private Limited. HTF Market Report global research and market intelligence consulting organization is uniquely positioned to not only identify growth opportunities but to also empower and inspire you to create visionary growth strategies for futures, enabled by their extraordinary depth and breadth of thought leadership, research, tools, events and experience that assist you for making goals into a reality. Their understanding of the interplay between industry convergence, Mega Trends, technologies and market trends provides their clients with new business models and expansion opportunities. They are focused on identifying the “Accurate Forecast” in every industry they cover so their clients can reap the benefits of being early market entrants and can accomplish their “Goals & Objectives”.

Contact US :Craig Francis (PR & Marketing Manager)HTF Market Intelligence Consulting Private LimitedUnit No. 429, Parsonage Road Edison, NJ New Jersey USA – 08837Phone: +1 (206) 317 1218 sales@htfmarketreport.com

Connect with us athttps://www.linkedin.com/company/13388569/https://www.facebook.com/htfmarketintelligence/https://twitter.com/htfmarketreporthttps://plus.google.com/u/0/+NidhiBhawsar-SEO_Expert?rel=author         



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