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throughout the latter part of ultimate yr, overseas company Machines Corp.'s (IBM) shares had been beaten down over 26% as the company ignored earnings estimates for two consecutive quarters and faced skepticism regarding its plans to diversify into other enterprise lines to assist rekindle its lackluster growth. although the company's revenue extended remaining 12 months, most of that increase was because of the introduction of a new mainframe gadget. That enterprise dropped forty one% in the fourth quarter.
An examination of the chart beneath highlights how earnings for the company crash-dived all over 2018, after cresting at a peak in 2017.
For its fourth quarter, the company posted revenue per share of $4.87 versus the analysts' consensus of $4.eighty two. IBM generated $21.eight billion in earnings, a decline of three% from last year compared to the $21.seventy three billion standard analysts estimate. Analysts have been completely satisfied the enterprise extended its fiscal 2019 guidance for $13.ninety per share compared to $13.eighty one for the old 12 months.
regardless of the uninspiring fourth-quarter effects, there are grounds for cautious optimism in line with the enterprise's plans for growing its cloud computing and artificial intelligence functions devices. certainly, the company confirmed boom within the fourth quarter in exactly these areas, which might be key to its strategic initiative in exiting ancient strains of enterprise and getting into the burgeoning and promising cloud database sector. IBM hopes to enhance its cloud capabilities capabilities for present and advantage customers via offering its powerful information analytics and AI capabilities via Watson, its AI utility company.
indeed, there are signals of lifestyles for these promising new strains of cloud computing database capabilities. The enterprise's combined cloud capabilities and data analytics earnings grew 5% in the fourth quarter to $eleven.5 billion. For 2018, the company cloud computing enterprise grew to $19.2 billion -- a decent 12%. IBM's synthetic intelligence cognitive software enterprise hosted on the Watson platform in addition to cybersecurity services posted revenue of $5.46 billion, exceeding analysts' projections of $5.25 billion.
Three years ago, the company's cloud computing and AI application features accounted for 25% of its total business; for 2018, these business contraptions which are key for enforcing IBM's strategic initiatives accounted for 50% of its average enterprise operations. For the company's diversification dreams, here is a promising trend in the correct direction.
Cloud functions is a burgeoning and ecocnomic enviornment, as greater companies searching for both to complement existing IT capabilities or circulation their computing wants entirely to the cloud because of lower expenses and a greater efficient use of components. When assessing the skills market for cloud computing functions, traders should still word Microsoft's meteoric boom over the remaining a few years has been because of the fast boom of its personal Azure database features unit.
IBM believes the most suitable approach for setting up a presence into the lucrative cloud market is by way of partnering with other businesses to both supply an extension of an organization's latest cloud capabilities or to present these corporations its personal hybrid capabilities. This method seeks to leverage an organization's latest in-condominium capabilities with the sophisticated materials IBM can give in records analytics and cognitive application capabilities.
IBM believes there's room within the hybrid cloud computing sector for an organization to make use of varied cloud suppliers with the intention to obtain the top-rated and low-priced cloud computing solutions for their needs. This differs from the strategy of both Microsoft (MSFT) and Amazon (AMZN), who often don't associate with other third-birthday party cloud database providers in supplying their own cloud computing services.
in order to assist kickstart its plans for increasing into the titanic cloud computing market, IBM purchased specialized open application Linux functions issuer pink Hat Inc. (RHT) for $34 billion. IBM believes pink Hat will permit it to sell personalized software products to builders who design complicated purposes that may run on both in-condominium IT information centers in addition to cloud computing platforms, corresponding to Amazon's AWS and Microsoft's Azure.
despite the fact IBM claims the deal will beginning to increase its free cash circulate and increase margins in 2019, many analysts view the buy expense for pink Hat as exorbitant. IBM paid a hefty top rate, which amounted to 63% above the stocks's then-closing rate of $116. Many buyers will need to see the hefty price paid for the enterprise's capabilities converted into a circulate of profits in the near future.
IBM's recent agreement with telecommunications issuer Vodafone (VOD) is an example of how the company hopes to benefit a foothold within the cloud services market by means of strategic partnering with third parties to accelerated its cloud enterprise. The deal demonstrates how telecommunications organizations with current cloud capabilities are becoming a member of with greater establishments which have more suitable materials to improvement their existing customers. IBM will give Vodafone's customers with superior cloud elements that far extend their in-condominium computing supplies.
The buy of purple Hat and the enterprise's plans to diversify into the cloud computing business presents dangers, as it may also no longer be as transformative as hoped or capable of generating ample profits to drag IBM out of its tepid increase cycle. moreover, the enterprise faces stiff competition in the cloud features enterprise.
If the consistent increase in its cloud features unit continues unabated, large Blue may be smartly poised to take advantage of the existing distinctive and sophisticated wants of establishments seeking to integrate their in-house cloud and legacy systems with IBM's vastly more advantageous and extra advanced capabilities.
Disclosure: I have no positions in any of the securities referenced in this article.
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See the whole list of proper rack server vendorsfinal analysis:
The IBM vigor methods S922 server is designed from the floor up for information intensive workloads like databases or analytics. it might aid a couple of key enterprise records-intensive eventualities, including mainstream applications, leading-part HPC workloads and evolving synthetic intelligence (AI) tasks.
consumers in search of predominant compute power should recognize this key fact: POWER9 options are the groundwork of the area’s first and third quickest supercomputers, the U.S. department of power’s Summit and Sierra installations.
IBM vigour servers are inclined to have a higher can charge of entry than x86 machines. besides the fact that children, in keeping with a look at by way of Quark + Lepton, IBM power programs running IBM I utility have 60% reduce total cost of possession than home windows/SQL Server or X86 based Oracle programs. IBM’s pitch is that there are limits to what commodity architectures can do.
youngsters, if you predict surges renowned and don’t have room for downtime, licensing fees, or occasional crashes a stronger enterprise architecture could be required.Product description:
The S922 is a 1 or 2 socket server that presents a wide selection of core configurations and up to four TB of reminiscence. Chip core speeds on the four-core are 2.8 to 3.8GHz, on the eight core are three.4 to three.9 GHz and on the 10 core are 2.9 to 3.eight GHz. the single socket edition provides up to 6 PCIe ( 2 x Gen4 and four x Gen3) slots and both socket edition gives up to 9 slots (3 greater Gen4 slots). One slot is used through a mandatory Ethernet adapter. reckoning on what is attached, up to 3 of these slots could be reserved for different applications. IBM i is barely supported on the 6 cores and 8 core processors and is limited to four cores of IBM i with a software tier of P10.
power methods are commonly used for their RAS (resiliency, availability, serviceability) aspects. IBM POWER9-primarily based systems are noted to bring as much as 10X quicker bandwidth acceleration and 50% more desirable reminiscence bandwidth than similar x86 options. They also help the newest in information transfer technologies, together with PCIe 4.0 and novel NVLink and OpenCAPI interfaces. This new server generation comes together with twice the memory footprint than POWER8. adjustments within the memory subsystem and using the newest DIMMs boost fee/performance.facets:
number of processors:
as much as 2
IBM POWER9 Scale-Out SMT8 processor (12-core, 10-core, 8-core, four-core offerings)
Cores per processor:
4, 8,10 cores per socket
highest processor frequency/cache:
three.9 GHz/512k L2 and 10 MB L3
I/O growth slots:
the only socket version gives up to six PCIe ( 2 x Gen4 and four x Gen3) slots and the two socket version gives as much as 9 slots (three greater Gen4 slots). One slot is used through a compulsory Ethernet adapter. reckoning on what is connected, up to three of those slots may be reserved for different functions.
One front USB 3.0 ports – Two rear USB three.0 ports – Two HMC 1 GbE RJ45 ports – One system port with RJ45 connector – 1x USB three.0 entrance, 2x USB three.0 rear, 2x HMC 1 GB Eth RJ45 ports, one equipment port with RJ45 connector, 2x excessive pace 25 Gb/s ports
highest memory/# slots/speed:
as much as four TB/32 IS RDIMM slots/as much as 2666 Mhz
highest Persistent memory:
S922/S924 has two interior direct attached storage connectors, an NVMe card and a SAS cardassist:
The digital capabilities net portal is a single web entry point that replaces the diverse entry aspects historically used to entry IBM information superhighway functions and guide. This web portal enables you to gain less demanding access to IBM substances for suggestions in resolving technical problems. The newly better My techniques and top class Search functions make it even easier for electronic provider Agent-enabled purchasers to tune system stock and locate pertinent fixes.
My methods offers advantageous reviews of put in hardware and software using assistance gathered from the systems by way of IBM digital provider Agent. reports can be found for any gadget linked to the customer's IBMid. top rate Search combines the feature of search and the price of digital service Agent suggestions, offering superior search of the technical support knowledgebase.
“it is a transparent alternative if you already have an established IBM AIX ambiance and wish to maintain compatibility and maintain efficiency. There are comparable alternate options now which may be able to get you to 3 nines for 1/2 the fees,” said a Senior manager of IT in the manufacturing business.Key markets and use instances:
IBM power programs S922 server easily integrates into an organization’s cloud & cognitive strategy and delivers sophisticated price efficiency for mission vital workloads.
POWER9 is designed from the ground up for records intensive workloads like databases or analyticsprice:
20 core, 512 GB, $37,222. The utility is expensive.
“it is a product with high performance, effectivity and financial indices within the IT market,” talked about an functions Engineering within the training industry. "Deployment is terribly easy, however took more than three months. It proved not pricey in the end.”
IBM vigor S922
Max Processor Frequency
3.9 GHz/512k L2 and 10 MB L3
Max Persistent reminiscence
2 POWER9 Scale-Out SMT8
desirable processing vigor
notwithstanding far from superb, IBM's (IBM) newest profits file contained adequate good news to give the IT giant's battered stock a carry.results and information
After the bell on Tuesday, huge Blue reported this fall revenue of $21.76 billion and non-GAAP EPS of $four.87, somewhat topping consensus analysts estimates of $21.seventy three billion and $4.eighty two. salary fell about three.5% in bucks and 1% in regular forex (CC).
IBM additionally guided for 2019 EPS of "at least" $13.90, which is a little above stated 2018 EPS of $13.81 and favorable to a $13.eighty consensus. in spite of this, the business is guiding for 2019 free cash circulation (FCF) of roughly $12 billion, which is under a $13 billion consensus. An IBM spokesperson notes the FCF consensus is skewed by means of one analyst estimate of round $16 billion and might now not account for recent offers to promote seven application groups and IBM's Seterus loan servicing unit, which are anticipated to shut within the coming months.
whereas IBM's tips bills for the asset sales, it does not account for the enterprise's contemporary $34 billion deal to purchase open-source software big crimson Hat (RHT) , which could be paid for with money and is anticipated to shut in the 2nd half of 2019.
With IBM's shares down 25% all the way through the 12 months ahead of its q4 document and over forty% from their 2013 highs, Wall street is responding positively to the business's latest numbers. In pre-market buying and selling on Wednesday, IBM changed into up 7.four% to $131.50.
IBM is the inventory of the Day on actual funds, their top class site for energetic investors. For Stephen Guilfoyle's tackle IBM's salary, please click on here.
listed below are some great takeaways from IBM's profits document and phone.1. application sales were greater Than expected
Going over well with buyers: IBM's tremendously ecocnomic Cognitive solutions (CS) phase, which covers a huge component of its application operations, posted this autumn income of $5.46 billion, topping a $5.27 billion consensus. CS revenue was flat annually and up 2% in CC, after having dropped 6% in Q3.
more desirable deal closings for IBM's age-historic transaction processing utility company support out: After having dropped 10% in Q3, transaction processing profits fell simply 1% in this autumn. CS also benefited from better income for IBM's DB2 database utility family, and from a four% increase in cloud profits.
although, IBM's software increase still trails that of a broader business application market forecast in October by means of research firm Gartner to develop 9.9% in 2018 and eight.three% in 2019. And when asked whether CS would hit a protracted-term target of mid-single digit revenue boom in 2019, Kavanaugh declined to assert whether it will, as an alternative noting (although IBM has frequently backed out the have an effect on of divestitures when reporting growth fees) that IBM's pending application asset sales will act as "a 4 to five-point headwind" to the phase's 2019 earnings growth.2. Mainframe revenue Fell Sharply
IBM's systems phase, which covers sales of hardware and operating device utility, saw salary drop 21% to $2.62 billion, under a $2.77 billion consensus. riding lots of the decline: IBM's Z mainframe profits fell forty four%, after having risen 75% a year previous because of the Sep. 2017 rollout of IBM's z14 mainframe.
even though mainframe revenue became anticipated to fall due to cyclicality, the magnitude of the drop looks to had been larger than anticipated. techniques salary become also damage via an 8% drop in IBM's storage revenue, which had been hurt via aggressive pressures. On the vibrant facet, revenue of IBM's vigor servers, which can be taking advantage of healthy uptake for systems using IBM's big Power9 CPUs, rose 9%.three. capabilities had been a combined Bag
IBM's world company features (GBS) section noticed income upward thrust four% to $4.32 billion, topping a $four.15 billion consensus. A 5% boost in consulting revenue offset small declines in enterprise procedure and software outsourcing earnings.
nonetheless, IBM's technology functions & Cloud systems (TS & CP) section saw profits drop three% to $eight.ninety three billion, lacking a $9.04 billion consensus. Declines in one of the section's older services groups offset a 19% raise in its cloud revenue. On the name, CFO Jim Kavanaugh mentioned IBM is deciding on to walk away from some "lessen-price" infrastructure features contracts.
IBM's total features signings -- they are likely to fluctuate a lot from quarter to quarter -- grew 21% in CC to $15.eight billion, after having dropped 21% in CC in Q3. The enterprise's capabilities backlog rose via $3 billion sequentially to $116 billion, however was down 1% annually in CC and four% in bucks.4. Free money circulation is still beneath pressure
In 2018, IBM posted non-GAAP web earnings of $12.7 billion, but FCF of most effective $11.9 billion. And with IBM forecasting modest 2019 increases for both EPS and FCF, it appears like FCF will another time be less than non-GAAP internet earnings, even after accounting for the enhance that inventory buybacks are prone to deliver to EPS.
each IBM's reported 2018 and anticipated 2019 FCF, it's price noting, are below said 2017 FCF of $13 billion, and neatly beneath a 2012 height of $18.2 billion.5. IBM's Tax cost and earnings Margins Are each expected to Tick larger
Kavanaugh forecast IBM will see an "all-in" tax rate of about 11% to 12% for 2019. That compares with non-GAAP tax charges of 8% and 7% for 2018 and 2017, respectively.
IBM expects the have an effect on of a higher tax rate to be offset by means of reasonable growth in its pre-tax income margin, which changed into slightly above 17% for carrying on with operations in both 2017 and 2018. lessen operating charges -- the effect of each spending cuts and the have an effect on of a stronger dollar on non-U.S. costs -- gave a carry to IBM's margins in this autumn: The business's non-GAAP working charges fell 5% to $5.7 billion.6. Buybacks and Dividend Hikes Are anticipated to continue
IBM spent $2.05 billion on inventory buybacks in this fall (that boosted EPS slightly), and $four.four billion over the entire of 2018. On the call, Kavanaugh indicated IBM, which had $three.three billion left on its buyback authorization on the end of 2018, will proceed repurchasing shares.
He additionally reiterated that IBM, as a way to quickly have to reduce a enormous assess to pay for pink Hat, remains committed to transforming into its dividend each year. according to its present after-hours buying and selling expense, IBM sports a ahead dividend yield of four.9%.
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Server hardware vendors offer servers of all shapes and sizes, providing a wide range of options for organizations. Most of the major players include rack servers in their inventories, but many also provide blade servers, and some even offer mainframe computers.
Server hardware vendors usually offer other types of systems, as well, such as towers, converged infrastructures, hyper-converged infrastructures (HCIs), high-density systems or supercomputers.Acer
Acer Inc. offers a handful of rack servers that target midsize and enterprise-level organizations. These rack servers include the Altos and AR series, available in 1U and 2U form factors. The Altos series includes four models, all dual-socket. The AR series includes two models, one single socket and one quad socket.
One of the most powerful Altos systems is the AR580, which supports up to four Intel Xeon E5-4600 Processors and up to 48 dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs). The server also provides redundant hot swappable power supplies and a dual-port, 10-gigabit Ethernet controller.
In addition to the rack servers, Acer offers the AW2000h F2 series, which includes two models of high-density servers. Although Acer does not bill these as blade servers, the systems are similar in many ways. For example, the Acer AW2000h w/AW370h F2 system comes in a 2U rack-mountable chassis that can run up to four server nodes, each with up to two Xeon Processors and 16 DIMMs. In addition, Acer offers several tower models and one mini-tower.
For information about pricing and how to purchase servers, buyers should directly contact Acer.Asus
AsusTek Computer Inc. is one of the server hardware vendors that offer a variety of rack servers, as well as two tower and two high-density graphics processing unit (GPU) servers. The rack servers are part of the RS series and the ESC4000 series.
The RS series includes nine models available in 1U or 2U form factors. The servers target a range of operations depending on business size and workloads. For example, the RS720-E9-RS12-E rack server in the RS series supports up to two Intel Xeon Scalable Processors for a total of 56 cores and 112 threads. The server can also support up to 3 TB of memory. Other servers in the RS series are not nearly as robust.
The ESC4000 series includes three models, all 2U form factors and two-socket systems, with support for up to eight DIMMs per CPU. The primary differences between the models are in the processor types and number of drive bays. For example, the ESC4000 G3 supports Intel Xeon E5-2600 Processors and up to eight hot swappable 3.5-inch drives, but the ESC8000 G4 supports Xeon Scalable Processors and up to eight hot swappable 2.5-inch drives.
Buyers can purchase Asus servers online from retailers such as Newegg, Amazon or CDW, but they should keep in mind that prices can vary significantly. For example, list prices for the ESC4000 G3 at these three retailers range from about $1,900 to $3,300, not including processors or memory.Cisco
Cisco offers seven models of rack servers and six models of blade servers to accommodate organizations of all sizes, with prices starting anywhere between $3,000 and $26,000. The rack servers are included in the Unified Computing System (UCS) C-Series and are available in 1U, 2U and 4U form factors. Most models support up to two Xeon Processors, but the C460 M4 and C480 M5 support up to four, with memory varying between 1.5 TB and 6 TB. The maximum amount of supported internal storage can range between 30 TB and 246 TB.
The blade servers are part of the UCS B-Series, with each supporting two or four processors depending on the model. As with the rack servers, total available memory ranges between 1.5 TB and 6 TB, with maximum storage between 6.4 TB and 39 TB.
Cisco also offers its UCS S-Series of storage servers, its UCS E-Series of branch office blade servers and the UCS C-Series of multimode servers.
Buyers interested in purchasing servers can go to the Cisco website to find a nearby retailer.Dell EMC
Dell EMC is another one of the server hardware vendors that offer a wide range of rack and blade servers to accommodate different types of organizations. Most of the rack servers are part of the PowerEdge R-Series, with starting prices ranging from $899 to $10,759.
The R-Series includes four one-socket models, ten two-socket models and five four-socket models available in form factors between 1U and 4U. One of the most powerful of these servers is the PowerEdge R940xa, a 4U system that supports up to four processors, 6 TB of memory and 32 internal 2.5-inch disks.
Dell EMC blade servers are available through the PowerEdge M-Series, which includes two models starting at $1,849. The models differ in terms of the number of sockets, types of processors, amount of memory, and in several other ways.
For example, the PowerEdge M640 blade server supports up to two Xeon Scalable Processors and 16 DIMMs, whereas the PowerEdge M830 supports up to four Xeon E5-4600 Processors and 48 DIMMs.
Dell also offers seven models of tower servers, all part of the PowerEdge family, as well as the PowerEdge MX series and PowerEdge FX series, both billed as modular infrastructures for high-density computing, similar to the PowerEdge M-Series.
Buyers can purchase servers directly on the Dell EMC website.Fujitsu
Fujitsu Ltd. sells an assortment of racks, blades, towers, mainframes and other types of computers to organizations of any size, but buyers must be aware that the available models can vary between countries.
In the U.S., Fujitsu offers eight rack servers that are part of the Primergy RX series. The servers are available with one, two or four sockets and in 1U, 2U and 4U form factors. Fujitsu also offers four rack models in the Primequest series, which tend to be more robust than those in the Primergy RX series. For example, the Primequest 3800E server is an eight-socket system with a 7U form factor, and it supports up to 12 TB of memory.
What sets Fujitsu apart from most other server hardware vendors is its BS2000 series of mainframe computers. The series includes three models. The most performant is the SE700B, which can run several operating systems based on an ESA/390 architecture and Intel x86 technologies. However, buyers should note that this product is only available for purchase in Japan.
In addition to the mainframe computers, Fujitsu offers the Primergy BX400 blade series, which supports two compute blade models, the BX2560 M2 and the BX2580 M2, along with other chassis components. Plus, Fujitsu offers its Primequest mission-critical series, Primergy tower servers, Sparc M-Series and PrimeHPC supercomputers.
For prices and purchasing options, buyers should contact Fujitsu directly or contact a regional Fujitsu sales office.Hewlett Packard Enterprise
Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) offers a wide range of rack and blade servers for all types of organizations. HPE's rack servers are available in four series: ProLiant DL, ProLiant XL, Apollo and Integrity.
The ProLiant DL series is the most extensive and includes six Gen10 models and four Gen9 models. The models are available in 1U, 2U and 3U form factors and come with one, two or four sockets.
Starting prices can range anywhere from $600 to $25,000. For example, the ProLiant DL560 Gen10 entry server lists for $11,855 and supports up to two Xeon Scalable Processors and 6 TB of memory.
HPE also offers a range of blade servers, with three models in the ProLiant series and two models in the Integrity series. Prices here can also vary, although not to the extreme of rack servers. For instance, ProLiant configurations can range between $3,300 and $14,470.
HPE's products also include towers; converged and hyper-converged infrastructures; and systems such as the HPE Superdome, ProLiant Easy Connect, ProLiant MicroServer, ProLiant Moonshot and ProLiant XL Server.
Buyers can buy servers directly from the HPE website.Huawei
Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.'s FusionServer line includes 13 rack server models and 15 blade server models to accommodate both large and small IT operations. The rack servers come in two-socket, four-socket and eight-socket configurations and are available in form factors from 1U to 8U.
For example, the FusionServer RH8100 V3 server has an 8U form factor and supports up to eight Xeon E7-8800 Processors, 12 TB of memory and 24 internal 2.5-inch drives. Its blade servers are equally varied, providing both half-width and full-width compute nodes, as well as liquid-cooled nodes, with support for one or two processors.
In addition to the rack and blade servers, Huawei offers its FusionServer X high-density servers, FusionServer heterogeneous servers, FusionCube HCI systems and KunLun mission-critical servers.
For information about prices and how to purchase Huawei servers, buyers should contact Huawei or a sales partner directly. Organizations that signed an eDeal agreement with Huawei can use the online eDeal ordering system.IBM
IBM offers a variety of server products, but the company is best known for its Z mainframe computers, available in three configurable models. The most current is the z14, which includes a 10-core z14 processor chip that uses 14 nanometer silicon-on-insulator technology. In addition, the server can support up to 8 TB of memory and run both z/OS and Linux on IBM Z.
IBM also offers a variety of rack servers. The rack servers are part of the Power Systems series and include 13 models, available in 1U, 2U and 4U form factors, with one or two sockets.
IBM no longer offers blade servers. The company sold its division that offered blade systems to Lenovo. The systems that IBM currently sells are generally geared toward enterprise deployments, as well as local, state and federal governments.
In addition to mainframe and rack computers, IBM offers the LinuxOne Emperor II system, Power Systems scale-out servers, Power System S822LC for Big Data, Power System S822LC for Commercial Computing, HCIs and towers.
For information about prices and how to purchase servers, buyers should directly contact an IBM sales rep.Inspur Group
Inspur offers 10 rack server models that can accommodate a variety of workloads. Most of these are part of the NF series, which includes seven two-socket servers and two four-socket servers. The two-socket systems are available in both 1U and 2U form factors and the four-socket systems in the 4U form factor.
Inspur also offers the TS860G3 rack server as part of the TS series. The server comes in an 8U form factor and supports up to eight processors, 12 TB of memory and 16 hot swappable 2.5-inch drives, making it the most robust of the rack servers.
Then there is the NX series of blade servers, which includes four compute node models, along with other types of components typical of a blade system, such as storage expansion nodes, PCIe expansion nodes, switch modules, network mezzanine cards and the chassis. In addition, Inspur offers the i24 high-density rack-mounted server and several rack-scale systems based on SmartRack, a flexible rack structure that contains centralized power, cooling and management at the rack level.
For information about prices and how to purchase servers, buyers should directly contact Inspur.Intel
Intel currently offers two categories of rack servers, grouped in the S1200SP and S2600WF server board series.
The S1200SP series includes three models with single processors and 1U form factors, making them best suited for small businesses. The S2600WF series includes 11 models and is geared more toward larger organizations. These servers are available in 1U and 2U form factors and support dual processors. Buyers might also come across the S2600WT series of rack servers, but these models have been discontinued.
Intel does not sell blade servers, but it does provide other systems. Notable among these is its Data Center Blocks systems, which are purpose-built, fully validated server systems. Intel also offers its Storage System JBOD2000 servers, which support up to 48 TB of storage.
For information about pricing and how to purchase servers, buyers should contact Intel authorized distributors, which are listed on the Intel website. Customers can also use Intel's online Configure to Order system to request quotes and place orders as part of the configuration process.Lenovo
Most of Lenovo Group Ltd.'s rack servers are part of the ThinkSystem line, which includes seven rack servers available in 1U or 2U form factors. A couple of these servers support only one processor, but most support two, with memory varying between 64 GB and 3 TB.
For example, the ThinkServer RS160 is an entry-level 1U server that supports only one processor and 64 GB of memory, whereas the ThinkSystem SR630 is designed for data center workloads, supporting up to two processors and 3 TB of memory. In addition, Lenovo offers the System x series, which includes three rack models that can handle various types of workloads.
As part of its ThinkSystem line, Lenovo also offers two blade compute node models: SN550 and SN850. The first is a two-socket blade that supports up to 3 TB of memory and the second is a four-socket blade that supports up to 6 TB of memory. Both systems use the Xeon Platinum Processor, which can run up to 28 cores. In addition to the rack and blade servers, Lenovo offers tower servers, mission-critical servers and high-density servers.
Buyers can purchase servers directly through the Lenovo website. Rack servers start at $1,499 and blade servers start at $4,099, but prices can run much higher depending on the model and configuration.NEC
NEC Corp. offers nine rack servers that are all part of the Express5800 line. The servers are categorized as basic rack servers -- five models -- fault-tolerant servers -- two models -- and scalable enterprise servers -- two models.
The basic rack servers are available in 1U and 2U form factors. They support one or two processors, between 64 GB and 3 TB of memory, and between 40 TB and 194 TB of internal storage, making them suitable for a wide range of workloads.
The fault-tolerant rack servers are 4U systems that support up to two processors, 512 GB memory and 9.6 TB of storage.
The scalable enterprise servers are also 4U systems, but they support up to four processors, 6 TB of memory and 9.6 TB of storage.
NEC also offers tower servers and modular servers, which are high-density, dual-socket systems that use Xeon Scalable Processors. The servers include over 35 MB of cache and support up to 2 TB of memory and 24 TB of storage. The modular servers are similar to blade servers and are available as either 1U or 2U server modules.
For information about pricing and how to purchase servers, buyers should contact NEC directly. Although NEC servers might be suitable for organizations of any size, the vendor has a more limited selection compared to other vendors.Oracle
Although Oracle does not offer a large number of servers, its inventory includes a surprising amount of variety, most of which target midrange and larger organizations. The systems include x86 servers, Sparc servers, high-end servers, midrange servers and scale-out servers. Oracle even offers servers that conform to the Network Equipment Building System standard. Despite this variety, Oracle does not offer blade servers.
Oracle's rack servers fall primarily in the x86 category and are part of the X7 series. The series includes three models, which all use Xeon Scalable Processors.
The X7-2 model, billed as a compute-optimized system, is a 1U server that supports up to two processors, 1.5 TB of memory and eight 2.5-inch storage drives. The X7-2L model is a storage-optimized 2U system that also supports up to two processors and 1.5 TB of memory, but it can handle up to 12 3.5 inch drives. The final model, X7-8, is a scale-up 5U server that supports up to eight processors, 6 TB of memory and eight 2.5 inch drives.
For information about pricing and how to purchase servers, buyers should directly contact Oracle.Supermicro
Of all these featured server hardware vendors, Supermicro Computer Inc. offers the largest server selection, but its categorization can make it difficult to navigate the options.
In addition to towers, mid-towers and mini-towers, Supermicro offers SuperServer computers, SuperBlade systems, Ultra 1U and 2U platforms, BigTwin 2U four-node systems, FatTwin 4U multi-node systems, SuperStorage servers, GPU platforms with up to eight GPUs, and multiprocessor servers that support up to eight CPUs.
For the most part, however, the rack servers are included in the SuperServer series, with some of the other categories integrated into that category. The blade servers are part of the SuperBlade series.
The SuperServer series includes hundreds of models, with a range that can accommodate just about any workload. The servers come in 1U, 2U, 3U and 4U form factors, and with one, two or four sockets. The SuperBlade series includes about 50 models.
As with rack servers, there is something for everyone. Supermicro recommends that customers purchase servers from authorized local resellers or distributors in order to receive guaranteed local support and services.
Because Supermicro sells so many products, prices can vary greatly depending on the server model and configuration. Buyers must do their homework or work with resellers to pick the best option.
Investors loved HP CEO Meg Whitman’s decision to split Silicon Valley icon HP into two different companies. In trading on the stock market, HP’s share price rose 6 percent on Monday after the company made the announcement.
But analysts say that, whatever blip comes from short-term trading, HP’s move to break itself up comes from a failed market strategy. HP said it would divide itself into HP Inc., consisting of the PC and printer businesses, and Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, which has the enterprise and services divisions. The company is also laying off an additional 5,000 employees, bringing total layoffs to 55,000. But Wall Street often loves bad news, and in this case, analysts believe that the stock price bump that comes from the announcement may be short lived.
Roger McNamee, managing director at Elevation Partners, had harsh words for HP and Whitman.
Image Credit: CNBC
“HP has gone from having two boat anchors tied together, each trying to float in the water, to two separate boat anchors trying to float in the waters,” McNamee told CNBC today. “They have all the agility of a bag of cement.”
McNamee said HP is two or three years behind every trend, and he said IBM made the right move years ago when it spun out its PC and server business as Lenovo.
“The only thing I’m certain about on this deal is that the executive compensation will be absolutely terrific,” McNamee said.
McNamee also said, “In fairness, i think HP has been horribly managed for 20 years. Meg Whitman didn’t inherit a great situation. But I don’t think there is any evidence she has gotten control over it….The long-term outlook for both sides’ business is terrible.”
Oddly, while HP is breaking itself up, rival Lenovo is bulking back up. In a statement, Lenovo said that it has been continuing share gains in the $200 billion PC market.
“We have outgrown the market and their competitors for 20 straight quarters,” Lenovo said in a statement. “We are confident this trend will continue, as they are focused and will continue to leverage the consolidation of this industry to grow; as they are innovative and the market can expect they will launch more and more exciting PC, mobile, enterprise and ecosystem products in the near future and in the long term; and as they are consistent and clear with their strategy, which after they close both the IBM System X and Motorola deals, will give us three growth engines — PC, Mobile and Enterprise.”
Roger Kay, an analyst at Endpoint Technologies, said the announcement to separate the PC-printer business from the enterprise business brought “groans of recognition.”
“HP’s current CEO, Meg Whitman, came to power on the heels of a debacle set in motion in 2011 by her predecessor, Léo Apotheker, when he let drop that he was thinking about selling off the PC division,” Kay wrote. “At the time, Whitman was against the move. But evidently times have changed.”
He added, “The ostensible reasons for dividing the company are twofold: smoothing operations and ‘unlocking value.’ It’s true, HP is a large, difficult-to-wield company, but the philosophy of ‘better together’ — espoused by Carly Fiorina, HP’s CEO in 2001 when the company picked up the former Compaq to form what became the industry’s largest PC company — has held until now. One of the key reasons for ‘better together’ was component costs, which decline with volume. By spreading purchasing across both PCs and servers, costs for the most expensive parts — displays, processors, memories, and disk drives — can be kept to a minimum. HP will lose these synergies in a spinout.”
Image Credit: HP
Kay added, “The idea of unlocking value is a Wall Street construct that has nothing to do with operations. It’s all about stock price. To me, unlocking value is mostly fiction. If one division is perceived as having better prospects, by definition the other has worse prospects. If one believes in rational valuation, then investors have already made these assessments, and if the two are separated, the stock price of one should go up and the other, down. In theory, total value should be the same, since nothing operational has changed.”
He concluded, “Currently, HP works with overlapping distribution in many locations. Where customers now have a single HP rep calling on them, in the future they’ll have two. If for some reason the sleight-of-hand valuation trick actually works, even temporarily, the reduced operational effectiveness is likely to come back to haunt the company over time. To increase shareholder value, perhaps HP should spend more energy on improving operations than fiddling with ownership structure. Presented with the Shakespearian dilemma of whether to spin off or not to spin off, I find that metaphors related to pigs and lipstick come to mind.”
Joseph Pastore, professor emeritus at Pace University’s Lubin School of Business in New York and an expert on corporate strategy, said, “HP’s move to split into two businesses is not novel. Motorola did it circa 2011. The strategy is a response to firms that find themselves in rapidly changing businesses where part of their business is founded upon their legacy and historical repertoire and another part is cast upon an emerging business or direction for the firm.”
He added, “The challenge for diverse firms with a combined legacy and growth business portfolio is that, while the firm’s historic business may be a low-risk ‘cash cow,’ modest profitability in a legacy market constrains overall corporate growth and capital appreciation. To the extent a firm is succeeding in emerging markets, it is often seen as prudent to either divest the legacy market — as IBM did when it sold its PC business to Lenovo — or divide the firm into two businesses, legacy and emerging. Doing so not only allows the emerging portfolio to prosper in equity markets unconstrained by the slow-growth legacy business, it also serves to mitigate whatever organizational and cultural conflict may exist between the firm’s past and future businesses.”
And Pastore said, “The key challenge for firms rooted in traditional and emerging markets is whether stockholder pressure to separate the emerging market portfolio into a separately incorporated new business will undermine the overall corporate and leadership strength of the firm. The key to avoiding such consequence will be found, of course, in the quality of leadership for both units and the ability to engage a de facto, joint venture relationship.”
Patrick Moorhead, analyst at Moor Insights & Strategy, said, “Overall, this should be a positive for HP. They have two businesses with differing product life cycles, margin structures, distribution channels and sales cycles. After three years of looking for synergy outside of the supply chain, it’s apparent HP CEO Meg Whitman see benefits of the split that outweigh losing a supply chain advantage. I believe the two companies can be more nimble and be able to deliver better products and services on a faster pace. HP Inc. will need to accelerate into 3D printing, smart home, and premium PCs, maybe even a foray back into smartphones. The enterprise organization has a strong infrastructure offering, but will need to drive even more quickly into hybrid clouds, appliances, and address the giant sucking sound of public clouds.”
Image Credit: HP
Speaking to David Faber at CNBC, Whitman, who will be CEO of Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, said that the split-up is only possible “because the turnaround has succeeded.”
She said, “Think about what they have accomplished over the last three years. A rebuilt balance sheet, an innovation pipeline that is significantly improved over three years ago. I would argue best in class in the industry now. An inspired workforce, a new HP. But we’re in the position to take advantage of what’s going on in the marketplace and position these two companies for growth. They go after quite different market segments and they now have the opportunity to align rewards and results, to respond to customer needs faster with these two big companies.”
Asked why she didn’t split the company when she took over, Whitman said, “We had a lot of work to do to get HP in fighting shape. There was a tremendous amount of repair work and gathering ourselves to be able to compete in the new world order. And now, the time is right as they think about what is the next phase of this turnaround. Remember, we’re in year three of a five-year turnaround.”
Faber pointed out that, just six weeks ago, Whitman had said that an end-to-end strategy was best for HP. She responded, “Listen, they think this is the best alternative for their customers and their shareholders. The market has changed dramatically in terms of speed, and we’re in a position now where they can pursue the turnaround of Hewlett-Packard.
iStockShare Dark Web Suppliers and Organized Cybercrime Gigs on Twitter Share Dark Web Suppliers and Organized Cybercrime Gigs on Facebook Share Dark Web Suppliers and Organized Cybercrime Gigs on LinkedIn
IBM X-Force researchers closely follow the activity and fraud methods of banking Trojans in the wild. In one of their recent findings, the team uncovered an interesting link between an underground webinjection vendor and three well-known cybercrime groups: the operators of the Ramnit, CoreBot and ZeusVM banking Trojans.The Dark Web: Deeper and Darker
The dark Web and its underground cybercrime-themed discussion boards have long been a fraud enablement center where professional criminals could congregate to peddle their online fraud tools, wares and services.
A decade ago, cybercrime discussion boards were a bustling marketplace where both rookies and expert criminals would exchange information and buy and sell cybercrime-as-a-service (CaaS). Nowadays, after a few major law enforcement interventions and the capture of banking Trojan authors such as those who created SpyEye, Carberp, Gozi and Dridex, underground boardgoers are a lot more cautious.
Gone are the expert-level patrons who used to frequent the open and semi-open boards, for obvious reasons. Newcomers typically run into novice actors and midlevel administrators in search of information and accomplices.
But expert CaaS vendors are still part of the underground economy, and they provide other cybercriminals with verified commodities such as:
Since these CaaS vendors understand the risk level involved with their profession, they carefully limit access to their services to a select few boards — only the most exclusive, such as communities that are closed off to newcomers and have extremely strict rules on the admissibility of new members.Webinjection Expertise: A Top Cybercrime Commodity
Some of the most popular CaaS commodities in the exclusive parts of the Dark Web are the services of expert webinjection writers who supply their skills to banking Trojan operators.
Webinjections are code snippets that financial malware can force into otherwise legitimate Web pages by hooking the Internet browser. Once a browser has been compromised by the malware, attackers can use these injections to modify what infected users see on their bank’s pages or insert additional data input fields into legitimate login pages in order to steal information or mislead unsuspecting users.
To be considered both high-quality and effective, these webinjections have to seamlessly integrate with the malware’s injection mechanism, display social engineering that corresponds with the target bank’s authentication and transaction authorization schemes and have the perfect look and feel to fool even the keenest customer eye.Related to this Article podcastsIs Cybercrime the Mafia of the 21st Century?
According to IBM X-Force researchers, when it comes to these tools, elite cybercrime gangs appear to buy from a limited number of experts who program and sell target-specific webinjections. Examining the content of Trojan configuration files may show that the same exact code is being used or fetched in real time from the same remote servers.
Judging by the common injections used by a few major gangs, cybercriminals may develop the malware in-house, but they outsource the webinjection portion to black-hat CaaS vendors who specialize in writing this type of fraud-facilitating code.
Other examples emerge from research on the inner workings of malware configurations, webinjections and fraud attack schemes. Research showed that Trojans such as Shifu, Neverquest and Dridex share some of the exact same injections or fetch the same ones from the same remote servers per the targeted bank.
While research points to the possibility that the top cybercrime gangs buy webinjections from the same shady developers, more definitive proof was uncovered in one of the most exclusive underground boards via a top-tier injections vendor.From Card Details to Passport Numbers
IBM X-Force researchers noted that in a detailed forum post written in Russian, a cybercrime vendor was offering a rather elaborate set of quality webinjections to other members. The vendor operates a CaaS website through which he markets injections designed to target 53 bank brands in English-speaking countries: the U.S., the U.K., Australia and Canada.
IBM X-Force obtained some references from the CaaS vendor’s website and analyzed the injections offered for sale. The results revealed that those exact injections are currently in use by prolific banking Trojans, namely Ramnit, CoreBot and a privately owned ZeusVM iteration. All these Trojans are generally believed to be operated by closed cybercrime groups.
The injections are adapted to each bank’s look and feel and also require different details in each case.
In almost all cases, the injection requires the victim to divulge their payment card details, secret questions, personally identifiable information (PII) and ID document numbers. For example, in the case of injections tailored to American banks, the vendor typically required card details, date of birth, mother’s maiden name and Social Security numbers.
In the case of Australian banks, the vendor designed injections to require the details of identification documents on top of payment card information.
Injections for U.K. and Canadian banks required victims’ telephone banking passwords and payment card PIN codes.
While webinjections are used primarily to gather information for fraudulent wire transfers, attackers who buy these particular formats will also gather payment card data and other PII, which can be used for a variety of fraud scenarios, not just wire transfer fraud.Cybercrime’s Linchpins
When it comes to organized cybercrime, banking malware is no longer the work of the sole developer who wrote the code or a partner he or she has teamed up with. Crime factions are increasingly organized in the same fashion as legitimate businesses. It is not so surprising to see cybercrime gangs need extra help to achieve their goals faster, outsourcing work to external experts who specialize in supplying their specific needs while keeping their business discreet.
Injection vendors are cybercriminals. In a publicized case, the individual who wrote webinjections for the Gozi Trojan was arrested and charged for his activity, Reuters reported. He admitted to knowing what he was doing was against the law.
Since different gangs use the same injections, it is safe to infer that injection authors cater to a number of groups and aim to make banking Trojan more effective. The authors continuously keep the injections current with the targeted banks’ or service providers’ website layouts and formatting, as well as the types of elements those entities require for the authorization of online transactions.Outsmarting Dark Web Threats With Intelligence and Proactive Protection
After concluding that the vendor they discovered in a closed discussion board is the likely supplier of webinjections to at least three gangs, IBM X-Force researchers took action. They translated their findings into indicators of compromise (IOCs), which could then be integrated into antifraud IBM Security products.
Ongoing intelligence-based product enhancement is a proactive way to better protect customers against different types of malware reusing injections from the same vendor. Knowing that some cybercrime gangs use injections from the same provider can mean better malware protection. Once a security product is configured to look for a known webinjection, the malcode will be flagged even in new variants and other Trojan families.
Security professionals can further extend this knowledge to other platforms, like SIEM and intrusion prevention systems, by writing custom rules using information about injections shared on platforms like X-Force Exchange.
Read the white paper to Learn more about Staying ahead of advanced threatsTags: Banking Trojan | Cybercrime | Dark Web | Deep Web | IBM X-Force Research | Malware | Trojan | Webinjection | X-Force Limor Kessem Limor Kessem, CISO, CISM, is one of the top cyber intelligence experts at IBM Security. She is a seasoned security... 92 Posts Follow on What’s new
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IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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