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00M-639 IBM Big Data Sales Mastery Test v1

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00M-639 exam Dumps Source : IBM Big Data Sales Mastery Test v1

Test Code : 00M-639
Test Name : IBM Big Data Sales Mastery Test v1
Vendor Name : IBM
: 51 Real Questions

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IBM IBM Big Data Sales

$18.seventy seven Billion in income anticipated for IBM (IBM) This Quarter | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Brokerages predict that IBM (NYSE:IBM) will report $18.77 billion in earnings for the existing fiscal quarter, in response to Zacks. five analysts have issued estimates for IBM’s profits, with estimates ranging from $18.forty three billion to $19.26 billion. IBM posted income of $19.07 billion within the same quarter final yr, which implies a negative year over 12 months boom cost of 1.6%. The company is scheduled to file its subsequent salary effects on Tuesday, April sixteenth.

in accordance with Zacks, analysts predict that IBM will record full-year income of $78.31 billion for the current fiscal 12 months, with estimates ranging from $76.85 billion to $eighty.70 billion. For the next fiscal 12 months, analysts predict that the enterprise will report sales of $78.09 billion, with estimates starting from $seventy seven.02 billion to $seventy nine.65 billion. Zacks’ revenue averages are an average commonplace based on a survey of sell-facet analysts that cowl IBM.

IBM (NYSE:IBM) last posted its quarterly profits statistics on Tuesday, January 22nd. The know-how business suggested $4.87 profits per share (EPS) for the quarter, beating the consensus estimate of $four.eighty two through $0.05. The business had income of $21.seventy six billion during the quarter, in comparison to analysts’ expectations of $21.seventy nine billion. IBM had a web margin of 10.ninety seven% and a return on equity of 68.sixty one%. The business’s income became down three.5% on a yr-over-yr basis. throughout the same period last year, the firm posted $5.14 income per share.

IBM has been the subject of a few fresh analysis stories. Wedbush reduce their target expense on shares of IBM from $185.00 to $a hundred sixty five.00 and set a “impartial” rating for the company in a research note on Thursday, October 18th. Zacks investment research raised shares of IBM from a “promote” rating to a “cling” score in a research be aware on Thursday, October 18th. ValuEngine raised shares of IBM from a “promote” rating to a “hold” ranking in a research be aware on Wednesday. Goldman Sachs community restated a “neutral” ranking and issued a $155.00 cost goal on shares of IBM in a analysis record on Monday, October twenty ninth. eventually, BMO Capital Markets restated a “dangle” ranking and issued a $one hundred forty five.00 price goal on shares of IBM in a analysis file on Friday, December seventh. Three funding analysts have rated the inventory with a sell score, eleven have issued a grasp ranking and eight have issued a buy ranking to the company. IBM right now has a consensus ranking of “dangle” and a consensus goal rate of $154.56.

IBM stock traded down $0.26 on Monday, hitting $137.27. 1,202,955 shares of the enterprise’s stock traded fingers, compared to its usual volume of 5,224,408. IBM has a 1-12 months low of $105.ninety four and a 1-year high of $162.eleven. The enterprise has a market cap of $124.98 billion, a PE ratio of 9.94, a P/E/G ratio of 2.37 and a beta of 1.25. The enterprise has a debt-to-fairness ratio of 2.10, a present ratio of 1.29 and a brief ratio of 1.24.

The enterprise additionally lately declared a quarterly dividend, which may be paid on Saturday, March 9th. investors of checklist on Friday, February 8th should be given a $1.57 dividend. The ex-dividend date of this dividend is Thursday, February seventh. This represents a $6.28 annualized dividend and a dividend yield of 4.58%. IBM’s dividend payout ratio (DPR) is right now forty five.47%.

IBM introduced that its Board of directors has accepted a inventory buyback plan on Tuesday, October thirtieth that permits the company to repurchase $four.00 billion in shares. This repurchase authorization allows the expertise company to reacquire up to three.5% of its stock through open market purchases. inventory repurchase plans are often a demonstration that the enterprise’s board believes its shares are undervalued.

In other IBM news, insider Diane J. Gherson bought 5,754 shares of the company’s stock in a transaction that took place on Wednesday, February 6th. The shares have been bought at a standard fee of $135.67, for a total price of $780,645.18. Following the transaction, the insider now owns 23,117 shares in the enterprise, valued at about $3,136,283.39. The transaction become disclosed in a doc filed with the SEC, which can be accessed through this hyperlink. 0.17% of the inventory is at the moment owned via company insiders.

Institutional traders have these days added to or decreased their stakes in the enterprise. Cozad Asset management Inc. multiplied its stake in IBM by means of 39.2% in the 4th quarter. Cozad Asset administration Inc. now owns 3,171 shares of the expertise business’s stock valued at $360,000 after purchasing an additional 893 shares all over the period. Albion fiscal community UT elevated its stake in IBM by 1.5% in the third quarter. Albion financial neighborhood UT now owns 18,471 shares of the technology business’s stock valued at $2,793,000 after buying an extra 281 shares right through the length. Paloma companions administration Co improved its stake in IBM through 127.4% in the third quarter. Paloma companions administration Co now owns 1,453 shares of the expertise business’s stock valued at $220,000 after buying an additional 6,757 shares during the length. Crossvault Capital administration LLC elevated its stake in IBM by way of 12.four% within the third quarter. Crossvault Capital administration LLC now owns 7,seven-hundred shares of the technology enterprise’s inventory valued at $1,164,000 after purchasing an extra 850 shares right through the length. at last, Edmp Inc. elevated its stake in IBM by using 2.3% within the 4th quarter. Edmp Inc. now owns eleven,032 shares of the technology business’s inventory valued at $1,254,000 after purchasing an extra 243 shares all over the length. Hedge funds and different institutional investors personal 61.97% of the company’s inventory.

IBM business Profile

overseas enterprise Machines agency operates as an integrated technology and features business global. Its Cognitive options segment presents Watson, a computing platform that interacts in language, strategies big statistics, and learns from interactions with americans and computer systems. This section additionally presents records and analytics solutions, including analytics and statistics management platforms, cloud information services, business social utility, ability management solutions, and tailored business solutions; and transaction processing application that runs mission-essential systems in banking, airlines, and retail industries.

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IBM Db2 question Optimization the use of AI | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

In September 2018, IBM announced a brand new product, IBM Db2 AI for z/OS. This artificial intelligence engine screens statistics entry patterns from executing SQL statements, uses computing device discovering algorithms to decide on most beneficial patterns and passes this suggestions to the Db2 query optimizer for use by way of subsequent statements.

desktop getting to know on the IBM z Platform

In may of 2018, IBM announced version 1.2 of its computer researching for z/OS (MLz) product. here is a hybrid zServer and cloud application suite that ingests performance records, analyzes and builds models that symbolize the fitness popularity of numerous indicators, displays them over time and offers real-time scoring capabilities.

a couple of facets of this product offering are aimed toward helping a community of model developers and executives. as an instance:

  • It helps diverse programming languages equivalent to Python, Scala and R. This permits facts modelers and scientists to use a language with which they are general;
  • A graphical person interface known as the visual model Builder guides model developers without requiring totally-technical programming abilities;
  • It contains numerous dashboards for monitoring model effects and scoring features, in addition to controlling the device configuration.
  • This machine getting to know suite turned into at the beginning aimed toward zServer-based analytics applications. some of the first evident choices changed into zSystem performance monitoring and tuning. equipment management Facility (SMF) statistics that are immediately generated with the aid of the working gadget deliver the raw records for gadget resource consumption reminiscent of relevant processor utilization, I/O processing, reminiscence paging etc. IBM MLz can compile and store these facts over time, and build and train models of system behavior, rating these behaviors, determine patterns no longer without difficulty foreseen with the aid of humans, increase key efficiency warning signs (KPIs) and then feed the model results returned into the gadget to have an effect on gadget configuration adjustments that can increase performance.

    The subsequent step changed into to enforce this suite to investigate Db2 performance statistics. One solution, known as the IBM Db2 IT Operational Analytics (Db2 ITOA) solution template, applies the machine learning technology to Db2 operational records to benefit an knowing of Db2 subsystem fitness. it can dynamically construct baselines for key performance warning signs, give a dashboard of those KPIs and give operational group of workers real-time insight into Db2 operations.

    while time-honored Db2 subsystem performance is a crucial aspect in ordinary utility fitness and performance, IBM estimates that the DBA aid staff spends 25% or more of its time, " ... fighting access direction issues which trigger efficiency degradation and repair influence.". (See Reference 1).

    AI comes to Db2

    trust the plight of contemporary DBAs in a Db2 environment. In modern-day IT world they should guide one or extra large statistics purposes, cloud software and database functions, software setting up and configuration, Db2 subsystem and application performance tuning, database definition and administration, catastrophe recovery planning, and more. question tuning has been in existence considering the origins of the database, and DBAs are continually tasked with this as neatly.

    The heart of query route evaluation in Db2 is the Optimizer. It accepts SQL statements from purposes, verifies authority to access the facts, studies the locations of the objects to be accessed and develops a listing of candidate statistics access paths. These access paths can include indexes, desk scans, quite a few desk be part of methods and others. within the information warehouse and massive facts environments there are always further selections accessible. One of those is the existence of summary tables (on occasion called materialized question tables) that comprise pre-summarized or aggregated records, accordingly allowing Db2 to prevent re-aggregation processing. another alternative is the starjoin access path, general within the information warehouse, where the order of desk joins is modified for efficiency reasons.

    The Optimizer then stories the candidate entry paths and chooses the entry path, "with the bottom cost." charge in this context skill a weighted summation of aid usage including CPU, I/O, reminiscence and different substances. finally, the Optimizer takes the bottom can charge entry path, stores it in memory (and, optionally, within the Db2 directory) and starts off entry course execution.

    big records and statistics warehouse operations now consist of application suites that enable the enterprise analyst to use a graphical interface to build and manipulate a miniature data mannequin of the records they are looking to analyze. The packages then generate SQL statements in keeping with the clients’ requests.

    The problem for the DBA

    to be able to do good analytics for your diverse facts stores you need an outstanding realizing of the facts requirements, an figuring out of the analytical services and algorithms attainable and a high-performance statistics infrastructure. sadly, the quantity and location of data sources is expanding (each in measurement and in geography), records sizes are turning out to be, and applications proceed to proliferate in quantity and complexity. How should still IT managers assist this ambiance, particularly with essentially the most skilled and mature team of workers nearing retirement?

    take into account additionally that a big part of decreasing the overall charge of ownership of these programs is to get Db2 functions to run quicker and greater efficiently. This constantly translates into the usage of fewer CPU cycles, doing fewer I/Os and transporting much less information across the network. when you consider that it is regularly complex to even identify which functions might improvement from performance tuning, one strategy is to automate the detection and correction of tuning issues. here is where desktop researching and artificial intelligence can also be used to incredible effect.

    Db2 12 for z/OS and synthetic Intelligence

    Db2 version 12 on z/OS uses the computer researching amenities outlined above to gather and keep SQL query textual content and entry course details, as well as genuine performance-linked old assistance similar to CPU time used, elapsed instances and effect set sizes. This providing, described as Db2 AI for z/OS, analyzes and retailers the data in computing device researching fashions, with the mannequin evaluation outcomes then being scored and made available to the Db2 Optimizer. The subsequent time a scored SQL statement is encountered, the Optimizer can then use the mannequin scoring facts as input to its entry course option algorithm.

    The outcome may still be a reduction in CPU consumption as the Optimizer makes use of model scoring input to select improved entry paths. This then lowers CPU costs and speeds application response instances. a big talents is that using AI application does not require the DBA to have information science knowledge or deep insights into query tuning methodologies. The Optimizer now chooses the most desirable entry paths primarily based not most effective on SQL question syntax and records distribution information but on modelled and scored historical efficiency.

    This will also be certainly vital if you save data in distinct areas. for instance, many analytical queries in opposition t huge information require concurrent access to definite records warehouse tables. These tables are generally known as dimension tables, and that they include the data facets usually used to manage subsetting and aggregation. as an instance, in a retail environment believe a table known as StoreLocation that enumerates every shop and its region code. Queries against keep earnings records may additionally are looking to combination or summarize earnings by vicinity; therefore, the StoreLocation table should be used via some big records queries. during this ambiance it is usual to take the dimension tables and duplicate them continually to the big data software. within the IBM world this location is the IBM Db2 Analytics Accelerator (IDAA).

    Now suppose about SQL queries from each operational purposes, information warehouse users and big records company analysts. From Db2's point of view, all these queries are equal, and are forwarded to the Optimizer. however, in the case of operational queries and warehouse queries they may still absolutely be directed to access the StoreLocation desk within the warehouse. even so, the query from the business analyst towards big data tables should doubtless access the copy of the desk there. This results in a proliferations of advantage entry paths, and more work for the Optimizer. luckily, Db2 AI for z/OS can give the Optimizer the guidance it needs to make smart access path choices.

    how it Works

    The sequence of events in Db2 AI for z/OS (See Reference 2) is generally the following:

  • all over a bind, rebind, prepare or explain operation, an SQL commentary is passed to the Optimizer;
  • The Optimizer chooses the data access route; as the choice is made, Db2 AI captures the SQL syntax, entry course alternative and query performance data (CPU used, and so forth.) and passes it to a "learning assignment";
  • The researching assignment, which can be finished on a zIIP processor (a non-familiar-goal CPU core that does not factor into utility licensing costs), interfaces with the laptop getting to know software (MLz mannequin functions) to keep this information in a mannequin;
  • because the volume of statistics in every model grows, the MLz Scoring service (which can also be achieved on a zIIP processor) analyzes the mannequin statistics and scores the habits;
  • all over the next bind, rebind, put together or explain, the Optimizer now has entry to the scoring for SQL models, and makes applicable adjustments to entry route decisions.
  • There are also numerous consumer interfaces that give the administrator visibility to the repute of the collected SQL statement performance statistics and mannequin scoring.

    summary

    IBM's laptop getting to know for zOS (MLz) offering is getting used to exquisite effect in Db2 edition 12 to increase the efficiency of analytical queries as well as operational queries and their associated purposes. This requires management attention, as you have to determine that your business is prepared to consume these ML and AI conclusions. How will you measure the prices and advantages of the use of machine researching? Which IT aid staff ought to be tasked to reviewing the effect of mannequin scoring, and perhaps approving (or overriding) the consequences? How will you evaluation and justify the assumptions that the utility makes about access direction decisions?

    In different phrases, how well were you aware your statistics, its distribution, its integrity and your existing and proposed entry paths? this can determine the place the DBAs spend their time in aiding analytics and operational utility efficiency.

    # # #

    Reference 1

    John Campbell, IBM Db2 unique EngineerFrom "IBM Db2 AI for z/OS: increase IBM Db2 software efficiency with machine researching"https://www.worldofdb2.com/activities/ibm-db2-ai-for-z-os-boost-ibm-db2-utility-performance-with-ma

    Reference 2

    Db2 AI for z/OShttps://www.ibm.com/aid/knowledgecenter/en/SSGKMA_1.1.0/src/ai/ai_home.html

    See all articles via Lockwood Lyon


    Why IBM is having a bet massive on this new huge records know-how | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    IBM plans an even bigger push into records crunching through opening a brand new technology middle in San Francisco committed to a trendy know-how that’s making waves in Silicon Valley, Bloomberg information experiences.

    Rob Thomas, an IBM (IBM) vice chairman in can charge of huge records, pointed out in a web video seen with the aid of Bloomberg and later eliminated that the brand new center will at last condominium “hundreds of americans” working basically with a free expertise called Spark.

    Spark lets companies method statistics more immediately than what is at the moment feasible the usage of an additional open-supply technology known as Hadoop, according to many analysts. among other things, groups use Spark for quickly evaluation of sales facts like what number of department save customers purchased a particular shirt.

    The expertise can work with or change Hadoop, which has won traction in recent years with agencies like Yahoo (YHOO) and facebook (FB) that use it to shop and method massive amounts of records. Like with a lot of know-how, what’s hot in statistics crunching alterations quickly as new utility emerges it truly is faster and simpler to use.

    It’s as a result of this velocity and skill to manner information to rapidly that has IBM excited. The a hundred-yr historic business has been public with its help for the technology and has claimed that it will also be used to boost the performance of Hadoop.

    IBM has made information evaluation a big a part of its earnings pitch, part of which revolves around Watson, the robot that made an appearance on the Jeopardy tv video game demonstrate. In April, the enterprise launched its Watson health service that corporations can use to analyze healthcare facts.

    It’s doubtful what IBM plans for Spark. however it may support with making the underlying technologies behind Watson or equivalent features come to lifestyles.

    by way of helping Spark and attracting employees who know the way to use the infrastructure technology, IBM can declare that it’s ahead of the pack in reducing-area technology.

    With its hardware earnings generating less profits than it they once did, IBM increasingly relying on new know-how to revitalize its business. huge information technology may well be a much bigger a part of the plan.

    For extra on IBM and large information, check out here Fortune video:


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    IBM Big Data Sales Mastery Test v1

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    From Bootcamp to Mastery: A Five Year Journey | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    As I look across the learn-to-code industry — with the proliferation of bootcamps, MOOCs, and alternative learning options — I often wonder why they (Launch School) are the only program that’s 100% mastery-based. There aren’t a lot of viable pedagogical options from which to choose, especially if the focus is on skills and results rather than credentialism. Yet, no one teaches in a mastery-based way except us. As I thought more about this, I realized that we, too, started teaching programming in a typical “bootcamp” fashion, and it was due to a unique confluence of personal and business factors that led us to focus on mastery-based learning.

    This is a story about how they built Launch School over the last 5 years and how their opinions around programming, teaching, and business led us to a Mastery-based pedagogy.

    The Backstory

    I’ve known Kevin since 2002, when they were both software engineers at IBM. They had always talked about working on something together, but the opportunity never came up. Finally around 2012, they had a window of time where both of us were looking to do something new. They only knew that they wanted to work on something together, but didn’t have any concrete ideas. After months of careful deliberation, they decided to focus their thirties on Education.

    Of course as programmers, the first thing they set out to do was to build a revolutionary Learning Management System (LMS) that would end all LMSes. As they worked through the specifications and design, one thing became painfully obvious: they had no idea what they were doing because neither of us had any deep experience with teaching or education. So naturally, before they could build a LMS, they had to get some experience teaching real students. Now, I’d like to think that we’re both pretty well-rounded people with a lot of interests, but they both really only had one skill that could attract students: programming. Towards the end of 2012, they decided to give up their (extremely) high paying jobs and try teaching people programming so they could better understand the problems around education and teaching (…so they could build an LMS to end all LMSes).

    I share this backstory because this origin story will come back to influence many of their later decisions. It’s important to remember: they didn’t see an opportunity to make money and came into teaching programming as an exercise in learning about how to educate people.

    Side Note: they quickly dropped the LMS idea because they found out students don’t buy LMSes, and selling a new LMS to large organizations requires a skill that they weren’t interested in developing.

    2012–2013: Bootcamps

    Unbeknownst to us at the time, this was the golden era of learning to code. In an odd case of multiple-discovery, they started their teach-people-to-code exploration at nearly the same time as many other companies, who later collectively came to be known as “coding bootcamps”. It was during this period that a few intrepid companies were starting to prove that you could get graduates a high paying salary after training for only a few months. That short duration caught everyone’s eye. Dev Bootcamp, in particular, nearly single-handedly created the “coding bootcamp” industry; to this day, it’s called “coding bootcamps” mostly because of Dev Bootcamp.

    I happened to be based out San Francisco at the time and met with Shereef Bishay, founder of Dev Bootcamp, in their Chinatown office. Shereef became interested in what Kevin and I were doing and offered a partnership: they could roll their courses under the Dev Bootcamp brand and become their “preparatory” program. Because of their initial success, Dev Bootcamp started attracting a larger variety of students and many of their applicants lacked readiness. Not being interested in working for someone else, they declined. Besides meeting Shereef, I also grabbed beers with other local bootcamp founders, like Roshan Choxi and Dave Paola, founders of Bloc.io. It felt like something big was about to happen in the industry and San Francisco was the epicenter.

    Meanwhile, Kevin and I continued executing their cohort-based courses. Their courses during this period were similar to ones you’d find in college: daily live lectures with a cohort of about 20–30 students with courses that lasted about a month. I had recently attended an online GMAT prep course offered by Knewton (they no longer do this) and was inspired by the format of their live lectures combined with ad-hoc quizzes. It forced participants to pay attention and follow along, and it felt like a much better experience than a typical college lecture, where you could sulk in the back of a large classroom and not ever engage with the instructor. The idea seemed promising: using innovative online tools, they could teach small live cohorts and ensure that everyone engaged with the material.

    In order to figure out what topics to teach, they asked students what they would be interested in learning. Not surprisingly, they mentioned all the advanced topics that employers demanded: TDD, APIs, Rails and Angular (this was before React was popular), testing, algorithms, data structures, design patterns, best practices, etc. By this point, Kevin and I each had over 10 years of software engineering experience, so the list of topics seemed straight-forward enough and they set out to teach them.

    The problems they encountered were immediate and obvious.

  • Student readiness levels run the gamut. It’s impossible to teach TDD when someone doesn’t know basic programming principles. They can’t talk about APIs when students didn’t know HTTP. They can’t walk through algorithms when students can’t control nested loops.
  • Related to the first issue, students didn’t keep pace with the lectures. About half the students stopped attending the live lectures after the first week. Though all lectures were recorded, few made an effort to make up for lost time and instead elected to go at their own pace. By the end of the month-long course, only a few students were still attending the live lectures.
  • The above two problems forced us early on to decide if they cared about students’ comprehension at the end of courses. If they didn’t, the solution would be easier: they could just sell recorded videos and content for a fixed price and focus their energies on marketing the content. On the other hand, if they did care about comprehension afterwards, we’d have to find another teaching format because while the idea of live lectures with quizzes seemed good in theory, in practice, most people don’t have the discipline to finish a rigorous course. And without the threat of withholding a credential, they couldn’t do anything to force people to show up.

    These problems also forced us to think hard about who their audience was. If companies like Dev Bootcamp were able to train people for high paying jobs, why couldn’t they do the same, if only they selected the right students? My previous experience as an Engineering Manager told me that companies are willing to pay $15,000 to $30,000+ as a referral fee for qualified candidates. Couldn’t they monetize that end if they could find and train good students? This line of thinking only made things more confusing, because if they keep pushing on that logic, wouldn’t it be easier to just become a recruiting company? Why bother doing all the hard work of trying to train unprepared people when they can just filter for the best? That seemed like a more viable business, especially since all the startup literature says to charge businesses instead of individual users wherever you can.

    Our initial stab at teaching people programming yielded some stars who landed great jobs, but that was, as is true for most education institutions, a result of selection bias as opposed to their amazing training methods. The choices in front of us were either to 1) figure out a way to make money and give up on making sure students actually understood the material, or 2) figure out a way to better train people for comprehension and not worry about optimizing for revenue.

    We made a few critical decisions then that they still adhere to today:

  • Students are their customers, not employers. By eliminating employers as a possible revenue source, it brought clarity to what they were supposed to do. One of the things they wanted to do was to help people, not only to make money for ourselves. After all, they had just quit high paying jobs to do something meaningful together. Helping employers didn’t seem very meaningful to us personally and while they were ok with that being a side effect of producing great programmers, they didn’t want to incentivize ourselves to become a recruiting company.
  • We decided to not take venture funding. Though it may have been a bit early in their lifecycle to make that decision, they felt that training companies do not have a significant viral first-mover advantage. Instead, the advantage was in long-term reputation. Sure, it’d be possible to over-promise and over-hype the marketing in the short-term, but their hypothesis was that over time the lack of results will catch up with the hype. They had decided to dedicate their entire thirties to this experiment, and they felt that this long-term mindset could be an advantage in the education space. It’s interesting that Shereef, Roshan, and Dave opted for the opposite route with their companies and took on venture funding.
  • The consequences of those decisions significantly focused their energy.

    By identifying students as their customers, they aligned ourselves with students and started to focus on pedagogy and comprehension, rather than throughput and conversion. It also meant we’re a B2C company and not a B2B company. This had implications to their processes. For example, they stopped doing sales calls to employers to try to get them to purchase licenses in bulk. Instead, they took time to have calls with every prospective student.

    By going the bootstrapped route, they decided on a low-burn long-term financial plan, which usually meant sacrificing marketing for curriculum development. In their hypothesis, there’s no rush to get to market, and it’s more important to protect Launch School’s reputation by always doing “the right thing for the student”. Venture-backed companies have a “fail fast, fail often” mentality where growth rules above all. But in education, “failing” means negatively affecting students’ lives. They weren’t comfortable with purposefully hurting even a small group of students as part of the business plan.

    2013–2014: Tealeaf Academy

    We continued running their synchronous cohorts and the problematic patterns kept repeating cohort after cohort. They took everything they learned and decided to change their curriculum in a couple of important ways:

  • From synchronous to asynchronous (aka, self-paced). Instead of relying on live lectures that were sparsely attended, we’d move to recordings that students could watch at any time.
  • From one 1-month long course, they moved to 3 courses that would take roughly 4 months in total. The courses would start from the ground up, teaching basic programming principles to start, then building up to web development basics, and finally to all the advanced concepts employers wanted.
  • These two changes made a huge difference and students understood this sequence of courses much better. Instead of feeling overwhelmed in the first week, students could complete lectures and assignments on their own schedule. They didn’t give too much thought to the pricing structure and continued to sell the courses at a fixed price per course.

    Even with the new self-paced 3-course sequence, results still varied widely. Some graduates got jobs that paid over $100k, and others who finished all 3 courses said they didn’t learn a thing. They posted the $100k student on their testimonials, but it felt like selection bias and not real education for all. It felt that despite their efforts to avoid becoming a recruiting company, they just ended up creating a recruiting company with a 3-course filter.

    The whole point of charging students and forgoing funding was so they can align ourselves with students and do the right thing for students. So how can someone pay over $2,000 and spend over 4 months, and then say they didn’t learn anything? Even if it was a small number of students, that was still a crushing result for us. They couldn’t let it go and write it off as people being unprepared.

    We decided to zoom in on the problem and try to understand the core of the issue. They participated in countless 1on1 sessions with students who were struggling and began noticing patterns. They would pair with students who were struggling in course 3 and see that what they were struggling with was not the advanced topic, but fundamentals. They couldn’t build an API not because they couldn’t intellectually understand the concept of an API, but because they didn’t know how HTTP worked. It had nothing to do with intellectual ability, but everything do with understanding of prerequisite knowledge. When they asked “don’t you remember HTTP from course 1?”, they’d say something to the effect of “sure, kind of, but I went through that part pretty fast, and to be honest, it’s still a little fuzzy”. After seeing this over and over, they realized that they were missing a critical component in their courses: assessments.

    After teaching people for 2 years, they learned what teachers across the world have known for centuries: you must have some test of mastery to demonstrate comprehension.

    Upton Sinclair once said, “It is difficult to get a man to understand something, when his salary depends on his not understanding it.” They fell into this trap by not thinking carefully about how their pricing fit with their pedagogy. They never seriously thought about adding rigorous assessments because it meant that less students would enroll in and pay for subsequent courses. They were financially incentivizing ourselves to usher students to subsequent courses without regard to mastery, which is in direct conflict with their mastery-based values. They charged per course, so adding assessments would have resulted in less revenue. The key lesson they took away from this observation was: be aware of how pricing introduces natural blindspots to your company or product.

    2015: Lessons Learned

    Having taught people for over 2 years at this point, they had enough information to go back to the lab and build a curriculum from the ground up anew. They spent the next year studying, researching and debating about what a great training program looked like. Over and over, they found ourselves constantly trapped by incompatible goals. For example, they wanted a democratic learning program that could cater to all, but how do you reconcile that goal with the desire to drive people to high paying jobs? You either have to give up the high paying jobs or you have to filter based on experience. If you only have a 4 or 6 month timeframe, what topics do you cover and how do you make sure people are following along? Is it ok if only the top 10% or 20% understand the material at the end?

    To address these incompatible learning goals, they started from their own first principles by thinking about how we’re different, what their core beliefs were, and their personal stance on learning and comprehension. One idea that came up over and over in their research and discussions was operating for the *long-term*.

    If they take a long-term perspective in their business operations, then it’d be possible to also take a long-term perspective on their pedagogical approach for the curriculum. They can’t have a company that’s focused on chasing quarterly revenue results and reconcile that with a long-term curriculum. The company’s vision and the pedagogy must be aligned. After realizing that, they made an important decision: they decided to not only spend their thirties on this, but to spend the rest of their careers on this project. That seems dramatic and conjures up images of a sworn blood oath under a full moon, but it wasn’t a hard decision at all and they made it fairly quickly and unceremoniously. That’s because 1) they didn’t have any other good ideas in the pipeline, 2) they believe that working on this problem will positively affect the world, 3) they believe in each other and don’t want to work on separate things, and 4) teaching online allows us to engage with a worldwide community of students, which brings a certain joy to the project. They didn’t have any reason to stop, and they thought that by focusing on decades in the future, they could use that perspective to their advantage.

    Suddenly after that shift in perspective, they could see how a willingness to think about 10, 20 years into the future allowed us to unlock long-term value, both for us as a business and their students. While there were a lot of short-term incompatibilities between learning goals and business goals, these issues melted away when considered in the span of years and decades. Suddenly they could focus on skills to last a career, rather than chase short-term fads. They finally found a way to align personal, business, and student goals.

    Just like how a long-simmering programming puzzle may come into more focus as one spends more time digesting it, the education puzzle began to unfold for us as they shifted into long-term thinking. With the long-term perspective as their north star, they came up with the following values for their business and learning pedagogy:

  • Mastery of fundamentals first.
  • No time limit for each course.
  • Assessments to test mastery.
  • Pedagogy-led pricing.
  • Don’t focus on short-term revenue.
  • All these ideas taken together formed the foundation for their Mastery-based Learning pedagogy at Launch School.

    2016: Launch School

    It took us a year to build the new curriculum, and at the end of 2015, they launched Launch School. They didn’t have proof that this new curriculum would be good; it seemed right based on their experience and values, but since they just started, they didn’t have any concrete results to show. They asked prospective students to trust the process and asked if learning fundamentals to mastery made intuitive sense. They didn’t do any market research and built the new curriculum based off of their own standards of excellence, so they weren’t sure how people would react. Would they look at their proposal of learning indefinitely and then compare it with a 3-month bootcamp and laugh at us? Would they agree with us that the issue with learning advanced topics and frameworks was all about understanding fundamentals? The current marketplace was full of hype about turning around a six-figure job after a few months. How would people receive the idea of potentially learning for a few years?

    Fortunately for us, some people chose to trust the process and started learning with us, from fundamentals with mastery.

    2017: Capstone

    By focusing on fundamentals, they felt they were setting up students for long-term success. But they still had the “last mile” problem to solve to demonstrate that there’s a quantitative difference between those who took time to learn fundamentals vs those who didn’t. After all, if the results between learning fundamentals for 2 years and cramming frameworks for 2 months are the same, why bother with the fundamentals?

    Towards the end of 2016, they were able to take some of their Launch School students and put them into an intense instructor-led program to see if they could address the “last mile” problem. They created Capstone, a finishing program where students could apply their already-mastered fundamentals to more complex engineering problems. They wanted to show the world what’s possible when you take years to really learn something well by putting their Capstone graduates into the marketplace. They spent most of 2017 running Capstone cohorts and observing their performance in the most competitive markets in the United States.

    2018: Results and Outcomes

    Finally in 2018, they were able to showcase the results so far. Because it took a few years for us to wrap their head around the problem, and then a few more years for students to complete their curriculum, they are only seeing quantitative results now in 2018. Of course, they had many small victories along the way with many of their students saying their courses changed their lives, but teaching fundamentals for years also meant taking us farther away from concrete results. Now that they have them, the results are astounding; see for yourself.

    Why doesn’t anyone else do Mastery-based Learning?

    To address the question that initially triggered this article, I think they were the only ones who arrived at Mastery-based Learning because of the following.

    We’re bootstrapped.

    Other programs focus on financing and pricing innovation, partnerships, scholarships, marketing, government sponsorships, accreditation/credentialism, business process innovation, niche audience segmentation, but none seem interested in pedagogical innovation. I believe that they were able to focus squarely on pedagogy because they kept expanding their time horizon, which wouldn’t have been possible with venture funding. Had they taken investors’ money, we’d have been pressured to find a path to hyper-growth before the money ran out. This is why so many funded coding bootcamps are under stress and can’t innovate on one of the most important attributes for educational companies: their pedagogy.

    Quality over data.

    I like to think I’m a data-driven person, but many operators act larger than they are. Most small education companies are not operating at the scale of Amazon (the archetype for the soul-less numbers driven company), and yet they use numbers to override values. Numbers and data are important, but you must have some opinions on quality regarding your craft that you can’t compromise on regardless of what the numbers say. Had they followed the hard logic of numbers from their first year of teaching, they would’ve ended up a recruiting company because that’s what the data says employers wanted. There are also things they won’t do, no matter what the data says. For example, they just plainly refuse to “fail fast, and fail often” because it hurts people (also, they make enough honest mistakes that they don’t need a company philosophy to push for more). I remember first hearing about this concept and thought “that’s a great hack for startup founders”. But when you’re on the receiving end of this ideology as a customer, you think “what a bunch of amateurs and assholes”. In order to do the right thing, you have to have an opinion around quality. If you don’t yet have one, it’s important to move slowly and figure it out until you do. Following a 100% numbers driven analysis, no one would arrive at Mastery-based Learning.

    Have core values.

    A lot of people treat starting a business as a treasure hunt for revenue. In the course of running a business, many decisions come down to this choice: make money or improve quality. It seems counterintuitive, shouldn’t the higher quality product make more money? In industries where results are not obvious or delayed by months and years, it’s very possible to over-promise and lead with marketing. In such industries, it’s much easier to first make money and then figure it out later (another venture-backed mantra: “fake it until you make it”). One major lesson I learned starting Launch School was in learning more about myself. For example, I learned that there wasn’t one or two lines, but lots of lines I wasn’t willing to cross to make money. I learned about who I was, and who I wanted to become and it’s not a great entrepreneur or the founder of a multi-million dollar company. For me, it’s about trying to build something worthwhile that lasts as long as possible. It’s about enjoying the daily process of work and doing something positive for the world and working with people I enjoy being around. Just as high salaries are actually not the end goal for students at Launch School (they are a side effect of learning to mastery), revenue is not the end goal of the business side of Launch School — it is a side effect of becoming a meaningful long-term organization. I believe that this perspective is what helped us to unlock the long-term value behind Mastery-based Learning.


    The Best Self-Service Business Intelligence (BI) Tools of 2018 | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Analytics Beyond Spreadsheets

    For many years, Microsoft Excel and other spreadsheets were the tools of choice for business professionals who were looking to visualize their data. But spreadsheets had their limits for many business intelligence (BI)-related tasks. Even today, trying to creating charts analyzing complex datasets in Excel can still be frustrating. Sometimes you start with the wrong kind of data, for example, or you may not know how to manipulate the spreadsheet to create the data visualization{{/ZIFFARTICLE} you need. On the other hand, the rising tide of data democratization is giving everyone in an organization access to corporate data. The need has arisen for effective tools that people of all skill levels can use to make sense of the wealth of information created by businesses every single day.

    Spreadsheets also fall down when the data isn't well-structured or can't be sorted out in neat rows and columns. And, if you have millions of rows or very sparse matrices, then the data in a spreadsheet can be painful to enter and it can be hard to visualize your data. Spreadsheets also have issues if you are trying to create a report that spans multiple data tables or that mixes in Structured Query Language (SQL)-based databases, or when multiple users try to maintain and collaborate on the same spreadsheet.

    A spreadsheet containing up-to-the-minute data can also be a problem, particularly if you have exported graphics that need to be refreshed when the data changes. Finally, spreadsheets aren't good for data exploration; trying to spot trends, outlying data points, or counterintuitive results is difficult when what you are looking for is often hidden in a long row of numbers.

    While spreadsheets and self-service BI tools both make use of tables of numbers, they are really acting in different arenas with different purposes. A spreadsheet is first and foremost a way to store and display calculations. While some spreadsheets can create very sophisticated mathematical models, at their core it is all about the math more than the model itself.

    This is all a long-winded way of saying that when businesses use a spreadsheet, they are actively sabotaging themselves and their ability to consistently get valuable insights from their data. BI tools are specficially designed to help businesses better understand their data, and can prove to be a huge benefit to those upgrading from what a limited spreadsheet can do.

    What Is Business Intelligence?

    Defining BI is tricky. When you examine what it does and why companies use it, it can start to sound vague and nebulous. After all, many different kinds of software offer analytics features, and all businesses want to improve. Understanding what a BI is or isn't can be unclear.

    BI is an umbrella term meant to cover all of the activities necessary for a company to turn raw information into actionable knowledge. In other words, it's a company's efforts to understand what it knows and what it doesn't know of its own existence and operations. The ultimate goal is being able to increase profits and sharpen its competitive edge.

    Framed that way, BI as a concept has been around as long as business. But that concept has evolved from early basics [like Accounts Payable (AP) and Accounts Receivable (AR) reports and customer contact and contract information] to much more sophisticated and nuanced information. This information ranges across everything from customer behaviors to IT infrastructure monitoring to even long-term fixed asset performance. Separately tracking such metrics is something most businesses can do regardless of the tools employed. Combining them, especially disparate results from metrics normally not associated with one another, into understandable and actionable information, well, that's the art of BI. The future of BI is already shaping up to simultaneously broaden the scope and variety of data used and to sharpen the micro-focus to ever finer, more granular levels.

    BI software has been instrumental in this steady progression towards more in-depth knowledge about the business, competitors, customers, industry, market, and suppliers, to name just a few possible metric targets. But as businesses grow and their information stores balloon, the capturing, storing, and organizing of information becomes too large and complex to be entirely handled by mere humans. Early efforts to do these tasks via software, such as customer relationship management (CRM) and enterprise resource planning (ERP), led to the formation of "data silos" wherein data was trapped and useful only within the confines of certain operations or software buckets. This was the case unless IT took on the task of integrating various silos, typically through painstaking and highly manual processes.

    While BI software still covers a variety of software applications used to analyze raw data, today it usually refers to analytics for data mining, analytical processing, querying, reporting, and especially visualizing. The main difference between today's BI software and Big Data analytics is mostly scale. BI software handles data sizes typical for most organizations, from small to large. Big Data analytics and apps handle data analysis for very large data sets, such as silos measured in petabytes (PBs).

    Self-Service BI and Data Democratization

    The BI tools that were popular half a decade or more ago required specialists, not just to use but also to interpret the resulting data and conclusions. That led to an often inconvenient and fallible filter between the people who really needed to get and understand the business—the company decision makers—and those who were gathering, processing, and interpreting that data—usually data analysts and database administrators. Because being a data specialist is a demanding job, many of these folks were less well-versed in the actual workings of the business whose data they were analyzing. That led to a focus on data the company didn't need, a misinterpretation of results, and often a series of "standard" reporting that analysts would run on a scheduled basis instead of more ad hoc intelligence gathering and interpretation, which can be highly valuable in fast-moving situations.

    This problem has led to a growing new trend among new BI tools coming onto the market today: that of self-service BI and data democratization. The goal for much of today's BI software is to be available and usable by anyone in the organization. Instead of requesting reports or queries through the IT or database departments, executives and decision makers can create their own queries, reports, and data visualizations through self-service models, and connect to disparate data both within and outside the organization through prebuilt connectors. IT maintains overall control over who has access to which tools and data through these connectors and their management tool arsenal, but IT no longer acts as a bottleneck to every query and report request.

    As a result, users can take advantage of this distributed BI model. Key tools and critical data have moved from a centralized and difficult-to-access architecture to a decentralized model that merely requires access credentials and familiarity with new BI software. This results in a whole new kind of analysis becoming available to the organization, namely, that of experienced, front-line business people who not only know what data they need but how they need to use it.

    The emerging crop of BI tools all work hard at developing front-end tools that are more intuitive and easier to use than those of older generations—with varying degrees of success. However, that means a key criteria in any BI tool purchasing decision will be to evaluate who in the organization should access such tools and whether the tool is appropriately designed for that audience. Most BI vendors indicate they're looking for their tool suites to become as ubiquitous and easy to use for business users as typical business collaboration tools or productivity suites, such as Microsoft Office. None have gotten quite that far yet in my estimation, but some are closer than others. To that end, these BI tool suites tend to focus on three core types of analytics: descriptive (what did happen), prescriptive (what should happen now), and predictive (what will happen later).

    What Is Data Visualization?

    In the context of BI software, data visualization is a fast and effective method of transferring information from a machine to a human brain. The idea is to place digital information into a visual context so that the analytic output can be quickly ingested by humans, often at a glance. If this sounds like those pie and bar charts you've seen in Microsoft Excel, then you're right. Those are early examples of data visualizations.

    But today's visualization forms are rapidly evolving from those traditional pie charts to the stylized, the artistic, and even the interactive. An interactive visualization comes with layered "drill downs," which means the viewer can interact with the visual to reach more granular information on one or more aspects incorporated in the bigger picture. For example, new values can be added that will change the visualization on the fly, or the visualization is actually built on rapidly changing data that can turn a static visual into an animation or a dashboard.

    The best visualizations do not seek artistic awards but instead are designed with function in mind, usually the quick and intuitive transfer of information. In other words, the best visualizations are simple but powerful in clearly and directly delivering a message. High-end visuals may look impressive at first glance but, if your audience needs help to understand what's being conveyed, then they've ultimately failed.

    Most BI software, including those reviewed here, comes with visualization capabilities. However, some products offer more options than others so, if advanced visuals are key to your BI process, then you'll want to closely examine these tools. There are also third-party and even free data visualization tools that can be used on top of your BI software for even more options.

    Products and Testing

    In this review roundup, I tested each product from the perspective of a business analyst. But I also kept in mind the viewpoint of users who might have no familiarity with data processing or analytics. I loaded and used the same data sets and posed the same queries, evaluating results and the processes involved.

    My aim was to evaluate cloud versions alone, as I often do analysis on the fly or at least on a variety of machines, as do legions of other analysts. But, in some cases, it was necessary to evaluate a desktop version as well or instead of the cloud version. One example of this is Tableau Desktop, a favorite tool of Microsoft Excel users who simply have an affinity for the desktop tool (and who just move to the cloud long enough to share and collaborate).

    I ended up testing the Microsoft Power BI desktop version, too, on a Microsoft representative's recommendation because, as the rep said, "the more robust data prep tools are there." Besides, said the rep, "most users prefer the desktop tool over a web tool anyway." Again, I don't doubt Microsoft's claim but that does seem weird to me. I've heard it said that desktop tools are preferred when the data is local as the process feels faster and easier. But seriously, how much data is truly local anymore? I suspect this odd desktop tool preference is a bit more personal than fact-based, but to each his own.

    Then there's Google Analytics, a pure cloud player. The tool is designed to analyze website and mobile app data so it's a different critter in the BI app zoo. That being the case, I had to deviate from using my test data set and queries, and instead test it in its natural habitat of website data. Nonetheless, it's the processes that are evaluated in this review, not the data.

    While I didn't test any of these tools from a data scientist's role, I did mention advanced capabilities when I found them, simply to let buyers know they exist. IBM Watson Analytics is one tool with the ability to extend to highly advanced features and was also one of the easiest to use upfront. IBM Watson Analytics is well-suited for business analysts and for widespread data democratization because it requires little, if any, knowledge of data science. Instead, it works well by using natural language and keywords to form queries, a characteristic that can make it valuable to practically anyone. It's highly intuitive, very powerful, and easy to learn. Microsoft Power BI is a strong second as it, too, is powerful while also familiar, certainly to any of the millions of Microsoft business users. However, there are several other powerful and intuitive apps in this lineup from which to choose; they all have their own pros and cons. We'll be adding even more in the coming months.

    One thing to watch out for during your evaluations of these products is that many don't yet handle streaming data. For many users, that won't be a problem in the immediate future. However, for those involved with analyzing business processes as they happen, such as website performance metrics or customer behavior patterns, streaming data can be invaluable. Also, the Internet of Things (IoT) will drive this issue in the near future and make streaming data and streaming analytics a must-have feature. Many of these tools will have to up their game accordingly so, unless you want to jump ship in a year or two, it's best to think ahead when considering BI and the IoT.

    BI and Big Data

    Another area in which self-service BI is taking off is in analyzing Big Data. This is a newer development in the database space but it's driving tremendous growth and innovation. The name is an apt descriptor because Big Data generally refers to huge data sets that are simply too big to be managed or queried with traditional data science tools. What's created these behemoth data collections is the explosion of data-generating, tracking, monitoring, transaction, and social media tools (to name a few) that have become so popular over the last several years.

    Not only do these tools generate loads of new data, they also often generate a new kind of data, namely "unstructured" data. Broadly speaking, this is simply data that hasn't been organized in a predefined way. Unlike more traditional, structured data, this kind of data is heavy on text (even free-form text) while also containing more easily defined data, such as dates or credit card numbers. Examples of apps that generate this kind of data include the customer behavior-tracking tools you use to see what your customers are doing on your e-commerce website, the piles of log and event files generated from some smart devices (such as alarms and smart sensors), and broad-swath social media tracking tools.

    Organizations deploying these tools are being challenged not only by a sudden deluge of unstructured data that quickly strains storage resources [think beyond terabytes (TB) into the PB and even exabyte (EB) range] but, even more importantly, they're finding it difficult to query this new information at all. Traditional data warehouse tools generally weren't designed to either manage or query unstructured data. New data storage innovations such as data lakes are emerging to solve for this need, but organizations still relying exclusively on traditional tools while deploying front-line apps that generate unstructured data often find themselves sitting on mountains of data they don't know how to leverage.

    Enter Big Data analysis standards. The golden standard here is Hadoop, which is an open-source software framework that Apache specifically designed to query large data sets stored in a distributed fashion (meaning, in your data center, the cloud, or both). Not only does Hadoop let you query Big Data, it lets you simultaneously query both unstructured as well as traditional structured data. In other words, if you want to query all of your business data for maximum insight, then Hadoop is what you need.

    You can download and implement Hadoop itself to perform your queries, but it's typically easier and more effective to use commercial querying tools that employ Hadoop as the foundation of more intuitive and full-featured analysis packages. Notably, most of the tools reviewed here, including Chartio, IBM Watson Analytics, Microsoft Power BI, and Tableau Desktop, all support this. However, each requires varying levels of configuration or even add-on tools to do so—with IBM, Microsoft, and Tableau offering exceptionally deep capabilities. However, both IBM and Microsoft will still expect customers to utilize additional tools around aspects such as data governance to ensure optimal performance.

    Finding the Right BI Tool

    Given the issues spreadsheets can have when used as ad hoc BI tools and how firmly ingrained they are in their psyches, finding the right BI tool isn't a simple process. Unlike spreadsheets, BI tools have major differences when it comes to how they consume data inputs and outputs and manipulate their tables. Some tools are better at exploration than analysis, and some require a fairly steep learning curve to really make use of their features. Finally, to make matters worse, there are dozens if not hundreds of such tools on the market today, with many vendors willing to claim the self-serve BI label even if it doesn't quite fit.

    Getting the overall workflow down with these tools will take some study and discussion with the people you'll be designating as users. Tableau Desktop and Microsoft Power BI, for example, will start users out with the desktop version to build visualizations and link up to various data sources. Once you have this together, you can start sharing those results online or across your organization's network. With others, such as Chartio or Google Analytics, you start in the cloud and stay there.

    In recent years, companies have been taking advantage of the wide selection of online learning platforms out there to train their employees on using these platforms. As intuitive as these platforms may be, it is important to make sure that your employees actually know how to use these BI platforms so that you can make sure your investment was worthwhile. There are many ways of approaching this, but using the right online learning platform might be a good place to start looking.

    Given the wide price range of these products, you should segment your analytics needs before you make any buying decision. If you want to start out slowly and inexpensively, then the best route is to try something that offers significant functionality for free, such as Microsoft Power BI. Such tools are very affordable and make it easy to get started. Plus, they tend to have large ecosystems of add-ons and partners that can be a cost-effective replacement for doing BI inside a spreadsheet. Tableau Desktop still has the largest collection of charts and visualizations and the biggest partner network, though both IBM Watson Analytics and Microsoft Power BI are catching up fast.

    IBM Watson Analytics scored the highest, and Microsoft Power BI and Tableau Desktop scored the next highest in their roundup. However, all three products received their Editors' Choice award. Tableau Desktop may have a big price tag depending on which version you choose but, as previously mentioned, it has an exceptionally large and growing collection of visualizations plus a manageable learning curve if you're willing to devote some effort to it. Microsoft Power BI and Tableau Desktop also have large and growing collections of data connectors, and both Microsoft and Tableau have their own sizable communities of users that are vocal about their wants and needs. This can carry a lot of weight with the vendors' development teams so it's a good idea to spend some time looking through those community forums to get an idea where these companies are headed.

  • Pros: Extremely user-friendly. Fantastic automatic report generation. Impressive support availability.

    Cons: Automated reports can quickly become defaults. Steep learning curve that might confuse beginners.

    Bottom Line: Zoho Reports is a solid option for general business users who might not be knowledgeable in analytics software. It's also available at an attractive price.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Accessible user interface. Smart guidance features. Impressively fast analytics. Robust natural language querying.

    Cons: Unable to do real-time streaming analytics.

    Bottom Line: IBM Watson Analytics is an exceptional business intelligence (BI) app that offers a strong analytics engine along with an excellent natural language querying tool. This is one of the best BI platforms you'll find and easily takes their Editors' Choice honor.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Extremely powerful platform with a wealth of data source connectors. Very user-friendly. Exceptional data visualization capabilities.

    Cons: Desktop and web versions divide data prep tools. Refresh cycle is limited on free version.

    Bottom Line: Microsoft Power BI earns their Editors' Choice honor for its impressive usability, top-notch data visualization capabilities, and superior compatibility with other Microsoft Office products.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Enormous collection of data connectors and visualizations. User-friendly design. Impressive processing engine. Mature product with a large community of users.

    Cons: Full mastery of the platform will require substantial training.

    Bottom Line: Tableau Desktop is one of the most mature offerings on the market and that shows in its feature set. While it has a steeper learning curve than other platforms, it's easily one of the best tools in the space.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Bottlenecks are eliminated thanks to in-chip processing. Impressive natural language query in third-party applications.

    Cons: Might be too difficult for self-service business intelligence (BI). Analytics process still needs to be ironed out. Natural language capability can be limited.

    Bottom Line: Sisense is a complete platform that should be popular for experienced BI users. It may fall short for beginners, however.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Wide range of connectors. Impressive sharing features. Limitless data storage.

    Cons: User interface is not intuitive. Steep learning curve. Unwelcoming to new analysts.

    Bottom Line: Domo isn't for newcomers but for companies that already have business intelligence (BI) experience in their organization. Domo's a powerful BI tool with a lot of data connectors and solid data visualization capabilities.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Exceptional platform for website and mobile app analytics.

    Cons: Customer support has way too much automation. Focus on marketing and advertising can be frustrating to users. Relies mostly on third parties for training.

    Bottom Line: Due to its brand recognition and the fact that it's free, Google Analytics is the biggest name in website and mobile app intelligence. It has a steep learning curve but it is an awesome business intelligence tool.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Designed with general business users in mind. Solid return on investment.

    Cons: The data you can use is limited. Needs additional platform to connect.

    Bottom Line: The Salesforce Einstein Analytics Platform is designed for customer, sales, and marketing analyses, although it can server other needs, too. Its powerful analytics capabilities along with its solid natural language querying functionality and a wide array of partners make it an attractive offering.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Real-time analytics for Internet of Things (IoT) and streaming data features. Massive ecosystem with plentiful extenders. Responsive pages make mobile publishing easiest. Impressive storytelling paradigm. Centralized view with consolidated analytics.

    Cons: Data prep features are lacking. Confusing toolbar design. Not friendly for beginners.

    Bottom Line: If your business already uses SAP's HANA database platform or some of its other back-end business platforms, then SAP Analytics Cloud is a powerful, well-priced choice. But be warned that there's a steep learning curve and a noted dependence on other SAP products for full functionality.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Impressive processing engine. Powerful query optimization on SQL. Entirely web-based. Complex queries are handled very well.

    Cons: Poorly designed user interface. Steep learning curve.

    Bottom Line: Chartio excels at building a powerful analytics platform that experienced business intelligence (BI) users will appreciate. Those new to BI, however, will find it very difficult to use.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Very deep SQL modeling ability. Uses Git for version management and collaboration.

    Cons: Very expensive. Not for small teams.

    Bottom Line: Looker is a great self-service business intelligence (BI) tool that can help unify SQL and Big Data management across your enterprise.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Custom access roles. Solid collection of public data online.

    Cons: Complex pricing is a deterrent.

    Bottom Line: Qlik Sense Enterprise Server is a self-service business intelligence (BI) tool that delivers the best collection of user access roles among the BI tools they tested, and also demonstrates a promising start towards integrating Data-as-a-Service (DaaS).

    Read Review
  • Pros: One of the largest collections of data connectors. Many granular access roles.

    Cons: No free trial available. Training webinars can be costly.

    Bottom Line: The company's Focus query language is showing its age but Information Builders' self-service business intelligence (BI) tool WebFocus nevertheless has some powerful analysis features.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Very easy to get started. Nice team management and collaboration features.

    Cons: The cloud version has a subset of features found in Windows version. Online documentation could be improved.

    Bottom Line: While Tibco is still making the transition from a desktop to a cloud software vendor, its self-service business intelligence (BI) tool Tibco Spotfire is a great way to start visualizing your Excel data.

    Read Review
  • Pros: Excellent analytical support for Intuit QuickBooks. Very easy setup.

    Cons: Installation and setup is a bit of chore. No support for Intuit QuickBooks' online versions.

    Bottom Line: Clearify QQube is the best self-service business intelligence (BI) tool for in-depth analysis of your Intuit QuickBooks files, though you'll need to look elsewhere for broader BI tasks.

    Read Review

  • The customized, digitized, have-it-your-way economy Mass customization will change the way products are made-- forever. | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    The customized, digitized, have-it-your-way economy Mass customization will change the way products are made-- forever.

    (FORTUNE Magazine) – A silent revolution is stirring in the way things are made and services are delivered. Companies with millions of customers are starting to build products designed just for you. You can, of course, buy a Dell computer assembled to your exact specifications. And you can buy a pair of Levi's cut to fit your body. But you can also buy pills with the exact blend of vitamins, minerals, and herbs that you like, glasses molded to fit your face precisely, CDs with music tracks that you choose, cosmetics mixed to match your skin tone, textbooks whose chapters are picked out by your professor, a loan structured to meet your financial profile, or a night at a hotel where every employee knows your favorite wine. And if your child does not like any of Mattel's 125 different Barbie dolls, she will soon be able to design her own.

    Welcome to the world of mass customization, where mass-market goods and services are uniquely tailored to the needs of the individuals who buy them. Companies as diverse as BMW, Dell Computer, Levi Strauss, Mattel, McGraw-Hill, Wells Fargo, and a slew of leading Web businesses are adopting mass customization to maintain or obtain a competitive edge. Many are just beginning to dabble, but the direction in which they are headed is clear. Mass customization is more than just a manufacturing process, logistics system, or marketing strategy. It could well be the organizing principle of business in the next century, just as mass production was the organizing principle in this one.

    The two philosophies couldn't clash more. Mass producers dictate a one-to-many relationship, while mass customizers require continual dialogue with customers. Mass production is cost-efficient. But mass customization is a flexible manufacturing technique that can slash inventory. And mass customization has two huge advantages over mass production: It is at the service of the customer, and it makes full use of cutting-edge technology.

    A whole list of technological advances that make customization possible is finally in place. Computer-controlled factory equipment and industrial robots make it easier to quickly readjust assembly lines. The proliferation of bar-code scanners makes it possible to track virtually every part and product. Databases now store trillions of bytes of information, including individual customers' predilections for everything from cottage cheese to suede boots. Digital printers make it a cinch to change product packaging on the fly. Logistics and supply-chain management software tightly coordinates manufacturing and distribution.

    And then there's the Internet, which ties these disparate pieces together. Says Joseph Pine, author of the pioneering book Mass Customization: "Anything you can digitize, you can customize." The Net makes it easy for companies to move data from an online order form to the factory floor. The Net makes it easy for manufacturing types to communicate with marketers. Most of all, the Net makes it easy for a company to conduct an ongoing, one-to-one dialogue with each of its customers, to learn about and respond to their exact preferences. Conversely, the Net is also often the best way for a customer to learn which company has the most to offer him--if he's not happy with one company's wares, nearly perfect information about a competitor's is just a mouse click away. Combine that with mass customization, and the nature of a company's relationship with its customers is forever changed. Much of the leverage that once belonged to companies now belongs to customers.

    If a company can't customize, it's got a problem. The Industrial Age model of making things cheaper by making them the same will not hold. Competitors can copy product innovations faster than ever. Meanwhile, consumers demand more choices. Marketing guru Regis McKenna declares, "Choice has become a higher value than brand in America." The largest market shares for soda, beer, and software do not belong to Coca-Cola, Anheuser-Busch, or Microsoft. They belong to a category called Other. Now companies are trying to produce a unique Other for each of us. It is the logical culmination of markets' being chopped into finer and finer segments. After all, the ultimate niche is a market of one.

    The best--and most famous--example of mass customization is Dell Computer, which has a direct relationship with customers and builds only PCs that have actually been ordered. Everyone from Compaq to IBM is struggling to copy Dell's model. And for good reason. Dell passed IBM last quarter to claim the No. 2 spot in PC market share (behind Compaq). While other computer manufacturers struggle for profits, Dell keeps reporting record numbers; in its most recent quarter the company's sales were up 54%, while earnings soared 62%. No wonder Michael Dell has become the poster boy of the new economy. As Pine says, "The closest person they have to Henry Ford is Michael Dell."

    Dell's triumph is not so much technological as it is organizational. Dell keeps margins up by keeping inventory down. The company builds computers from modular components that are always readily available. But Dell doesn't want to store tons of parts: Computer components decline in value at a rate of about 1% a week, faster than just about any product other than sushi or losing lottery tickets. So the key to the system is ensuring that the right parts and products are delivered to the right place at the right time.

    To do this, Dell employs sophisticated logistics software, some developed internally, some made by i2 Technologies. The software takes info gathered from customers and steers it to the parts of the organization that need it. When an order comes in, the data collected are quickly parsed out--to suppliers that need to rush over a shipment of hard drives, say, or to the factory floor, where assemblers put parts together in the customer's desired configuration. "Our goal," says vice chairman Kevin Rollins, "is to know exactly what the customer wants when they want it, so they will have no waste."

    The company has been propelled by this thinking ever since Michael Dell started selling PCs from his college dorm room in 1983. The Web makes the process virtually seamless, by allowing the company to easily collect customized, digitized data that are ready for delivery to the people who need them. The result is an entire organization driven by orders placed by individual customers, an organization that does more Web-based commerce than almost anyone else. Dell's future doesn't depend on faster chips or modems--it depends on greater mastery of mass customization, of streamlining the flow of quality information.

    It's not much of a surprise that a leading tech company like Dell is using software and the Net in such innovative ways. What's startling is the extent to which companies in other industries are embracing mass customization. Take Mattel. Starting by October, girls will be able to log on to barbie.com and design their own friend of Barbie's. They will be able to choose the doll's skin tone, eye color, hairdo, hair color, clothes, accessories, and name (6,000 permutations will be available initially). The girls will even fill out a questionnaire that asks about the doll's likes and dislikes. When the Barbie pal arrives in the mail, the girls will find their doll's name on the package, along with a computer-generated paragraph about her personality.

    Offering such a product without the Net would be next to impossible. Mattel does make specific versions of Barbie for customers such as Toys "R" Us, and the company customizes cheerleader Barbies for universities. But this will be the first time Mattel produces Barbie dolls in lots of one. Like Dell, Mattel must use high-end manufacturing and logistics software to ensure that the order data on its Website are distributed to the parts of the company that need them. The only real concern is whether Mattel's systems can handle the expected demand in a timely fashion. Right now, marketing VP Anne Parducci is shooting for delivery of the dolls within six weeks--a bit much considering that that is how long it takes to get a custom-ordered BMW.

    Nevertheless, Parducci is pumped. "Personalization is a dream they have had for several years," she says. Parducci thinks the custom Barbies could become one of next year's hottest toys. Then, says Parducci, "we are going to build a database of children's names, to develop a one-to-one relationship with these girls." That may sound creepy, but part of mass customization is treating your customers, even preteens, as adults. By allowing the girls to define beauty in their own terms, Mattel is in theory helping them feel good about themselves even as it collects personal data. That's quite a step for a company that has stamped out its own stereotypes of beauty for decades, but Parducci's market testing shows that girls' enthusiasm for being a fashion designer or creating a personality is "through the roof."

    Levi Strauss also likes giving customers the chance to play fashion designer. For the past four years it has made measure-to-fit women's jeans under the Personal Pair banner. In October, Levi's will relaunch an expanded version called Original Spin, which will offer more options and will feature men's jeans as well.

    With the help of a sales associate, customers will create the jeans they want by picking from six colors, three basic models, five different leg openings, and two types of fly. Then their waist, butt, and inseam will be measured. They will try on a plain pair of test-drive jeans to make sure they like the fit before the order is punched into a Web-based terminal linked to the stitching machines in the factory. Customers can even give the jeans a name--say, Rebel, for a pair of black ones. Two to three weeks later the jeans arrive in the mail; a bar-code tag sealed to the pocket lining stores the measurements for simple reordering.

    Today a fully stocked Levi's store carries approximately 130 ready-to-wear pairs of jeans for any given waist and inseam. With Personal Pair, that number jumped to 430 choices. And with Original Spin, it will leap again, to about 750. Sanjay Choudhuri, Levi's director of mass customization, isn't in a hurry to add more choices. "It is critical to carefully pick the choices that you offer," says Choudhuri. "An unlimited amount will create inefficiencies at the plant." Dell Computer's Rollins agrees: "We want to offer fewer components all the time." To these two, mass customization isn't about infinite choices but about offering a healthy number of standard parts that can be mixed and matched in thousands of ways. That gives customers the illusion of boundless choice while keeping the complexity of the manufacturing process manageable.

    Levi's charges a slight premium for custom jeans, but what Choudhuri really likes about the process is that Levi's can become your "jeans adviser." Selling off-the-shelf jeans ends a relationship; the customer walks out of the store as anonymous as anyone else on the street. Customizing jeans starts a relationship; the customer likes the fit, is ready for reorders, and forks over his name and address in case Levi's wants to send him promotional offers. And customers who design their own jeans make the perfect focus group; Levi's can apply what it learns from them to the jeans it mass-produces for the rest of us.

    If Levi's experiment pays off, other apparel makers will follow its lead. In the not-so-distant future people may simply walk into body-scanning booths where they will be bathed with patterns of white light that will determine their exact three-dimensional structure. A not-for-profit company called [TC]2, funded by a consortium of companies including Levi's, is developing just such a technology. Last year some MIT business students proposed a similar idea for a custom-made bra company dubbed Perfect Underwear.

    Morpheus Technologies, a wacky startup in Portland, Me., hopes to set up studios equipped with body scanners. Founder Parker Poole III wants to "digitize people and connect their measurement data to their credit cards." Someone with the foresight to be scanned by Morpheus could then call up Eddie Bauer, say, give his credit card number, and order a robe that matches his dimensions. His digital self could also be sent to Brooks Brothers for a suit. Gone will be the days of attentive men kneeling on the floor with pins in their mouths. Progress does have its price.

    Thirty years ago auto manufacturers were, effectively, mass customizers. People would spend hours in the office of a car dealer, picking through pages of options. But that ended when car companies tried to improve manufacturing efficiency by offering little more than a few standard options packages. BMW wants to turn back the clock. About 60% of the cars it sells in Europe are built to order, vs. just 15% in the U.S. Europeans seem willing to wait three to four months for a vehicle, while most Americans won't wait longer than four weeks.

    Now the company wants to make better use of its customer database to get more Americans to custom-order. BMW dealers save about $450 in inventory costs on every such order. Reinhard Fischer, head of logistics for BMW of North America, says, "The big battle is to take cost out of the distribution chain. The best way to do that is to build in just the things a consumer wants."

    Since most BMWs in the U.S. are leased, the company knows when customers will need a new car. Some dealers now call customers a few months before their leases are up to see whether they'd like to custom-order their next car. Soon, however, customers will be able to configure their own car online and send that info to a dealer. Fischer can even see a day when the Website will offer data about vehicles sailing on ships from Germany, so that people can see whether a car matching their preferences is already on the way. That does, of course, raise the question, Why not send the requests directly to BMW, circumventing dealers altogether? Says Fischer: "We don't want to eliminate their role, but maybe they should have a 7% margin, not 16%." Ouch.

    Such dilemmas are inevitable, given that mass customization streamlines the order process. What's more, mass customization is about creating products--be they PCs, jeans, cars, eyeglasses, loans, or even industrial soap--that match your needs better than anything a traditional middleman can possibly order for you.

    LensCrafters, for instance, has made quick, in-store production of customized lenses common. But Tokyo-based Paris Miki takes the process a step further. Using special software, it designs lenses and a frame that conform both to the shape of a customer's face and to whether he wants, say, casual frames, a sports pair, sunglasses, or more formal specs. The customer can check out on a monitor various choices superimposed over a scanned image of his face. Once he chooses the pair he likes, the lenses are ground and the rimless frames attached.

    While they tend to think of automation as a process that eliminates the need for human interaction, mass customization makes the relationship with customers more important than ever. ChemStation in Dayton has about 1,700 industrial-soap formulas--for car washes, factories, landfills, railroads, airlines, and mines. The company analyzes items that are to be cleaned (recent ones in its labs include flutes and goose down) or visits its customers' premises to analyze their dirt. After the analysis, the company brews up a special batch of cleanser. The soap is then placed on the customer's property in reusable containers ChemStation monitors and keeps full. For most customers, teaching another company their cleansing needs is not worth the effort. About 95% of ChemStation's clients never leave.

    Hotels that want you to keep coming back are using software to personalize your experience. All Ritz-Carlton hotels, for instance, are linked to a database filled with the quirks and preferences of half-a-million guests. Any bellhop or desk clerk can find out whether you are allergic to feathers, what your favorite newspaper is, or how many extra towels you like.

    Wells Fargo, the largest provider of Internet banking, already allows customers to apply for a home-equity loan over the Net and get a three-second decision on a loan structured specifically for them. A lot of behind-the-scenes technology makes this possible, including real-time links to credit bureaus, databases with checking-account histories and property values, and software that can do cash-flow analysis. With a few pieces of customized information from the loan seeker, the software whips into action to make a quick decision.

    The bank also uses similar software in its small-business lending unit. According to vice chairman Terri Dial, Wells Fargo used to turn away lots of qualified small businesses--the loans were too small for Wells to justify the time spent on credit analysis. But now the company can collect a few key details from applicants, customize a loan, and approve or deny credit in four hours--down from the four days the process used to take. In some categories that Wells once virtually ignored, loan approvals are up as much as 50%. Says Dial: "You either invest in the technology or get out of that line of business."

    She'd better keep investing. Combine the software that enables customization with the ubiquity of the Web, and you get a situation that threatens Wells' very existence. If consumers grow accustomed to designing their own products, will they trust brand-name manufacturers and service providers or will they turn to a new kind of middleman? Frank Shlier, a director of research at the Gartner Group in Stamford, Conn., sees disintermediaries emerging all over the Net to help people sift through the thousands of choices presented to them. In financial services, he suggests, there is "a new role for a trusted adviser, maybe someone who doesn't own any banks."

    Shlier's middleman sounds a lot like Intuit, which lets visitors to its quicken.com Website apply for and purchase mortgages from a variety of lenders, fill out their taxes, or set up a portfolio to track their stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. Tapan Bhat, the exec who oversees quicken.com, says, "The Web is probably the medium most attuned to customization, yet so many sites are centered on the company instead of on the individual." What would lure someone to Levi's if she could instead visit a clothing Website that stored her digital dimensions and ordered custom-fit jeans from the manufacturer with the best price and fit? Elaborates Pehong Chen, CEO of Internet software outfit BroadVision: "The Nirvana is that you are so close to your customers, you can satisfy all their needs. Even if you don't make the item yourself, you own the relationship."

    Amazon.com has three million relationships. It sells books online and now is moving into music (with videos probably next). Every time someone buys a book on its Website, Amazon.com learns her tastes and suggests other titles she might enjoy. The more Amazon.com learns, the better it serves its customers; the better it serves its customers, the more loyal they become. About 60% are repeat buyers.

    The Web is a supermall of mass customizers. You can drop music tracks on your own CDs (cductive.com); choose from over a billion options of printed art, mats, and frames (artuframe.com); get stock picks geared to your goals (personalwealth.com); or make your own vitamins (acumins.com). And you can get all kinds of tailored data; NewsEdge, for example, will send a customized newspaper to your PC.

    These companies want to keep customers happy by giving them a product that cannot be compared to a competitor's. Acumin, for instance, blends vitamins, herbs, and minerals per customers' instructions, compressing up to 95 ingredients into three to five pills. If a customer wants to start taking a new supplement, all Acumin needs to do is add it to the blend.

    Acumin's products address what Pine calls customer sacrifice--the compromise they all make when they can't get exactly the product they want. CEO Brad Oberwager started the company two years ago, when his sister, who was undergoing a special cancer radiation treatment, couldn't find a multivitamin without iodine. (Her doctor had told her to avoid iodine.) "If someone would create a vitamin just for me, I would buy it," she told her brother. So he did.

    The Web will make that kind of response the norm. Sure, there are any number of ways for consumers to provide a company with information about their preferences--they can call, they can write, or, heck, they can even walk into the brick-and-mortar store. But the Web changes everything--the information arrives in a digitized form ready for broadcast. Says i2 CEO Sanjiv Sidhu, "The Internet is bringing society into a culture of speed that has not really existed before." As new middlemen customize orders for the masses, differentiating one company from its competitors will become tougher than ever. Responding to price cuts or quality improvements will continue to be important, but the key differentiator may be how quickly a company can serve a customer. Says Artuframe.com CEO Bill Lederer: "Mass customization is novel today. It will be common tomorrow." If he is right, the Web will wind up creating a strange competitive landscape, where companies temporarily connect to satisfy one customer's desires, then disband, then reconnect with other enterprises to satisfy a different order from a different customer.

    That's the vision anyway. For now, companies are struggling to take the first steps toward mass customization. The ones that are already there have been working on the process for years. Matthew Sigman is an executive at R.R. Donnelley & Sons, whose digital publishing business prints textbooks customized by individual college professors. "The challenge," Sigman warns, "is that if you are making units of one, your margin for error is zero." Custom-fit jeans do come with a money-back guarantee. Levi's can't afford for you not to like them.



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    AIIM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Alcatel-Lucent [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Alfresco [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Altiris [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APICS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Apple [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AppSense [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APTUSC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Arizona-Education [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ARM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Aruba [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Avaya [96 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
    OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
    P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]





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